Þis is an Angliscof þe Old Englisc knoƿn to us nu as Þe Ƿanderer, by Runok13/Heystan. It is fund in þe Exeter Book, a great gaþering of Old Englisc . Þe book ƿas likely ƿritten in þe late tenþ , and þe itself is older, þoug hu muc so is unknoƿn. Þe Ƿanderer is abute a murnful hƿose hƿole ƿorld has scattered and must ƿander þe earþ alone and lost. He tells þe tale of hƿat befell him and hƿat he ƿent þruge after, and has a deep on mens lifes hƿic he has becum ƿise for. I haf kept þe of Old Englisc in þis , and kennings. I haf also put slants betƿeen eac half line to þe scort in speec. beside lines lead to helpful notes on þe bottom.
Often þe loner / for himself,
þe makers, / þoug
þe / he had to long
roam þe rimecold sea, / riding by hands,
roƿ þe ƿrecces paþ. /is full .
So þe earþstepper said, / mindful of,
of ƿroþ slaugters, / and dear kins:
"Oft I had to bemoan my ƿoe / all by myself
efery. / Þere isnt anyone alife nu
hƿom I dare tell / my deepest feelings
openly and. / I knoƿ
þat among þains / it is
þat he bind fast / his lifebox,
hold his þougthoard, / þink as he ƿill.
A ƿeary mood cannot / ƿiþstand
nor a harroƿed mind /any help.
Þus þe/ often deeply
bind deariness / in þeir breastcofe.
So I had to do / þe same to mine,
oftenand , / from ,
far from free kinsmen, / and sealed it ƿiþ fetters
sins formerly / my goldfreend 1
Iin earþs , / and þens I, ƿrecced,
ƿent ƿinterƿorn / ofer þe ƿafes bond, 2
hallsore, I sougt / a silfer gifer,
hƿere I, far or nige, / migt find
þe one in þe meadhall / hƿo kneƿ my
or ƿoold/ freendless me,
me to . / He hƿo undergoes þis knoƿs
Hu stern a/ is sorroƿ
for him hƿo has feƿ / fondfor himself.
Þe ƿrecces paþ ƿorries him, / not at all ƿund gold,
nor frosen lifelocker, / not at all þe lands.
Heþe / and of ,
hu ago in his yeƿþ / his goldgifer
him to . / All died.
He hƿo scall long forgo / þe
of his nige/ knoƿs þereof.
Hƿen sorroƿ and sleep / at þe same time
often bind / þealone þinker,
It seems to him in his mind / þat his
he clips and kisses / and on his knee lays
his hands and head, / as he,
in þe days of yore, /þe giftstool. 3
Þen þe freendless/ aƿakes
and sees before him / falloƿ ƿafes,
seabirds baþe / and broaden þeir feaþers,
hoarfrost and snoƿ fall, /ƿiþ hail.
Þen þe heafier / are þe hearts ƿunds,
sore after its belufed. / Sorroƿ is
hƿen þeof mays / crosses þe mind,
he greets þem ƿiþ glee / and gladly
þe. / Again þey sƿim aƿay.
Þe floating souls / nefer bring þere4
cuþe yeddings. / Care is
for him hƿo must send, /often,
his ƿeary heart / ofer þe ƿafes bond.
For þis I cannot þink / hƿy þrugeute þis ƿorld
my soulbox / does not blacken
hƿen I/ all þains lifes
hu þey/ gafe up þe floor,
. / So þis middelearþ,
dƿindels and dies / a bit eac day.
Þerefore acant be ƿise / before he oƿns
aof ƿinters in þis ƿorld. / A ƿit sculd be ,
he sculdnt be too hothearted, / nor too,
nor too ƿeak a, / nor too ƿanton,
nor too, nor too fain, / nor too ,
nor efer tooto , / ere he knoƿs yappings .
Asculd / hƿen he speaks a ,
until þat/ knoƿs þorougly
hƿere his hearts ƿisc / ƿillto. 5
A ƿisemust / hu it is,
hƿen all þis ƿorlds ƿealþ / stands,
as nu/ þis middelearþ
ƿalls stand / bloƿn by ƿind,
rime, / þe snoƿsƿept.
Þe ƿinehalls ƿiþer, / ƿeelders lie
mirþ bereft, / all þe lords men died,
prude by þe ƿall. / Ƿyesum,
ferried onto þe forþƿay, / a bird fleƿ one off
ofer þe hige sea, / anoþer þe hoar ƿulf
scared deaþ ƿiþ, / one ƿas,
anhidden / in an earþen .
So þeof men / þis
until þe/ busteling ƿas lost
and þe old ƿorks of ents / stood idel and alone.
He þen has a ƿise þougt / of þis
and deeply/ þis dark life,
in , / he often þe far gone
sƿarm of slaugters, / and says þese ƿords:
Hƿat became of þe horse? / Hƿat became of þe knigt?
Hƿat became of þe?
Hƿat became of þeseats? / Hƿere is þe glee?
þe brigt cup! / þe !
þe ! / Hu þat ,
darkened under nigts scrude / as if it nefer ƿere.
In þe/ nu stands
a ƿall ƿunderfully hige, /ƿiþ ƿormlikenesses.
of ascen spears / took þe ,
bloodþirsty ƿeapons, / þe.
And storms strike / þese stone slopes,
falling frost / freses þe earþ,
ƿinters din. / Þen darkness cums,
þe nigtscadoƿ groƿs, / it sends from þe norþ
a harsc hailstorm / in hatred to men.
Earþs kingdom / is all
/ þe ƿorld under þe heafens.
Hereis fleeting, / here freends are fleeting,
here man is fleeting, / hereare fleeting,
all þis Earþs/ goes ƿorþless and idel."
So said þe in head, / sat asunder by himself in .
Good is he hƿo holds his, / a sculd nefer his
too rascly from his breast / before þeknoƿs
hu toits ƿiþ . / Ƿell is he hƿo seeks for himself,
from þe faþer in þe heafens, / hƿere þe stands for us all.
1. Goldfreend is a kenning for his lord, alike kennings ƿill scoƿ up þrugeute þe.
2. Ƿafes bond likely means ise.
3. Giftstool means.
4. Þe floating souls are þe seabirds abute him, hƿom he þougt ƿere his gonehƿile he ƿas dreaming but came to þey ƿerent as he came ute of his dased .
5. His ƿariness ofand þe folloƿing talk abute a land is likely telling us þat his homelands dunefall has sumþing to do ƿiþ a .