᛫ ƿafe

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A ƿafe is an upstir þat bears ellen as it fares from one ord to anoþer. It can be crossƿise, its ƿrixelling uprigt from its ƿising, or lengþƿise, scƿeesing and strecing abeat.

A cross ƿafe has a cop, its hext ord, and a troug, its neþermost ord. For a lengþ ƿafe, þe cop and þe troug efenmaces þe scƿees and þe strec.

Þe breadþ of þe ƿafe is þe greatest ƿorþ of its ƿrixelling. Þe efenness is hƿere þe ƿorþ of ƿrixelling is naugt or betƿeen its tƿo peaks. Þe time it spends for ƿrixelling ones is þe fack. Þe oftenness is þe times it beats for efery mete of time, and þus, is þe hƿelf of þe fack. Þe ƿafelengþ is þe farl it nims to fully ƿrixel.



It is þe bunsing back of a ƿafe as it hits a mere.


It is hƿen þe speed of a ƿafe ƿends as it goes þroug anoþer feeld, bending it.


It is þe bending of a ƿafe abute þe hirns of a mere.


Hƿen tƿo ƿafes meet, hy eke to eac oþer's breadþs.

A full unbilding oferlap is hƿen hy utterly fordo eac oþer. But hƿen her breadþs are only ƿiþerƿise but not þe same in greatness, hy only slake eac oþer, begetting hƿat is yclept a sumdeal unbilding oferlap.

A midbilding oferlap is hƿen her utecum is greater þan eiþer ƿafe.

Tƿo ƿafes are in step, if her cops are lined up, hƿereas hy are ute of step if one's cop and anoþer's troug are lined up.


Floƿ is lasting dealt by bredspan. Ƿafes span þis þougt, sins hy are ellenbores.


Þe speed of a ƿafe hincges on þe many costs of þe feeld þroug hƿic it streens. For strings, þese costs are þenning and lengþƿise þickfoldedness, þat is, bulk for efery mete of lengþ. Hy are longed to eac oþer þroug þis onalikeness: þe speed is þe root of þe þenning dealt by þe lengþƿise þickfoldedness. Þis metes þe speed of þe motes in þe string.

In stirlore, speed is farl dealt by time. Hereto spelling þese, speed is þe ƿafelengþ dealt by fack. Þe hƿelf of þe fack is oftenness, and þus, speed is also þe uteput of ƿafelengþ and oftenness. Þis is þe speed of þe ƿafe as it ƿades þroug a feeld.