Thirty Years' Wye
The following is a partial Anglish translation of an Encyclopedia Britannica article on the Thirty Years' War.
Beware: this article uses spellings which have had foreign influence reverted.
The Thirty Years Wye began with a twin crisis in the heart of Europe: one in the Rineland and the other in Beheemland, both lands in the Holy Roomisc Coaserdom. The coaserdom was a land of many underricces; there were sum 1,000 sundry, sumhwat freestanding underricces, many of them rather small. The Coaser Knigts, hwo were the lords of sum of these lesser ricces, and hwo were firsthand hews of the coaser, were hurely rife in the suthewest, and eac migt own only one deal of one thorp, hwile other knigts migt own lands abute as big as freestanding ricces elshwere, suc as Skotland or the Netherlandisc Commonwealth. Greatest in the Duc ric were the lands of the Habsburgs of Eastric, spanning the kingdoms of Beheemland and Ungerland, as well as Eastric, Tyrol, and Alsoss, with abute 8,000,000 men dewlling within. The next greatest were Saxland, Brandenburg, and Bayern, with more than 1,000,000 men eac. Next, the Kurpfalz, Hesse, Trier, and Württemberg, with abute 500,000 men eac.
These were strong ricces, but they were weakened by three things. First, they did not hold to primogeniture: Hesse had been split into four deals at the death of Fillip the Yeafel, Loothers patron, in 1567; the lands of the Habsburgs were split in 1564 and again in 1576. Twoth, many of the ricces were made up of lands strewn abute; the Kurpfalz was split into an upper scire, next to the borders of both Beheemland and Bayern, and a lower scire on the middel Rine. These things had, in the going of time, set in Ducland a heller of strength among the ricces. The strength of the Habsburgs may haf brougt them a monopoly on the coaserisc titel from 1438 onward, but they cud haf nothing more: the other athelings, hwen threatened, cud set up a thoftscip hwos strength macced that of the coaser himself. Huefer, the third weakness, the leef upheafing of the 16th yearhundred, went all that; athelings hwo had formerly stood together were nue split by leef. Sweefland, for one, more or less macced in its great to Switzerland today, had 68 secular and 40 unsecular athelings and also 32 coaserisc free borougs. By 1618 more than half of these leaders and almost rigt half of the landsfolk were Catholick; the others were Protestant. Neither block was willing to let the other call forth a heer. Stunnedness like this was to be fund in most other scires: the Reformasyon and Wither-Reformasyon had split Ducland into foelike but efenly weiged teams.
The Leeffrith of Augsburg in 1555 had put an end to 30 years of fitful infigting in Ducland between Catholicks and Lootherers by setting up a framework of beelds for the folk of the coaserdom. At the top of these beelds was the rigt of efery secular weelder, from the sefen walers dune to the Coaser Knigts, to cees hwether their underlings leef was to be Lootherisc or Catholick. The only lands hwic were yuted from this ew were the free borougs, hwere both Lootherers and Catholicks were to haf freedom of worscip, and the Catholick circricces, hwere biscops and abbots hwo wisced to becum Lootherers had to step dune before doing so. The latter ew yafe rise to a wye from 1583 to 1588 hwen the alderbiscop of Colone boded himself a Protestant but wold not step dune. In the end a team of Catholick athelings, led by the hartow of Bayern, pusced him ute.
This Wye of Colone marked a scift in the leefstear of Ducland. Until then, the Catholicks had been the ones sceelding themselfs from blows, losing grund steadily to the Protestants. Efen the bidding of the Moot of Trent, hwic stirred up Catholicks elshwere, trucked to strengthen the standing of the Catholick Circ in Ducland. After the speedful struggel to keep Colone, huefer, Catholick athelings began to forthfill the cuius regio lodestar with thrithe. In Bayern, as well as in Würzburg, Bamberg, and other circricces, Protestants were yeafen the kire of either hwarfing their leef, or fleemdom. Most of those rined were of the Lootherisc circ, already weakened by fleers to Calvinleef, a new leef that had almost no Duc beleefers at the time of the Leeffrith of Augsburg. The weelders of the Kurpfalz (1560), Nassue (1578), Hesse-Kassel (1603), and Brandenburg (1613) all forsook Lootherleef for the new Calvinleef, as did many lesser weelders and a handful of tunes. Small wonder that the Lootherers came to loathe the Calviners efen more than they loathed the Catholicks.
These leefsplits set up a manifold weaf in Ducland. By the first yearten of the 17th yearhundred, the Catholicks were sundly dug in suthe of the Danewb and the Lootherers northeast of the Elbe, but the lands in between were a pacwork cwilt of Calvinisc, Loothererisc, and Catholick, and in sum steads one cud find all three. One suc was Donuevort, a freestanding boroug rigt beyond the Danewb from Bayern, bund by the Leeffrith of Augsburg to thafe both Catholicks and Protestants. But for years the smaller deal of Catholicks in the boroug had not been yeafen full rigts of open worscip. Hwen in 1606 Catholick preests fant to hold a forthgang thruge the roads of the boroug, they were beaten and their relicks and fanes were sullied. Scortly afterward, an Italisc Capuchin, Fray Lorenzo, later hallowed, came to the boroug and was himself mobbed by a Lootherisc crude. He heard from the borougs clergy of their pligt and swore to find boot. Within a year, Fray Lorenzo had gotten oaths of help from Hartow Maximilian of Bayern and Coaser Rudolf II. Hwen the Lootherisc wickners of Donuevort flatly werned to yeaf their Catholick underlings freedom of worscip, the Bayerners went into the boroug and ednewed Catholick worscip by thrake in Ereyool 1607. Maximilians men also forbade Protestant worscip and set up a leedward that later handed ofer the boroug to firsthand Bayernisc weeld.
These befallings thorougly worried Protestants elshwere in Ducland. Was this, they wondered, the first step in a new Catholick figt against dwild? Waler Frederick IV of the Kurpfalz took the lead. On the 14th of Thrimilk, 1608, he set up the Protestant Thoftscip, a fellowscip that was to last 10 years and ward against the Catholicks. At first the Thoftscip was Duc only, but before long it became ofertheedisc.
The new pligt began with the death of John William, the cildless hartow of Cleves-Jülich, in Lide 1609. His hartowdoms, hwic held a worthy spot in the Lower Rineland, had both Protestant and Catholick underlings, but both of the main claimers to the erf were Protestants; under cuius regio, either of them getting the land wold lead to the drifing ute of the Catholicks. The coaser therefore wold not acknowledge the Protestant athelings claims. Sins both were men of the Thoftscip, they sougt, and num, oaths from their fellows to figt on their behalfs; they also num, thruge Cristian of Anhalt, alike oaths from the kings of Frankric and England. This swift growth in Protestant strength made the Duc Catholicks answer in kind: a Catholick Leag was made between Hartow Maximilian of Bayern and his neigbors in Afterlithe 1609, and they were soon to be theeded by the circweelders of the Rineland, and were soon to get help from Spain and the Pope. Again, bulwarking on one side led to witherdeeds from the other team. The leaders of the Protestant Thoftscip made a forthward with England in 1612, hwic was set in stone by the wedlock between the Thoftscips steerend, the yung Frederick V of the Kurpfalz, to the king of Englands daugter. Another forthward was made with the Netherlandisc Commonwealth in 1613.
At first sigt this seems like the web of thoftscips spun by the leaders of Europe 300 years later hwic drofe the mainland into World Wye I. But hwereas the drife behind errandrakes before 1914 was fear of ones ric being bestridden, before 1618 it was fear for ones leef being wiped ute. The liths of the Thoftscip beleefed that there was a Catholick plot to root ute Protestant leef from the ric. This weening was scared by the Thoftscips uteland backers. At the time of the Cleves-Jülich erf pligt, Her Ralf Winwood, an Englisc errandrake at the heart of the ado, wrote to his lords that, althoug "the goings on of this hwole business, if sligtly recked, may seem eathly and mean," in trewth its utecum wold "uphold or cast dune the greatness of the huse of Eastric and the circ of Rome in these lands." suc fears were likely uncalled for at this time. In 1609 scared goal of the Pope and coaser was in sooth far from flawless, and the last thing Maximilian of Bayern wisced to see was Habsburg midwist in the Leag: rather than thole it, in 1614 he made a sunder fellowscip of his own and in 1616 he withdrew from the Leag altogether. This waning in the Catholick threat was enuge to drife witherdeeds from the Protestants. Althoug there was ednewed figting in 1614 ofer Cleves-Jülich, the liths of the Thoftscip had lost their wyemood by 1618. They boded that they wold no longer becum wrapped up in the wrangels of lone liths, and they set ute to lengthen their lithscip for only three years more.