User:TimeMaster

From The Anglish Wiki
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Spelling table[edit]

FROM TO WHEN EXAMPLE
qu cw [kw] queen > cween
gu g when /g/ guest > gest
ou, ow ue / u_e [aʊ] loud > lude, cow > cue, plough > pluh, drought > druht, rough > ruh
c s [s] cinder > sinder, ice > ise
s z [z] rise > rize, risen > rizzen
k k [c] kitten > citten
(t)ch tc [tʃ] chin > tcin, witch > witc
j, g, dge dg [dʒ] jaw > dgaw, gin > dgin, edge > edg
th þ [θ] thin > þin, pithy > piþþy
th ð [ð] the > ðe, rather > raððer
ie e_e [i] thief > theef
e_e ee historically [eː] here > heer
o_e oo historically [oː] lose > looze
ea e_e historically [ɛː] speak > speke, beast > beast
oa o_e historically [ɔː] moan > mone, boast > boast
u, ue, u_e oo historically [u] yule > yool
u, ue, u_e eu/ew historically [ju] truth > treu, true > trew

Spelling (somewhat outdated)[edit]

Along with mending the wordstock of English, I'm also gripped by mending the spelling. My most loved layout now is the following. I'd love to hear all of your thoughts on this and how it could be bettered, so feel free to write your thoughts on my talk leaf. I take a liking to mostly nering layouts, where outspeakings are still mostly foretellsome by the reader, and that treat all the folktungs as well as can be done.

Clipols[edit]

Can be a hard andwork. I put forth that loudburden (stress) blives unspelled, as spelling seems to make truly ugly words (albeit mostly loanwords), with kinwords sundered from each other. Instead, a choosesome (optional) overstaff (accent) can be brooked to mark which wordbits (syllables) are burdened, in words with more than one wordbit. The twin letter layout blives and is made steady. A hard call is on how to mark long and short clipols (vowels): take the words pin, pine, pinner, piner. Today's layout is fair and unsaid e's seem mostly wordloresome (etymological), but other ways could be pin, pien, pinner, piener (English's layout for long e's, some Dutch), pin, pien, pinner, piner (some Dutch), pinn, pin, pinner, piner (Rhinish and many other Theedish tungs, but weak with endings beginning with midclicks like -ness), or pin, pien, piner, piener (eath to learn, but not brooked by other tungs it seems). Words with two or more staffs before the unsaid e like waste would become for byspel waest, for if the word "wast" lived, wasting and wast[e]ing could not be told apart. I believe undoing the great clipol shift in spelling would be a mistake, sundering "trisyllabic laxing" twins (albeit mostly, but not only, loanwords) like nation/national, serene/serenity, divine/divinity, goose/gosling, cone/conical, south/southern. I've also chosen to keep twins like vain/vane and meet/meat asunder.

  • Innermost short clipols
    • bat: a
    • bet: e
    • bit: i
    • bot: o
    • but: u
  • Innermost long clipols
    • bade: a, ae
    • beat: e, ea
    • bite: i, ie
    • boat: o, oa
    • bout: u, ue (afterbear of Old English long u comes back)
  • Other clipols
    • father: aa
    • bait: ai/ay (all ei/ey could wend to this too)
    • bought: au/aw
    • beet: ee
    • boot: oo
    • book: oe
    • low: ou/ow
    • boy: oi/oy
    • dirt: kept asunder (dirt, fern, fur) for the Scottish and others, and for twins like hear (-> here, and heard -> herd, and here -> heer since that's wordloresome).
    • blew: eu/ew (hue -> hew too)
    • cute: (loanwords only) eu/ew, iu/iw, ui/uy, or ü/ú (cute -> keut, kiut, kuit, or küte/kúte, but blue -> blew)
    • happy: y (eretidely short i at end of word. Could blive in manyfold shape: bunny, bunnys)
    • marry, merry, mary: kept asunder
    • beer, hour, fire: beer, ure/uer, fire/fier
    • bard: bard.
    • bald: bald. (short l and r are asunder with whether the l is before a clipol or not: tally, tarry, tall, tar, shall, already, Albert -> tally, tarry, tal, tar, shall, alreddy, Allbert. -ll- will make there be the more meansome short l if otherwise it would be thought to rime with tall (r doesn't seem to have this unforetellberness).
    • toll: tol. (like above, old, poll, doll -> old, pol, doll)
    • horse: horse.
    • hoarse: hoarse. (not all meld horse and hoarse)
    • Other wordloresome spellings can be found, too: high is hih, weigh is weh, drought/plough are druht/pluh, though/borough are ðoh/burroh, thought/caught are þaht/kaht (rough is ruf, cough is kof, laugh is laf).

Clipols at the ends of words are always long (be, no, to/do (will be 2 words flouting the laws, and maybe ho for who), bi (by, and could be spelled by since it's foretellber - but pie and other less meanly words can blive with longer spellings if wanted), but ma/pa for maa/paa, say for say, hu for how maybe), but can be written long anyway. It would be mightsome (now shown in the layout above) to keep threesomes like "vane/vain/vein" and twins like "toe/tow" unsplit, since some folktungs seem to keep them apart and their outspeaking would still be foretellsome. Some words with more than one outspeech like "of" (-> ov, and not uv) or "been" keep their older writing.

Midclinks[edit]

Easier to mend. Wisly cast out soft g and soft c, beyond that a few choosings. Some endings like the manyfold (-s) could be made unwending (if it's wanted to keep apart flees and fleece, -ss could be kept).

  • Same
    • bat - b
    • din - d
    • fin - f
    • gum - g (hard only: guess -> ges)
    • hat - h
    • kin - k
    • let - l
    • mom - m
    • not - n
    • pit - p
    • red - r
    • sad - s
    • tin - t
    • vat - v
    • win - w
    • zoom - z
  • Sundry
    • yes - j or y both worksome. J more Theedish, but Y more near to us. The yes, just layout is sorely French, but not inbornly bad.
    • just (mostly (only?) in loanwords, if not spelled dg) - dg (already brooked in some befalls), cg (in OE), and j seem most worksome. J if Y for IPA /j/, likely.
    • chin - ch (the running way), c (with all /k/ going to k), tk (likened from dg) (or tc, if c is used for hard c instead of k?) worksome. C could be kept for Latin loanwords, thringing this to ch.
    • thin - th or þ. Twostaffs (digraphs) for throw wrenches in the twin midclink layout, and þ was only lost owing to thrickers, so þ seems better.
    • then - dh or ð. Fair to sunder þ and ð (and s and z) if f and v are sundered. Another choosing is to stop brooking v, but I find that a worse way.
    • shin - sh or x (freed up with x -> ks and gz) - brooking x for sh is seen in Basque, and the staff is free. But may not be worth it, since sh is wordyorely.
      • With Y blending (yod coalescence), could be spelled as sy/si/se. Helps with keeping away ugliness with long clipols before sh, though that happens mostly in loanwords - observaishon vs observasion, etc. Also bewharves (applies) to zh (-> zy/zi/ze).
      • Lack of spelling of loudburden is noteworthy here: "i" when not stressed is not like the sound in "bite", so as long as these blendings aren't in burdened wordbits, it should be foretellsome. For byspel, the letter i is /i/ when unstressed and before a clipol, and schwa (or close) when unstressed and before a midclink.
    • vision (mostly (only?) in loanwords) - zh or q (owing to its unbrooking otherwise). But zi for Y blending, likely.
    • what - likely hw, but wh or w also worksome. Could put listen -> hlissen for more wordyore if wanted.
    • ugh - edgely clink. Keeping gh or changing to kh or ch seem choosesome. Other gh words don't need to lose their gh, as long as their clipols are mended. H may not be best as it could be brooked to allow short clipols at the ends of words.
    • kn- -> n, gn- -> n, wr -> r, mb -> m, and so on, are not yinned in the reform, since they are foretellsome from spelling so they don't have high ranks for mending (but mend any unwordloresome words). -st- such as in listen is less so and may be mended.
    • singer and linger: Both only ng, for the Northern English and since the g-dropping is mostly foretellsome.

Byspels[edit]

Inglish orþograffy is ðe sistem ov writing konvensions iuzed to reprezent spoken Inglish in written form ðat allues reders to konnekt spelling to suend to mening.

Like ðe orþograffy ov moast wurld langwajes, Inglish orþograffy has a braud degree of standardizasion. Huever, unlike wiþ moast langwajes, ðare ar multipel ways to spel nerely evvery foneme (suend), and moast letters also hav multipel pronunsiasions depending on ðeir pozission in a wurd and ðe kontekst. Sevveral orþograffik mistakes ar kommon even amung nativ spekers. Ðis is mainly diw to ðe larj number ov wurds ðat hav been borrowed from a larj number of uððer langwajes þroohute ðe history ov ðe Inglish langwaje, wiþute suksesful attempts at komplete spelling reforms. Moast ov ðe spelling konvensions in Moddern Inglish wer derived from ðe fonettik spelling ov a variëty ov Middel Inglish, and jennerally do not reflekt ðe suend caenjes ðat hav okkurred sinse ðe late 15th sentiury (suc az ðe Grete Vuwel Shift).

Despite ðe varius Inglish dialekts spoken from kuntry to kuntry and wiþin different rejons ov ðe same kuntry, ðare ar oanly sliht rejonal variasions in Inglish orþograffy, ðe two moast rekkognized variasions being Brittish and Amerrikan spelling, and its overal iuniformity helps fasillitate internassional kommiunikasion. On ðe uððer hand, it also ads to ðe diskreppansy between ðe way Inglish is written and spoken in enny givven lokasion.

French words in the top 1000 most widespread English words[edit]

  • people
  • just (hard to overset: just do something, "just... why", etc.)
  • because
  • use
  • very
  • school (in OE)
  • try
  • state
  • student
  • group
  • country
  • turn (in OE)
  • problem
  • part
  • place
  • case
  • company
  • system
  • program
  • question
  • during
  • government
  • number
  • move
  • point
  • large
  • million
  • area
  • national
  • money
  • story
  • fact
  • different
  • study
  • issue
  • provide
  • service
  • around
  • important
  • power
  • hour
  • political
  • member
  • pay
  • car
  • city
  • include
  • continue
  • community
  • president
  • real
  • change
  • minute
  • several
  • idea
  • information
  • social
  • parent
  • face
  • create
  • public
  • level
  • allow
  • add
  • office
  • person
  • art
  • sure
  • war (but originally Germanic)
  • history
  • party
  • result
  • reason
  • research
  • moment
  • air
  • force
  • offer (in OE)
  • education
  • remember
  • second
  • able
  • age
  • policy
  • process
  • music
  • consider
  • appear
  • actually
  • probably
  • human
  • wait (but originally Germanic)
  • serve
  • market
  • expect
  • sense
  • stay
  • nation
  • plan
  • college
  • interest
  • course
  • experience
  • local
  • remain
  • effect
  • suggest
  • class
  • control
  • perhaps
  • pass
  • major
  • require
  • development
  • report
  • role
  • economic
  • effort
  • decide
  • rate
  • possible
  • drug
  • voice
  • police
  • finally
  • return
  • military
  • price
  • report
  • according
  • decision
  • explain
  • view
  • relationship
  • carry
  • federal
  • difference
  • receive
  • value
  • international
  • action
  • model
  • join
  • season
  • society
  • tax
  • director
  • position
  • agree
  • especially
  • record
  • paper
  • special
  • space
  • form
  • support
  • event
  • official
  • matter
  • center
  • couple
  • site
  • project
  • base
  • activity
  • table
  • court
  • produce
  • oil
  • situation
  • easy
  • cost
  • industry
  • figure
  • image
  • phone
  • data
  • cover
  • quite
  • picture
  • clear
  • practice
  • piece
  • recent
  • describe
  • product
  • doctor
  • patient
  • test
  • movie
  • certain
  • personal
  • simply
  • technology
  • catch
  • computer
  • type
  • attention
  • republic
  • source
  • organization
  • cause
  • century
  • evidence
  • difficult
  • culture
  • billion
  • chance
  • energy
  • period
  • course
  • realize
  • available
  • plant
  • opportunity
  • term
  • letter
  • condition
  • choice
  • single
  • rule
  • administration
  • congress
  • campaign
  • material
  • population
  • economy
  • medical
  • hospital
  • close (in OE)
  • risk
  • current
  • future
  • involve
  • defense
  • increase
  • security
  • bank
  • certainly
  • sport
  • per
  • subject
  • officer
  • private
  • rest (remainder)
  • behavior
  • performance
  • past
  • second
  • order
  • author
  • represent
  • focus
  • foreign
  • agency
  • push
  • nature
  • color
  • recently
  • store
  • reduce
  • note (in OE, but "That which is needed or necessary; business; duty; work" inborn)
  • fine
  • movement
  • page
  • enter
  • common
  • poor
  • natural
  • race (folk)
  • concern
  • series
  • significant
  • similar
  • language
  • usually
  • response
  • animal
  • factor
  • decade
  • article
  • save
  • artist
  • scene
  • career
  • despite
  • central
  • treatment
  • exactly
  • protect
  • approach
  • size
  • fund
  • serious
  • occur
  • media
  • sign (in OE)
  • list (maybe? catalog influenced by French/Italian?)
  • individual
  • simple
  • quality
  • pressure
  • accept
  • resource
  • identity
  • determine
  • prepare
  • disease
  • success
  • argue
  • cup (in OE)
  • particularly
  • amount
  • ability
  • recognize
  • indicate
  • character
  • degree
  • attack
  • region
  • television
  • training
  • trade (from Low German)
  • election
  • physical
  • general
  • standard
  • bill (document)
  • message
  • fail
  • arrive
  • analysis
  • benefit
  • sex
  • present
  • section
  • environment
  • PM
  • professor
  • operation
  • financial
  • crime
  • stage
  • compare
  • authority
  • design
  • sort
  • act
  • station
  • strategy
  • clearly
  • discuss
  • example
  • democratic
  • check
  • public
  • various
  • executive
  • prove
  • entire
  • claim
  • remove
  • manager
  • sound
  • enjoy
  • legal
  • religious
  • form
  • final
  • science
  • memory
  • card
  • cell (in OE)
  • establish
  • nice
  • trial
  • expert
  • firm
  • democracy
  • radio
  • visit
  • management
  • avoid
  • imagine
  • huge
  • finish
  • theory
  • impact
  • respond
  • statement
  • maintain
  • charge
  • popular
  • traditional
  • reveal
  • direction
  • employee
  • cultural
  • contain
  • peace
  • pain
  • apply
  • measure
  • interview
  • chair
  • particular
  • camera
  • structure
  • politics
  • perform
  • suddenly
  • discover
  • candidate
  • production
  • treat
  • trip
  • affect
  • conference
  • unit
  • style
  • adult
  • range
  • mention
  • specific
  • trouble
  • necessary
  • challenge
  • institution
  • bar
  • beautiful
  • property
  • improve
  • detail