Anglish Wordbook

From The Roots English (Anglish) Wiki
(Redirected from Wordbook)
Jump to navigation Jump to search

How to Search
To use this wordbook smoothly you will have to use your device's built-in search function. Windows and Linux users, press CTRL+F. Mac users, press CMD+F. iOS users, see here. Android users, see here. Use spaces to your advantage. For example, searching for "know" will bring up words like "knowledge", but searching for " know " with spaces will only yield instances of that word.

Notation Key
᛫ = definition separator
᛬ = part of speech separator
[ᛏ] = transitive
[ᚾ] = intransitive (neuter verb)
[ᚹ] = widened (an expanded meaning given to a word for the sake of Anglish)
[ᚱ] = revived (a dead definition returned to a living word)
[ square brackets ] = older form of the word
{ curly brackets } = related word
NE = New English | ENE = Early New English | ME = Middle English | OE = Old English
N = Norse | WF = West Frisian | LG = Low German | HG = High German | NL = Dutch | Þ = Proto-Germanic‍
C = Celtic | I = Italic | H = Hellenic | O = other
PST = past tense
PTCP = past participle
PL = plural

About the New Spellings
This wordbook includes optional "Anglish spellings" for words whose spellings have been influenced by foreign orthographies after the Norman Invasion.

About the Wordbook
This wordbook was started in 2017. It follows Oxford spelling rules (armour, nationalize). Its contents are based partly on the following sources: An Anglo-Saxon Dictionary by Bosworth-Toller; the Middle English Compendium; Joseph Wright’s English Dialect Dictionary; The Collins English Dictionary; Lexico. You might prefer the Google Sheets version of the wordbook.

Wordbook

WORD ANG. SPEL. MEANING KIND FOREBEAR WHENCE NOTES
a ᛫ per ᛫ P ~ NE
abbotric ᛫ an abbacy ᛫ N ~ NE‹(O+E)
abide ᛫ to act in accordance with ᛫ to remain ᛫ to wait ᛫ to wait for ᛫ to await ᛫ to persist ᛫ to reside ᛫ to face ( in combat etc ) ᛫ V ~[abīden][ābīdan] NE
abiding ᛫ enduring ᛫ continuing ᛫ AJ ~ NE
abidinghouse abidinghuse ᛫ an almshouse ᛫ a poorhouse ᛫ N abiding house NE
abite ᛫ to devour ᛫ to mangle ᛫ to bite to death ᛫ V abītan OE
abode ᛫ a place of residence ᛫ residence ᛫ a stay ᛫ a sojourn ᛫ N ~ NE kin: abide
aboveboard abufboard ᛫ transparent ( as in not hidden ) ᛫ legitimate and in the open ᛬ openly and legitimately ᛫ AJ᛬AV aboveboard NE
abraid ᛫ to move violently ᛫ to burst forth ᛫ to start up ᛫ to awake ᛫ V abraid&abreiden NE&ME
abreast ᛫ to make abreast ᛫ to inform ᛬ informed ᛬ parallel ᛫ alongside ᛫ V᛬AJ᛬P ~ NE
abreasting ᛫ information ᛫ N abreast+ing NEx2
abreethe ᛫ to degenerate ᛫ to deteriorate ᛫ V abrēoþan OE
abroad ᛫ in or to a foreign country ᛫ away from home ᛫ in different directions ᛫ AV ~ NE
abrothen ᛫ degenerate ᛫ AJ abroþen OE
abrothenness ᛫ degeneracy ᛫ N ābroþenness OE
abuy ᛫ to suffer a penalty ᛫ to atone ᛫ to pay for something ᛫ V abye[abīen][ābycgan] NE PST: abought ᛫ PTCP: abought; aboughten
abye ᛫ to bow ᛫ to bend ᛫ to turn ᛫ to inflect ( grammatical term ) ᛫ V gebīgan OE
abying ᛫ case ( grammatical term ) ᛫ N gebīgednys OE
achesoothing akesoothing ᛫ anodyne ᛫ AJ ache+soothing NEx2
ack ᛫ but ᛫ however ᛫ except ᛫ C ac ME
ackle ackel ᛫ frightened ᛫ terrified ᛫ AJ acol OE
acknow ᛫ to recognize ᛫ to identify ᛫ V iknouen&gecnāwan ME&OE
acknowledge ᛫ to recognize something's validity existence presence or standing ᛫ V ~ NE
acknowledging ᛫ acknowledgement ᛫ N ~ NE
acost ᛫ proven ᛫ tried and true ᛫ tested ᛫ AJ gecost OE
acre aker ᛫ an English unit of land area ( 4840 square yards ) ᛫ N ~ NE
acreman akerman ᛫ a husbandman ᛫ a ploughman ᛫ a farmer [ᚹ] ᛫ N akerman ME
acretilth akertilth ᛫ agriculture ᛫ N acre+tilth NEx2 calque: akkerbouw
addeem adeem ᛫ to adjudge ᛫ V ~[adēman] NE
adder ᛫ a viper ᛫ N ~ NE corruption of: nadder
adderbiter ᛫ an ichneumon ᛫ an Egyptian mongoose ᛫ a mongoose [ᚹ] ᛫ N nǣderbita OE
adderbolt ᛫ a dragonfly ᛫ N ~ NE
adderkin ᛫ a Serpentes animal ? ᛫ N nǣdercynn OE
adderwort ᛫ a Persicaria bistorta plant ᛫ N ~ NE aka: snakeweed
addle addel ᛫ liquid filth ᛬ to confuse ᛫ to muddle ᛬ putrid ᛫ rotten ᛫ idle ᛫ vain ᛫ unsound ᛫ N᛬V᛬AJ ~[adela] NE
addle addel ᛫ to earn ᛫ to gain ᛫ to procure ᛫ to save up money ᛫ to grow ᛫ to thrive ᛫ to flourish ᛫ to yield fruit ᛫ V ~ NE‹ME‹N
addled addelled ᛫ confused ᛫ AJ ~ NE
adight adigt ᛫ to arrange ᛫ to set up ᛫ to edit [ᚹ] ᛫ V adight ME
adle adel ᛫ illness ᛫ ailment ᛫ disease ᛫ N ā̆dle ME
ado ᛫ to do away with ᛫ to take away ᛫ subtract ᛫ to remove ᛫ V ādōn&ādōn ME&OE equal to: do off?
ado ᛫ trouble ᛫ difficulty ᛫ fuss ᛫ bustling activity ᛫ N ~ NE
adole ᛫ a division ᛫ a separation ᛫ a dissolution ᛫ a parting ᛫ a separating ᛫ a dividing ᛫ a dispensation ᛫ a portion ᛫ N gedāl OE
adread ᛫ frightened ᛫ terrified ᛫ scared ᛫ afraid ᛫ AJ ~ NE
adrench adrenc ᛫ to drown ᛫ to sink ᛫ to overwhelm ᛫ to suffocate ᛫ V adrenchen ME
adwesh adwesc ᛫ to extinguish ᛫ to blot out ᛫ to delete ᛫ to quench ᛫ V adweshen ME
afar ᛫ at a distance ᛫ AV ~ NE
afear ᛫ to frighten ᛫ to terrify ᛫ V ~ NE
afeared ᛫ frightened ᛫ terrified ᛫ afraid ᛫ AJ ~ NE
Affer ᛫ an African ᛫ N affer ME
afford aford ᛫ to be able to pay for ᛫ to provide ᛫ V ~ NE
afield afeeld ᛫ in a field ᛫ to a field ᛫ away from home ᛫ off-topic ᛫ AV ~ NE
afire ᛫ to castrate ᛫ V afȳran OE
afired ᛫ a eunuch ᛫ a castrated animal ᛫ N afȳrida OE
afold ᛫ simple ᛫ plain ᛫ onefold ᛫ single ᛫ AJ ōfōld/afōld ME short for: onefold ᛫ or: ofold ᛫ possible rhyme: shovelled
afoldly ᛫ simply ᛫ plainly ᛫ AV ōfōld+ly ME+NE short for: onefoldly ᛫ or: ofoldly
afoot ᛫ in action ᛫ in process ᛫ in the area ᛫ AV ~ NE
afore ᛫ before ᛫ in front of ᛫ opposite ᛫ AV&P afore&afō̆rn NE&ME
aforesaid ᛫ aforementioned ᛫ AJ ~ NE
aforethought aforethougt ᛫ premeditated ᛫ AJ ~ NE
afoul afule ᛫ into conflict or difficulty with ᛫ AV ~ NE
Africk ᛫ Africa ᛫ N(P) Affrīk&Affrica ME&OE
aft ᛫ a stern of a vessel ᛬ located at the back of a vehicle ᛬ at near or towards a vessel's stern ᛫ N᛬AJ᛬AV ~ NE
after ᛫ post- ᛫ PREFIX ~ NE
afterbear ᛫ a descendant ᛫ N ~ NE
afterbirth ᛫ a placenta ᛫ N ~ NE
afterborn ᛫ posthumous ( born after father's death ) ᛫ AJ ~ NE
afterbrain ᛫ a myelencephalon ᛫ N ~ NE
aftercomer aftercummer ᛫ a successor ᛫ N aftercomer NE
aftercoming aftercumming ᛫ a sequel ᛫ a consequence ᛫ a result ᛬ succeeding ᛫ N᛬AJ ~ NE
afterdeal ᛫ a disadvantage ᛫ N ~ NE
afterdeath ᛫ post-mortem ᛫ AJ ~ NE
afterdoomsday ᛫ post-apocalyptic ᛫ AJ after+dooms+day NEx3
afterganger ᛫ a follower ᛫ a successor ᛫ N æftergenga OE
afterhand ᛫ subsequently ᛫ AV ~ NE
afterling ᛫ an after follower ᛫ a descendant ᛫ N ~ NE
Afterlithe ᛫ July ᛫ N(P) Æftera Liþa OE or: meadmonth (from mǣdmōnaþ)?
aftermath ᛫ consequences ( usually of something bad ) ᛫ N ~ NE
aftermidday ᛫ afternoon ᛫ N ~ NE
afters ᛫ dessert ᛫ sweets ᛫ the last course of a meal ᛫ N ~ NE
afterspeak ᛫ to claim ( possession ) ᛫ V æftersprecan OE
afterspeech afterspeec ᛫ a claim ( of possession ) ᛫ N æfterspræc OE
aftertime ᛫ the future ᛫ N ~ NE
afterword ᛫ an epilogue ᛫ a postscript ᛫ N ~ NE
Afteryule Afteryool ᛫ January ᛫ N(P) Æfterra Geola OE
against ᛫ versus ᛫ contrary to ᛫ in opposition to ᛫ P ~ NE
aghast agast ᛫ horrified ᛫ shocked ᛫ AJ ~ NE
agraith ᛫ to make ready ᛫ prepare ᛫ to dress a wound ᛫ to adorn ᛫ to embellish ᛫ V agraithen ME‹N
agraithing ᛫ embellishment ᛫ ornament ᛫ N agraithing ME‹N
ahap ᛫ fitting ᛫ suitable ᛫ AJ gehæp OE
aheave aheafe ᛫ to heave up ᛫ to elevate ᛫ to exalt ᛫ V ahebban OE
ail ᛫ ailment ᛬ to make suffer ᛫ to trouble ᛫ to pain ᛬ troublesome ᛫ painful ᛫ N᛬V᛬AJ ~[egle][eglan] NE
ait ᛫ a small island in a river ᛫ an eyot ᛫ an islet ᛫ N ~ NE
akeep ᛫ to preserve ᛫ to reserve ᛫ V ikēpen ME
akin ᛫ related ᛫ AJ ~ NE
alack ᛫ alas ! ᛫ I ~ NE
alast ᛫ to perform ᛫ to accomplish ᛫ to execute ᛫ V gelæstan OE
albeit ᛫ though ᛫ C ~ NE
Albert Mere ᛫ Lake Albert ᛫ N(P) Albert+mere NEx2
alder ᛫ a parent ᛫ an ancestor ᛫ an elder ᛫ a chief ᛫ a leader ᛫ a ruler ᛫ N alder ME
alderbishop alderbiscop ᛫ an archbishop ᛫ N ealdorbiscop OE‹(E+H)
alderborough alderboroug ᛫ a metropolis ᛫ N ealdorburh OE
alderdeemer ᛫ a supreme court judge ᛫ N aldordēma OE
alderdom ᛫ authority ᛫ eldership ᛫ magistracy ᛫ principality ᛫ N ealdordōm OE
alderman ᛫ an elected member of a city council ᛫ a baillie ᛫ N ~ NE
aleat ᛫ a crossroads ᛫ N gelǣte OE
aleater ᛫ an omnivore ᛫ N all+eater NEx2 inspired by German "Allesfresser"
alee ᛫ on the lee side of a ship ᛫ AV ~ NE
aleesing ᛫ salvation ᛫ redemption ᛫ N ālīsedness OE
alehouse alehuse ᛫ a bar ᛫ a tavern ᛫ a pub ( public house ) ᛫ N ~ NE
aleknight aleknigt ᛫ a man who drinks alcohol ᛫ N ~ NE
alewife ᛫ a woman who keeps an alehouse ᛫ N ~ NE
alfather ᛫ an epithet used for a head god ᛫ N ~ NE
alight aligt ᛫ to descend ᛫ to exit ᛫ to dismount ᛫ to disembark ᛫ V ~ NE
alighten aligten ᛫ enlighten ᛫ illuminate ᛫ V ālīhtan OE
alike ᛫ similar ᛬ similarly ᛫ AJ᛬AV ~ NE
alkin ᛫ of every kind ᛫ universal ᛫ AJ ~[eallcyn] NE
alknowing ᛫ omniscient ᛫ AJ ~ NE
alknowingness ᛫ omniscience ᛫ N ~ NE
all ᛫ omni- ᛫ PREFIX ~ NE
all told ᛫ in total ᛫ P ~ NE
allay alay ᛫ to calm down ᛫ to lull ᛫ to pacify ᛫ to alleviate ᛫ to abate ᛫ to mitigate ᛫ to subside ᛫ V ~ NE
allings ᛫ entirely ᛫ sufficiently ᛫ AV allinges ME
allness ᛫ totality ᛫ universality ᛫ N ~ NE
ally ᛫ of all ᛫ universal ᛫ Catholic ᛫ AJ eallic OE
Almannish Almannisc ᛫ Alemannic speech ᛬ Alemannic ᛫ N᛬AJ all+man+ish NEx3 calque: Alemannisch
almight almigt ᛫ omnipotence ᛫ N almighty NE
almighty almigty ᛫ omnipotent ᛫ AJ ~ NE
almsful ᛫ charitable ᛫ AJ ælmesfull OE
aloft ᛫ at to or in the air ᛫ above ᛫ up ᛫ AV ~ NE could be spelled: alift (to make it English instead of Norse)
aloneness ᛫ solitude ᛫ N ~ NE
along of ᛫ because of ᛫ P ~[gelang]{ilong on} NE
aloom ᛫ frequently ᛫ AV ilōme[gelōme] ME
alow ᛫ low down ᛬ below ᛫ AV᛬P ~ NE rhyme: a toe
alseeing ᛫ omnipercipient ᛫ AJ allseeing NE
alsuch alsuc ᛫ exactly ᛫ just ᛫ exactly as ᛫ just as ᛫ AV alswich ME
altew ᛫ sound ᛫ healthy ᛫ AJ æltæw/ealteaw OE
altheedish altheedisc ᛫ international ᛫ AJ all+theedish NEx2 inspired by Icelandic "alþjóðlegur"
alther ᛫ ( modifies an adjective's superlative form in a way similar to the " very " in " very best " ) ᛫ PREFIX alther ME or: alder, aller
altogether ᛫ completely ᛫ totally ᛫ in total ᛫ in general ᛫ for the most part ᛫ overall ᛫ AV altogether NE
alway ᛫ perpetually ᛫ continually ᛫ AV ~[ealneg] OE or: always
alwhere alhwere ᛫ everywhere ᛫ AV ~ NE
amain ᛫ with all one's might ᛫ with full speed ᛫ in great haste ᛫ to a high degree ᛫ AV ~ NE
amake ᛫ a mate ᛫ a spouse ᛫ a pair ᛫ an equal ᛫ N imāke[gemaca] ME
amaze amase ᛫ to astonish ᛫ V ~ NE
amazedness amasedness ᛫ amazement ᛫ N ~ NE
amber ᛫ a bucket ᛫ N ambre ME‹OE‹I
amid ᛫ during ᛬ in the middle of ᛫ AV᛬P ~ NE
amind ᛫ memory ᛫ a memory ᛫ a recollection ᛫ N imīnde[gemynd] ME
amind day ᛫ a commemoration day ᛫ N gemynd dæg OE
amiss ᛫ faulty ᛫ out of order ᛫ improper ᛫ AJ ~ NE
amone ᛫ social intercourse ᛫ sexual intercourse ᛫ N imōne[gemāna] ME
anclee ᛫ an ankle ᛫ N ~ ME overtaken by Norse form 'ankle' during ME
and ᛫ an ampersand ( & or ⁊ ) ᛫ N and ME or: andstaff
and ᛫ ( shows return action ) ᛫ PREFIX and/an ME the D gets dropped when convenient, making it "an-"
andestone ᛫ andesite ᛫ N Andes+stone NE‹I+NE calque: andesite
andet ᛫ to admit ᛫ to confess ᛫ V andettan OE
andetter ᛫ a confessor ᛫ N andettere OE
andeven andefen ᛫ a quality ᛫ a quantity ᛫ an extent ᛫ a capacity ᛫ an amount ᛫ a proportion ᛫ N andefn OE
andsoforth ᛫ et cetera ᛫ N ~ NE abbreviation: asf
aneed ᛫ to compel ᛫ to force ᛫ V inēden[genēadian] ME
anent ᛫ about ᛫ concerning ᛫ P ~ NE
anew ᛫ to restore to an original state ᛫ V ineuen ME
ang ᛫ angry ᛫ vexed ᛫ AJ ange OE
ang ᛫ ( shows an ailment of a tight vexed nature ) ᛫ PREFIX ang OE
angbreast ᛫ a tight vexation of the breast ᛫ asthma ᛫ N angbreost OE
angmood ᛫ anxiety ᛫ a vexed mood ᛫ N angmod OE
angness ᛫ anxiety ᛫ distress ᛫ N angnes OE
angsome andsum ᛫ troublesome ᛫ AJ angsum OE
anight anigt ᛫ abundance ᛫ sufficiency ᛫ plenty ᛫ N genyht OE
anip ᛫ clouds ᛫ mist ᛫ fog ᛫ vapor ᛫ obscurity ᛫ a nebula [ᚹ] ᛫ N inip&genip ME&OE kin: nebula
anker ᛫ an anchorite ᛫ an anchoret ᛫ N āncor OE‹I‹H
anklebone ankelbone ᛫ a tarsal ᛫ N ~ NE‹(N+E) or: ancleebone
anlet ᛫ a face ᛫ an appearance ᛫ N anlē̆t[andwlita/andwlite] ME
anletbone ᛫ a facial bone ᛫ N anlet+bone ME+NE
anlikeness ᛫ an image ᛫ a figure ᛫ resemblance ᛫ a model ᛫ N anlīcnes OE
anneal aneal ᛫ to ignite ᛫ to inflame ᛫ to incite ᛫ to temper through heating ᛫ V anneal&onǣlan NE&OE
anon ᛫ instantly ᛫ immediately ᛫ AV ~[anōn][on ān] NE rhyme: a swan
anothergates ᛫ a different kind of ᛫ AJ ~ NE "gate" here means "way"
anqueath ancweath ᛫ a response ᛫ an answer ᛫ a reply ᛬ to respond ᛫ to answer ᛫ to reply ᛫ N᛬V oncweþan OE
ansaker ᛫ a denier ᛫ a renouncer ᛫ an apostate ᛫ an opposer ᛫ N andsaca OE
ansen ᛫ a face ᛫ a countenance ᛫ an aspect ᛫ a form ᛫ a figure ᛫ an appearance ᛫ N ansẹ̄ne[ansȳn] ME
ansenstone ᛫ a fossil ᛫ N ansẹ̄ne+stone ME+NE calque: steingervingur
anshot anscot ᛫ a tax rebate ᛫ a tax return ᛫ N and+scot OE+OE equal to: return tax
antimber ᛫ matter ( mass noun ) ᛫ material ( mass noun ) ᛫ substance ( mass noun ) ᛫ a theme ? ᛫ a topic ? ᛫ a subject ? ᛫ N antimber&andtimber ME&OE
anvil anfil ᛫ an incus ( bone ) ᛫ N ~ NE
anward ᛫ present ᛫ current ᛫ contemporary ᛫ in one's presence ᛫ AJ andweard OE
anward tide ᛫ the present tense ᛬ of the present tense ᛫ N᛬AJ andwerd tīd OE
anwarden ᛫ to make present ᛫ to update ᛫ to modernize ᛫ V andward+en OE+NE
anwardening ᛫ an update ᛫ modernization ᛫ N andward+en+ing OE+NEx2
anword ᛫ an answer ᛬ to answer ᛫ V andwurden&andwyrde ME&OE
anwork ᛫ matter ᛫ material ᛫ substance ᛫ N andwork ME
anyet ᛫ perception ᛫ sensation ᛫ understanding ᛫ a sense ( such as sight ) ᛫ an explanation ᛫ sense ( like in makes sense ) ᛫ N andȝet&andgit ME&OE or: anget (Norse)
anyetful ᛫ sensible ᛫ intelligible ᛫ AJ andgitfull OE
anyetfully ᛫ sensibly ᛫ intelligibly ᛫ AJ andgitfullīce OE
anyetless ᛫ senseless ( as in lacking sensation ) ᛫ senseless ( as in irrational , nonsensical , or foolish ) ᛫ AJ andgitlēas OE
anyettle anyettel ᛫ intelligent ᛫ sensible ᛫ discerning ᛫ AJ andgitol/andgyttol OE
anyetty ᛫ sensational ( as in sensory ) ᛫ sensible ᛫ AJ andȝet+y{andgitlic} ME+NE
anywise ᛫ in any way or manner ᛫ AV ~ NE
ape ᛫ an ape ᛫ a monkey ᛬ to imitate ᛫ N᛬V ~ NE
apebreadtree ᛫ a baobab ᛫ N ape+bread+tree NEx3 calque: monkeybread tree ᛫ note: apenbroodboom
apely ᛫ simian ᛫ AJ ~ NE
aper ᛫ a copycat ᛫ an imitator ᛫ N ~ NE
applewine appelwine ᛫ apple cider ᛫ N æppelwīn OE
aquine acwine ᛫ to dwindle away ? ᛫ V acwīnan OE
Araby ᛫ Arabia ᛫ N(P) Arabī&Arabia ME‹O&OE‹O
arade ᛫ instructed ᛫ skilled ᛫ expert ᛫ educated ᛫ AJ irade[gerād] ME
ard ᛫ a dwelling place ( especially one's native land or region ) ᛫ a home ᛫ a homeland ᛫ an abode ᛫ N ē̆rd ME
aread ᛫ to explain ᛫ to interpret ᛫ V ~ NE
areading ᛫ an ordinance ᛫ a decree ᛫ N gerǣdnes OE
argh arg ᛫ timid ᛫ cowardly ᛫ AJ argh/arow[earg] ME rhyme: borrow?
arise ᛫ to emerge ᛫ to become apparent ᛫ to come into being ᛫ V ~ NE
arisen ᛫ proper ᛫ fitting ᛫ seemly ᛫ AJ gerisene OE
arist ᛫ an arising ᛫ the rising of the sun ᛫ N arist ME
arkenstone ᛫ a precious stone ᛫ a jewel ᛫ N eorcanstān OE kin: Eorconbeorht
arm ᛫ poor ᛫ unwealthy ᛫ pitiful ᛫ indigent ᛫ AJ arm[earm] ME
armbone ᛫ a humerus ᛫ N ~ NE
armchary armcary ᛫ sad ᛫ miserable ᛫ AJ earmcearig OE
Armeny ᛫ Armenia ᛫ N(P) armenīe/armany/armonye ME or: Hayastan ᛫ should rhyme with "harmony"?
arming ᛫ a poor creature ᛫ a wretch ᛫ N erming ME
armth ᛫ poverty ᛫ N ermthe/armþe ME
arown arune ᛫ a mystery ᛫ a sacrament ᛫ mysterium ᛫ N gerȳne OE
arrowblaster ᛫ an arbalest ᛫ N arowblaster{arbalest} ME a medieval folk etymology of arbalest
arse ᛫ a derrière ᛫ a posterior ᛫ N ~ NE or: ass
arsefoot ᛫ a Podicipedidae bird ( a grebe ) ᛫ N ~ NE
arseling ᛫ backwards ᛫ AV ~ NE
arsetril ᛫ an anus ᛫ N earsþerl OE
Artsakh Artsack ᛫ Artsakh ᛫ N(P) Artsakh NE‹O
arveth arfeth ᛫ labour ᛫ laborious pains ᛫ hardship ᛫ work ᛫ a job ᛫ N arvfeþ[earfoþe] ME
arveth arfeth ᛫ ( shows something is difficult to do or deal with ) ᛫ PREFIX earfoþ OE
arvethhield arfethheeld ᛫ ill-inclined ᛫ ill-natured ᛫ AJ earfoþhylde OE
arvethly arfethly ᛫ laborious ᛫ full of hardship ᛫ AJ arveþlīch ME
arvethness arfethness ᛫ difficulty ᛫ N earfoþnes OE
arvethright arfethrigt ᛫ hard to correct ᛫ AJ earfoþrihte OE
arvethrow arfeththrow ᛫ a difficult time ᛫ a time of tribulation ᛫ N earfoþþrāg OE
arvethsithe arfethsithe ᛫ a laborious journey ᛫ misfortune ᛫ calamity ᛫ N earfoþsīþ OE
arvethteachy arfethteacy ᛫ difficult to show ᛫ difficult to prove ᛫ AJ earfoþtǣcne OE
as an aside ᛫ in passing ᛫ en passant ᛫ PHRASE ~ NEx3
asamming ᛫ a convention ᛫ a congregation ᛫ a synagogue ᛫ a church ᛫ N gesamnung OE
aset ᛫ to appoint ᛫ V aset ME
Asey ᛫ Asia ᛫ N(P) Assye [Asia] ME‹O rhyme: crazy
ashen ascen ᛫ made from the ash tree ᛫ of or resembling ashes ᛫ pale ᛫ AJ ~ NE
ashgrey ascgrey ᛫ cinereous ᛫ AJ ash+grey NEx2 invented by William Barnes
aside ᛫ a digression ᛫ N ~ NE
asit ᛫ to oppress ᛫ to occupy ᛫ V asitten&onsittan ME&OE PST: asat
asithe ᛫ a comrade ᛫ N gesīþ OE
ask ᛫ a lizard ᛫ N ~ NE
ask ᛫ a question ᛫ an inquiry ᛫ a request ᛬ to request ᛫ to inquire ᛫ N᛬V ~ NE
askeel ᛫ a Halosauridae fish ( a halosaur ) ᛫ N ask+eel NEx2 calque: Echsenaale
aslake ᛫ to abate ᛫ to diminish ᛫ to moderate ᛫ to mitigate ᛫ to appease ᛫ to satisfy ᛫ V ~[āslacian] NE
asoothe ᛫ to prove ᛫ to confirm ᛫ to verify ᛫ V isōþien[gesōþian] OE
aspen ᛫ a Populus tree [ᚹ] ᛫ a poplar ᛫ a cottonwood ᛫ an aspen ᛫ N ~ NE
astell ᛫ to install ᛫ to establish ᛫ to found ᛫ to institute ᛫ V onstellen&onstellan ME&OE
astir ᛫ to activate ᛫ to put in motion ᛬ active ᛫ in motion ᛫ AJ astir&astiren NE&ME
astride ᛫ with legs on each side ᛬ with legs on each side of ᛫ AV᛬P ~ NE
asunder ᛫ apart ᛫ AV ~ NE
asunderhood ᛫ segregation ᛫ apartheid ᛫ N asunder+hood NEx2 calque: apartheid
asweeve asweefe ᛫ to calm down ᛫ to lull ᛫ to pacify ᛫ to appease ᛫ to put to rest ᛫ to soothe ᛫ V aswēve&aswebban ME&OE
at a braid ᛫ in a moment ᛫ momentarily ᛫ AV at a breid ME phrase
at unset steven stefen ᛫ unexpectedly ᛬ by chance ᛫ AV at unset steven ME rhyme: seven
atbrest ᛫ to break away ᛫ to escape ᛫ V atbresten ME
atease ᛫ to tear ᛫ to tease ( as in to pull apart ) ᛫ V ātǣsan OE kin: tease
atell ᛫ number ( grammatical term ) ᛫ a register ᛫ a catalogue ᛫ a catalog ᛬ to register ᛫ to catalog ᛫ to catalogue ᛫ N ȝetel&getæl/getel ME&OE
atew ᛫ to appear ᛫ to display ᛫ to manifest ᛫ V atẹ̄wien{ēowan} ME kin: eye
atfang ᛫ to claim lost or stolen property ᛫ V ætfōn{fang} OE
atgo ᛫ to go away ᛫ to pass away ᛫ V atgon ME
Athabasca Mere ᛫ Lake Athabasca ᛫ N(P) Athabasca+mere NE‹O+NE
athel ᛫ a noble ᛬ noble ᛫ N᛬AJ aþel ME
athelborn ᛫ nobleborn ᛫ highborn ᛫ AJ aþelborn ME
athelen ᛫ to ennoble ᛫ V æþelian+en OE+NE
atheling ᛫ a noble ᛫ a prince ᛫ N atheling[æþeling] ME
athelingen ᛫ a princess ᛫ N æþeling+en OE+NE a more historically sound term for "princess" is simply "lady"
athelkind ᛫ of noble kind or origin ᛫ AJ æþelcund OE
athelly ᛫ nobly ᛫ elegantly ᛫ AV æþellīce OE
athelman ᛫ a nobleman ᛫ N athelman ME
athelness ᛫ nobility ᛫ N æþelnes OE
athelwhite athelhwite ᛫ a Leontopodium alpinum plant ᛫ edelweiss ᛫ N aþel+white ME+NE calque: Edelweiß
athelwield athelweeld ᛫ aristocracy ( the political system ) ᛫ N athel+wield NE
atithe ᛫ to grant ᛫ to allow ᛫ V itīthien[getigþian] ME
atlast ᛫ finally ᛫ ultimately ᛫ AV ~ NE
atle atel ᛫ terrible ᛫ horrible ᛫ dire ᛫ repulsive ᛫ ugly ᛫ hideous ᛫ AJ ātel[atol] ME
atley ately ᛫ hideous ᛫ ugly ᛫ AJ atelīch[atollīc] ME
atone ᛫ to make amends ᛫ V ~ NE equal to: at one
atsammen ᛫ together ᛫ AV atsomne[ætsomne] ME
atsit ᛫ to resist ᛫ to oppose ᛫ V atsitten ME
atstall ᛫ a station ᛫ a camp ᛫ N ætsteall OE
atter ᛫ poison ᛫ venom ᛫ pus ᛬ to poison ᛫ to envenom ᛫ N atter&ǣtrian NE&OE
attercop ᛫ a spider ᛫ N [āttercoppe/āttorcoppe] NE kin: cobweb
attercraft ᛫ the art of poisoning ᛫ wicked sorcery ᛫ N ātorcræft OE
atterdeer ᛫ a poisonous animal a venomous animal ᛫ N atter+deer NEx2
atterling ᛫ a malicious person ᛫ N atterling ME
atterloath ᛫ an antidote ᛫ N atterlothe ME
attern ᛫ poisonous ᛫ venomous ᛫ cruel ᛫ ill-natured ᛫ AJ attern ME
attery ᛫ venomous ᛫ poisonous ᛫ AJ ~ NE
Attle Attel ᛫ Lazio ? ᛫ Italy ? ᛫ N(P) Eatol OE kin: Italy
Attler Atteler ᛫ a Latin ? ᛫ an Italian ? ᛫ N(P) Eatolware OE
atwain ᛫ in two parts ᛫ AV ~ NE
atween ᛫ between ᛫ P atwēn ME
atwind ᛫ to escape ᛫ V ~ NE
Atwisen ᛫ Gemini ᛫ N(P) Getwisan OE
atwist ᛫ substance ᛫ N ætwist OE
atwite ᛫ to attribute to ᛫ to charge ᛫ to blame ᛫ V atwīten ME
aught augt ᛫ property ᛫ possession ᛫ N aughte[ǣht] ME
aught augt ᛫ anything ᛫ N ~[āht] NE
aught augt ᛫ deliberation ᛫ evaluation ᛫ meditation ᛬ to deliberate ᛫ to evaluate ᛫ to meditate on ᛫ N æht&eahtian OE&OE
Australia ᛫ Australia ᛫ N ~ NE or: Australy; or New Holland
aver afer ᛫ vehement ᛫ AJ afor OE rhyme: waver? ᛫ kin: æfur (Icelandic)?
awe ᛫ admiration tinged with fear ᛬ to inspire awe ᛫ N᛬V ~ NE
awesome awesum ᛫ incredible ᛫ awe-inspiring ᛫ AJ ~ NE
awful ᛫ horrible ᛫ AJ ~ NE
awin ᛫ contest ᛫ tumult ᛫ war ᛫ N gewin OE
awk ᛫ perverse ᛫ sinister ᛫ AJ ~ NE‹N
awn ᛫ one of the slender bristles that terminate the glumes of the spikelet in some cereal and other grasses ᛫ N ~ NE‹N
awork ᛫ a fortress ᛫ a fort ᛫ a castle ᛫ N geweorc OE
awortwale ᛫ to uproot ᛫ to eradicate ᛫ to exterminate ᛫ to extirpate ᛫ V āwyrtwalian OE
awrack ᛫ wrecked ᛫ in ruins ᛫ AV ~ NE
awry ᛫ contorted ᛫ twisted ᛫ bent ᛫ out of place ᛫ deviant ᛫ perverse ᛫ AJ ~ NE
axe ᛫ an axe ᛫ a hatchet ᛬ to strike with an axe ᛫ to cancel ᛫ to cut down ᛫ to remove something ᛫ N᛬V ~ NE or: ax
axle axel ᛫ an axis ᛫ N ~[eaxl] NE
axlespan axelspan ᛫ a crossbar ᛫ a crosspiece ᛫ N eaxlegespann OE
ay ᛫ eternal ᛬ always ᛫ ever ᛫ continually ᛫ AJ᛬AV ~ NE‹ME‹N rhyme: day
ayen ᛫ again ᛫ AV ayēn ME
ayen ᛫ facing ᛫ towards ᛫ contrary to ᛫ against the fact that ᛫ P onyēn [ongean] ME
ayenbite ᛫ remorse ᛫ N ayenbite ME or: againbite (Norse influenced)
ayenbuy ᛫ to ransom ᛫ V ayẹ̄nbīen ME calque: redimere
ayet ᛫ to perceive ᛫ V ayiten{yeten} ME
ayin ᛫ to commence ᛫ V aginnen[onginnan] ME
Babilon ᛫ Babylon ᛫ N(P) Babilōn OE
Babilony ᛫ Babylonia ᛫ N(P) Babilony ME
babyhood ᛫ infancy ᛫ N ~ NE
back ᛫ to support ᛫ to sponsor ᛫ V ~ NE
backbite ᛫ to talk maliciously about someone who is not present ᛫ V ~ NE
backbone ᛫ the ridgebone ᛫ the spine ᛫ N ~ NE
backen ᛫ to delay ᛫ to retard ᛫ V ~ NE
backer ᛫ a supporter ᛫ a sponsor ᛫ N ~ NE
backfriend backfreend ᛫ a friend who is secretly an enemy ᛫ N ~ NE
backhanded ᛫ insincere ᛫ sarcastic ᛫ AJ ~ NE
backleech backleec ᛫ a physiatrist ᛫ N back+leech NEx2
backridgebone ᛫ a thoracic vertebra ᛫ N back+ridgebone NEx2
backslide ᛫ to regress ᛫ to lapse morally or in the practice of religion ᛫ V ~ NE
backstab ᛫ to attack someone unfairly in a deceitful and treacherous way ᛫ to betray ᛫ V ~ NE
backstabber ᛫ a traitor ᛫ a betrayer ᛫ N ~ NE
backward ᛫ retrograde ᛫ socially unsophisticated ᛫ socially barbaric ᛫ AJ ~ NE
backwater ᛫ a remote place ᛫ water held back by an obstruction ᛬ to vacillate on a long-held position ᛫ N᛬V ~ NE
backwoods ᛫ a woody countryside ᛫ N ~ NE
badblood ᛫ feelings of ill will ᛫ a serious feud ᛫ an inherited immoral nature ᛫ a long-standing grudge ᛫ N ~ NE
baddle baddel ᛫ a hermaphrodite ᛫ an intersex person ᛫ N bæddel OE
badmouth badmuthe ᛫ to criticize ᛫ to disparage ᛫ V ~ NE
badow ᛫ battle ᛫ N beado/beadu/beadwe OE or: bade (like shadow and shade)
bag ᛫ a sack ᛫ N ~ NE‹N?
Baikal Mere ᛫ Lake Baikal ᛫ N(P) Baikal+mere NE‹O+NE
bake ᛫ a baked good ᛫ a pie ᛫ pastry ᛫ N bāke ME same sense as Icelandic 'baka'
baked good ᛫ a piece of baked food ᛫ a pastry ᛫ N ~ NE
bakehouse bakehuse ᛫ a bakery ᛫ N ~ NE
Baker Mere ᛫ Baker Lake ᛫ N(P) baker+mere NEx2
bakern ᛫ a bakery ᛫ N bakern ME
Balaton Mere ᛫ Balaton Lake ᛫ N(P) Balaton+mere NE‹O+NE
bale ᛫ great evil ᛫ great woe ᛫ great sorrow ᛫ N ~ NE
balecraft ᛫ the craft of evil magic ᛫ N bealocræft OE
baleful ᛫ pernicious ᛫ forebodingly evil ᛫ AJ ~ NE
balk ᛫ a ridge ᛫ a mound ᛫ an archery butt ᛫ a ridge left between furrows accidently ᛫ a blunder ᛫ N balk[balca] ME
balk ᛫ a hindrance ᛫ a check ᛫ a failure ᛬ to pass over ᛫ omit ᛫ to suddenly refuse ᛫ N᛬V ~ NE
Balkash Mere Balkasc ᛫ Lake Balkhash ᛫ N(P) Balkhash+mere NE‹O+NE
ballock ᛫ a testicle ᛫ N ~ NE or: bollock
ballocks ᛫ testicles ᛫ nonsense ᛫ N ~ NE or: bollocks
Balt ᛫ a speaker of a Baltic language ᛫ a Lithuanian ᛫ a Latvian ᛫ N(P) ~ NE‹O
Baltland ᛫ the Baltic states ᛫ the Baltic land region ᛫ N(P) Balt+land NE‹O+NE
ban ᛫ a prohibition ᛬ to prohibit ᛫ to disallow ᛫ N᛬V ~ NE
bandog ᛫ a mastiff ᛫ N ~ NE‹(N+E) band-dog
bane ᛫ death ᛫ destruction ᛫ poison ᛫ a cause of misery ᛫ a murderer ᛫ a killer ᛫ a slayer ᛫ N ~[bana] NE
baneful ᛫ harmful ᛫ destructive ᛫ deadly ᛫ malignant ᛫ poisonous ᛫ venomous ᛫ AJ ~ NE
banewort ᛫ an Atropa belladonna plant ( deadly nightshade ) ᛫ N ~ NE
bangle bangel ᛫ to fritter away ᛫ to squander ᛫ to waste ᛫ V ~ ENE often used with "away" like "bangle away"
bank ᛫ an edge of a river lake or watercourse ᛫ an embankment ᛫ N ~ NE
bare ᛫ unclothed ᛫ devoid of ᛫ basic and simple ᛫ AJ ~ NE
barm ᛫ a bosom ᛫ a lap ᛫ one's possession ᛫ N barm ME
barm ᛫ beer froth ᛫ yeast ᛫ leaven ᛫ beer head ( the froth from pouring beer ) ᛫ N barm&berm[beorma] NE&ME
barmcloth ᛫ an apron ᛫ N ~ NE
barn ᛫ a child ᛫ a kid ᛫ N barn[bearn] ME "bairn" found in Scots
barneken ᛫ pregnant ᛫ AJ bearnēacen OE
barnteam ᛫ offspring ᛫ lineage ᛫ N barntem ME
barrow ᛫ a mountain ᛫ a hill ᛫ a mound ᛫ N ~[beorg] NE
barrowmouse barrowmuse ᛫ a marmot ᛫ N barrow+mouse NE+NE calque: mountain-mouse
barton ᛫ a farmyard ᛫ N ~ NE equal to: barley town?
base ᛫ crimson ᛫ scarlet ᛫ a monarchist ᛬ of crimson hue ᛫ of scarlet hue ᛫ monarchistic [ᚹ] ᛫ N᛬AJ basu/baso OE rhyme: gaze ᛫ or: baze
basestone ᛫ topaz ᛫ N baswa stān OE rhyme: gaze tone ᛫ or: bazestone
Baskon ᛫ a Basque person ᛫ N(P) Baskọ̄n ME‹I Basque is a reborrowing?
bass ᛫ a perch fish ᛫ N ~[bas][bærs] NE
bast ᛫ phloem ᛫ bast fiber ᛫ fiber ᛫ fibre ᛫ N ~ NE
bat ᛫ a mace ᛫ a club ᛫ a cudgel ᛫ a bludgeon ᛫ N bat&bat[batt] NE&ME
batch bac ᛫ a group of like things ( especially baked goods ) ᛬ to group like things ᛫ to sort ᛫ N᛬V ~ NE kin: bake
bate ᛫ to get better ᛫ to recover ᛫ V batian OE
baxter ᛫ a baker ᛫ N baxter[bæcestre] ME
Bayer ᛫ a Bavarian ᛫ N(P) Bægerum OE
Bayerland ᛫ Bavaria ᛫ N(P) Bægerum+land OE+NE
be ᛫ to exist ᛫ V ~ NE
beacon ᛫ a signal ᛫ an indication ᛬ to signal ᛫ to indicate ᛫ N᛬V beacon&bēacnian NE&OE
beaconer ᛫ a signaller ᛫ an indicator ᛫ N ~ NE
bead ᛫ a prayer ᛫ a request ᛫ N ~[gebed] NE
beadframe ᛫ an abacus ᛫ N bead-frame NE
beadle beadel ᛫ prayerful ᛫ suppliant ᛫ AJ bēdul OE
beam ᛫ a long straight piece of timber ᛫ a tree ᛫ a ray ( of light etc ) ᛫ N beam&bēm&bēam NE&ME&OE
beamish beamisc ᛫ beaming with happy optimism ᛫ AJ ~ NE
bean curd ᛫ tofu ᛫ N ~ NE
bearcat ᛫ a binturong ᛫ N ~ NE
bearen ᛫ a she-bear ᛫ N biren OE
bearer ᛫ a carrier ᛫ a bearer ᛫ a porter ᛫ N berend OE
bearing ᛫ relevance ᛫ posture ᛫ demeanour ᛫ N ~{gebǣru} NE
bearings ᛫ a direction or a relative position ᛫ N ~ NE
bearly ᛫ ursine ᛫ AJ ~ NE
beat ᛫ rhythm ᛫ a unit of rhythm ᛫ N ~ NE
beat ᛫ to curb ᛫ to rein in ᛫ to restrain ᛫ to keep in check ᛫ V bǣtan OE
bebathe ᛫ to suffuse ᛫ V ~ NE
bebid ᛫ to command ᛫ V bebēodan OE
becall ᛫ to accuse ᛫ V becall&bicallen NE&ME
beck ᛫ a commanding or summoning motion ᛫ N ~ NE
beck ᛫ a brook ᛫ a small stream ᛫ a rivulet ᛫ N ~ NE‹ME‹N
beckon ᛫ to invite ᛫ to invite over ᛫ to summon ᛫ to gesture someone for their presence ᛫ V ~ NE
becleep ᛫ to accuse ᛫ to charge against ᛫ to plead or appeal in court ᛫ to apply a term to ᛫ V beclepen ME PST: beclept
beclip ᛫ to surround ᛫ to encircle ᛫ to embrace ᛫ to clasp ᛫ to enclose ᛫ to contain ᛫ to envelope ᛫ V biclippen ME
becloud beclude ᛫ to make obscure or muddled ᛫ V ~ NE
becoming ᛫ looking good on someone ᛫ decorous ᛫ appropriate ᛫ AJ ~ NE
bedder ᛫ a bed fellow ᛫ N gebedda OE
bedeal ᛫ to remove from ᛫ to release from ᛫ to deprive of ᛫ V bedǣlan OE
bedesman ᛫ one who prays for another ᛫ a petitioner ᛫ N ~ NE
bedfellow ᛫ a consort ᛫ N ~ NE‹(E+N)
bedight bedigt ᛫ to equip ᛫ V ~ NE
bedip ᛫ to submerge ᛫ V bedipan OE
bedizen bedisen ᛫ to dress ( often in a vulgar or gaudy way ) [ᛏ] ᛫ V ~ NE rhyme: risen; horizon
bedoven bedofen ᛫ drenched ᛫ submerged ᛫ AJ ~[bedōven][bedofen] NE
bedrock ᛫ a set of fundamental principles ᛫ N ~ NE
bee ᛫ a bracelet ᛫ a torque ᛫ an arm ring ᛫ an armlet ᛫ a finger ring ᛫ a collar ᛫ a necklace ᛫ a nose ring ᛫ N bee&bei[beah] NE&ME
beebread ᛫ pollen ᛫ ambrosia ᛫ N ~ NE
beed ᛫ a table ᛫ N bēode[bēod] ME
beedland ᛫ a tableland ᛫ a plateau ᛫ N bēode ME+NE calque: tableland
beehouse beehuse ᛫ an apiary ᛫ N ~ NE
beek ᛫ to charter ᛫ to grant by book or by charter ᛫ V gebēcan OE
beekeeper ᛫ an apiarist ᛫ N ~ NE
beely ᛫ apian ᛫ AJ ~ NE
beem ᛫ a trumpet ᛬ to sound with a trumpet ᛫ N᛬V bēme ME
beerlore ᛫ brewology ᛫ N beerlore NE
beership beerscip ᛫ a banquet with beer ᛫ convivium ᛫ N gebēorscipe OE
beet ᛫ a boast threat or pledge to do a glorious deed ᛫ N beot[bēot] ME
beet ᛫ to repair ᛫ to mend ᛫ to revive ᛫ to restore ᛫ to fix ᛫ to correct ᛫ to amend ᛫ V beet&bēten[bētan] NE&ME kin: boot
befall ᛫ to happen ᛫ to happen to someone ( often something bad ) ᛫ V ~ NE PST: befell ᛫ PTCP: befallen
befalling ᛫ a happening ᛫ an occurrence ᛫ an event ᛫ an instance of something ᛫ N befalling&bifallinge NE&ME
befasten ᛫ to fasten ᛫ to entrust ᛫ V befæstan OE
befile ᛫ to defile ᛫ to vandalize ᛫ to deflower ᛫ V ~[befȳlan] NE kin: befoul
befoe ᛫ to become a foe of ᛫ to make a foe of someone ᛫ V ~ NE
beforehand ᛫ in advance ᛫ AV ~ NE
befoul befule ᛫ to make foul or dirty ᛫ to pollute ᛫ V ~ NE kin: befile
begang ᛫ a course ᛫ a passage ᛬ to commit ᛫ to practise a behaviour ᛫ N᛬V begang&begangan OE
beget ᛫ to produce ᛫ to create ᛫ to cause ᛫ to sire ᛫ to generate ᛫ to engender ᛫ V ~ NE PST: begot/begat ᛫ PTCP: begotten
begetter ᛫ a procreator ᛫ N ~ NE
beghast begast ᛫ to inspire ᛫ to amaze ᛫ to shock ᛫ to awe ᛫ V ~ NE
begod ᛫ to deify ᛫ V ~ NE
begone ᛫ avaunt! ᛫ I ~ NE
begreed ᛫ to blame ᛫ to charge ( with a crime ) ᛫ to accuse ( of a crime ) ᛫ V begrēden[grǣdan] ME
begrip ᛫ an idea ᛫ a notion ᛫ a concept ᛫ N begrip NL
begripe ᛫ to grasp ᛫ to grip ᛫ to complain at to rebuke to reprehend ᛫ V bigrīpen ME
begriprown begriprune ᛫ a logographic rune ᛫ N be+grip+rown NEx3 calque: Begriffsrune
behalf ᛫ the interests of a person group or principle ᛫ a representative of ᛫ one's stead ᛫ N ~ NE
behaving behafing ᛫ behavior ᛫ behaviour ᛫ N ~ NE
behead ᛫ to decapitate ( especially as a form of execution ) ᛫ V ~ NE
beheart ᛫ to enamour ᛫ ravish ᛫ V ~ NE
Beheem ᛫ a Bohemian ᛫ N(P) behēmas{bēme} OE
Beheemland ᛫ Bohemia ᛫ N(P) behēmas+land OE+NE
beheeve beheefe ᛫ beneficial ᛫ AJ bihēve ME
behest ᛫ an order ᛫ a command ᛫ N ~ NE
behight behigt ᛫ to vow ᛫ to promise ᛫ V behight&beheten NE&ME
behirn ᛫ to put in a corner ᛫ to store away ᛫ V bihirnen ME
behither ᛫ on this side of ᛫ P ~ NE
behold ᛫ to see ( something ) ᛫ to observe ᛫ V ~ NE
beholden ᛫ owing obedience or a favour to something or someone ᛫ AJ ~ NE
beholder ᛫ an observer ᛫ N ~ NE
behoof ᛫ advantage ᛫ benefit ᛫ N ~ NE
behoove behoofe ᛫ to benefit [ᛏ] ᛫ to suit [ᛏ] ᛫ to be proper for [ᛏ] ᛫ V ~ NE
behooveful behoofeful ᛫ expedient ᛫ beneficial ᛫ advantageous ᛫ profitable ᛫ suitable ᛫ proper ᛫ requisite ᛫ AJ behoveful&bihọ̄veful NE&ME
behoovely behoofely ᛫ expedient ᛫ beneficial ᛫ advantageous ᛫ profitable ᛫ suitable ᛫ proper ᛫ requisite ᛬ advantageously ᛫ profitably ᛫ AJ᛬AV ~ NE
being ᛫ existence ᛫ the nature of a being ᛫ an existing thing ᛫ N ~ NE
beingless ᛫ non-existent ᛫ AJ ~ NE
belap ᛫ to surround ᛫ to envelop ᛫ V ~ NE
belast ᛫ to burden ᛫ to make bound ᛫ V ~ NE
belatch belac ᛫ to catch ( like in a trap ) ᛫ V belacchen ME
belate ᛫ to retard ᛫ to slow ᛫ to slow down ᛫ V ~ NE
belated ᛫ late ᛫ overdue ᛫ AJ ~ NE
belay ᛫ to stop ᛫ to cancel (nautical) ᛫ V ~ NE
belew ᛫ to betray ᛫ V belǣwan OE kin: 𐌻𐌴𐍅𐌾𐌰𐌽
belide ᛫ to cover ᛫ V behlīdan OE kin: lid?
belie ᛫ to misrepresent ᛫ to give a false impression of ᛫ V ~ NE
belight beligt ᛫ to illuminate ᛫ V ~ NE
belirt ᛫ to deceive ᛫ to beguile ᛫ to delude ᛫ to defraud ᛫ to cozen ᛫ V bilirten ME
belittle belittel ᛫ to denigrate ᛫ to disparage ᛫ V ~ NE
bell ᛫ a bellow ᛬ to bellow ( generally used for stag during rutting time ) ᛫ N᛬V ~ NE
bellhouse bellhuse ᛫ a belfry ᛫ N ~ NE
bellyache bellyake ᛫ to grumble ᛫ V ~ NE
beload ᛫ to exculpate ᛫ to absolve ᛫ to acquit ᛫ to pardon ᛫ V belādian OE
bemean ᛫ to demean ᛫ to debase ᛫ to degrade ᛫ V ~ NE
bemete ᛫ to compare ᛫ V bemetan OE
bemiddle bemiddel ᛫ to mediate ᛫ V be+middle NEx2 calque: bemiddelje
bemiddling bemiddeling ᛫ mediation ᛫ N be+middle+ing NEx3 calque: bemiddelje
bemoan ᛫ to complain ᛫ to complain about ᛫ V ~ NE
ben ᛫ a wound ᛫ N benn OE kin: bane
benchmark bencmark ᛫ a standard ( something others are compared to ) ᛫ N ~ NE
bendsome bendsum ᛫ flexible ᛫ pliable ᛫ AJ ~ NE
bene ᛫ a request to a god ᛫ an entreaty to a god ᛫ a prayer ᛫ N bene&bēne[bēn/bōn] NE
benetide ᛫ prayer time ᛫ N bēntīd OE
benim ᛫ to deprive ᛫ V binimen[beniman] ME PST: benum; benimmed ᛫ PTCP: benum
benorth ᛫ north of ᛫ P ~ NE
benote ᛫ to use ᛫ to consume ᛫ V benōten[benotian] ME
bent ᛫ an inclination ᛬ sharply curved ᛫ dishonest ᛫ corrupt ᛫ N᛬AJ ~ NE
Benthamish Benthamisc ᛫ of or pertaining to the utilitarianist doctrines of Jeremy Bentham ᛫ AJ(P) Bentham+ish NEx2 calque: Benthamian
Bentleyish Bentleyisc ᛫ of or relating to American political scientist and philosopher Arthur Fisher Bentley ᛫ AJ(P) Bentley+ish NEx2 calque: Bentleyan
bentmoon ᛫ a crescent moon ᛫ N bente mone ME
benumb ᛫ to deprive of physical or emotional feeling ᛫ V benumb NE
bequeath becweath ᛫ to give ( especially through a will ) ᛫ V becweþan OE
bequest becwest ᛫ the act of giving through inheritance ᛫ a legacy ᛫ an inheritance ᛫ N ~ NE
bere ᛫ barley ᛫ N bēre[bere] ME barley comes from "bere-ly"
bere ᛫ -bearing ᛫ -able ( passive ) [ᚹ] ᛫ SUFFIX bere[bǣre] ME see: endly (suffix)
bereave bereafe ᛫ to deprive ᛫ V ~ NE PTCP: bereft
beright berigt ᛫ to entitle ᛫ V be+right NEx2
berise ᛫ to befit ᛫ V birīsen ME
bern ᛫ a man ᛫ a soldier ᛫ N bern[beorn] ME
bernet ᛫ arson ᛫ N bernet[bærnet] OE
Bernick ᛫ the Bernicians ᛫ N(P) Beornice OE‹C?
Bernickrich Bernickric ᛫ the Kingdom of Bernicia ᛫ N(P) Beornice Rīce OE‹C?+OE‹C
berth ᛫ a position ( as in a rank job or role in a group especially in regards to ships ) ᛫ N ~ NE
beruse berewse ᛫ to repent ᛫ to feel remorse ᛫ V bireusen [behrēowsian] ME not akin to "ruse" as in "a trick"
berusing berewsing ᛫ repentance ᛫ penitence ᛫ N behrēowsung OE
berusingtide berewsingtide ᛫ a season for penitence ᛫ N behrēowsungtīd OE
besee ᛫ to attend to ᛫ to look after ᛫ to provide ᛫ to furnish ᛫ V besee&bisēn NE&ME
beseech beseec ᛫ to implore ᛫ to plead ᛫ V ~ NE PST/PTCP= besought
beseem ᛫ to be suitable for ᛫ V ~ NE
beset ᛫ to surround ᛫ to hem in ᛫ to trouble persistently ᛫ to be covered or studded with ᛫ V ~ NE
beshine bescine ᛫ to illuminate ᛫ to enlighten ᛫ to dispel ignorance ᛫ V bishīnen ME
beshrew bescrew ᛫ to curse ( to invoke evil upon ) ᛫ V ~ NE
besing ᛫ to sing about ᛫ to celebrate in song ᛫ to enchant ᛫ V besing&besingan NE&OE
besit ᛫ to sit around something ᛫ to besiege ᛫ V ~ NE PST: besat
besmite ᛫ to strike forcefully ᛫ to hit forcefully ᛫ to infatuate ᛫ to enamour ᛫ to charm ᛫ to fascinate ᛫ V ~ NE
besmitten ᛫ afflicted or troubled by something ᛫ infatuated ᛫ enamoured ᛫ charmed ᛫ fascinated ᛫ AJ ~ NE
besouth besuthe ᛫ south of ᛫ P ~ NE
bespeak ᛫ to order or reserve something in advance ᛫ to customize [ᚹ] ᛫ V bespeak&besprecan NE&OE
bespoke ᛫ custom ( as in customized ) ᛫ tailor-made ᛫ AJ ~ NE
bestead ᛫ situated ᛫ AJ ~ NE
bestir ᛫ to put into brisk or vigorous action ᛫ to move with life and vigour ᛫ to make active ᛫ to rouse oneself ᛫ V ~ NE
bestow ᛫ to endow ᛫ V ~ NE
bestrew ᛫ to cover with scattered objects ᛫ V ~ NE
bestride ᛫ to straddle ᛫ to dominate ᛫ V ~ NE
beswathe ᛫ to cover ( literally or figuratively ) ᛫ V ~ NE
beswink ᛫ to produce or acquire through labour ᛫ V beswinken ME
betake ᛫ to grant ᛫ to give a daughter in marriage ᛫ to entrust ᛫ to put in charge ᛫ V ~[bitāken] ME‹(E+N)
beteach beteac ᛫ to hand over ᛫ to commit ( like to an asylum ) ᛫ to deliver ᛫ to entrust ᛫ V bitēchen&betǣcan ME&OE
betee ᛫ to devote ᛫ to spend ᛫ V bitēn ME
beteem ᛫ to allow ᛫ to permit ᛫ to vouchsafe ᛫ V ~ NE
beteld ᛫ to cover ᛫ to surround ᛫ V biteldan OE
bethatch bethac ᛫ to bedeck ᛫ V ~ NE
bethew ᛫ to enthral ᛫ to enthrall ᛫ to enslave ᛫ to inslave ᛫ V be+thew NEx2
bethink ᛫ to remember ᛫ to recall ᛫ to remind oneself ᛫ V ~ NE
bethrall ᛫ to enthral ᛫ to enthrall ᛫ V ~ NE‹(E+N)
bethring ᛫ to throng around ᛫ to press around ᛫ V beþringan OE PST: bethrang ᛫ PTCP: bethrung
bethwack ᛫ to thwack thoroughly ᛫ V ~ NE
betide ᛫ to happen ᛫ to happen to someone ᛫ V ~ NE
betightle betigtel ᛫ to accuse ᛫ to charge with a crime ᛫ V betīhtlian OE
betimes ᛫ on time ᛫ promptly ᛫ early ᛫ in due time ᛫ AV ~ NE
betly ᛫ excellent ᛫ AJ betlīc OE
betoken ᛫ to indicate ᛫ to signify ᛫ to portend ᛫ V ~ NE
betroth ᛫ to engage someone to be married ᛫ V ~ NE
betrothed ᛫ a fiancé ᛫ N ~ NE
better ᛫ a superior ᛬ to improve ᛫ to make better ᛫ to overcome ᛫ to defeat ᛬ superior ᛫ N᛬V᛬AJ ~ NE
betterhood ᛫ superiority ᛫ N ~ NE
between ᛫ inter- ᛫ PREFIX betweon OE
betwixt ᛫ between ᛫ AV&P ~[betwēox] NE
betwixtblin ᛫ an intermission ᛫ N betweohblinness OE
betwixtfack ᛫ an interval ᛫ N betweohsfæc OE
betwixtsend ᛫ to intermit ᛫ V betwyxsendan OE
betwixtset ᛫ interposed ᛫ AJ betwyhgeset OE
betwixtwarp ᛫ an interjection ( grammatical term ) ᛬ to interject ᛫ N᛬V betwyxaworpennyss OE
bever befer ᛫ to tremble ᛫ to shake ᛫ to quiver ᛫ to shiver ᛫ V ~ NE
bevering befering ᛫ trembling ᛫ vibrato [ᚹ] ᛫ N bevering NE calque: Bebung
bewean ᛫ to entertain ᛫ V bewenian OE
beweave beweafe ᛫ to wrap up ᛫ to envelop ᛫ to clothe ᛫ to entwine ᛫ V biwēven ME PST: bewove ᛫ PTCP: bewoven
beweep ᛫ to lament ᛫ V ~ NE
bewest ᛫ west of ᛫ P ~ NE
bewilder ᛫ to confuse ᛫ to befuddle ᛫ to disorientate ᛫ V ~ NE
bewitch bewic ᛫ to cast a spell on ᛫ to enchant and delight ᛫ V ~ NE
bewray ᛫ to disclose reveal or divulge a secret ᛫ to expose or rat out someone ᛫ to betray ᛫ V ~ NE
bewrayer ᛫ a betrayer ᛫ a divulger ᛫ N ~ NE
bewrite ᛫ to write about ᛫ V ~ NE
beyet ᛫ to beget ᛫ V beyeten ME PST: beyat ᛫ PTCP: beyetten
bid ᛫ to pray ᛫ to request ᛫ V bidden[biddan] ME PST: bade ᛫ PTCP: bidden ᛫ kin: bead
bid ᛫ to command ᛫ to order ᛫ V ~[biddan&bēodan] NE PST: bade ᛫ PTCP: bidden
bid ᛫ to offer ᛫ to bid on an auction ᛫ V ~[biddan&bēodan] NE PST: bid
bidden ᛫ a barrel ᛫ a tub ᛫ N byden OE
biddendly mete ᛫ the imperative mood ᛫ N bebēodendlīc gemet OE
bidding ᛫ an order ᛫ a command ᛫ an auction ᛫ N ~ NE
biddle biddel ᛫ an announcer ᛫ a warrant officer ᛫ a constable ᛫ a bailiff ᛫ a beadle ᛫ N bidel[bydel] ME kin: beadle (from Frankish?)
bide ᛫ to wait ᛫ to stay ᛫ to remain ᛫ V ~ NE
bidhouse bidhuse ᛫ a chapel ᛫ an oratory ᛫ N bēdhús OE
bidword ᛫ a motto ᛫ N bid+word NEx2 calque: biedwurd
bield beeld ᛫ shelter ᛫ protection ᛫ courage ᛫ confidence ᛬ to encourage ᛫ to embolden ᛫ N᛬V bield&beald&beldan NE&OE&OE
bieldy beeldy ᛫ sheltering ᛫ AJ ~ NE
Big Dipper ᛫ a bright circumpolar asterism of the northern sky which is part of Ursa Major ᛫ N(P) ~ NE
biggen ᛫ to enlarge ᛫ V ~ NE
bight bigt ᛫ a curve ᛫ a bend ᛫ a corner ᛫ a coast bend which forms an open bay ᛫ N bight&byht NE&OE
bigwheel bighweel ᛫ a ferris wheel ᛫ N big wheel NE
bilk ᛫ a cheater ᛫ a hoax ᛬ to cheat ᛫ to defraud ᛫ to deceive ᛫ to craft a hoax ᛫ V ~ NE
bill ᛫ a hooked polearm ᛫ a halberd ᛫ a gisarme ᛫ a falcastrum ᛫ a mattock ᛫ a pickaxe ᛫ a pickax ᛫ N bill&bil&bil NE&ME&OE
billwhite billhwite ᛫ simple ᛫ innocent ᛫ AJ bilewhīt ME
billwhitely billhwitely ᛫ simply ᛫ sincerely ᛫ honestly ᛫ AV bilehwītlīce OE
bin ᛫ during ᛫ inside ᛫ within ᛫ P binne ME
bind ᛫ a restraint ᛫ a predicament ᛬ to restrain ᛫ to connect ᛫ N᛬V ~ NE
binder ᛫ a determiner ( grammatical term ) ᛫ N binder NE calque: determiner
bindlestiff bindelstiff ᛫ a hobo ᛫ a tramp ᛫ N ~ NE
bindword ᛫ a compound word ᛫ N bind+word NEx2
birdlime ᛫ an adhesive substance used to trap birds ᛫ N ~ NE
birdling ᛫ turtle ᛫ tortoise ᛫ N byrdling OE
birdlore ᛫ ornithology ᛫ N ~ NE
birdly ᛫ avian ᛫ AJ ~ NE
bire ᛫ an opportunity ᛫ N bȳre OE
birl ᛫ to spin ᛫ to whirl ᛫ to twirl ᛫ V ~ NE coined in the 18th century
birl ᛫ to carouse ᛫ V ~[birlen][byrlian] NE
birler ᛫ a butler ᛫ a cupbearer ᛫ N birler ME
birr ᛫ energy ᛫ an impetus ᛫ a force ᛫ a strong wind ᛫ N birr&bir[byre?] NE&ME
birthfather ᛫ one's biological father ᛫ N birth father NE
birthleech birthleec ᛫ an obstetrician ᛫ N birth+leech NEx2
birthmother ᛫ one's biological mother ᛫ N birth mother NE
bisen ᛫ a model ᛫ an example to follow ᛬ to symbolize ᛫ to betoken ᛫ N᛬V bīsne[bȳsen]&bīsnen ME&ME
bishopric biscoprick ᛫ a diocese ᛫ N ~ NE‹(H+C)
bishopswort biscopswort ᛫ a Stachys officinalis plant ( wood betony ) ᛫ N bishop's wort NE‹(H+E)
bist ᛫ are ( only for second person singular ) ᛫ V bist ME
bitesome bitesum ᛫ disappointing ᛫ unsatisfactory ᛫ AJ bitesome NE
bitter ᛫ resentful ᛫ AJ ~ NE
bitterness ᛫ resentment ᛫ N ~ NE
bittock ᛫ a small bit ᛫ N ~ NE
bive bif ᛫ to tremble ᛫ V bivien ME rhyme: give
black ᛫ an anarchist [ᚹ] ᛬ anarchistic [ᚹ] ᛫ N᛬AJ ~ NE
black nightshade nigtscade ᛫ a Solanum nigrum plant ᛫ a Solanum americanum plant ᛫ a Solanum ptychanthum plant ᛫ N ~ NE
Black Sheep Turkmen Sceep ᛫ Qara Qoyunlu / Kara Koyunlu ᛫ N(P) Black Sheep Turkomans NE
blackthorn ᛫ a Prunus spinosa plant ᛫ N ~ NE also called "sloe"
blackwort ᛫ a Symphytum officinale plant ( comfrey ) ᛫ N ~ NE also: knitback; knitwort
bladderwort ᛫ an Utricularia plant ᛫ N ~ NE
blain ᛫ an inflamed swelling or sore on the skin ᛫ N ~ NE found in "chilblains"
blake ᛫ to pale [ᚾ] ᛬ pale ᛫ pallid ᛫ wan ᛫ withered yellow ᛫ V᛬AJ ~[blāc] NE
blast ᛫ an explosion ᛬ to explode ᛫ N᛬V ~ NE
blastle blastel ᛫ explosive material ᛫ a bomb ᛫ N blast+le NE+ME
blatant ᛫ obvious ᛫ AJ ~ NE
blate ᛫ bashful ᛫ shy ᛫ sheepish ᛫ AJ ~ NE
blaze blase ᛫ a great fire ᛫ a torch ᛫ a lamp ᛫ a candle ᛬ to burn fiercely ᛫ N᛬V blaze&blæse NE&OE
bleach bleac ᛫ to make lighter in hue ᛬ pale ᛫ bleak ᛫ V᛬AJ ~ NE kin: bleak
blead ᛫ fruit ᛫ vegetables ᛫ produce ᛫ vegetation ᛫ crops ᛫ N blead&blēd NE&ME
bleak ᛫ pale ᛫ wan ᛫ pallid ᛫ desolate ᛫ miserable ᛫ depressing ᛫ uncheery ᛫ AJ ~[bleik] NE‹N kin: bleach
bleat ᛫ a cry from a sheep goat or calf ᛫ V ~ NE
bleck ᛫ ink ᛫ N ~[blēk][blæc] NE vowel tended to shorten ᛫ dialectal word
bleckern ᛫ an inkstand ᛫ N blæcern OE
bleckfish bleckfisc ᛫ a cephalopod ᛫ N blēk+fish ME+NE calque: inkfish
bleckhorn bleckhorn ᛫ an inkhorn ᛫ N blæchorn OE
blee ᛫ colouration ᛫ colour ᛫ skin colour ᛫ complexion ᛫ N ~ NE
bleefaw ᛫ versicolour ᛫ particoloured ᛫ multicoloured ᛫ polychromatic ᛫ AJ blēofāg OE
bleeth ᛫ timid ᛫ apprehensive ᛫ AJ blēþ[blēaþ] ME
blench blenc ᛫ a trick ᛫ a ruse ᛫ cheating ᛬ to trick ᛫ to cheat ᛫ to elude ᛫ N᛬V blench&blenchen&blencan ME&ME&OE
blend ᛫ a mix ᛬ to mix ᛫ N᛬V ~ NE
bless ᛫ to sanctify ᛫ to give divine aid ᛫ V ~ NE
blessing ᛫ divine aid ᛫ a beneficial thing ᛫ one's sanction ᛫ N ~ NE
blike ᛫ to shine ᛫ to gleam ᛫ to twinkle ᛫ to glitter ᛫ to dazzle ᛫ to sparkle ᛫ V blīken&blīcan/blician ME&OE
bliket ᛫ a coruscation ᛫ a sparkle ᛫ a twinkle ᛫ N blīcettung OE
blin ᛫ cessation ᛬ to cease ᛫ to desist ᛫ N᛬V ~ NE
bliss ᛫ great happiness ᛫ great joy ᛫ N ~ NE
blissen ᛫ to make blissful or happy ᛫ fill with or impart bliss to ᛫ V ~ NE
blissful ᛫ extremely happy ᛫ extremely joyful ᛫ AJ ~ NE
blissome blissum ᛫ joyous ᛫ AJ ~ NE
blithe ᛫ joyful ᛫ cheerful ᛫ carefree ᛫ concernless ᛫ indifferent ᛫ heedless ᛫ AJ ~ NE
blithely ᛫ carelessly ᛫ indifferently ᛫ gladly ᛫ joyfully ᛫ AV ~ NE
blithen ᛫ to make or become blithe ᛫ V ~ NE
blitheness ᛫ joy ᛫ N ~ NE
blither ᛫ to talk foolishly ᛫ blather ᛫ V ~ NE rhyme: wither
blithering ᛫ foolish talk ᛬ talking incoherently ᛫ jabbering ᛫ N᛬AJ ~ NE
blithesome blithesum ᛫ having a cheerful or careless disposition ᛫ AJ ~ NE
bloak ᛫ pale ᛫ wan ᛫ pallid ᛫ AJ blōk[blāc] ME kin: bleak
bloakern ᛫ a light place ᛫ a lamp ᛫ a lantern ᛫ N blācern&blācern ME&OE
bloat ᛫ livid ᛫ pale ᛫ ghastly ᛫ AJ blāt OE
bloodbath ᛫ a massacre ᛫ N ~ NE
bloodleech bloodleec ᛫ a haematologist ᛫ a hematologist ᛫ N blood+leech NEx2
bloodsax ᛫ a fleam ( a tool used for bloodletting and such ) ᛫ N blōdseax OE
bloodsucker ᛫ a vampire ᛫ N ~ NE
bloodtale ᛫ a tale involving bloodshed and violence ( specifically a cheaply published story of a sensational kind ) ᛫ N ~ NE
bloodwite ᛫ a penalty for committing bloodshed ᛫ N ~ NE
bloom ᛫ a lump of metal ᛫ metal [ᚹ] ᛫ N blōme[blōma] ME
bloom ᛫ a flower ᛬ to produce flowers ᛫ to flourish ᛫ N᛬V ~ NE‹ME‹N
bloomcole ᛫ cauliflower ᛫ N bloom+cole NEx2 calque: Blumenkohl
bloomer ᛫ a serious or stupid mistake ᛫ a blunder ᛫ N ~ NE
blooming ᛫ ( used to express annoyance or for emphasis ) ᛫ AJ ~ NE
bloop ᛫ a low-pitched beeping sound ᛬ to make a bloop sound ᛫ N᛬V ~ NE
blooper ᛫ an embarrassing public blunder ᛫ N ~ NE
bloot ᛫ sacrifice ᛬ to sacrifice ᛫ N᛬V blōt&blōtan OE
Blootmonth ᛫ November ᛫ N(P) Blotmonaþ OE
blossom ᛫ a flower ᛬ to flower ᛫ N᛬V ~ NE
blossomdeer ᛫ an Anthozoa animal ( a coral , a sea anemone ) ᛫ N blossom+deer{flower-animal} NE
blossomy ᛫ flowery ᛫ AJ ~ NE
blow ᛫ a strike ᛫ a damaging occurrence ᛫ N ~[blēwe] NE
blow ᛫ cocaine ᛬ to make air current ᛫ to fellate ᛫ N᛬V ~[blāwan] NE
blow ᛫ the state or period of flowering ᛬ to produce flowers ᛫ N᛬V ~[blōwan] NE
blow up ᛫ to explode ᛫ to make explode ᛫ V ~ NE
blower ᛫ a telephone ᛫ a phone ᛫ N ~ NE
blowth ᛫ floruit ᛫ florescence ᛫ N ~ NE
blushworthy bluscworthy ᛫ embarrassing ᛫ AJ ~ NE
bly ᛫ an appearance ᛫ a faint resemblance ᛫ N ~ NE
bo ᛫ both ᛫ N(PRO) ME "both" might be from Norse "báðir"
board ᛫ a plank ᛫ a sign board ᛫ a plate ᛫ a table ᛫ a desk ᛫ a group of officials ᛫ a bureau ᛫ a department ᛫ N ~ NE meaning inspired partly by Dutch "bord"
boatswain ᛫ a Petty Officer charged with hull maintenance on a ship ᛫ N ~ NE or: bosun
boatward ᛫ a ship's commander ᛫ N bātweard OE
bobcat ᛫ a Lynx rufus animal ᛫ a Lynx animal [ᚹ] ᛫ N ~ NE‹(C+E)
bode ᛫ to declare ᛫ to announce ᛫ to proclaim ᛫ to portend ᛫ to preach ᛫ V bode&bōden&bodian NE&ME&OE
bodelock ᛫ a decree ᛫ an ordinance ᛫ N bodlac ME
boder ᛫ a messenger ᛫ ambassador ᛫ herald ᛫ apostle ᛫ angel ᛫ foreboder ᛫ N boda OE
bodeword ᛫ a commandment ( usually in a religious sense ) ᛫ N bodeword ME
bodily ᛫ corporal ᛫ material ᛫ corporeal ᛬ forcefully ᛫ in one mass ᛫ as a whole ᛫ AJ᛬AV ~ NE
body ᛫ to embody ᛫ to represent ᛫ to symbolize ᛫ V ~ NE or: inbody (calque of embody)
bog ᛫ a stretch of unforested wetland with acidic peaty soil ᛫ N ~ NE‹C
bold ᛫ a house ᛫ a castle ᛫ a mansion ᛫ an abode ᛫ N bōld ME
bolden ᛫ to embolden ᛫ to take courage ᛫ V ~ NE
bolder ᛫ a hero ? ᛫ a prince ? ᛫ N bealdor/baldor OE
Boleyn ᛫ the city of Bologna ᛫ N Boleyn ME
bolster ᛫ a cushion ᛫ a pillow ᛬ to reinforce ᛫ to boost ᛫ N᛬V bolster&bolster NE&OE
bond ᛫ a connection ᛫ a tie ᛫ N ~ NE
bonddom ᛫ servitude ᛫ bondage ᛫ N bondedom ME
bondfolk ᛫ people in a state of bondage ᛫ serfs ᛫ N ~ NE
bondland ᛫ land held by tenure of bond service or rent ᛫ N bondelond ME
boneframe ᛫ a skeleton ᛫ N bone+frame NEx2
bonehead ᛫ a stupid person ᛫ N ~ NE
bonehouse bonehuse ᛫ a body ( poetic ) ᛫ a charnel house ᛫ an ossuary ᛫ N ~[bānhūs] NE
boneleech boneleec ᛫ an orthopaedist ᛫ an orthopedist ᛫ N bone+leech NEx2
boner ᛫ an erection ᛫ N ~ NE slang
bones ᛫ dice ᛫ N ~ NE
book ᛫ a tome ᛬ to charter ᛫ to get something reserved ᛫ N᛬V ~ NE PL: books; beech (archaic)
bookcraft ᛫ the art of literature ᛫ N ~ NE
bookend ᛫ to occur or be located on either side of something ᛫ V ~ NE
booker ᛫ a writer a scribe an author ᛫ N bōcere OE
bookfell ᛫ a sheet of vellum parchment or paper ᛫ vellum ᛫ parchment ᛫ paper ᛫ N ~ NE
bookhoard ᛫ a library ( a collection of books ) ᛫ N ~ NE
bookhouse bookhuse ᛫ a library ( a building to house books ) ᛫ N ~ NE
bookkeeper ᛫ an accountant ᛫ N ~ NE
bookland ᛫ land held by charter or written title which is free from service and fines ᛫ N ~ NE
bookling ᛫ a booklet ᛫ N ~ NE
booklore ᛫ bibliology ᛫ N ~ NE
booklover booklufer ᛫ a bibliophile ᛫ N ~ NE
bookly ᛫ literary ᛫ AJ ~ NE
bookman ᛫ a literary man ᛫ a scholar ᛫ N ~ NE
bookshop bookscop ᛫ a bookstore ᛫ N ~ NE
bookspeech bookspeec ᛫ literary language ᛫ N ~ NE
bookstaff ᛫ a letter ( like A B or C ) ᛫ N ~ NE
bookwork ᛫ literary work ᛫ study ᛫ N bōcweorc OE
bookwright bookwrigt ᛫ an author of books ᛫ N ~ NE
boomer ᛫ a large male kangaroo ᛫ a kangaroo ᛫ N ~ NE
boon ᛫ a benefit ᛫ a favour ᛫ a request ᛫ a petition ᛫ N ~[bōn] NE‹N
boor ᛫ a peasant ᛫ an uncultured person ᛫ N ~ NE‹NL
boorish boorisc ᛫ rude ᛫ crude ᛫ AJ ~ NE‹NL
boose ᛫ a stall for an animal ( usually a cow ) ᛫ N ~ NE
boot ᛫ remedy ᛫ compensation ᛫ amends ᛫ redress ᛬ to avail ᛫ to profit ᛫ to benefit ᛫ to redress ᛫ N᛬V boot&bōt NE&OE found in: to boot
booten ᛫ to heal ᛫ to cure ᛫ to recover from illness ᛫ V botnen ME
bootet ᛫ to repair ᛫ V bōtettan OE
bootful ᛫ useful ᛫ AJ bōteful ME
bootless ᛫ profitless ᛫ pointless ᛫ unavailing ᛫ ineffectual ᛫ useless ᛫ AJ ~ NE
bootworthy ᛫ pardonable ᛫ expiable ᛫ able to get atoned for ᛫ AJ bōtwyrþe OE
bore ᛫ a drill ᛬ to perforate ᛫ to pierce ᛫ N᛬V ~ NE
borough boroug ᛫ a city ᛫ N ~[burg/burh/buruh] NE or: burgh ᛫ may be "bury" in place names
borougher borouger ᛫ a citizen ᛫ N ~{burgware} NE
boroughership borougerscip ᛫ citizenship ᛫ N ~ NE
borougherwye borougerwye ᛫ a civil war ᛫ N borough+er+wye NEx2+ME calque: boargeroarloch; Bürgerkrieg
boroughland borougland ᛫ city land ᛫ N burhland OE
boroughlaw borouglaw ᛫ civil law ᛫ N borough+law NEx2‹N calque: Bürgerliches Gesetz; Burgerlijk Wet
boroughman borougman ᛫ a citizen ᛫ N burhman OE
boroughreeve borougreefe ᛫ a mayor ᛫ N burhgerefa OE
boroughward borougward ᛫ a city guard ᛫ N burhweard OE
boroughwit borougwit ᛫ a city counsellor ᛫ a city counselor ᛫ N burhwita OE
boroughy borougy ᛫ urban ᛫ municipal ᛫ civil ( as in "having to do with cities" ) ᛫ AJ borough+y NEx2
borrow ᛫ a protection ᛫ a defence ᛫ a guarantor ᛫ a surety ᛫ a piece of armor ᛬ to protect ᛫ to defend ᛫ to lend or borrow a surety or a loan ᛫ N᛬V borrow&borwen&borgh NE&ME&ME becomes -bour/-bor in compounds (harbour/harbor)
bosom ᛫ the front of the thorax ( the chest ) ᛫ a person's loving care and protection ᛫ N ~[bōsm] NE
botch boc ᛫ to misperform ᛫ V ~ NE
bothen ᛫ a Rosmarinus officinalis plant ( rosemary ) ᛫ N bothen ME
bothhanded ᛫ ambidextrous ᛬ ambidextrously ᛫ AJ᛬AV bothhanded NE
bottle bottel ᛫ an abode ᛫ a dwelling ᛫ a habitation ᛫ N botel[botl] ME
bough buge ᛫ a branch ᛫ N ~ NE rhyme: plough
bouk book ᛫ a bulging vessel such as a bottle jug pitcher or bulb ᛫ a belly ᛫ an abdomen ᛫ a torso ᛫ N bouk&būc ME&OE
bound bund ᛫ going or ready to go towards a specified place ᛫ destined or very likely to have a specified experience ᛫ AJ ~[boun][N buinn] NE‹N
bounden bunden ᛫ obligatory ᛫ AJ ~ NE
bout bute ᛫ a period of intense activity which does not last long ᛫ an attack of illness or strong emotion ᛫ N ~ NE
bow bue ᛫ to dwell ᛫ to inhabit ᛫ to occupy ᛫ V būan/būgan OE kin: bold (dwelling)
bower bure ᛫ a bedroom ( especially a boudoir ) ᛫ a dwelling ᛫ a shady place ( like in a garden ) ᛫ N ~[būr] NE rhyme: tower
bower bure ᛫ a young hawk ᛫ N ~ NE rhyme: tower ᛫ literally: branch-er
bower bure ᛫ a farmer ᛫ a boor ᛫ a pawn (chess piece) [ᚹ] ᛫ a jack (playing cards) [ᚹ] ᛫ N gebūr OE rhyme: tower
bowerbird burebird ᛫ an Australasian ptilonorhynchidae bird ᛫ N bower bird NE
bowerland bureland ᛫ farmland ᛫ land of farmers ᛫ N būrlō̆nd ME
bowman ᛫ an archer ᛫ N ~ NE
bown bune ᛫ to get ready ᛫ to get prepared ᛫ to get going ᛫ V bounen ME‹N
bowyer ᛫ a maker of bows ᛫ N ~ NE
Bragman ᛫ a brahmin ᛫ an Indian ( erroneous ) ᛫ N Bragmā̆n ME‹I
braid ᛫ a weave of strands ᛫ a sudden jerk ᛫ a moment ᛫ an instant ᛫ a second [ᚹ] ᛬ to intertwine ᛫ to move suddenly ᛫ to rush ᛫ to jump ᛫ N᛬V braid&breid&breiden NE&ME&ME PST: braided; braid ᛫ "at a braid" = "in a moment"
brainleech brainleec ᛫ a neurologist ᛫ N brain+leech NEx2
brainpan ᛫ a skull ᛫ a brain ᛫ N ~ NE
brainwash brainwasc ᛫ to indoctrinate ( in the negative sense ) ᛫ V ~ NE calque: 洗腦
brake ᛫ a thicket ᛫ N ~ NE
brakestreeling ᛫ bremsstrahlung ( an electromagnetic radiation produced by the deceleration of a charged particle ) ᛫ N brake+streel+ing NE+ME+NE calque: Bremsstrahlung
brambleberry brambelberry ᛫ a blackberry ᛫ N brǣmelberie OE
brand ᛫ a torch ᛫ a flame ᛫ a mark made with fire ᛫ a logo or reputation ᛫ a sword ᛫ N ~ NE supposedly means "sword" because swords shine kind of like fire
brassy ᛫ Kyphosus vaigiensis ᛬ resembling brass ᛫ impudent ᛫ N᛬AJ ~ NE
brat ᛫ a cloak of coarse cloth ᛫ N brat[bratt] ME‹OE‹C
brazen brasen ᛫ made of brass ᛫ audacious ᛫ barefaced ᛫ harsh and loud sounding ᛫ resolute ᛫ AJ ~ NE
breach breac ᛫ a rupture ᛫ a fissure ᛫ N ~ NE kin: break
breadth ᛫ an extent ᛫ a range ᛫ a measure of how broad something is ᛫ N ~ NE
breadthwise ᛫ in terms of breadth ᛫ horizontal ᛬ in a horizontal manner ᛫ AJ᛬AV ~ NE
breakdown breakdune ᛫ a system's collapse ᛫ N ~ NE
breakneck ᛫ dangerously or extremely fast ᛫ AJ ~ NE
breakth ᛫ brokenness ᛫ N brecþ OE
breakwater ᛫ a jetty ( as in a barrier which protects from waves ) ᛫ N ~ NE
breast ᛫ a thorax ᛫ a chest of a creature ᛫ N ~[brẹ̄st][brēost] NE
breastband ᛫ a brassiere ᛫ a bra ᛫ N brẹ̄st band/brestbande ME
breastbone ᛫ a sternum ᛫ N brẹ̄stbōn ME
breastbone ᛫ a sternum ᛫ N ~ NE
breastbour breastbor ᛫ a breastplate ᛫ a piece of breast armour ᛫ N brēostbeorh OE
breastgirdle breastgirdel ᛫ a brassiere ᛫ N brẹ̄st girdel ME
breathlessness ᛫ dyspnea ᛫ N ~ NE
bred ᛫ a surface ᛫ a table ᛫ a tablet ᛫ a board ᛫ a plank ᛫ a log ᛫ N bred[bred] ME
bredheel ᛫ a platform heel ᛫ N bred+heel OE+NE
bree ᛫ to fear ᛫ to frighten ᛫ to terrify ᛫ V breen[brēgan] ME kin: braid ?
breeches breeces ᛫ pants ᛫ trousers ᛫ N ~ NE or: britches, breeks
breed ᛫ roasted meat ᛫ grilled meat ᛫ a roast ᛫ barbecue ᛬ to roast ᛫ to fry ᛫ to grill ᛫ to roast ᛫ to barbecue ᛫ N᛬V brēde&brēden ME&ME
breed ᛫ a sub-type within a species ᛫ N ~[brēdan] NE kin: brood
breem ᛫ illustrious ᛫ splendid ᛫ vigorous ᛫ fierce ᛫ savage ᛫ ferocious ᛫ tempestuous ᛫ AJ breem/breme/brim&brēme NE&ME
breem ᛫ to celebrate ᛫ V brēman OE
breet ᛫ to break ᛫ to bruise ᛫ to destroy ᛫ to degenerate ᛫ V brēotan OE
brewhouse brewhuse ᛫ a brewery ᛫ N brewhouse NE
brey ᛫ a ruler ᛫ N brego[bregu/brege] OE
brich bric ᛫ useful ᛫ advantageous ᛫ AJ brīce&brȳce ME&OE
bridal ᛫ a nuptial ᛬ nuptial ᛫ N᛬AJ ~[brȳdealo] NE the "-al" at the end isn't from Latin
bridelock ᛫ nuptials ᛫ N brūdlāc ME
bridewort ᛫ meadowsweet ( Filipendula ulmaria ) ᛫ Spiraea salicifolia ᛫ Spiraea alba ᛫ N ~ NE
bridgeask ᛫ a tuatara ᛫ N bridge+ask NEx2 calque: Brückenechse
bridle bridel ᛫ the headgear used to control a horse ᛫ N ~ NE
brightness brigtness ᛫ luminance ᛫ AJ ~ NE
brightom brigtom ᛫ glittering ᛫ scintillation ᛫ twinkling ᛫ a moment ᛫ an instant ᛫ a second [ᚹ] ᛫ N bearhtm{bearhtmhwīl} OE "moment" by association with the twinkling of an eye
brightomwhile brigtomhwile ᛫ a moment ᛫ an instant ᛫ a second [ᚹ] ᛫ N bearhtmhwīl OE
brim ᛫ a sea ᛫ an ocean ᛫ water ᛫ a flood ᛫ an edge of water ᛫ N ~ NE
brimhengest ᛫ a ship ( poetic ) ᛫ N brimhengest OE
brimstone ᛫ sulpher ᛫ sulfur ᛫ N ~ NE
brimyest ᛫ a mariner or a sailor ( poetic ) ᛫ N brimgǽst OE
brindled brindelled ᛫ tabby ᛫ AJ ~ NE
brine ᛫ salt water ᛫ water saturated with salt ᛫ saline solution ᛫ N ~ NE
bring about abute ᛫ to produce ᛫ to cause ᛫ V ~ NE
bring forth ᛫ to produce ᛫ to cause ᛫ V ~ NE
bring up ᛫ to mention ᛫ V ~ NE
brist ᛫ damage ᛫ N brist[byrst] ME
bristle worm bristel ᛫ a Polychaete animal ᛫ N ~ NE
bristly oxtongue oxtung ᛫ a Helminthotheca echioides plant ᛫ a Picris echioides plant ᛫ N ~ NE
brit ᛫ to fragment ᛫ to divide ᛫ to bruise ᛫ to indent ᛫ to shatter ᛫ V ~[brittian/bryttian] NE kin: brittle; brytja (Icelandic)
Britenwielder Britenweelder ᛫ a great king ᛫ a ruler of dispersed lands ᛫ N(P) brȳtenwalda OE
Britten ᛫ Britain ᛫ N(P) bryten OE‹C
britter ᛫ a dispenser ᛫ a distributor ᛫ N brytta OE
brittle brittel ᛫ fragile ᛫ unable to bend without breaking ᛫ AJ ~ NE
Britwale ᛫ a Briton ( pre-Anglo-Saxon ) ᛫ a Celtic Brit ( as opposed to Anglo Brit ) ᛫ N(P) bretwalas/brytwalas OE
Britwelsh Britwelsc ᛫ Brythonic language ᛬ Brythonic ᛫ N(P)᛬AJ(P) bretwilisc OE
broadcast ᛫ a transmission ᛬ to transmit ᛫ N᛬V ~ NE‹(E+N)
broadly ᛫ generally ᛫ AV ~ NE
brock ᛫ a badger ᛫ N ~ NE‹C?
broken rime ᛫ a fraction ᛫ N broken+rime NE+ME calque: broken number
Bronding ᛫ one of the Brondings ᛫ someone from Brännö in Sweden ᛫ N(P) Brondingum&Brondingas OE
brood ᛫ the young of an animal ᛬ to sit on eggs to hatch them ᛫ to dwell on something that sours one's mood ᛫ N᛬V ~ NE
brook ᛫ to enjoy ᛫ to use ᛫ V brook&brouken[brūcan] NE&ME
brosen ᛫ to decay ᛫ to erode ᛫ V brosnian OE
brothel ᛫ a degenerate ᛫ N ~ NE
brothelhouse brothelhuse ᛫ a whorehouse ᛫ N ~ NE often shortened to "brothel"
brother ᛫ a friar ᛫ a male member of a religious order ᛫ N ~ NE
brotherbane ᛫ a fratricide ᛫ N brōþorbana OE
brotherhood ᛫ a fraternity ᛫ N ~ NE
brotherly ᛫ fraternal ᛫ AJ ~ NE
brotherslayer ᛫ a fratricide ᛫ N brotherslayer NE
brotherwife ᛫ a brother's wife ᛫ N brōþorwīf OE
brow ᛫ terror ᛫ dread ᛫ horror ᛫ N brōga OE rhyme: grow
brown brune ᛫ a fascist [ᚹ] ᛬ fascistic ᛫ fascist ᛫ N᛬AJ ~ NE
buck ᛫ a male animal ᛫ N ~ NE
bud ᛫ a bribe ᛫ N bud ME believed to be an offshoot of "bode"
bugbear ᛫ an ongoing problem obstacle or adversity ᛫ N ~ NE
build ᛫ a physique ᛫ a structure ᛬ to construct ᛫ N᛬V ~ NE
buildcraft ᛫ the art of architecture ᛫ N build+craft NEx2
Bulgar ᛫ a Bulgarian ᛫ N(P) Bulgarisc OE or: Pulgar (from OE Pulgare)
Bulgaria ᛫ Bulgaria ᛫ N(P) Bulgaria ME
bulk ᛫ mass ᛫ N ~ NE
bulwark ᛫ a defensive wall ᛫ a safeguard ᛬ to fortify ᛫ to provide protection ᛫ N᛬V ~ NE‹NL? equivalent to "bole"+"work"
bunch bunc ᛫ a multitude ᛫ N ~ NE
burden birden ᛫ a heavy load ᛫ duty ᛫ responsibility ᛫ onus ᛫ N ~[birthen][byrðen] NE
burdensome birdensum ᛫ arduous ᛫ AJ ~ NE
burdock ᛫ an Arctium plant ᛫ N ~ NE
bure ᛫ a son ᛫ child ᛫ descendant ᛫ N byre OE
buriel ᛫ entombment ᛫ N burial NE
burn ᛫ a small stream ᛫ N ~ NE or: bourn (southern England version?)
burn ᛫ a coat of mail ᛫ a hauberk ᛫ a cuirass [ᚹ] ᛫ a corslet [ᚹ] ᛫ a lorica [ᚹ] ᛫ a breastplate [ᚹ] ᛫ N byrne{brinie/burn} OE
buryleeth ᛫ an epitaph ᛫ a eulogy ᛫ N byrglēoþ OE dubious modernisation
bushwhack buschwack ᛫ to ambush ᛫ V ~ NE
business bisiness ᛫ affairs ᛫ N ~ NE
busk ᛫ to ready ᛫ to prepare ᛫ to furnish ᛫ to provide ᛫ to adorn ᛫ to clothe ᛫ V busken ME‹N
busy bisy ᛫ active ᛫ preoccupied ᛫ AJ ~[bisī][bisig] NE
busybody ᛫ a meddling or prying person ᛫ N ~ NE
but ᛫ just ᛫ only ᛫ no more than ᛬ except ᛫ other than ᛫ AV᛬P ~ NE
butterpear ᛫ an avocado ᛫ N butter pear NE
by dint of ᛫ by means of ᛫ by force of ᛫ P ~ NE
by heart ᛫ from memory ᛫ AV ~ NE
by hook or by crook ᛫ by any means necessary ᛫ AV ~ NE
by the rood ᛫ by the cross ! ( a phrase used in oath making ) ᛫ I ~ NE
bye ᛫ to bend ᛫ to curve ᛫ to bow ᛫ V bȳgan OE
byedness ᛫ curvature ᛫ AJ gebīgednys OE
byfare ᛫ to pass ( as in to go by, not to hand over ) ᛫ V by+fare NEx2
bygone ᛫ a thing dating from an earlier time ᛬ belonging to an earlier time ᛫ N᛬AJ ~ NE
byland ᛫ a peninsula ᛫ N ~ NE
bylaw ᛫ an ordinance from a local authority ᛫ a rule made by a society to control the actions of its members ᛫ N ~ NE‹(E+N)
byname ᛫ a pronoun ᛫ N bīnama OE
byquid bycwid ᛫ a proverb ᛫ a fable ᛫ N bīcwide OE
byre ᛫ a barn ( especially one for cattle ) ᛫ N ~ NE
byrlady ᛫ ( an exclamation of surprise ) ᛫ I ~ NE
bysmear ᛫ mockery ᛬ to mock ᛫ deride ᛫ irritate ᛫ reproach ᛫ blaspheme ᛫ defame ᛫ revile ᛫ N᛬V bysmer&bysmerian OE
byspel ᛫ a parable ᛫ a fable ᛫ a proverb ᛫ N bīspel&bigspell ME&OE see comment
bystander ᛫ one who is present but not taking part in a situation or event ᛫ N ~ NE
bytime ᛫ leisure time ᛫ N ~ NE
bytongue bytung ᛫ a dialect ᛫ N by+tongue NEx2
bytonguelore bytunglore ᛫ dialectology ᛫ N by+tongue+lore NEx3
Bytown Bytune ᛫ Ottawa ᛫ N ~ NE ceased to be official name in 1854, remains a popular nickname
byway ᛫ a side road ᛫ N ~ NE
byword ᛫ a proverb ᛫ a proverbial saying ᛫ an epithet ᛫ an adverb ᛫ N byword&bijwoord NE&NL
cack ᛫ excrement ᛫ faeces ᛫ poop ᛫ crap ᛫ dung ᛬ to poop ᛫ to crap ᛫ to shit ᛫ N᛬V ~[cac] NE
cackhouse cackhuse ᛫ a privy ᛫ a latrine ᛫ N cachūs OE
calfbone ᛫ the fibula ᛫ N ~ NE
calfbone ᛫ a fibula ᛫ N calf+bone NE‹N+NE or: sparlirebone
calfflesh calfflesc ᛫ veal ᛫ N ~ NE
call ᛫ a hair net ᛫ a kind of headdress ᛫ N calle ME
called for ᛫ warranted ᛫ AJ ~ NE
callow ᛫ inexperienced ᛫ bald ᛫ unfledged ᛫ unfeathered ᛫ immature ᛫ AJ ~ NE
candletree candeltree ᛫ a candelabrum ᛫ a chandelier ᛫ N candeltrēow OE the candle element is ultimately from Latin
canker ᛫ cancer ᛫ a plant disease characterized by cankers ᛫ N ~ NE‹OE‹I
cankerleech cankerleec ᛫ an oncologist ᛫ N canker+leech NE‹I+NE
cannel ᛫ cinnamon ᛫ a Cinnamomum zelanicum tree ᛫ N canē̆l ME‹I
canny ᛫ pleasant ᛫ fair ᛫ shrewd or astute ( especially in business matters ) ᛫ AJ ~ NE
caretaker ᛫ a custodian ᛫ N ~ NE
careworn ᛫ tired and unhappy because of prolonged worry ᛫ AJ ~ NE
cart ᛫ a paper ᛫ a treatise ᛫ N carte ME‹OE‹I
Cartain ᛫ Carthage ᛫ N(P) Cartaina OE‹O
carve up carfe ᛫ to cut into pieces ᛫ to dismember land ᛫ V ~ NE
catbear ᛫ a panda ᛫ N ~ NE might be a calque of Chinese
Cathom ᛫ Caen ( city in Normandy ) ᛫ N(P) Caðum OE From the Anglo Saxon Chronicle
catlore ᛫ felinology ᛫ N ~ NE
catly ᛫ feline ᛫ AJ ~ NE
chafer ceafer ᛫ a Scarabaeidae insect ( scarab beetles ) ᛫ N ~[ceafor] NE rhyme: wafer ᛫ kin: chaff (probably)
chaff ceaf ᛫ grain husks ( collective ) ᛫ something worthless ᛫ refuse ᛫ garbage ᛫ trash ᛫ N ~ NE
chaffer ceafer ᛫ trade ᛫ commerce ᛫ merchandise ᛫ a commodity ᛬ to trade ᛫ to do business ᛫ N chaffer&chaffā̆re NE&ME‹(I+E) equal to: cheap fare
chapman ceapman ᛫ a merchant ᛫ a trader ᛫ a peddler ᛫ a bargainer ᛫ N chapman ME or: cheapman (from variant)
char cear ᛫ a turn ( one's allotted time ) ᛫ a shift ( of work or such ) ᛬ to turn ᛫ to change beliefs or allegiance ᛫ to convert ᛫ N᛬V char&chāren&cyrran NE&ME&OE kin: chare
charlady cearlady ᛫ a maid ( cleaning lady ) ᛫ N ~ NE
charlock cearlock ᛫ a Cruciferae plant ᛫ N ~ NE
chary ceary ᛫ wary ᛫ hesitant ᛫ reluctant ᛫ cautiously or suspiciously reluctant to do something ᛫ anxious about doing something ᛫ AJ ~ NE kin: care ᛫ rhyme: cherry (for some at least)
chavel ceafel ᛫ a jowl ᛫ a jaw ᛫ N᛬V chavel[ceafl] ME "jowl" has French influence?
cheap ceap ᛫ bargaining ᛫ a bargain ᛬ to bargain ᛬ inexpensive ᛫ inexpensive and of poor quality AJ cheap&chēp&chēpen NE‹I&ME‹I terms like "good cheap" simplified to just "cheap"
cheaping ceaping ᛫ marketing ᛫ trading ᛫ bargaining ᛫ N chẹ̄pinge ME‹OE‹I
cheapstow ceapstow ᛫ a market place ᛫ N ceapstōw OE‹(I+E)
chedder cedder ᛫ cedar ᛫ N cederbēam/cedertrēow OE‹I‹H or: cader (from cæderbēam)
cheed ceed ᛫ a pouch ᛫ a bag ᛫ a sack ᛫ N cēod OE
cheekbone ceekbone ᛫ a zygomatic bone ᛫ N ~ NE
cheel ceel ᛫ a small flat-bottomed kind of ship or boat ᛫ N cēol OE "keel" seems to be Norse
cheen ceen ᛫ a torch ( of a particular kind? ) ᛫ N cēn OE
chettle cettel ᛫ a kettle ᛫ N chetel[cetel] ME kettle is Norse?
cheves ceefes ᛫ a concubine ᛫ a paramour ᛫ N cheves[ciefes/cefes/cyfes] ME
chevesborn ceefesborn ᛫ born of a concubine ᛫ bastard ᛫ AJ cheves boren ME
chide cide ᛫ to admonish ᛫ to rebuke ᛫ to reproach ᛫ V ~ NE
child cild ᛫ a juvenile ᛫ N ~ NE PL: children; childer
Childermas cildermas ᛫ Holy Innocents' Day ᛫ N ~ NE‹(E+I)
childleech cildleec ᛫ a pediatrician ᛫ N child+leech NEx2 or: barnleech
childrearing cildrearing ᛫ the bringing up of a child ᛫ parenting ᛫ N ~ NE
chine cine ᛫ a fissure ᛫ a chasm ᛬ to crack ᛫ to fissure ᛫ N᛬V ~[cīnu/cīnan] NE
chink cink ᛫ a narrow opening ᛫ N ~ NE
chirk cirk ᛫ to cheer up ᛫ V ~ NE
chirkel cirkel ᛫ the circle of the Zodiac ᛫ N circul OE‹I
chirse cirse ᛫ a cherry ᛫ N ciris/cyrs OE‹I‹H or: churse
chirten cirten ᛫ beautiful ᛫ AJ cyrten OE
chirtenledge cirtenledge ᛫ to beautify ᛫ V cyrtenlǣcan OE
chise cise ᛫ choosy ᛫ choice ᛫ picky ᛫ petty ᛫ overly critical ᛫ AJ chīs ME
chisel cisel ᛫ gravel ᛫ N chisel/chysel/chesel ME
chistle cistel ᛫ a Castanea plant ( a chestnut tree ) ᛫ N cystel OE‹I also: chistbeam; chistenbeam, stonechist, stonechistle
chit cit ᛫ a young beast ( such as a whelp or a cub or a kitten ) ᛫ a brat ᛫ N ~ NE
chokelew ceokelew ᛫ apt to choke or suffocate someone ᛫ AJ chokeleu ME
choose ceoose ᛫ to pick ᛫ to decide ᛫ V ~ NE
chooser ceooser ᛫ an elector ᛫ a connoisseur ᛫ N chooser&chēsere NE&ME
choosling ceoosling ᛫ one of the elect ( of Christian myth ) ᛫ N chōsling ME
chore ceore ᛫ a task ( especially habitial ones ) ᛫ V ~ NE
Christendom cristendom ᛫ Christianity ᛫ the Christian world ᛫ N ~ NE
churchly circly ᛫ ecclesiastical ᛫ AJ ~[cyriclīc] NE
churchman circman ᛫ a cleric ᛫ a member of the clergy ᛫ N ~ NE‹(H+E)
churchward circward ᛫ a custodian of a church ᛫ a sacristan ᛫ N chircheward ME‹(H+E)
churl cerl ᛫ a commoner ᛫ a peasant ᛫ a boor ᛫ N ~[chē̆rl] NE
churlborn cerlborn ᛫ low-born ᛫ AJ ceorlboren OE
churlfolk cerlfolk ᛫ the common people ᛫ N ceorlfolc OE
churlish cerlisc ᛫ servile ᛫ rustic ᛫ rude ᛫ villainous ᛫ unlearned ᛫ AJ cherlish ME
churlishness cerliscness ᛫ rudeness ᛫ vulgarity ᛫ N ceorliscnes OE
Churlwain cerlwain ᛫ the Big Dipper ᛫ Ursa Major ᛫ the constellation Boötes ᛫ N carlewain ME
churly cerly ᛫ vulgarly ᛫ in the manner of commoners ᛫ AV ceorllīce OE
chy cie ᛫ to call ᛫ to call upon ᛫ to invoke ᛫ to summon ᛫ V cīgan OE
cinder sinder ᛫ slag ᛫ dross ᛫ impurity of metal ᛫ N ~ NE
clammy ᛫ cold and damp ᛫ AJ ~ NE
clauster ᛫ a cloister ᛫ N clauster OE‹I
cleam ᛫ to plaster ᛫ to smear ᛫ to anoint ᛫ V clēmen[OE clǣman] ME kin: cloam
cleancut ᛫ sharply defined ᛫ unambiguous ᛫ of wholesome appearance ᛫ AJ cleancut NE‹(E+N)
cleanhearted ᛫ pure in heart ᛫ innocent of heart ᛫ AJ clǣnheort+ed OE+NE
cleanly ᛫ habitually clean ᛫ AJ ~ NE
cleanness ᛫ moral purity ᛫ innocence ᛫ cleanliness ᛫ integrity ᛫ chastity ᛫ celibacy ᛫ N cleaness NE&ME
cleanse ᛫ to purge ᛫ to purify ᛫ V ~ NE
cleat ᛫ a wedge ᛫ N ~ NE
cleave cleafe ᛫ to sever ᛫ V ~ NE PST: clove; cleft ᛫ PTCP: cloven; cleft
cleavers cleafers ᛫ a Galium aparine plant ᛫ N ~ NE or: clivers
cleep ᛫ to name ᛫ to summon ᛫ to invoke ᛫ to speak ᛫ to utter ᛫ to vocalize ᛫ V clēpen[cleopian] ME PST: clept
cleeper ᛫ a vowel ᛫ N cleep+er NEx2 inspired by OE cleopigend/cleopend
cleepery ᛫ vocalic ᛫ AJ cleep+er+ly NEx3
cleeve cleefe ᛫ a dwelling ᛫ N clēve[cleofa] ME
cleft ᛫ a fissure ᛫ N ~ NE kin: cleave
clew ᛫ an indication ᛫ N ~ NE kin: clew
clew ᛫ a sphere ᛫ a ball of thread ᛫ N ~ NE
cling ᛫ to adhere ᛫ V ~ NE
clip ᛫ a flexible or spring-loaded device for holding objects ᛫ a metal holder containing firearm cartridges ᛫ N ~ NE
clithe ᛫ a plaster ᛫ salve ᛫ poultice ᛫ N clithe[cliþa] ME
cloam ᛫ earthenware ᛫ crockery ᛫ N ~[clām] NE
clod ᛫ a lump of something ( especially clay or earth ) ᛫ N ~ NE
clog ᛫ a log ᛫ a block of wood to impede an animal's movement ᛫ a block ᛫ a lump that causes a block ᛫ a lump ᛫ N ~ NE
clote ᛫ the burdock ᛫ the clotbur ᛫ N clote ME
clothe ᛫ to dress ᛫ to give someone clothes ᛫ to endow ᛫ V ~ NE PTCP: clad
clother ᛫ a person who makes or sells cloth or clothing ᛫ N ~ NE
clough cluge ᛫ a steep valley ᛫ a ravine ᛫ N ~ NE rhyme: tough
clousing clusing ᛫ a cell ᛫ N clȳsing OE‹I kin: clūsen (ME)
clout clute ᛫ a patch ( of leather cloth metal or code ) ᛫ a blotch ᛫ a heavy blow ᛫ influence ᛬ to patch ( to mend with a patch ) ᛫ N clout&clout[clūt] NE&ME
clove clofe ᛫ a duplicate charter ᛫ a copy ᛫ a duplicate [ᚹ] ᛬ to copy [ᚹ] ᛫ to duplicate [ᚹ] ᛫ N᛬V iclova&geclofa ME&OE
clove clofe ᛫ something which is cleft ᛫ a den ᛫ a chasm ᛫ a hollow ᛫ a bulbil ᛫ a bit of garlic ᛫ a celler ᛫ N clove&clēofa NE&OE
cloven clofen ᛫ divided ᛫ AJ ~ NE
clutchfist clucfist ᛫ a miser ᛫ N ~ NE
coaf ᛫ courageous ᛫ AJ cōf[cāf] ME
coalfish coalfisc ᛫ a Pollachius virens fish ᛫ N ~ NE AKA: pollock; saithe
coalmouse coalmuse ᛫ a Periparus ater bird ᛫ N coalmouse NE
coaser ᛫ an emperor ᛫ an imperator ᛫ a caesar ᛫ N cāsere OE‹I
coaserdom ᛫ imperium ᛫ N cāserdōm OE‹(I+E)
coaserly ᛫ imperial ᛫ AJ cāserlīc OE‹(I+E)
coasern ᛫ an empress ᛫ N cāsern OE‹(I+E)
coaserrich coaserric ᛫ an empire ᛫ N cāsere+rīche OE+ME calque: Kaiserreich
coathe ᛫ disease ᛫ illness ᛫ sickness ᛫ N ~[cothe][coþu] NE used only for sheep in Modern English?
coathed ᛫ diseased ᛫ AJ ~ NE
cobweb ᛫ a spider's web ᛫ N ~ NE
cock ᛫ a male bird ᛫ N ~ NE
cocker ᛫ a quiver ᛫ N coker ME
cockshead cockscead ᛫ an Onobrychis plant ( a sainfoin ) ᛫ N cock's head NE
cod ᛫ a bag ᛫ a sack ᛫ a pouch ᛫ integument ᛫ a scrotum ᛫ N ~ NE
codapple codappel ᛫ a quince ? ᛫ N codæppel OE
codtree ᛫ a Ceratonia siliqua plant ( a carob or a locust tree ) ᛫ a Prosopsis plant ( an algarroba ) ᛫ N ~ NE
coffeehouse coffeehuse ᛫ a cafe ᛫ N ~ NE‹(O+NE)
coldrife ᛫ cold ᛫ chilling ᛫ gelid ᛫ frigid ᛫ AJ ~ NE
cole ᛫ any Brassica oleracea plant ( broccoli , kale , brussels sprouts , cabbage , cauliflower , kohlrabi , gai lan ) N ~[cāl]{cawel}{caulis} NE‹OE‹I kin: kale
coleneep ᛫ kohlrabi ᛫ N cole+nep NE+ME‹I calque: Kohlrabi
Coleyn ᛫ the city of Cologne ᛫ N Coleyn ME
colk ᛫ an apple core ᛫ an onion heart ᛫ a core [ᚹ] ᛫ N colk{hertecolk} ME kin: kolk (Middle Dutch); kälk (Swedish dialectal)
comeliness cumliness ᛫ beauty ᛫ attractiveness ᛫ AJ ~ NE
comeling cumling ᛫ a foreigner ᛫ a stranger ᛫ an intruder ᛫ a newcomer to a religious faith ᛫ a new convert ᛫ an import ( from abroad ) ᛫ N cǒmeling ME
comely cumly ᛫ attractive ᛫ agreeable ᛫ suitable ᛫ proper ᛫ AJ ~ NE
comendliness cummendliness ᛫ possibility ᛫ N acumendlīcness OE
comendly cummendly ᛫ possible ᛫ AJ ācumendlic OE or: comingly; camely
comer ᛫ a guest ᛫ a stranger ᛫ N cuma OE
con ᛫ to study attentively ᛫ to study ᛫ V ~[cunnan] NE
conned ᛫ educated ᛫ having studied ᛫ AJ ~ NE
conner ᛫ a student ᛫ N con+er NEx2
cook up ᛫ to fabricate ᛫ to make ( usually in a shady or rushed way ) ᛫ V ~ NE
cookiecutter ᛫ generic ( usually in a bad way ) ᛫ AJ ~ NE‹(NL+E)
cooler ᛫ a refrigerator ᛫ N ~ NE
coomb ᛫ a short valley or hollow on a hillside or coastline ᛫ N ~ NE‹C
cop ᛫ a spider ᛫ N ~ NE shortened from "atorcoppe" ᛫ kin: cobweb
cop ᛫ the top summit or crest of something ᛫ N ~[copp] NE
coppen ᛫ to eagerly await ᛫ V copnen ME
core ᛫ discrimination ᛫ a decision ᛫ a choice ᛫ N core&gecor ME&OE
corn ᛫ a grain ᛫ maize ( grain from the Zea mays plant ) ᛫ N ~ NE
Cornish Cornisc ᛫ Cornish language ᛬ Cornish ᛫ Cornubian ᛫ N(P)᛬AJ(P) ~ NE or: Cornwelsh; Wesswelsh (from OE Westwealas)
cornstone ᛫ granite ᛫ N corn+stone NEx2 calque: granite
Cornwale ᛫ a Cornishman ᛫ N(P) cornwealas OE or: Cornishman; Wesswale (from OE Westwealas)
Cornwales ᛫ Cornwall ᛫ Cornubia ᛫ N(P) cornwealas OE or: Wesswales (from OE Westwealas)
Corsick ᛫ Corsica ᛫ N(P) Corsicam OE or: Corsica
cost ᛫ a trait ᛫ a property ᛫ an attribute ᛫ a disposition ᛫ a way of doing things ᛫ a procedure [ᚹ] ᛫ a process [ᚹ] ᛫ a method [ᚹ] ᛫ N cost ME‹N
costen ᛫ to tempt ᛫ V costnian OE
costening ᛫ temptation ᛫ N costnung OE
cot ᛫ a cottage ᛫ N cot OE
couth cooth ᛫ known ᛫ well known ᛫ familiar ᛫ sophisticated ᛫ refined ᛫ AJ couth&couth NE&ME
couther coother ᛫ an acquaintance ᛫ N cuþa OE
couthledge coothledge ᛫ to befriend ᛫ to make known to yourself ᛫ V cūþlǣcan OE
couthly coothly ᛫ surely ᛫ certainly ᛫ familiarly ᛫ courteously ᛫ AV cūþelīce OE
couthness coothness ᛫ acquaintance ᛫ N cūþnes OE
couthred coothred ᛫ intimacy ᛫ N cuþreden ME
cove cofe ᛫ a small coastal inlet ᛫ N ~[cōfa] NE
covegod cofegod ᛫ a household god ᛫ penates ᛫ N cōfgod OE
cow cue ᛫ a Bos taurus animal ᛫ N ~ NE PL: cues; kine
cowberry cueberry ᛫ a berry from a Vaccinium vitis-idaea plant ᛫ a lingonberry ᛫ a mountain cranberry ᛫ N ~ NE
Crab ᛫ Cancer ᛫ N(P) ~ NE
crack ᛫ highly trained and competent ᛫ AJ ~ NE
craft ᛫ an art ᛫ a vehicle ᛫ a trade ( as in a profession ) ᛬ to construct ᛫ to develop ᛫ N᛬V ~ NE
crafted tongue tung ᛫ a constructed language ᛫ a conlang ᛫ N crafted+tongue NEx2
crafter ᛫ an architect ᛫ an artifex ᛫ N cræftiga NE&OE
craftless ᛫ artless ᛫ inexpert ᛫ AJ ~ NE
craftsman ᛫ an artisan ᛫ N ~ NE
craftspeech craftspeec ᛫ a craft's jargon ᛫ N cræftspræc OE
crafty ᛫ relating to a craft ᛫ technical ᛫ wily ᛫ skillful ᛫ innovative ᛫ AJ ~ NE
cranesbill ᛫ a Geranium plant ᛫ N ~ NE
crank ᛫ a device which moves something when turned ᛫ methamphetamine ᛬ to turn a crank ᛫ N᛬V ~{crancstæf} NE
crat ᛫ a chariot ᛫ a cart ᛫ N cræt OE
craw ᛫ the stomach of an animal ᛫ N ~ NE
creepdeer ᛫ a reptile ᛫ N creep+deer NEx2 calque: Kriechtier
Crete ᛫ Crete ᛫ Cretan wine ᛫ N(P) Crete&Crēte NE&ME
cringe ᛫ to shudder from embarrassment fear or disgust ᛫ V ~ NE
cringeworthy ᛫ embarrassing ᛫ AJ ~ NE
Cristen ᛫ Christian ᛫ AJ cristen OE
Croatish Croatisc ᛫ Croatian ᛫ AJ Croat+ish NE+NE
crock ᛫ an earthenware pot or jar ᛫ something considered to be complete nonsense ᛫ N ~ NE
crockwright crockwrigt ᛫ a potter ᛫ N crocwyrhta OE
croft ᛫ a small rented farm comprising of a plot of arable land attached to a house ᛫ N croft NE
croft ᛫ an underground vault ᛫ a crypt ᛫ a basement ᛫ N ~ NE‹Þ‹I
crook ᛫ a hooked staff ᛫ one who engages in fraudulent or criminal practices ᛫ a bend ᛫ a curve ᛬ to bend ᛫ N᛬V ~ NE
crooked ᛫ bent ᛫ twisted ᛫ illegal ᛫ fraudulent ᛫ AJ ~ NE
cropland ᛫ farmland ᛫ N ~ NE
cropper ᛫ one who raises a crop ᛫ N ~ NE
crud ᛫ clabber ᛫ curds ᛫ cottage cheese ᛫ rennet ᛫ junket ᛫ a coagulated substance ᛬ to coagulate ᛫ to congeal ᛫ to curdle ᛫ N᛬V crud&crud&crudden NE&ME&ME doublet: curd
crundle crundel ᛫ a mound raised over graves to protect them ᛫ a barrow ᛫ a tumulus ᛫ a burial mound ᛫ N crundel OE
cud ᛫ gum ᛫ resin ᛫ mastic ᛫ quid ᛫ N cud[cudu] ME
cuddy ᛫ gummy ᛫ resinous ᛫ AJ cud+y ME+NE
cudgel ᛫ a club ᛫ N ~[cycgel] NE "club" is Norse
culver culfer ᛫ a dove ᛫ a pigeon ᛫ N ~[culfre][columba] NE‹I
Cumberland ᛫ Cumbria ᛫ N(P) ~ NE
cun ᛫ to be able to ᛫ V cunnen ME PST: could ᛫ PTCP: cunnen ᛫ PRES: can ᛫ PPR: cunning
cunning ᛫ ability ᛫ knowledge ᛫ information ᛫ a science ᛫ a field of knowledge ᛫ an art ᛬ experienced ᛫ able ᛫ crafty ᛫ sly ᛫ clever ᛫ guileful ᛫ N᛬AJ cunning&cǒnninge NE&ME
cunt ᛫ a vulva ᛫ a vagina ᛫ N ~ NE
cust ᛫ virtue ᛫ one's character ᛫ N custe[cyst] ME
custiness ᛫ generosity ᛫ liberality ᛫ munificence ᛫ N cystignes OE
custy ᛫ devout ᛫ benevolent ᛫ of good character ᛫ AJ cystig OE
cutthroat ᛫ a murderer ᛫ a ruthless person ᛬ ruthless ᛫ N᛬AJ ~ NE
cutwater ᛫ Rynchops niger ᛫ the forward curve of a ship's stern ᛫ the wedge of a bridge pier ᛫ N ~ NE
daft ᛫ silly ᛫ insane ᛫ crazy ᛫ mad ( crazy ) ᛫ stupid ᛫ AJ ~ NE
dale ᛫ a valley ᛫ N ~ NE
dalk ᛫ a clasp ᛫ a buckle ᛫ a brooch ᛫ a fibula ᛫ N dalk[dalc] ME
dall ᛫ eminent ᛫ AJ deal/deall OE
Damask ᛫ Damascus ᛫ a kind of cloth from Damascus ᛫ N(P) damask ME‹I?‹O
damp ᛫ moisture ᛫ humidity ᛫ dampness ᛬ moist ᛫ humid ᛫ N᛬AJ ~ NE‹LG
dapper ᛫ neat ᛫ spiffy ᛫ stylish ᛫ AJ ~ NE‹NL?
dare ᛫ to brave ᛫ a challenge of bravery ᛬ to challenge an act of bravery ᛫ V ~ NE PST: dared; durst
daring ᛫ adventurous courage ᛬ adventurous ᛫ audaciously bold ᛫ N᛬AJ ~ NE
dark ᛫ aphotic ᛫ atramentous ᛫ caliginous ᛫ cimmerian ᛫ crepuscular ᛫ somber ᛫ solemn ᛫ AJ ~ NE
darkling ᛫ in the dark ᛬ darkly ᛫ done or taking place in the dark ᛫ AJ᛬AV ~ NE
darling ᛫ a beloved one ᛬ beloved ᛫ N᛬AJ ~ NE
darst ᛫ leaven ᛫ N dærst OE
darth ᛫ a dart ᛫ a javelin ᛫ N daroþ OE "dart" is French, from Frankish cognate of "daroþ"
dash dasc ᛫ a hyphen ᛫ N ~ NE‹N
daughterdaughter daugterdaugter ᛫ a maternal granddaughter ᛫ N daughter+daughter NEx2 based on: sunsunu; dohtorsunu
daughterson daugtersun ᛫ a maternal grandson ᛫ N dohtorsunu OE
daven dafen ᛫ to suit ᛫ to be fitting ᛬ becoming ᛫ suitable ᛫ proper ᛫ convenient ᛫ V᛬AJ dafenian&dafen OE
daw ᛫ a Coloeus monedula bird ᛫ N ~ NE
daws ᛫ days ᛫ N dawes ME archaic plural form
dayblindness ᛫ hemeralopia ᛫ N ~ NE
daybook ᛫ a journal ᛫ a log ᛫ a logbook ᛫ a diary ᛫ N ~ NE
dayish dayisc ᛫ diurnal ᛫ AJ daiish ME
daymeal ᛫ a clock ᛫ a sundial ᛫ a waterclock ᛫ a clepsydra ᛫ N dægmǣl OE literally day-measure
daysman ᛫ an arbitrator ᛫ a mediator ᛫ an umpire ᛫ an arbiter ᛫ N ~ NE
dead ᛫ to kill ᛫ to die ᛫ V dēden[dēadian] ME
deadlock ᛫ a stalemate ᛫ an impasse ᛫ N ~ NE
deadly ᛫ fatal ᛫ lethal ᛬ fatally ᛫ mortally ᛫ AJ᛬AV ~ NE
deadly nightshade nigtscade ᛫ an Atropa belladonna plant ᛫ N ~ NE
deadshot deadscot ᛫ a highly accurate marksman ᛫ N dead shot NE
deal ᛫ a part ᛫ a component ᛫ a portion ᛫ an agreement ᛫ a pact ᛬ to distribute ᛫ N᛬V ~ NE
dealer ᛫ a divider ᛫ a distributor ᛫ N ~ NE
dealing ᛫ a business transaction ᛫ an interaction ᛫ N ~ NE
dealnim ᛫ to take part ᛫ to participate ᛫ V dǣlniman OE PST: dealnum; dealnimmed ᛫ PTCP: dealnum
dealnimmer ᛫ a participant ᛫ a participle ( grammatical term ) ᛫ N dǣlnimend OE
dealnimmerly ᛫ sharing ᛫ participating ᛫ participal ᛫ AJ dǣlnimendlīc OE
dealth ᛫ a portion ᛫ N ~ NE rhyme: wealth
dealy ᛫ partial ᛫ AJ deal+y NEx2
dear ᛫ expensive ᛫ costly ᛫ cherished ᛫ AJ ~ NE
dearest ᛫ a favourite ᛫ a beloved one ᛬ favourite ᛫ N᛬AJ ~ NE
dearness ᛫ expensiveness ᛫ costliness ᛫ affection ᛫ fondness ᛫ N ~ NE
dearsome dearsum ᛫ precious ᛫ AJ ~ NE
dearth ᛫ a famine ᛫ scarcity ᛫ paucity ᛫ N ~ NE rhyme: birth
dearworthy ᛫ precious ᛫ beloved ᛫ precious ᛫ prized ᛫ AJ dereworthi ME
deathknell ᛫ a sign foretelling the death of something ᛫ N ~ NE
deathless ᛫ immortal ᛫ AJ ~ NE
deathling ᛫ a mortal ᛫ a being subject to death ᛫ N ~ NE
deathlore ᛫ thanatology ᛫ N ~ NE
deathraked ᛫ a sepulchre ᛫ N dēaþræced OE
deathshild deathscild ᛫ a capital crime ᛫ N dēaþscyld OE
deathshildiness deathscildiness ᛫ mortality ᛫ N dethshildiȝnesse ME
deathshildy deathscildy ᛫ mortal ᛫ liable to death ᛫ AJ dethshildiȝ ME
deathsman ᛫ an executioner ᛫ N ~ NE
deathsong ᛫ a requiem ( in the musical sense ) ᛫ N death+song NEx2
deech deec ᛫ to smear ᛫ to daub ᛫ to plaster ᛫ V dēchen ME
deed ᛫ an action ᛫ an act ᛫ a legal document showing bond ᛫ N ~ NE
deedbane ᛫ an evildoer ᛫ N dǣdbana OE
deedbeet ᛫ to make amends ᛫ to be penitent ᛫ to repent ᛫ V dǣdbētan OE
deedbeeter ᛫ a deed amender ᛫ a penitent ᛫ N dǣdbēta OE
deedboot ᛫ repentance ᛫ penitence ᛫ penance ᛫ N dǣdbōt OE
deedfrom ᛫ a deed-doer ᛫ an actor ᛫ a causative agent ᛫ N dǣdfruma OE
deedlate ᛫ slow to act ᛫ slothful ᛫ AJ dǣdlæt OE
deedlater ᛫ a lazy person ᛫ a sluggard ᛫ N dǣdlata OE
deedlean ᛫ a reward ᛫ recompence ᛫ recompense ᛫ N dǣdlēan OE
deem ᛫ to regard ᛫ to judge ᛫ V ~ NE
deemer ᛫ a judge ᛫ N dēma OE
deer ᛫ an animal ᛫ a beast ᛫ N ~ NE PL: deer; deers (huntien after deores)
deerkind ᛫ the animal kingdom ᛫ N deer+kind NEx2
deerlore ᛫ zoology ᛫ N ~ NEx2
deeryard ᛫ a zoo ᛫ a zoological garden ᛫ N deer+yard NEx2 calque: diergaarde; Tiergarten
deft ᛫ neatly skillful and quick in one's movements ᛫ demonstrating skill and cleverness ᛫ AJ ~ NE
delf ᛫ digging ᛫ the act of digging ᛫ an excavation ᛫ a quarry ᛫ a mine ᛫ N delf[gedelf] ME
delfine ᛫ a dolphin ᛫ N delfīn ME‹I
dell ᛫ a secluded hollow or small valley usually covered with trees or turf ᛫ N ~ NE
delve delfe ᛫ to dig ᛫ to mine to ᛫ V ~ NE PTCP: dolven
Den ᛫ a Dane ᛫ N Dene OE or: Deen?
dene ᛫ a valley ᛫ a vale ᛫ a dale ᛫ N dēne[denu/dænu] ME
Denmark ᛫ Denmark ᛫ N(P) ~ NE or: Denmarch
Dennish Dennisc ᛫ Danish ᛫ N Dennish[Denisc] ME or: Dench (from variant)
Deprobane ᛫ Sri Lanka ᛫ Ceylon ᛫ Taprobana ᛫ N(P) Dēprobane OE
Der ᛫ a Deirian ᛫ N(P) Dere OE‹C
dere ᛫ hurt ᛫ harm ᛫ injury ᛬ to hurt ᛫ to harm ᛫ to injure ᛫ N᛬V dēre ME
derf ᛫ tribulation ᛫ affliction ᛫ trouble ᛫ torture ᛫ labour ᛫ N derf&deorf ME&OE
dern ᛫ to hide ᛫ to conceal ᛬ secret ᛫ hidden ᛫ underhanded ᛫ N᛬V᛬AJ ~ NE
derning ᛫ camouflage ᛫ a disguise ᛫ N dern+ing NE+NE calque: Tarnung (HG)
dernship dernscip ᛫ secrecy ᛫ N derneshipe ME
Derrich Derric ᛫ the Kingdom of Deria ᛫ N(P) Dera rīce OE‹(C+C)
derringdo ᛫ action displaying heroic courage ᛫ N derringdo NE
derve derfe ᛫ to trouble ᛫ to labour ᛫ V deorfan OE kin: derf
devilcraft defilcraft ᛫ the art of the devil ᛫ N dēofolcræft OE(I‹H+E)
devilfish defilfisc ᛫ an octopus ᛫ any cephalopod ᛫ a devil ray ᛫ N ~ NE‹(E‹I‹H+E)
devilreigh defilreig ᛫ a devil ray ᛫ N devil ray NE‹(E‹I‹H+E)
devilsdung defilsdung ᛫ asafoetida ᛫ N ~ NE Compare: HG Teufelsdreck; NL duivelsdrek
dewsnail ᛫ a slug ᛫ N dew-snail NE slug is Norse
dight digt ᛫ to prepare ᛫ to ready ᛫ to polish ᛫ to ornament ᛫ to make preparations ᛫ to arrange ᛫ to order ᛫ to organize ᛫ to direct ᛫ V dighten ME‹OE‹Þ‹I?
dighting digting ᛫ a preparation ᛫ an arrangement ᛫ an ordering ᛫ N dighting[dihtung] ME
dile ᛫ hidden ᛫ secret ᛫ furtive ᛫ cryptic ᛫ AJ dīȝel[dīegel] ME
dill ᛫ an Anethum graveolens plant ᛫ N ~ NE
dimhouse dimhuse ᛫ a lautumia ᛫ a dungeon ᛫ N dimhūs OE
din ᛫ a loud noise ᛫ a loud sound ᛬ to sound loudly ᛫ resound ᛫ N᛬V ~ NE
ding ᛫ a dent ᛫ a blow ᛬ to dent ᛫ to hit ᛫ N᛬V ~ NE
dingle dingel ᛫ a valley which is small and wooded ᛫ a cleft which is deep and narrow ᛫ N ~ NE kin: Tunc (HG); dyngja (N)
dint ᛫ a blow or stroke ( typically one made with a weapon ) ᛫ force of attack ᛫ an impact ᛫ N ~ NE
distaff ᛫ a staff for spinning thread ᛫ the domain or work of women ᛬ maternal ᛫ female ᛫ N᛬AJ ~ NE
distaff side ᛫ the female side of a family ᛫ N ~ NE
dit ᛫ to seal ᛫ to close ᛫ to shut ᛫ to block ᛫ to shut up ᛫ to plug ᛫ V ditten[dyttan] ME
dither ᛫ to act nervously or indecisively ᛫ vacillate ᛫ V ~ NE
divedopper difedopper ᛫ a pelican ᛫ N dūfedoppa OE
dizen disen ᛫ to dress [ᛏ] ᛫ to attire ᛫ to deck out ᛫ to adorn ᛫ V ~ NE rhyme: risen; horizon
doall ᛫ a factotum ᛫ N ~ NE
dock ᛫ a Rumex plant ᛫ N ~ NE
doe ᛫ a female animal ᛫ N ~ NE
doff ᛫ to take off ᛫ to remove an item of clothing ᛫ V ~ NE from "do off"
dogdays ᛫ a period of stagnation or inactivity ᛫ the period between early July and early September ᛫ N dog days NE
dogged ᛫ marked by stubborn determination ᛫ AJ ~ NE
doglore ᛫ cynology ᛫ N ~ NE
dogly ᛫ canine ᛫ AJ ~ NE
dogsbody ᛫ a menial worker ᛫ N ~ NE
dole ᛫ a share ᛫ something given as charity ᛫ a donation ᛫ N ~ NE kin: deal
doleland ᛫ an allotted share of commonly held land ᛫ N ~ NE Lands of Doura in Scotland may be contraction of "Doleland"
dolk ᛫ a wound ᛫ N dolc/dolh[dolg/dolh] ME
dom ᛫ ( shows a state or condition ) ᛫ -cracy ᛫ -archy ᛫ SUFFIX ~ NE
Dominica ᛫ Dominica ᛫ N(P) ~ NE‹O+NE
don ᛫ to put on ᛫ to dress in ᛫ V ~ NE from "do on"
Donnow Donnue ᛫ the river Danube ᛫ PN Donua OE
donothing ᛫ a slacker ᛬ idle ᛫ N᛬AJ donothing NE
dook ᛫ a bastard ᛫ N dōc OE
dooken ᛫ to bastardize ᛫ to bastardise ᛫ V dōc+en OE+NE
doom ᛫ judgment ᛫ legal decision ᛫ legal ruling ᛬ to sentence ᛫ N᛬V ~ NE
doombook ᛫ a book of decrees or laws ᛫ N dōmbōc OE
doombough doombuge ᛫ a judicial branch ᛫ N doom+bough NEx2
doomed ᛫ judged ᛫ ill-fated ᛫ AJ ~ NE
doomern ᛫ a court where judgments take place ᛫ a tribunal ᛫ N dōmern OE
doomful ᛫ full of judgement ᛫ ominous ᛫ AJ ~ NE
doomhouse doomhuse ᛫ a courthouse ᛫ N dōmhūs OE
doomladen ᛫ conveying a sense of tragedy ᛫ AJ doomladen NE
doomly ᛫ judicial ᛫ AJ dōmlīc OE
doomsday ᛫ judgment day ᛫ N ~ NE
doomsettle doomsettel ᛫ a judgment seat ᛫ a tribunal ᛫ N dōmsetl OE
doomsman ᛫ a judge ᛫ an umpire ᛫ N ~ NE
doppet ᛫ to immerse ᛫ V doppettan OE
dor ᛫ an insect that buzzes when flying ᛫ N ~[OE dora] NE found in "dumbledore"
dote ᛫ to exhibit mental decline of or like that of old age ᛫ V ~ NE
dought dugt ᛫ courage ᛫ valour ᛫ bravery ᛫ N ~ NE rhyme: doubt
doughty dugty ᛫ brave ᛫ courageous ᛫ valiant ᛫ intrepid ᛫ dauntless ᛫ AJ ~[dyhtig] NE rhyme: doubty
douse duse ᛫ to immerse ᛫ to dunk or sink into liquid ᛫ to extinguish something like fire ᛫ V ~ NE‹N?
dout dute ᛫ to extinguish ᛫ V ~ NE
douth duthe ᛫ a troop of retainers ᛫ a retinue ᛫ virtue ᛫ N ~[douthe][duguþ] NE semantic shift: virtue › virtue of retainers › a troop of retainers
dove duf ᛫ a pigeon ᛫ N ~[douve][dufe?] NE
dow due ᛫ to have use ᛫ to matter ᛫ to be helpful ᛫ to be effective ᛫ V douen[dugan/dēah/dēag] ME rhyme: plough ᛫ PST: dought
down dune ᛫ a hill ᛫ N ~[dūn] NE "down" as in "netherwards" comes from this word
downbeat dunebeat ᛫ the accented beat at the beginning of a bar ᛬ sad and pessimistic ᛫ N᛬AJ ~ NE
downelf duneelf ᛫ a mountain elf ᛫ a mountain fairy ᛫ a mountain nymph ᛫ N dūnælf OE
downfall dunefall ᛫ a collapse ᛫ a loss of power prosperity or status ᛫ N ~ NE
downgang dunegang ᛫ a descent ᛫ a way down ᛫ N ~ NE
downlink dunelink ᛫ a transmission or link to the earth from an airborne terminal ᛬ to transmit to the earth ᛫ N᛬V ~ NE
downplay duneplay ᛫ to de-emphasize ᛫ V ~ NE
downputting duneputting ᛫ denigrating ᛫ pejorative ᛫ derogatory ᛫ AJ ~ NE
downright dunerigt ᛫ unambiguous ᛫ utter ᛬ unambiguously ᛫ utterly ᛫ AJ᛬AV ~ NE
draff ᛫ swill ᛫ dregs ᛫ refuse ᛫ the damp remains of malt ᛫ N ~ NE
drake ᛫ trouble ᛫ N dracu OE kin: dretch
drast ᛫ dregs ᛫ sediment ᛫ scum ᛫ N drast ME
draught draugt ᛫ a preliminary version ᛫ a plan ᛫ a map ᛫ a concscription ᛬ to map out ᛫ to make a preliminary version ᛫ to conscript ᛫ N᛬V ~ NE
draughthouse draugthuse ᛫ an outhouse ᛫ a privy ᛫ N ~ NE
draughts draugts ᛫ checkers ( the game ) ᛫ N ~ NE
draughtsman draugtsman ᛫ a maker of engineering or architectural plans ᛫ an illustrator ᛫ N ~ NE or: draftsman
draughty draugty ᛫ gusty ( of wind ) ᛫ AJ ~ NE or: drafty
draw ᛫ to attract ᛫ to derive ᛫ to pull ᛫ V ~ NE PST: drew ᛫ PTCP: drawn
drawback ᛫ an negative feature ᛫ N ~ NE
drawingroom ᛫ a room where visitors may be entertained ᛫ a lounge ᛫ N drawing room NE
drawlatch drawlac ᛫ a thief ᛫ a burglar ᛫ N ~ NE
dreadless ᛫ intrepid ᛫ dauntless ᛫ AJ ~ NE
dreap ᛫ to kill ᛫ to strike down ᛫ V drēpen[drepan] ME
drear ᛫ blood ᛫ gore ᛫ N dreor OE
dreary ᛫ gloomy ᛫ cheerless ᛫ AJ ~ NE
dree ᛫ to endure ᛫ to suffer ᛫ to perform service ( especially military ) ᛬ tedious ᛫ V᛬AJ ~ NE
dreesome dreesum ᛫ tedious ᛫ wearisome ᛫ AJ ~ NE
dreeve dreefe ᛫ to disturb ᛫ to trouble ᛫ to vex ᛫ V drẹ̄ven[drēfan] ME
dreeze dreese ᛫ to fall ᛫ to perish ᛫ V drēsen[dreosan] ME
dreg ᛫ sediment ᛫ N ~ NE
drench drenc ᛫ a poisonous or medicinal drink ᛫ a potion ᛬ to soak ᛫ to make drink ᛫ N᛬V ~ NE kin: drink
dretch drec ᛫ to injure ᛫ to damage ᛫ to trouble ᛫ to delay ᛫ to hesitate ᛫ V drecchen[dreccan] ME
drib ᛫ to do by little and little ᛫ to appropriate unlawfully ᛫ to filch ᛫ to defalcate ᛫ V ~ NE
dright drigt ᛫ a host ᛫ a body of retainers or warriors ᛫ a group of people ᛫ a people ᛫ a multitude ᛫ N driht ME
drighten drigten ᛫ a lord ᛫ a ruler ᛫ a chief ᛫ a leader ᛫ a god ( pagan or otherwise ) ᛫ N drihten ME
drightenly drigtenly ᛫ lordly ᛫ noble ᛫ AJ dryhtlīc OE
drightenship drigtenscip ᛫ rulership ᛫ lordship ᛫ domination ᛫ N dryhtscipe OE
dring ᛫ a warrior ᛫ a soldier ᛫ N dring/dreng[dreng] ME‹N? or: dreng
drinkhail ( in reply to someone making the " wassail toast " ) N᛬I drink heil ME
drite ᛫ to shit ᛫ to poop ᛫ to defecate ᛫ V ~ NE
drone ᛫ a male bee ᛫ a menial worker ᛫ a remote-controlled or autonomous vehicle ᛫ a robot [ᚹ] ᛫ N ~ NE
droof ᛫ turbid ᛫ disturbed ᛫ sorrowful ᛫ troubled ᛫ AJ drōf[drōf] ME
droovy droofy ᛫ stirred up ( of water ) ᛫ muddy murky ᛫ AJ drōvi[drōfig] ME
dropmeal ᛫ one drop at a time ᛫ AV ~ NE
dropstone ᛫ a stalactite ᛫ a stalagmite ᛫ a stalagnate ᛫ N ~ NE or: dripstone
dropwort ᛫ Filipendula vulgaris ᛫ N ~ NE
dross ᛫ waste ᛫ something that is base trivial or inferior ᛫ N ~ NE
drought drugt ᛫ a water shortage ᛫ a paucity ( semi-poetic ) ᛫ N ~[drūgaþ] NE
drove drofe ᛫ a herd or flock of animals being driven ᛫ a bunch of something ᛫ N ~ NE
drowse druse ᛫ a state of sleepiness or inactivity ᛬ to be inactive ᛫ to fall into a light slumber ᛫ N᛬V ~ NE
drub ᛫ to beat severely ᛫ V ~ NE
drudge ᛫ menial or tedious labour ᛬ to do menial or tedious labour ᛫ N᛬V ~ NE
drunken ᛫ intoxicated ᛫ caused by intoxication ᛫ saturated with liquid ᛫ AJ ~ NE
drunkenness ᛫ intoxication ᛫ N ~ NE
drunklew ᛫ a drunkard ᛫ an alcoholic ᛬ addicted to drink habitually drunk ᛫ N᛬AJ dronkeleu ME
dry ᛫ a druid ᛫ a magician ᛫ a sorcerer ᛫ a wizard ᛫ a magus ᛫ a mage ᛫ N drī[drȳ] ME‹OE‹C kin: druid
drycraft ᛫ druidcraft ᛫ sorcery ᛫ the art of magic ᛫ N drȳcræft OE
drycrafty ᛫ skilled in magic ᛫ skilled in druidic magic ᛫ magical ᛫ AJ drȳcræftig OE
Dubawnt Mere ᛫ Dubawnt Lake ᛫ N(P) Dubawnt+mere NE‹O+NE
duckbill ᛫ a platypus ᛫ a hadrosaur ᛫ N ~ NE
duckmole ᛫ a platypus ᛫ N ~ NE
dugout dugute ᛫ a canoe ᛫ a shelter dug in a hillside ᛫ an area in the side of a trench for quarters storage or protection ᛫ N ~ NE
dumb ᛫ stupid ᛫ mute ᛫ AJ ~ NE
dumbness ᛫ stupidity ᛫ N ~ NE
dun ᛫ tan ( the hue ) ᛬ tan coloured ᛫ N᛬AJ ~[dun/dunn] NE
dun ᛫ to make persistent demands for payment ᛫ V ~ NE
dung ᛫ a dungeon ᛫ a subterranean chamber ᛫ N dung/donge[dung] ME
dunnock ᛫ a Prunella modularis bird ᛫ N ~ NE
dusk ᛫ the night's twilight ( as opposed to the morning's twilight ) ᛬ to darken ᛫ to make gloomy ᛫ N᛬V ~ NE
dusky ᛫ dark in colour ᛫ dim ᛫ AJ ~ NE
Dutch Duc ᛫ the Dutch language ᛫ mainland West Germanic language ᛬ of the Netherlands ᛫ of mainland West Germanic ᛫ N᛬AJ ~ NE
Dutchland Ducland ᛫ the part of Europe where continental West Germanic languages are spoken ᛫ N(P) Dū̆chelōnd ME
dwale ᛫ an error ᛫ incorrectness ᛫ N dwale[dwola] ME
dwale ᛫ an Atropa belladonna plant ᛫ N ~ NE
dwalegod ᛫ an idol ᛫ a false god ᛫ N gedwolgod OE
dwalesome dwalesum ᛫ erroneous ᛫ incorrect ᛫ wrong ᛫ AJ gedwolsum OE
dwarf ᛫ a mythological humanoid usually depicted as short stout mountain dwelling and skilled in certain crafts ᛫ N ~ NE PL: dwarfs; dwarves
dwarfdwostle dwarfdwostel ᛫ a Mentha pulegium plant ( pennyroyal ) ᛫ N dweorgedwostle[dwosle] OE
dwease ᛫ foolish ᛫ stupid ᛫ dumb ᛫ AJ dwǣs OE
dwell ᛫ to live in a place ᛫ to reside ᛫ V ~ NE
dwelling ᛫ a place of residence ᛫ a habitation ᛫ N ~ NE
dwelse ᛫ to stray in a stupor ᛫ V dwelsian OE
dwelsing ᛫ a stupor which leads one astray ᛫ N dwelsinge{dwelsian} ME
dwere ᛫ doubt ᛫ perplexity ᛫ uncertainty ᛫ N dwēre ME
dwild ᛫ error ᛫ heresy ᛫ N dwild&gedwild OE
dwildman ᛫ a heretic ᛫ N gedwildmann OE
dwildy ᛫ erroneous ᛫ heretical ᛫ AJ dwild+y ME+NE
dwimmer ᛫ illusion ᛫ delusion ᛫ an apparition ᛫ a phantom ᛫ N dwimor OE resurrected by Tolkien?
dwimmerly ᛫ as an illusion ᛫ deceptively ᛫ AV dwimorlīce ME
dwimmery ᛫ illusory ᛫ AJ dwimorlīc OE
dwindle dwindel ᛫ to become steadily less ᛫ V ~ NE
dwine ᛫ to waste or pine away ᛫ to languish ᛫ V ~ NE
dwolen ᛫ erroneous ᛫ wrong ᛫ perverse ᛫ AJ gedwolen OE
dwolm ᛫ chaos ᛫ a chasm ᛫ N dwolma OE
e ᛫ a horse ᛫ a steed ᛫ N eh OE SEE COMMENT FOR PRONUNCIATION
ea ᛫ a law ᛫ a statute ᛫ a custom ᛫ a rule ᛫ N ē/eu-/ewe-/eaw-[ǽ] ME becomes: ew in compounds
ea ᛫ a river ᛫ N ~[ēa] ME
eace ease ᛫ a bait ᛫ a lure ᛫ N ēs ME found in: eaceworm
eaceworm easeworm ᛫ an earthworm ᛫ N ~ NE
each eac ᛫ eternal ᛫ everlasting ᛫ perpetual ᛫ AJ ēche[ēce/ǣce] ME
eady ᛫ prosperous ᛫ fortunate ᛫ AJ ēdī [ēadig] ME
eal ᛫ oil ᛫ N ēle/eal/eale[ele] ME‹OE‹I
eal ᛫ to kindle ᛫ to burn ᛫ V ǣlan OE
Ealand ᛫ Åland ᛫ N ea+land ME+NE calque: Åland
ealberry ᛫ an olive ᛫ N eleberge OE
ealtree ᛫ an olive tree ᛫ N eletreow OE
eam ᛫ an uncle ᛫ N eame/eme[ēam] NE
eamdaughter eamdaugter ᛫ a paternal female cousin ᛫ N eam+daughter NEx2 built on analogy with "modry sune" ᛫ see: needmay
eamson eamsun ᛫ a paternal male cousin ᛫ N eam+son NEx2 built on analogy with "modry sune" ᛫ see: needmay
ear ᛫ to plow ᛫ V ~[erian] NE
eard ᛫ one's character ᛫ a disposition ᛫ a personality [ᚹ] ᛫ N ērd[eard] ME kin: aard (Dutch)
eardghost eardgoast ᛫ an ethos ( a characteristic spirit of a group period movement etc ) ᛫ N ērd+ghost ME+NE
earl ᛫ a count ᛫ N ~ NE
earlap ᛫ an earlobe ᛫ an ear lobe ᛫ the outer ear ᛫ N ~ NE
earldom ᛫ a county ( in the sense of " a count's domain " ) ᛫ N ~ NE
earlen ᛫ a countess ᛫ N earl+en NEx2
earmark ᛫ a distinguishing mark ᛫ a provision in Congressional legislation that allocates a specified amount of ᛫ N ~ NE
earn ᛫ to gain through work ᛫ to deserve ᛫ V earn&earnian NE&OE
earnest ᛫ seriousness ᛬ serious ᛫ urgent ᛫ intent ᛫ diligent ᛫ important ᛫ N᛬AJ ~ NE
earp ᛫ brown ( especially dark brown ? ) ᛫ AJ eorp OE kin: jarpr (Icelandic)
earsh earsc ᛫ a vivarium ( an animal preserve ) ᛫ N ersc OE
earshhen earscen ᛫ a quail ᛫ N erschenn OE
earshrift earscrift ᛫ auricular confession ᛫ N ~ NE
earthapple earthappel ᛫ a potato ᛫ N earthapple NE
earthberry ᛫ a strawberry ᛫ N eorþberige OE
earthbiving earthbifing ᛫ earthquake ᛫ N eorþbifung OE
earthcraft ᛫ geometry ᛫ N eorþcræft OE
earthenware ᛫ ceramic ware ᛫ N ~ NE
earther ᛫ an inhabitant of Earth ᛫ N eorþwaru OE
earthern ᛫ a tomb ᛫ a sepulcher ᛫ N eorþærn OE
earthhog ᛫ an aardvark ᛫ N ~ NE
earthhouse earthhuse ᛫ an underground chamber ᛫ a basement ᛫ a cellar ᛫ a souterrain ᛫ N ~ NE
earthivy earthify ᛫ Glechoma hederacea ( ground-ivy ) ᛫ N eorþifig OE
earthling ᛫ a plowman ᛫ an inhabitant of Earth ᛫ a worldling ᛫ N earthling&irþling NE&OE
earthlore ᛫ geology ᛫ N ~ NE
earthly ᛫ terrestrial ᛫ tellurian ᛫ AJ ~ NE
earthman ᛫ a human resident or inhabitant of the planet Earth ᛫ N ~ NE
earthnavel earthnafel ᛫ asparagus ᛫ N eorþnafela OE
earthtar ᛫ asphalt ᛫ N eorþtyrewa OE
earthtilth ᛫ agriculture ᛫ N earthtilth NE
earthweal ᛫ earthly wealth ᛫ N eorþwēla OE
earthwhate earthhwate ᛫ geomancy ᛫ N earth+whāte NE+ME
earthwolf ᛫ an aardwolf ᛫ N ~ NE
earthy ᛫ natural ( the way of the world ) ᛫ AJ ~ NE
earwax ᛫ cerumen ᛫ N ~ NE
earwig ᛫ a prying informer ᛬ to gain the influence of someone through covert statements ᛫ N᛬V ~[earwicga] NE
East Engle Rich Engel Ric ᛫ the Kingdom of East Anglia ᛫ N(P) ēast Engla Rīce OE or: East Engles
East Timor ᛫ East Timor ᛫ Timor-Leste ᛫ N(P) ~ NE‹(E+O)
easten ᛫ from the east ᛫ AV ēastan OE
Easterling ᛫ a native of the Hanseatic region of the Netherlands , Northern Germany , and the Baltic coast ᛫ N ēsterling ME
Eastermonth ᛫ April ᛫ N(P) Eastermonaþ OE
Eastern ᛫ Oriental ᛫ AJ ~ NE
Easterner ᛫ an Oriental ᛫ N ~ NE
eastle eastel ᛫ a table for notes ᛫ a tablet ᛫ N ǣstel OE
Eastrich Eastric ᛫ Austria ᛫ N(P) estrich ME
eath ᛫ ease ᛬ to ease ᛬ easy ᛬ easily ᛫ N᛬V᛬AJ᛬AV eathe[eaþe]; ēthen ME
eathfully ᛫ easily ᛫ AV ethefulli ME
eathhield eathheeld ᛫ satisfied ᛫ contented ᛫ AJ ēþhylde OE
eathly ᛫ insignificant ᛫ trivial ᛫ of little worth or value ᛫ AJ ēthelich ME
eathmood ᛫ humble ᛫ lowly ᛫ obedient ᛬ to be humble ᛫ to obey ᛫ to make humble ᛫ to humble ᛫ AJ ēaþmōd&ēaþmōdgian OE
eathmoodly ᛫ humble ᛬ humbly ᛫ AJ᛬AV ēaþmōdlic&ēaþmōdlice OE
eathmoodness ᛫ humility ᛫ N ēaþmōdnis OE
eathness ᛫ easiness ᛫ facility ᛫ favour ᛫ N ēþnes OE
eathom ᛫ breath ᛫ breathing ᛫ N ēþem[ǣþm/ēþm] ME kin: Atem (HG)
eatinghouse eatinghuse ᛫ restaurant ᛫ N ~ NE
eatingroom ᛫ a dining room ᛫ N ~ NE
eattle eattel ᛫ gluttonous ᛫ AJ etol OE
eattleman eattelman ᛫ a glutton ᛫ N ettulman OE
eattleness eattelness ᛫ gluttony ᛫ N etolness OE
eaver eafer ᛫ a boar ᛫ N eauer[eofor] ME
eaverthring eaferthring ᛫ the constellation Orion ? ᛫ N(P) eoforþring OE literally: boar crowd
eaves eafes ᛫ the part of a roof that meets or overhangs the walls of a building ᛫ N ~[efes] NE
eavesdrop eafesdrop ᛫ to secretly listen to a conversation ᛫ V ~ NE
eavestrough eafestroug ᛫ a rain gutter for a building ᛫ N ~ NE rhyme: weaves scoff
ebb ᛫ receding tide ᛬ to recede ᛫ to decline ᛫ N᛬V ~ NE
ebber ᛫ laid bare ᛫ revealed ᛫ manifest ᛫ obvious ᛫ unconcealed ᛫ AJ ē̆bere[ǣbær] ME
Ebresh Ebresc ᛫ Hebrew speech ᛬ Hebrew ᛫ N(P)᛬AJ(P) ebrēisc/hebrēisc OE or: Hebresh
ed ᛫ prosperity ᛫ fortune ᛫ N ednesse[ead] ME found in names like "Edward"
ed ᛫ re- ᛫ PREFIX ed- ME
edder ᛫ a blood vessel ᛫ N edre ME
edder ᛫ a hedge ᛫ a fence ᛫ an enclosure ᛫ N eodor OE
edderbreach edderbreac ᛫ trespassing by means of breaching a fence of hedge ᛫ N eodorbrice OE
edfleshhame edflescame ᛫ to reincarnate ᛫ V ed+flǽschamian ME+OE
edhew ᛫ a reform ᛬ to reform ᛫ N᛬V ed+hew NEx2 PST: edhewn
edledge ᛫ to repeat ᛫ V edlǣcan OE
ednew ᛫ to renew ᛫ to renovate ᛫ to furbish ᛫ V edniwe OE
edstaddle edstaddel ᛫ to restore ᛫ to refound ᛫ V edstaþelian OE
edwend ᛫ to return ᛫ to turn back ᛫ to reverse ᛫ V edwendan{edwenden} OE
edwent ᛫ reverse ᛫ AJ edwendan+ed OE+NE
edwharft edhwarft ᛫ a return ᛫ N edhwyrft OE
edwist ᛫ sustenance ᛫ being ᛫ existence ᛫ N edwist OE
edwistly ᛫ existing ᛫ subsisting ᛫ substantial ᛫ substantive ᛫ AJ edwistlīc OE
edwite ᛫ to censure ᛫ reproach ᛫ reprove ᛫ to criticize ᛫ N᛬V edwīten ME
edwiteful ᛫ shameful ᛫ disgraceful ᛫ ignominious ᛫ AJ edwītfull OE
edwitespeaker ᛫ a caviller / caviler ᛫ a faultfinder ᛫ N edwītspreca OE
edword ᛫ to rephrase ᛫ to reword ᛫ V ed+word OE+NE
eelpout eelpute ᛫ a Zoarcidae fish ᛫ N ~ NE
eerie ᛫ strange in a frightening or worrying way ᛫ AJ ~[earg?] NE
eest ᛫ grace ᛫ N ēste&ēst ME&OE
eestful ᛫ pleasure-seeking ᛫ fastidious ᛫ palatable ᛫ delicious ᛫ AJ ēstful ME
eesty ᛫ gracious ᛫ AJ ēstig OE
eft ᛫ to repeat ᛫ to iterate ᛬ again ᛫ back ( back to where it was ) ᛫ V᛬AV eft&eftgian ME&OE
eft ᛫ a newt ᛫ N ~ NE
eft ᛫ re- ᛫ PREFIX eft OE
eftbook ᛫ to reschedule ᛫ V eft+book ME+NE or: edbook
eftboot ᛫ a restoration of health ᛫ restitution ᛫ reparation ᛫ N eftbōt OE
eftcome eftcum ᛫ to return ᛫ V eftcuman OE
eftlean ᛫ recompense ᛫ N eftlēan OE
eftleaner ᛫ a recompenser ᛫ N eftlēaniend OE
eftleesing ᛫ redemption ᛫ N eftlēsing OE
eftlooking ᛫ respect ᛫ N eftlōcung OE
eftnewing ᛫ renewal ᛫ N eftnīwung OE
eftrun ᛫ a running back ᛫ a rerun ᛫ N eftryne OE
eftselleness ᛫ retribution ᛫ recompense ᛫ requital ᛫ N eftselness OE
eftsithe eftsithe ᛫ a journey back ᛫ a return journey ᛫ N eftsīþ OE
eftsoons ᛫ once again ᛫ another time ᛫ AV ~ NE
eftspelling ᛫ a recapitulation ᛫ N eftspellung OE
eftwharve efthwarfe ᛫ to turn back ᛫ to return ᛫ V efthweorfan OE
eftyeave eftyeafe ᛫ to give back ᛫ to return ᛫ V eftagyfan OE or: eftgive
Egyptish Egyptisc ᛫ Egyptian ᛫ AJ Egiptish ME
eight eigt ᛫ persecution ᛬ to persecute ᛫ to pursue ᛫ N᛬V ǣht&ēhtan OE&OE kin: ōht ᛫ rhyme: height
eke ᛫ an addition ᛫ an increase ᛬ to add ᛫ to increase ᛬ plus ᛬ also ᛫ plus ᛫ N᛬V᛬AV᛬P eke&ēke&ēken NE&ME&ME
eke out ute ᛫ to supplement ᛫ to augment ᛫ to obtain with difficulty ᛫ V ~ NE
ekemote ᛫ a proton ᛫ N eke+mote NEx2
ekename ᛫ an epithet ᛫ a nickname ᛫ a surname ᛫ a title ᛫ N ēkenāme ME "nickname" comes from this word?
ekenoosle ekenoosel ᛫ to degenerate ᛬ degenerate ᛫ V᛬AJ geǣcnōslian&ǣcnōsle OE
eker ᛫ an augmenter ᛫ an adjective ᛫ N īcend OE calque: adjective
ekerly ᛫ adjective ᛫ additive ᛫ AJ geīcendlic OE
eking ᛫ an augment ᛫ N ~ NE
el ᛫ ( denotes strangeness or foreignness ) ᛫ PREFIX el OE kin: else?
elbone ᛫ an ulna ᛫ N elbow+bone NEx2 calque: ellepijp
elbowbour elbowbor ᛫ a couter ᛫ a cowter ᛫ N elbow+beorg{healsbeorg} NE+OE
eld ᛫ to put off ᛫ to delay ᛫ to deter ᛫ V ēlden ME
eld ᛫ age ᛫ an age ᛫ a time period ᛫ an epoch ᛫ an era ᛫ N eld&ēlde NE&ME both "what is your eld?" and "the dark eld" would be alright
elder ᛫ a senior ᛫ AJ ~ NE
elder ᛫ a Sambucus nigra plant ( on which the elderberry grows ) ᛫ N ~[ellern/eller] NE kin: æld (fire)?
elderless ᛫ deprived of parents ᛫ orphaned ᛫ AJ ealdorlēas OE
eldfather ᛫ a grandfather ᛫ N ~ NE
eldmother ᛫ a grandmother ᛫ N ~ NE
eldritch eldric ᛫ supernatural ᛫ unearthly ᛫ otherworldly ᛫ strange ᛫ AJ ~ NE
elfen ᛫ a fairy ᛫ a nymph ᛫ a female elf ᛫ N ælfen OE
elfkin ᛫ the race of elves ᛫ N ælfcynn OE
elflocks ᛫ a tangled mess of hair ᛫ N ~ NE
elfsheen elfsceen ᛫ beautiful like an elf ᛫ AJ ælfsciēne OE
elk ᛫ a moose ᛫ N ~ NE
elksand ᛫ amber ᛫ N eolhsand OE
elksedge ᛫ a Cladium mariscus plant ? ᛫ N eolhxsecg OE
elland ᛫ a foreign land ᛫ N elland OE
ellandish ellandisc ᛫ of another land ᛫ foreign ᛫ AJ ellendish ME
ellen ᛫ vigour ᛫ valour ᛫ zeal ᛫ N elne[ellen] ME
ellenly ᛫ valiant ᛬ daringly ᛫ AJ᛬AV ellenlīc&ellenlīce OE
ellenmearth ᛫ glory of valour or courage ᛫ N ellenmǣrþ OE
ellenwood ᛫ to rage with zeal ᛬ furiously zealous ᛫ V᛬AJ ellenwōdian&ellenwōd OE rhyme: ellenmood
eller ᛫ elsewhere ᛫ AV ellor OE
ellerfouse ellerfuse ᛫ ready to go elsewhere ᛫ AJ ellorfūs OE
ellersithe ᛫ a departure ᛫ a journey to elsewhere ᛫ N ellorsīþ OE
elning ᛫ zeal ᛫ N elnung/ellung OE
elp ᛫ an elephant ᛫ N elp[elp/elpend] ME‹I‹H‹O
elpsbone ᛫ elephant bone ᛫ ivory ᛫ N elpes bon{elpendbǣnen} ME‹OE‹(O+E)
Elpsbone Shore Score ᛫ Cote d'Ivoire ᛫ Ivory Coast ᛫ N(P) elpes bon+shore ME+NE calque: Ivory Coast
elreardiness ᛫ barbarousness ( as in foreign-speakingness ) ᛫ N elreordignes OE literally: foreign-voice-y-ness
elreardy ᛫ barbarous ( as in foreign-speaking ) ᛫ AJ elreordig OE literally: foreign-voice-y
elsewhence elsehwense ᛫ from elsewhere ᛫ aliunde ᛫ AV ~ NE
eltheed ᛫ a foreign nation ᛫ N elþēod OE
eltheedy ᛫ foreign ᛫ of a foreign nation ᛫ AJ elþeodig OE
emberwood ᛫ a Caesalpinia echinata plant ( a brazilwood ) ᛫ N ember+wood NEx2 calque: brazilwood
emforth ᛫ to the extent of ᛫ in proportion to ᛫ P emforth[evenforth] ME
emirdom ᛫ an emirate ᛫ N emir+dom{emirate} O+NE
emnet ᛫ a plain ᛫ level ground ᛬ to make level ᛫ N emnett&emnettan OE
en ᛫ -ize ᛫ -ise ᛫ -ify ᛫ -fy ᛫ -ate ᛫ SUFFIX ~ NE found in: "fatten"
en ᛫ ( denotes a sense of pertaining to , or of being made of ) ᛫ SUFFIX ~ NE found in: "wooden"
en ᛫ -ess ᛫ SUFFIX ~ NE
end ᛫ a duck ᛫ N ende[ened/æned] ME
end ᛫ ( present participle suffix ) ᛫ ( agent suffix ) ᛫ SUFFIX -end/-and/-ant[-ende] ME not recommended for common use
endbird ᛫ an order ( as in arrangement ) ᛬ to set in order ᛫ N᛬V endebyrd&endebyrdan OE literally end-birth
endbirdly ᛫ ordinal ᛫ AJ endebyrdlīc OE
endbirdness ᛫ row ᛫ series ᛫ rank ᛫ order of nature ᛫ N endebyrdnes OE
endbrain ᛫ the telencephalon ᛫ N ~ NE
ending ᛫ a conclusion ᛫ a finale ᛫ N ~ NE
endless ᛫ infinite ᛫ countless ᛫ AJ ~ NE
endly ᛫ -capable ( active ) ᛫ -able (passive ) ᛫ -ably ( passive ) ᛫ SUFFIX enlīc/enlīce/endlīce/enndliȝ ME READ ME ᛫ see: -bere ᛫ or: -enly
endly ᛫ final ᛫ terminal ᛫ conclusive ᛬ finally ᛫ at last ᛫ AJ᛬AV ~ NE
endsay ᛫ a conclusion ( as in the closing words of something ) ᛫ N ~ NE
endtime ᛫ apocalyptic ᛫ AJ ~ NE
Engledom Engeldom ᛫ the Anglosphere ᛫ the domain of Englishness ᛫ N Engle+dom ME+NE
Englekin Engelkin ᛫ the English people ᛫ N Angelcynn OE
Engles Engels ᛫ Anglos ᛫ Englishmen ᛫ N(P) Engles ME singular form not attested?
Engley Engely ᛫ Anglic ᛫ AJ englelīc OE
Englishen Engliscen ᛫ to translate into English ᛫ to express in English ᛫ to Anglicize ᛫ V Englishen ME
enough enuge ᛫ sufficient ᛫ AJ ~ NE
ent ᛫ an ettin ᛫ a giant ᛫ an intelligent walking tree ( modern fantasy ) ᛫ N ent OE the tree meaning comes from Tolkien
entask ᛫ a dinosaur ᛫ N ent+ask NEx2 risaeðla
entish entisc ᛫ gigantic ᛫ AJ entisc OE
er ᛫ anger ᛫ wrath ᛫ ire ᛫ rage ᛬ angry ᛫ wrathful ᛫ ireful ᛫ N᛬AJ erre ME
erdfast ᛫ settled ᛫ established in a place ᛫ abiding ᛫ earthfast ᛫ AJ eardfæst OE
erding ᛫ a habitation ᛫ dwelling ᛫ N earding OE
erdingly ᛫ habitable ᛫ AJ eardigendlīc OE
erdshrew erdscrew ᛫ Sorex araneus ( a kind of shrew ) ᛫ N ~ NE
ere ᛫ pre- ᛫ ante- ᛫ PREFIX ~ NE see fore (prefix)
ere ᛫ earlier ᛫ formerly ᛬ before ᛫ sooner than ᛫ AV᛬P ere&ǣr NE&OE rhyme: air
Erelithe ᛫ June ᛫ N(P) Ærra Liþa OE or: searmonth? (from sēarmonaþ)
erelong ᛫ before long ᛫ soon ᛫ AV ~ NE
erenow erenue ᛫ before now ᛫ prior to this point of time ᛫ AV ~ NE
erer ᛫ more ere ᛫ earlier ᛫ AV ǣror OE
erewhile erehwile ᛫ a while before ᛫ some time ago ᛫ AV ~ NE
ereyesterday ᛫ the day before yesterday ᛬ on the day before yesterday ᛫ N᛬AV ~ NE
Ereyule Ereyool ᛫ December ᛫ N(P) Ærra Geola OE
erf ᛫ inheritance ᛫ patrimony ᛫ cattle ᛫ heritage ᛫ N erve&irfe ME&OE&OE or: erve
erfdeal ᛫ a division of an inheritance ᛫ N irfegedāl OE
erfland ᛫ land that passes as an inheritance ᛫ heritable land ᛫ N irfeland OE
erflove erflofe ᛫ an heirloom ᛫ N irfelāf OE
erfnimmer ᛫ an heir ᛫ an inheritor ᛫ one who takes an inheritance ᛫ N irfenuma OE PST: erfnum; erfnimmed ᛫ PTCP: erfnum
erfwrit ᛫ a will ( as in a legal testament ) ᛫ N irfegewrit OE
erfwriter ᛫ a testator ᛫ N irfewrītend OE
Erie Mere Earry ᛫ Lake Erie ᛫ N(P) Erie+mere NE‹O+NE
erm ᛫ to grieve ᛫ V ermen ME
ermen ᛫ (denotes universality , immensness , or totality ) ᛫ AJ eormen- OE
ern ᛫ a building ᛫ N ern[ærn] ME survives in: barn (which means "barley-ern"); saltern
ern ᛫ ( shows the noun is a location ) ᛫ -ery ( like in " bakery " ) ᛫ SUFFIX ern OE
erne ᛫ an eagle ᛫ N earne&earn/ern[earn] NE&ME broad meaning has been restored
errand ᛫ a task ᛫ a message ᛫ N ~ NE
errandghost errandgoast ᛫ a spiritual messenger ᛫ an angel ᛫ N ~ NE
errandrake ᛫ an ambassador ᛫ diplomat ᛫ N erendrāke[ǣrendraca] ME
errandwrit ᛫ a letter ᛫ a message ᛫ a report ᛫ N ǣrendgewrit OE
erst ᛫ first ᛬ first of all ᛫ sooner than ᛫ before ᛫ once ᛫ erstwhile ᛫ AJ᛬AV ~ NE
erstwhile ersthwile ᛫ previous ᛫ former ᛬ previously ᛫ formerly ᛫ AJ ~ NE
erve erfe ᛫ to inherit ᛫ V erven&irfan ME
erver erfer ᛫ an heir ᛫ an inheritor ᛫ successor ᛫ N irfa OE
esen ᛫ a man of the servile class ᛫ N esne OE
essle essel ᛫ a donkey ᛫ an ass ᛫ N esol OE
Estland ᛫ Estonia ᛫ N Estland{ēstland} NL
et ᛫ -ize ᛫ -ise ᛫ -ify ᛫ -fy ᛫ -ate ᛫ SUFFIX ettan OE like "bōt" (assistance, remedy) to "bōtettan" (to repair)
et ᛫ ( forms nouns from adjectives , verbs , and other nouns ) ᛫ SUFFIX et OE survives in: thicket
ethe ᛫ to breathe ᛫ V ēthien[ēþian] ME
ethel ᛫ a homeland ᛫ an ancestral land ᛫ a native land ᛫ a fatherland ᛫ an estate ᛫ patria ᛫ N ethel ME
ethel ᛫ native- ᛫ domestic- ᛫ PREFIX eþel OE
ethelward ᛫ a ward of one's ancestral land ᛫ N eþelweard OE
Ethiopy ᛫ Ethiopia ᛫ N(P) ethiopy/Ethiopie ME
ettenish ettenisc ᛫ giant ᛫ gigantic ᛫ AJ ēotenisc OE
ettin ᛫ an ent ᛫ a giant ᛫ N ~[eoten] NE kin: jǫtunn (Norse)
ettle ettel ᛫ intention ᛫ intent ᛬ to intend ᛫ N᛬V ~ NE‹N kin: eahtian
Europish Europisc ᛫ European ᛫ AJ Europe+ish NE‹I+NE
eve efe ᛫ the day evening or other period of time immediately before an event or occasion ᛫ N ~ NE
even efen ᛫ equal- ᛫ fellow- ᛫ PREFIX ~ NE
even efen ᛫ to even ᛫ to equalize ᛬ equal ᛫ V᛬AJ ~ NE
evenamind efenamind ᛫ commemoration ᛫ N efengemynd OE
evenamindy efenamindy ᛫ commemorative ᛫ AJ efengemyndig OE
evenbank efenbank ᛫ a credit union ᛫ a financial cooperative ᛫ N even+bank NEx2 inspired by "Genossenchaftsbank"
evenborn efenborn ᛫ of equal birth ᛫ AJ efenboren OE
evenbusiness efenbusiness ᛫ a cooperative business ᛫ N even+business NEx2
evenedwistly efenedwistly ᛫ consubstantial ᛫ of the same substance or essence ᛫ AJ efenedwistlīc OE
eveneld efeneld ᛫ coeval ᛫ of the same age ᛫ AJ efeneald OE
evener efener ᛫ an equator ᛫ N even+er NEx2 calque: equator
evenfall efenfall ᛫ dusk ᛫ twilight ᛫ N ~ NE
evenhearted efenhearted ᛫ concordant ᛫ harmonious ᛫ AJ efenheort OE
evenhood efenhood ᛫ impartiality ᛫ fairness ᛫ equality ᛫ justice ᛫ moderation ᛫ temperance ᛫ N ~[ēvenhēde] NE
evenledge efenledge ᛫ to imitate ᛫ V efenlǣcan OE
evenling efenling ᛫ an equal ᛫ N evenling ME
evenly efenly ᛫ equally ᛫ AV ~ NE
evenmatch efenmac ᛫ an equivalent ᛫ N even+match NEx2
evenmete efenmete ᛫ coequal ᛫ equal ᛫ AJ evenmete ME
evenminded efenminded ᛫ equanimous ᛫ equable ᛫ AJ ~ NE
evenmindedness efenmindedness ᛫ equanimity ᛫ equability ᛫ N ~ NE
evenness efenness ᛫ balance ᛫ equilibrium ᛫ equality ᛫ N ~ NE
evennight efennigt ᛫ equinox ᛫ N efenniht OE
evensong efensong ᛫ vespers ( the service held at the sixth canonical hour ) ᛫ N ~[ēvensō̆ng][ǣfensang] NE
evensorrow efensorrow ᛫ empathy ᛫ sympathy ᛫ compassion ᛬ to compassionate ᛫ to be sorry for ᛫ to empathize ᛫ to sympathize ᛫ N᛬V efensorgian OE
eventide efentide ᛫ evening ᛫ N ~ NE
evenword efenword ᛫ synonym ᛫ N even+word NEx2 calque: evenwoord
evenwork efenwork ᛫ to cooperate ᛫ to work together ᛫ V efenweorcan OE
evenwright efenwrigt ᛫ a coworker ᛫ N efenwyrhta OE
evenyeavel efenyeafel ᛫ supper ᛫ dinner ᛫ N ǣfengifl OE
ever efer ᛫ perma- ᛫ PREFIX ~ NE
ever efer ᛫ a descendant ᛫ N eafora OE
everdeath eferdeath ᛫ permadeath ( gaming ) ᛫ N ever+death NEx2 calque: permadeath
Everettish Eferettisc ᛫ of or pertaining to the many-worlds interpretation of quantum physics ᛫ AJ(P) Everet+ish NEx2 calque: Everettian
everfern eferfern ᛫ a Polypodium vulgare plant ( common polypody ) ? ᛫ an Osmunda regalis plant ( royal fern ) ? ᛫ N everfē̆rn ME
everfrost eferfrost ᛫ permafrost ᛫ N ever+frost NEx2 calque: permafrost
everfrostland eferfrostland ᛫ a stretch of tundra ᛫ N ever+frost+land NEx3
everlasting eferlasting ᛫ eternal ᛫ permanent ᛫ AJ ~ NE
everlastingness eferlastingness ᛫ permanence ᛫ durability ᛫ eternality ᛫ N everlasting+ness NEx2
everlink eferlink ᛫ a permalink ᛬ to permalink (create a static address) ᛫ N᛬V ever+link{permalink} NEx2 calque: permalink
evermore efermore ᛫ eternally ᛫ forever ᛫ always ᛫ AV ~ NE
everness eferness ᛫ perpetuity ᛫ eternity ᛫ N ~ NE
evertilth efertilth ᛫ permaculture ᛫ N ever+tilth NEx2 calque: permaculture
everyday eferyday ᛫ ordinary ᛫ typical ᛫ commonplace ᛫ AJ ~ NE
everyman eferyman ᛫ an average or ordinary person ᛫ a commoner ᛫ N ~ NE
evest efest ᛫ envy ᛫ N evest[æfēst] ME
evildoer efildoer ᛫ a malefactor ᛫ N ~ NE
evilqueath efilcweath ᛫ to slander ᛫ to curse ( someone ) ᛫ V yfelcweþan OE
ewbough ewbuge ᛫ a legislative branch ᛫ N ē+bough ME+NE
ewbreach ewbreac ᛫ adultery ᛫ N ǣwbryce OE
ewbreaker ᛫ an adulterer ᛫ N ǣbreca OE
ewe ᛫ a female sheep ᛫ N ~ NE opposite of: ram
ewfast ᛫ firm in observing the law ᛫ pious ᛫ law-abiding ᛫ AJ ǣfæst OE
ewfastness ᛫ firmness in observing the law ᛫ piety ᛫ N ǣfæstnes OE
ewleap ᛫ a crime ᛫ a violation of the law ᛫ a transgression ᛫ N ǣhlȳp OE literally law-leap
ey ᛫ an egg ᛫ N ~ NE PL: eyren
ey ᛫ terror ᛫ N ege/ōga{oue} OE
eyedoor ᛫ a window ᛫ N ēagdūru OE "window" is Norse
eyeleech eyeleec ᛫ an ophthalmologist ᛫ N eye+leech NEx2
eyely ᛫ visible ᛫ ocular ᛬ visibly ᛫ AJ᛬AV ~ NE
eyering ᛫ an orbit ( an eye socket ) ᛫ N eiring ME
eyesome eyesum ᛫ attractive ᛫ pleasing to the eye ᛫ AJ ~ NE
eyethril ᛫ a window ᛫ an eye-hole ᛫ N ēagþyrl OE
eyetooth ᛫ a canine tooth ᛫ N ~ NE
eyewater ᛫ vitreous humour ᛫ aqueous humour ᛫ N ~ NE
eylime ᛫ egg white ᛫ N æglīm OE
eyse ᛫ to terrorize ᛫ V egesian OE
eywhite eyhwite ᛫ a protein ᛫ N ey+white NEx2 calque: eiwit
eywort ᛫ a dandelion ᛫ N ægwyrt OE
fack ᛫ an interval ᛫ a portion of time ᛫ N fece/fæce&fæc ME&OE
fade ᛫ to direct ᛫ to arrange ᛫ to order ᛫ to dictate ᛫ V fade&fadian ME&OE
fain ᛫ joyful ᛫ pleased ᛫ gladly willing ᛬ joyfully ᛫ gladly willingly ᛫ AJ᛬AV᛬I fain&fain[fægen] NE&ME
fair ᛫ just ᛫ equitable ᛫ reasonable ᛫ of decent value ᛫ AJ ~ NE
fairhaired ᛫ blond / blonde ᛫ AJ fairhaired NE
fairminded ᛫ unbiased and impartial ᛫ AJ ~ NE
fairness ᛫ impartiality ᛫ beauty ᛫ N ~ NE
fale ᛫ a companion ᛫ one who is faithful to another ᛫ N fāle ME kin féle/fǽle
fall ᛫ autumn ᛫ N ~[feallan] NE
fall ᛫ a descent ᛫ a case ( grammatical term ) ᛫ a case [ᚹ] ᛫ an instance [ᚹ] ᛫ N fyll OE
fall back ᛫ to retreat ᛫ V ~ NE PST: fellback ᛫ PTCP: fallenback
fallish fallisc ᛫ autumnal ᛫ AJ ~ NE
fallow ᛫ pale brown ᛫ tan brown ᛫ tawny ᛫ khaki ᛫ beige ᛫ AJ ~[fealu] NE
fallow ᛫ uncultivated land ᛫ N ~[fealh] NE
fallsick ᛫ epileptic ᛫ AJ fyllesēoc OE
fallsickness ᛫ epilepsy ᛫ N fyllesēocnys OE
fallsome fallsum ᛫ deciduous ( botany ) ᛫ AJ fall+some NEx2 invented by William Barnes
fallwind ᛫ a katabatic wind ᛫ N fall wind NE
fand ᛫ a trial ᛫ an attempt ᛬ to try ( in a trial ) ᛫ to try ( to attempt ) ᛫ to endeavour ᛫ to put to a test ᛫ to experiment ᛫ N᛬V fond/fand&fonden/fanden ME or: fond
fane ᛫ a banner ᛫ a flag ᛫ N ~ NE
fang ᛫ to take ᛫ to capture ᛫ to catch ᛫ to seize ᛫ V afọ̄n{fang} ME PST: fanged ᛫ PTCP: fanged
far ᛫ distant ᛫ AJ ~ NE
far ᛫ a bull ᛫ N fearr/fear OE
Far ᛫ Taurus ᛫ N(P) Fearr OE
farandman ᛫ a wayfarer ( especially a pedlar or a merchant who travels ) ᛫ N ~ NE
fare ᛫ a journey ᛫ a voyage ᛫ a transportation fee ᛬ to journey ᛫ to voyage ᛫ to travel ᛫ N᛬V ~ NE
fareld ᛫ a course ᛫ a passage ᛫ a going ᛫ an expedition ᛫ N færeld OE
farflung ᛫ remote ᛫ widely spread ᛫ AJ ~ NE
farl ᛫ a cake of a certain type ᛫ a biscuit of a certain type ᛫ N ~ NE
farl ᛫ distance ᛫ N firl{feorlen} OE
farlen ᛫ distant ᛫ remote ᛫ AJ feorlen/fyrlen OE
farm ᛫ food ᛫ sustenance ᛫ entertainment ᛬ to feed ᛫ to sustain ᛫ to entertain ᛫ N᛬V feorm&feormian OE
farmth ᛫ a harbouring ᛫ an entertaining ᛫ a cleansing ᛫ N feormþ OE
farness ᛫ distance ᛫ N ~ NE
Faroish Faroisc ᛫ the Faroese language ᛬ Faroese ᛫ N᛬AJ ~ NE
farrand ᛫ having a specified form or disposition ᛫ fashioned ᛫ AJ ~ NE
farrow ᛫ a piglet ᛫ a litter of piglets ᛫ N farrow&fearh NE&OE
farth ᛫ a tide ᛫ a current ᛫ a shore ᛫ N faroþ OE
farthing ᛫ a quarter ( of something ) ᛫ one-quarter of an old penny ᛫ N ~ NE equivalent to forth-ing
fast ᛫ firm ᛫ solid ᛫ stable ᛫ AJ ~ NE
fast ᛫ ( denotes stability , firmness , solidity , reliability , adherence to ) ᛫ SUFFIX ~ NE
fasten ᛫ to secure ᛫ V ~ NE
fasten ᛫ a fortress ᛫ a stronghold ᛫ a castle ᛫ N fæsten OE
fasthavel fasthafel ᛫ stingy ᛫ miserly ᛫ AJ fæsthafol OE fast-havel
fastness ᛫ a secure place ᛫ stability ᛫ immobility ᛫ firmness ᛫ solidity ᛫ obduracy ᛫ obstinacy ᛫ N fastness&fastnes NE&ME
fastshaft fastscaft ᛫ solid matter ᛫ N fast+shaft NE+ME
fatgoose ᛫ a penguin ᛫ N fat+goose NEx2 calque: vetgans
fatherland ᛫ the land of one's ancestors or birth ᛫ N ~ NE
fatherly ᛫ paternal ᛫ AJ ~ NE
fathermurther ᛫ patricide ᛫ N father+murther NE+ME calque: Vatermord
fathern ᛫ paternal ᛫ AJ fæderen OE
fathernbrother ᛫ paternal brother ( a brother one shares a father with ) ᛫ N fæderenbrōþor OE
fatherslayer ᛫ a patricide ᛫ N fatherslayer NE
fathom ᛫ a unit of length equal to six feet ( 1.8 metres ) ᛬ to grasp ᛫ to imagine ᛫ N᛬V ~ NE
fathomless ᛫ immeasurable ᛫ incomprehensible ᛫ AJ ~ NE
fathomlessness ᛫ unimaginability ᛫ N ~ NE
faw ᛫ equipped ᛫ variegated ᛫ AJ faw&fawe&fāh NE&ME&OE
fawn ᛫ to show affection ᛫ to court favour through flattering ᛫ V ~ NE often found in the term "fawning over"
fawning ᛫ a rejoicing ᛫ an exultation ᛫ a celebration ᛬ obsequious ᛫ N᛬AJ fawning&fægnung NE&OE
fawworm ᛫ a basilisk ᛫ N fāgwyrm OE
fax ᛫ head hair ᛫ N ~ NE
faxcloth ᛫ a headband ᛫ a hairband ᛫ N feaxclāþ OE
faxed ᛫ maned ᛫ AJ ~ NE
faxedstar ᛫ a comet ᛫ N fax+ed+star NEx3 calque: maned star
faxfalling ᛫ loss of hair ᛫ alopecia ᛫ N feaxfeallung OE
faxneedle faxneedel ᛫ a hair needle ᛫ N feaxnǣdel OE
faxread ᛫ to dress or trim hair ᛫ V feaxgerǣdian OE
fay ᛫ a joining ᛫ a combo ᛫ a combination ᛫ a juncture ᛬ to join together ᛫ to attach ᛫ N᛬V gefēg&feien OE&ME
faying ᛫ a conjunction ( grammatical term ) ᛫ N fēging OE or: linkword (coined by William Barnes)
faze fase ᛫ to daunt ᛫ to put off ᛫ to disturb ᛫ to perturb ᛫ V ~[fēsen] NE
feamen ᛫ a woman ᛫ N fǣmne OE
fearsome fearsum ᛫ scary ᛫ AJ ~ NE
feather ᛫ a pen ᛫ a stylus ᛫ N fether&feþer ME&OE
featherhame ᛫ plumage ᛫ N fetherhāme ME
featherheaded ᛫ disorganized and foolish ᛫ AJ feather-headed NE
fee ᛫ livestock ᛫ cattle ᛫ capital ᛫ money ᛫ wealth ᛫ moveable property ᛫ N fee&fē NE&ME "fee" as in "fine" is French
fee ᛫ to rejoice ᛫ to exult ᛫ to celebrate ᛫ V gefēon OE
feeboot ᛫ monetary compensation ᛫ N feohbōt OE
feedom ᛫ capitalism ᛫ N fee+dom ME+NE
feel ᛫ greatly ᛫ much ᛫ very ᛫ many ᛫ AV fēle[fela] ME
feel ᛫ excellent ᛫ faithful ᛫ AJ fēle&fǣle ME&OE
feeland ᛫ a pasture ᛫ pasture land ᛫ N feohland OE
feelfold ᛫ to increase in number ᛫ to multiply ᛬ manifold ᛫ multiple ᛫ varied ᛫ diverse ᛫ V᛬AJ fēlefōlden&fēlefōlden ME
feening ᛫ a craving for more narcotics ᛫ N ~ NE
Feenish Feenisc ᛫ Phoenician language ᛬ Phoenician ᛫ N(P)᛬AJ(P) Syrofēnisc{φοῖνιξ} OE
Feenishman Feeniscman ᛫ a Phoenician ᛫ N(P) Syrofēnisc+man OE+NE
feenix ᛫ a phoenix ᛫ N fēnix ME‹O
feered ᛫ a company of people ᛫ a band ᛫ a host ᛫ a troop ᛫ companionship ᛫ comradeship ᛫ N ferrēde{fēre} ME
feership feerscip ᛫ companionship ᛫ companions ᛫ company ᛫ N fere+ship OE+NE
feeth ᛫ walking on foot ᛫ the ability to talk on foot ᛬ to travel on foot ᛫ N᛬V fēþe&fēþan OE
feether ᛫ infantry ᛫ a host ᛫ a troop ᛫ tribe ᛫ company ᛫ N fēþa OE
feethgang ᛫ a journey on foot ᛫ N fēþegang OE
feethheer ᛫ a foot army ᛫ a troop of infantry ᛫ N fēþehere OE
feigh feig ᛫ to make beautiful ᛫ to adorn ᛫ V feahen[fǣgan] ME
feist ᛫ a fart ᛫ a small dog ( especially a feisty one ) ᛬ to fart ᛫ N᛬V feist&fīst&fīsten NE&ME&ME
feisty ᛫ like a small energetic dog ᛫ spunky ᛫ AJ ~ NE
feith ᛫ a feud ᛫ N fǣhþ{feithhēd}{feied} OE equal to: foe+th
fell ᛫ a pelt ᛫ hide ᛫ skin ᛫ N ~[fel/fell] NE
fell ᛫ to destroy ᛫ to kill ᛫ to fell a tree ᛫ to make something fall ᛫ to strike down ᛫ to destroy ᛫ to kill ᛫ to defeat ᛫ V ~[fellan]{afellen} NE
felling ᛫ a clearing ᛫ an open space in a forest ᛫ N ~ ME
fellow ᛫ a companion ᛫ a comrade ᛫ N ~ NE‹N
fellowless ᛫ peerless ᛫ AJ ~ NE‹(N+E)
fellowship fellowscip ᛫ community ᛫ N ~ NE‹(N+E)
felly ᛫ the exterior rim supported by spokes ᛫ a circumference ᛫ N ~ NE
felton ᛫ a toilet ᛫ a privy ᛫ N feltūn OE
fen ᛫ a stretch of unforested wetland fed by ground water and runoff ᛫ N ~ NE
fenberry ᛫ a Vaccinium oxycoccos plant ( a cranberry ) ᛫ N fen-berry NE
fengle fengel ᛫ a prince ᛫ a princeps ᛫ N fengel OE
fennel ᛫ a Foeniculum vulgare plant ᛫ N ~ NE
fenny ᛫ boggy ᛫ AJ ~ NE
fenow ᛫ mold ᛫ N fenowed&fyne NE&OE
fenowed ᛫ moldy ᛫ decayed ᛫ corrupted ᛫ AJ ~ NE
fer ᛫ ( denotes a negative suddenness and unexpectedness ) ᛫ PREFIX fǣr{fērlī}{ferly} OE kin: fear
ferd ᛫ an army or troop especially when a militia ᛫ N ferd ME
ferdman ᛫ a militiaman ᛫ N fyrdmann OE
ferdwite ᛫ a penalty for evading military service ᛫ N fyrdwīte OE
fere ᛫ a companion ( a comrade , a spouse , a friend , et cetera ) ᛫ N ~[ifẹ̄re][gefēra] ENE
fere ᛫ life ᛫ N fēre{feore/feorh} ME
ferk ᛫ to support ᛫ to bring in support ᛫ to assist ᛫ to drive ᛫ to rush ᛫ V ferken&fercian ME&OE
ferking ᛫ provisions ᛫ a sustaining ᛫ N fercung OE
ferly ᛫ an oddity ᛫ an anomaly [ᚹ] ᛫ a surprise [ᚹ] ᛬ strange ᛫ surprising ᛫ unexpected ᛫ anomalous ᛬ strangely ᛫ surprisingly ᛫ unexpectedly ᛫ N᛬AJ᛬AV ferly&fērlī NE&ME equal to: fear+ly
fern ᛫ ancient ᛫ old ᛫ previous ᛫ past ᛫ AJ fern/furn ME
fern ᛫ ancient- ᛫ old- ᛫ PREFIX fern[fyrn] ME
fern ᛫ a Filicophyta plant ᛫ a Filicopsida plant ᛫ N ~ NE
ferndays ᛫ days of old ᛫ N fyrndagas OE
fernman ᛫ an ancient ( as in "the ancients" ) ᛫ N fyrnman OE
fernseed ᛫ one of the asexual dustlike spores of a fern which resemble seeds ᛫ N fern seed NE
fernsitter ᛫ a rabbit ᛫ N fernsitter ME
ferry ᛫ a ship used to transport passengers and goods ᛬ to transport ᛫ to convey ᛫ V ~ NE or: fere (from ME alternative)
ferse ᛫ a verse ᛫ N fers OE‹I
ferthyeaver ferthyeafer ᛫ giver of life ᛫ God ᛫ N feorhgifa OE
fetch fec ᛫ to go after and bring back ᛫ V ~ NE
fether ᛫ to burden ᛫ to put a load upon ᛫ V fetheren ME
fetter ᛫ a limit ᛫ a regulation ᛫ a restricter ᛫ a restriction ᛫ a restrainer ᛬ to restrict ᛫ to restrain ᛫ to impede ᛫ to slow down ᛫ to limit ᛫ N᛬V ~ NE
fettered ᛫ restrained ᛫ restricted ᛫ limited ᛫ regulated ᛫ AJ ~ NE
fettle fettel ᛫ a vessel ᛫ a receptacle ᛫ a cask ᛫ a bag ᛫ a sack ᛫ N fētil[fǣtels] ME
fettle fettel ᛫ condition ᛬ to repair ᛫ to mend ᛫ to fix ᛫ to put in order ᛫ N᛬V ~[fetel] NE
fettler fetteller ᛫ a repairer ᛫ a repairman ᛫ a railway maintenance man ᛫ N ~ NE
fewshaft fewscaft ᛫ destitute ᛫ miserable ᛫ squalid ᛫ AJ feasceaft OE
fey ᛫ doomed ᛫ dying ᛫ overrefined ᛫ fatal ᛫ AJ ~[fei][fǣge] NE
fick ᛫ deceit ᛫ fraud ᛫ N fic&gefic OE&OE
fickle fickel ᛫ unreliable ᛫ disloyal ᛫ treacherous ᛫ deceptive ᛫ deceitful ᛫ N fickle&fikel[ficol] NE&ME
fiddle fiddel ᛫ a violin ᛫ N ~[fiþele] NE
fiddle with fiddel with ᛫ to manipulate ᛫ to tinker ᛫ AJ ~ NE
fieldelf feeldelf ᛫ a field elf ᛫ a field fairy ᛫ a field nymph ᛫ N feldælf OE
fieldhen feeldhen ᛫ a Perdix bird ( a partridge ) ᛫ N field+hen NEx2 calque: NL veldhoen
fieldhouse feeldhuse ᛫ a tent ᛫ a building used for sports ᛫ N ~[feldhūs] NE
fieldswamb feeldswamb ᛫ fungus ᛫ N feldswamm OE
fiend feend ᛫ an evil person ᛫ a lowlife ᛫ a drug addict ᛫ an enemy ᛫ N ~ NE
fiendish feendisc ᛫ very bad unpleasant or difficult ᛫ AJ ~ NE
fiendred feendred ᛫ enmity ᛫ N fēondrǣden OE
fiendship feendscip ᛫ enmity ᛫ foeship ᛫ N fēondscip OE
fight figt ᛫ to moisten ᛫ V fȳhtan OE
fike ᛫ to feign ᛫ to dissemble ᛫ to flatter ᛫ to wheedle ᛫ V fiken[fician] ME
fike ᛫ a fig ᛫ N fīke ME‹I?
filch filc ᛫ some stolen thing or things ᛬ to steal ᛫ N᛬V ~ NE
file ᛫ to defile ᛫ to corrupt ᛫ V fīlen[fȳlan] ME
fill ᛫ chervil ? ᛫ the Thymus serpyllum plant ( breckland thyme ) ? ᛫ N fille OE
film ᛫ a movie ᛫ a membrane ᛫ skin ᛫ N film&filmen NE&OE
filmcraft ᛫ the art or craft of making movies ᛫ cinematography ᛫ N filmcraft NE
filmgoer ᛫ a moviegoer ᛫ a cinemagoer ᛫ N ~ NE
filmhouse filmhuse ᛫ a cinema ᛫ N film+house NEx2
filmish filmisc ᛫ filmic ᛫ cinematic ᛫ AJ ~ NE
filmling ᛫ a short film ᛫ N film+ling NEx2
filmmaker ᛫ a cinematographer ᛫ a filmographer ᛫ N ~ NE
filmstar ᛫ a movie star ᛫ N film star NE
filst ᛫ aid ᛫ assistance ᛫ support ᛫ furtherance ᛫ abetment ᛬ to aid ᛫ to assist ᛫ to support ᛫ to abet ᛫ N᛬V filst&filsten ME&ME
filthfear ᛫ mysophobia ᛫ N dirt+fear NEx2
find ᛫ to locate ᛫ V ~ NE
findle findel ᛫ something found ᛫ a discovery ᛫ an invention ᛫ N findles ME
finger ᛫ to identify ᛫ to point out ᛫ V ~ NE
fingerapple fingerappel ᛫ a date ᛫ N fingeræppel OE
fingerbone ᛫ a phalanx of a finger ( anatomy ) ᛫ N ~ NE
fingry ᛫ digital ᛫ AJ finger+y NEx2
Finn ᛫ a Finn ᛫ N(P) Finn OE
fint ᛫ a tail ᛫ sequel ᛫ consequence ᛫ N finta OE
firebarrow ᛫ a volcano ᛫ N fire+barrow NEx2
firebouk firebook ᛫ a Molotov cocktail ᛫ N fire+bouk NE+ME
firebrand ᛫ a torch with a flame ᛫ an argumentative troublemaker or revolutionary ᛫ N ~ NE
firedog ᛫ an andiron ᛫ a landiron ᛫ N ~ NE calque: chenet?
fireflood ᛫ a lava flow ᛫ N ~ NE
firen ᛫ to sin ᛫ V firenian OE
firenful ᛫ sinful ᛫ wicked ᛫ AJ firenfull OE
firenlust ᛫ sinful lust ᛫ wantonness ᛫ N firenlust OE
firenlustyearn ᛫ voluptuous ᛫ lascivious ᛫ AJ firenlustgeorn OE
firepan ᛫ a brazier ᛫ N ~ NE
fires ᛫ living beings ᛫ humanity ᛫ humans ᛫ N fīras OE kin: feorm/farm; firihōs (Old Saxon); fīrar (Icelandic)
firewater ᛫ liquor ᛫ strong alcoholic drink ᛫ N ~ NE possibly a calque from an American Indian language
fireweapon ᛫ a firearm ᛫ N ~ NE "earliest use found in Humphrey Barwick (d. 1598)"
firk ᛫ to move quickly ᛫ hasten ᛫ to be lively ᛫ to jerk ᛫ to switch ᛫ to fidget ᛫ to fuss ᛫ V ~ NE
firnut ᛫ a fircone ᛫ N fir+nut NEx2 note: pīnhnutu
firrow ᛫ a mountain ᛫ N firgen/fyrgen{firegāt} OE kin: 𐍆𐌰𐌹𐍂𐌲𐌿𐌽𐌹; पर्वत ᛫ evidence from ME shows loss of /n/
firrowbuck ᛫ an ibex ? ᛫ N firgenbucca OE
firse ᛫ to keep away ᛫ to take away ᛫ V firsen/fursen[feorsian] ME "firse him from me" ᛫ kin: far
firsen ᛫ the heel ᛫ N fiersn/fyrsn OE
first ᛫ a ceiling ᛫ a roof ᛫ N first[first] ME
firsthand ᛫ direct ( without intermediate stages ) ᛫ AJ ~ NE
firth ᛫ an estuary ᛫ an inlet ᛫ a fjord ᛫ N ~ NE‹N
firwit ᛫ curiosity ᛫ N firwit/firwet OE
fishhawk fiscawk ᛫ a Pandion haliaetus bird ( an osprey ) ᛫ N ~ NE
fishlore fisclore ᛫ ichthyology ᛫ N ~ NE
fishly fiscly ᛫ piscine ᛫ ichthyic ᛫ AJ ~ NE
fishwife fiscwife ᛫ a coarse-mannered woman who is prone to shouting ᛫ a female fishmonger ᛫ N ~ NE
fishy fiscy ᛫ suspicious ᛫ dubious ᛫ questionable ᛫ AJ ~ NE
fit ᛫ a section of a narrative ( especially a poem or song ) ᛫ a canto ᛫ a chapter ᛫ N fit&fit/fitt[fitte] NE&ME "chapter" usage found in "the Hunting of the Snark"
fitful ᛫ sporadic ᛫ AJ ~ NE
fivald fifald ᛫ a butterfly ᛫ a Lepidopteran insect [ᚹ] ᛫ N fifalde OE
fivel fifel ᛫ a monster ᛫ a giant ᛫ N fifel OE
fivelish fifelisc ᛫ monstrous ᛫ AJ fifel+ish ME+NE
fivepenny fifepenny ᛫ a nickel [ᚹ] ᛬ worth five cents ᛫ worth five pence ᛫ N᛬AJ ~ NE
fizz fis ᛫ soda ᛫ pop ᛫ coke ᛫ N ~ NE
flask ᛫ a flask ᛫ a bottle ᛫ N flaxe OE‹I? or: flax
flat ᛫ unstressed ( of accents and syllables ) ᛫ AJ ~ NE
flat ᛫ an apartment ᛫ N ~ NE
flatware ᛫ eating utensils such as knives forks and spoons ᛫ cutlery ᛫ N ~ NE
flawed ᛫ imperfect ᛫ AJ ~ NE‹N
flawless ᛫ perfect ᛫ AJ ~ NE‹(N+E)
flaxen ᛫ made of flax ᛫ of the pale yellow colour of dressed flax ᛫ AJ ~ NE
flaxenhaired ᛫ blond ᛫ blonde ᛫ AJ flaxenhaired NE
flay ᛫ to skin ᛫ V ~ NE
fleabane ᛫ an Erigeron plant ᛫ N ~ NE
fleard ᛫ falsehood ᛫ deceit ᛫ N flērd[gefleard] ME
flearder ᛫ a deceiver ᛫ a trickster ᛫ N fleardere OE
fledge ᛫ to care for a young bird until it can fly ᛫ to grow feathers ᛫ V ~ NE
fledgling ᛫ an immature or inexperienced person or thing ᛬ nascent ᛫ emerging ᛫ N᛬AJ ~ NE
fleed ᛫ to flow ᛫ V flēden ME kin: flood
fleem ᛫ exile ᛫ an exile ᛫ an outcast ᛬ to outcast ᛫ to exile ᛫ N᛬V flēme&flēmen ME&ME
fleet ᛫ a navy ᛫ N ~[flēot] NE
fleet ᛫ a marshland creek ᛫ a marshland channel ᛫ a marshland ditch ᛫ N ~[flēot] NE
fleet ᛫ to move quickly ᛫ to pass time rapidly ᛫ to fade away ᛫ V ~[flēotan] NE
fleeting ᛫ lasting for a very short time ᛫ ephemeral ᛫ AJ ~ NE
fleetlord ᛫ an admiral ᛫ N fleet+lord{sciphlāford} NEx2
fleettow ᛫ an admiral ᛫ N fleet+tow NEx2 by analogy with heretowa ᛫ or: fleettough
flesher flescer ᛫ a butcher ᛫ N ~ NE
fleshhame flescame ᛫ to incarnate ᛫ to become incarnate ᛫ V flǽschamian OE
fleshhamed flescamed ᛫ incarnate ᛫ AJ flǽschamod OE
fleshliness flescliness ᛫ carnality ᛫ N ~ NE
fleshly flescly ᛫ carnal ᛫ sensual ᛫ having an actual physical appearance ᛫ AJ ~ NE
fleshy flescy ᛫ plump ᛫ AJ ~ NE
fley ᛫ to scare [ᛏ] ᛫ to become scared ᛫ V āflēgan NE kin: fly?; flee?
flightcraft fligtcraft ᛫ an airplane ᛫ an aeroplane ᛫ N flight+craft NEx2
flightfear fligtfear ᛫ aerophobia ᛫ N flight+fear NEx2
flightfield fligtfield ᛫ an airfield ᛫ N flight+field NEx2 calque: fleanfjild
flintstone ᛫ any hard stone such as flint , quartz , granite , basalt ᛫ N ~ NE
flitch flic ᛫ a slab of meat ( especially bacon ) ᛫ a slab of timber ᛫ N ~[flicche][flicce] NE
flite ᛫ a quarrel ᛫ a dispute ᛫ an argument ᛬ to quarrel ᛫ to dispute ᛫ to argue ᛫ to contend ᛫ N᛬V ~ NE
flitecraft ᛫ the art of dialectics ᛫ the art of arguing ᛫ N flītcræft OE
flitecraftly ᛫ dialectical ᛫ disputational ᛫ AJ flītcræftlīc OE
fliteful ᛫ contentious ᛫ AJ flītful OE
flitem ᛫ a lancet ᛫ a scalpel ᛫ N flītme OE glossary word
fliteyern ᛫ a litigator ᛫ N flītgeorn OE glossary word
fliting ᛫ a contention ᛫ a debate ᛫ a quarrel ᛫ N flite+ing NEx2
float ᛫ a raft ᛫ N ~ NE raft is Norse
flone ᛫ an arrow ᛫ a bolt ( for a crossbow ) ᛫ a dart ᛫ a bullet [ᚹ] ᛫ a projectile [ᚹ] ᛫ N flōn[flān] ME
flow ᛫ a flux ᛫ N ~ NE
flowshaft flowscaft ᛫ liquid matter ᛫ fluid matter ᛫ N flow+shaft NE+ME
flowy ᛫ appearing like liquid ᛫ liquid [ᚹ] ᛫ fluid [ᚹ] ᛫ AJ flowy NE
fluke flook ᛫ a Pleuronectiformes fish ᛫ N ~[flōc] NE
flukeworm flookworm ᛫ a parasitic worm ᛫ N ~ NE
fob ᛫ a little pocket for holding a watch ᛫ a pocket watch chain ᛫ N ~ NE‹HG
fodder ᛫ food for livestock ᛫ inferior or readily available material used to supply a heavy demand ᛫ N ~ NE
foe ᛫ an enemy ᛫ N ~ NE
foeman ᛫ an adversary ᛫ N ~[fōman] NE
foeship foescip ᛫ enmity ᛫ the opposite of friendship ᛫ N ~ NE
foken ᛫ deceit ᛫ fraud ᛫ deceitfulness ᛫ guile ᛬ deceitful ᛫ false ᛫ fake ᛫ N᛬AJ fōken&fācen ME&OE kin: fake?
fokenful ᛫ deceitful ᛫ fraudulent ᛫ AJ fācenful OE
fokentoken ᛫ a false signal ᛫ a false sign ᛫ a false token ᛫ a misdirection ᛫ N fācentācen OE
fold ᛫ the Earth ᛫ the world ᛫ mankind ᛫ dry land ᛫ N folde[folde] ME
fold ᛫ a political party ᛫ a religious group ᛫ an ideological group ᛫ a fellowship ᛫ N ~ NE
fold ᛫ a pen or enclosure in a field where livestock can be kept ᛫ N ~ NE
foldway ᛫ the Earth ᛫ N foldweg OE
folk ᛫ a people ᛫ people ᛫ N᛬V ~ NE
folk ᛫ demo- ᛫ PREFIX folc OE
folkbale ᛫ torment from the public ᛫ public backlash ᛫ N folcbealo OE
folkcouth folkcooth ᛫ well-known ᛫ widely celebrated ᛫ popular ᛫ AJ folccūþ OE
folkdom ᛫ a democracy ᛫ N ~ NE invented by William Barnes
folkish folkisc ᛫ characteristic of ordinary people or traditional culture ᛫ AJ ~ NE
folkland ᛫ public property ᛫ N ~ NE
folklore ᛫ traditional customs tales sayings dances or art forms preserved among a people ᛫ N ~ NE
folkly ᛫ public ᛫ AJ ~ NE
folkmear ᛫ popular ᛫ folk-known ᛫ AJ folcmǣre OE
folkmoot ᛫ an assembly of the people ᛫ N ~ NE
folkmorth ᛫ a genocide ᛫ N folk+morth NE+ME calque: Völkermord
folkrich folkric ᛫ a democracy ᛫ N folk+rīche NE+ME
folkright folkrigt ᛫ common law ᛫ N folcriht OE
folkshather folkscather ᛫ people's tyrant ᛫ a villain ᛫ N folcsceaþa OE or: folkscather (Norse influenced)
folkstow ᛫ a country place ᛫ a rustic place ᛫ N folcstōw OE
folktale ᛫ a characteristically anonymous tale circulated orally among a people ᛫ N ~ NE
folktelling ᛫ a census ᛫ N folk+tell+ing NEx3 calque: volkstelling
folktilth ᛫ pop-culture ᛫ N folk+tilth NEx3
folktow ᛫ a popular lead ᛫ a chief ᛫ a chieftain ᛫ N folctoga OE
Folkwandering ᛫ the migrations of the Migration Period ᛫ N(P) ~ NE calque: Völkerwanderung
folkway ᛫ a custom or belief common to members of a society or culture ᛫ N ~ NE
folkways ᛫ the customs of a community ( a culture ) ᛫ N ~ NE
follow after ᛫ to succeed ᛫ V ~ NE
follower ᛫ a successor ᛫ an adherent ᛫ a pupil ᛫ a partisan ᛫ N ~ NE
following ᛫ ensuing ᛫ AJ ~ NE
followth ᛫ that which follows ᛫ a retinue ᛫ service of a follower ᛫ N folgoþ OE
folm ᛫ a palm ᛫ N folm OE
fond ᛫ affectionate ᛫ AJ ~ NE
fondest ᛫ a favourite ᛫ a beloved one ᛬ favourite ᛫ N᛬AJ ~ NE
fondness ᛫ affection ᛫ dearness ᛫ endearment ᛫ N ~ NE
footadle footadel ᛫ gout ᛫ N fōtādl OE
footbone ᛫ a metatarsal ᛫ N ~ NE
footgoer ᛫ a pedestrian ᛫ N ~ NE
footleech footleec ᛫ a podiatrist ᛫ N foot+leech NEx2
footly ᛫ pedestrian ᛫ AJ fōtlic OE
footman ᛫ a foot soldier ᛫ N ~ NE
footmeal ᛫ step by step ᛫ AV ~ NE
footmen ᛫ infantry ᛫ N ~ NE
footwelm ᛫ the sole of the foot ᛫ N fōtwelm OE
for ᛫ because of ᛫ for the sake of ᛫ because ᛫ P ~ NE
for eld ᛫ for ages ᛫ AV for ēlde ME
for that ᛫ because ᛫ AV&C for that ME or: forthat ᛫ to say "because of" say "along of" or "owing to"
forane ᛫ beforehand ( denoting anticipation or prevention ) ᛫ AV forane OE was used with gēan, ongēan, and tōgēanes to mean "against"
forbear ᛫ to avoid ᛫ to abstain ᛫ to refrain when provoked ᛫ to decline ᛫ V ~ NE
forbearing ᛫ forbearance ᛫ N forbear+ing NEx2
forbid ᛫ to prohibit ᛫ V ~ NE PST: forbade ᛫ PTCP: forbidden
forbidden ᛫ prohibited ᛫ verboten ᛫ AJ ~ NE
forbode ᛫ a prohibition ᛫ N forbōd[forbod] ME
forbond ᛫ a federation ᛫ N for+bond NEx2 calque: verbond
forbuy ᛫ to bribe ᛫ to ransom a prisoner ᛫ to redeem ᛫ V forbīen ME
forby ᛫ in addition ᛬ past ᛫ near ᛫ besides ᛫ AV᛬P ~ NE or: forbye
forcouth forcooth ᛫ despised ᛫ infamous ᛫ AJ forcūþ ME
ford ᛫ a shallow spot in a river or stream ᛬ to wade across a ford ᛫ N᛬V ~ NE
fordeal ᛫ to distribute ᛫ V fordǣlan OE
fordeem ᛫ to condemn ᛫ to convict ᛫ V fordēmen ME
fordit ᛫ to close up ᛫ to stop ᛫ V forditten ME
fordo ᛫ to abolish ᛫ to annul ᛫ to cancel ᛫ V ~ NE PST: fordid ᛫ PTCP: fordone
fordraw ᛫ to torture by stretching ᛫ to take away by force ᛫ V fordrauen ME
fordrench fordrenc ᛫ to intoxicate ᛫ N fordrenchen ME
fordrive fordrife ᛫ to drive away ᛫ to physically expel ᛫ V fordriven ME
fordwine ᛫ to fade away ᛫ to waste away ᛫ to decay ᛫ to dwindle ᛫ V ~ NE
fore ᛫ the front ᛬ in front ᛫ N᛬P ~ NE
fore ᛫ pre- ᛫ ante- ᛫ PREFIX ~ NE see ere (prefix)
forebear ᛫ an ancestor ᛫ N ~ NE
forebisen ᛫ an example ( good or bad ) ᛫ a model ᛫ an exemplar ᛫ a template ᛫ an archetype ᛫ an allegory ᛫ an analogy [ᚹ] ᛬ to example ᛫ N᛬V forebisen&forbisenen ME&ME
forebode ᛫ to predict ᛫ to foretell ᛫ to portend ᛫ V ~ NE
foreboder ᛫ an oracle ᛫ a prophet ᛫ N ~ NE
foreboding ᛫ an evil omen ᛬ ominous ᛫ N᛬AJ ~ NE
forebody ᛫ the thorax ᛫ N ~ NE
forebook ᛫ a prelude to a book or series of books ᛫ a preface ᛫ N ~ NE
forebrain ᛫ the prosencephalon ᛫ N ~ NE
forebusy ᛫ to preoccupy ᛫ V ~ NE
forecast ᛫ a prediction ᛬ to predict ᛫ N᛬V ~ NE‹(E+N)
forecaster ᛫ a predictor ᛫ N ~ NE‹(E+N+E)
forecoming ᛫ an advent ᛬ preceding ᛫ N᛬AJ ~ NE
forecool ᛫ to precool ᛫ V fore+cool NEx2 by analogy of: preheat
fored ᛫ broken ᛫ AJ forod OE rhyme: horrid ᛫ what verb does this word come from?
foredeal ᛫ advantage ᛫ N ~[fōredēl] NE
foredeem ᛫ to expect ᛫ to assume ᛫ V ~ NE
foredoom ᛫ prejudice ᛬ to judge beforehand ᛫ N᛬V fore+doom NEx2
foredoor ᛫ a front door ᛫ N ~ NE
forefang ᛫ to anticipate ᛫ to take beforehand ᛫ V fōrefōn OE
forefather ᛫ an ancestor ᛫ a precursor ᛫ N ~ NE
forefeeling ᛫ presentiment ᛫ N ~ NE
forefinger ᛫ the index finger ᛫ the pointer finger ᛫ N ~ NE see "shotfinger"
foreflood ᛫ antediluvian ᛫ before the Biblical flood ᛫ AJ fore+flood NEx2 calque
foreganger ᛫ a predecessor ᛫ a herald ᛫ N foreganger ME
foregate ᛫ a main entrance ᛫ a front gate ᛫ N ~ NE
forego ᛫ to precede ᛫ V ~ NE often found in the saying "foregone conclusion"
foregoer ᛫ a predecessor ᛫ N ~ NE
foregoing ᛫ preceding ᛫ AJ ~ NE
foregone ᛫ past ᛫ AJ ~ NE
foreguess foregess ᛫ conjecture ᛫ an assumption ᛬ to assume ᛫ N᛬V ~ NE
foregut ᛫ the anterior part of the alimentary canal of an embryo from the mouth to the duodenum ᛫ N ~ NE
forehand ᛫ the chief part ᛫ an advantage ᛫ N ~ NE
forehanded ᛫ prudent ᛫ AJ ~ NE
foreheadbone ᛫ a frontal bone ᛫ N ~ NE
forehouse forehuse ᛫ a foyer ᛫ N ~ NE
forekidney ᛫ the pronephros ᛫ N ~ NE
foreknow ᛫ to know beforehand ( especially through supernatural means ) ᛫ V ~ NE
foreknowledge ᛫ prescience ᛫ foresight ᛫ precognition ᛫ N ~ NE
foreland ᛫ a cape ᛫ a promontory ᛫ N ~ NE
forelock ᛫ a lock of hair growing just above the forehead ᛫ N ~ NE
forelook ᛫ a preview ᛬ to preview ᛫ N᛬V ~ NE
foremake ᛫ to prefabricate ᛫ V ~ NE
foreman ᛫ a taskmaster ᛫ a supervisor of work ᛫ a honcho ᛫ a boss ᛫ N ~ NE
foremost ᛫ paramount ᛫ AJ ~ NE
foremother ᛫ a female ancestor ᛫ N ~ NE
forename ᛫ a pronoun ᛫ N fōrenama OE
forenamed ᛫ previously named ᛫ aforementioned ᛫ AJ ~ NE
foreneed ᛫ prerequisite ᛫ N fore+need NEx2
forenight forenigt ᛫ the early part of the evening ᛫ N ~ NE
foreowned ᛫ pre-owned ᛫ AJ ~ NE
foreridle foreridel ᛫ one who rides ahead ᛫ a precursor ᛫ a harbinger ᛫ N forridel ME
forerun ᛫ to run before ᛫ to come before as a token of something to follow ᛫ V ~ NE
forerunner ᛫ a predecessor ᛫ a precursor ᛫ N ~ NE
foresee ᛫ to predict ᛫ to anticipate ᛫ to provide ᛫ V ~ NE
foreset ᛫ to prepose ᛫ V foresetten ME
foresetting ᛫ a proposal ᛫ a proposition ᛫ a preposition ( grammatical term ) ᛫ N fōresetnes OE
foreshadow forescadow ᛫ to presage ᛫ V ~ NE
foreship forescip ᛫ the forward part of a ship ᛫ the prow ᛫ N forship ME
foreshow forescow ᛫ to show before ᛫ to give warning or promise of ᛫ V ~ NE
foresight foresigt ᛫ the ability to predict what will happen or be needed in the future ᛫ an act of looking forwards ᛫ N ~ NE
foresitter ᛫ a president ᛫ N fore+sit+er NEx3 calque: Vorsitzende; Forseti
foresmack ᛫ a foretaste ᛫ a sample ᛫ N ~ NE
forespeak ᛫ to foretell ᛫ to predict ᛫ V ~ NE
forespeech forespeec ᛫ a preface ᛫ a preamble ᛫ N ~ NE
forestall ᛫ to obstruct ᛫ V ~ NE
forestear ᛫ prehistory ᛫ N fore+stǣr NE+OE‹I‹H
forestighting forestigting ᛫ predestination ᛫ N forestihtung OE
foretale ᛫ a prologue ᛫ a prediction ᛫ N ~ NE
foretell ᛫ to predict ᛫ V ~ NE
forethink ᛫ to premeditate ᛫ V ~ NE
forethought forethougt ᛫ prudence ᛫ N ~ NE
foretoken ᛫ a presage ᛫ an omen ᛫ a prognostic ᛫ N ~ NE
foretooth ᛫ an incisor ᛫ a front tooth ᛫ N ~ NE
foreward ᛫ a scout ᛫ an explorer ᛫ N foreweard OE
forewarm ᛫ to preheat ᛫ V ~ NE
forewit ᛫ precaution ᛫ prudence ᛫ N ~ NE
foreword ᛫ a preface ᛫ an introduction ( in a document ) ᛫ N ~ NE
forework ᛫ a fortifying structure erected for defense ᛫ N ~ NE
forfare ᛫ to perish ᛫ to go to ruin ᛫ to go astray ᛫ to stray ᛫ V forfāren ME
forgather ᛫ to assemble ᛫ to gather together [ᚾ] ᛫ V ~ NE
forgo ᛫ to go or do without ᛫ to refrain from ᛫ V ~ NE
forhew ᛫ to slash into pieces ᛫ to kill by cutting ᛫ V forheuen ME
forhow ᛫ to despise ᛫ to reject ᛫ to treat with contempt ᛫ to disregard ᛫ V forhouen[forhogian/forhycgan] ME
forleese ᛫ to abandon ᛫ to forfeit ᛫ to lose something ᛫ to desert ᛫ to damn ᛫ V forlēsen ME PST: forlore ᛫ PTCP: forlorn
forlet ᛫ to desert ᛫ to forsake ᛫ to neglect ᛫ to abandon ᛫ to reject ᛫ to leave ᛫ to depart ᛫ V ~ NE PST: forlet
forlie ᛫ to rape ᛫ to fornicate ᛫ V forlien ME
forlier ᛫ adultery ᛫ fornication ᛫ an adulterer ᛫ an adulteress ᛫ a fornicator ᛬ adulterous ᛫ N᛬AJ forliger OE
forlorn ᛫ abandoned ᛫ deserted ᛫ AJ ~ NE from the verb "forleese"
form ᛫ original ᛫ primal ᛫ AJ forme ME
formfather ᛫ the first father of something ᛫ a progenitor ᛫ N formefader ME
formly ᛫ originally ᛫ primally ᛫ AV forme+ly ME+NE
formmother ᛫ the first mother of something ᛫ a progenitrix ᛫ N formemoder ME
forn ᛫ previous ᛫ former ᛬ formerly ᛫ previously ᛬ before ( in space or in time ) ᛫ AJ᛬AV᛬P forne[forn] ME
fornigh fornige ᛫ very nearly ᛫ almost ᛫ AV forneh[fornēah] ME
fornim ᛫ to remove ᛫ to deprive ᛫ to plunder ᛫ to ransack ᛫ to seize ᛫ V fornimen&forniman ME&OE PST: fornum; fornimmed ᛫ PTCP: fornum
fornumb ᛫ deprived of vigour ᛫ sluggish ᛫ AJ fornome ME
forold ᛫ to become feeble or decrepit with age ᛫ to go or make out of date [ᚹ] ᛫ to become or make obsolete [ᚹ] ᛫ V forōlden ME
forolded ᛫ feeble or decrepit with age ᛫ obsolete [ᚹ] ᛫ outdated [ᚹ] ᛫ out of date [ᚹ] ᛫ AV forolded ME
forqueath forcweath ᛫ to deny ᛫ to repudiate ᛫ to reject ᛫ V forquēthen[forcweþan] ME
forread ᛫ to betray ᛫ to lead astray ᛫ V forreden ME
forsake ᛫ to abandon ᛫ to desert ᛫ V ~ NE PST: forsook ᛫ PTCP: forsaken
forsaken ᛫ abandoned ᛫ deserted ᛫ AJ ~ NE
forsay ᛫ to renounce ᛫ V ~ NE
forsench forsenc ᛫ to submerge ᛫ V forsenchen ME
forshape forscape ᛫ to transform or to metamorphose something ( usually for the worse ) ᛫ to distort ᛫ to disfigure ᛫ to degrade ᛫ V forshāpen ME
forslack ᛫ to neglect ᛫ to be neglectful ᛫ V ~ NE
forslow ᛫ to procrastinate ᛫ to put off ᛫ to delay ᛫ V ~ NE
forsooth ᛫ indeed ᛫ AV ~ NE
forspeak ᛫ to bewitch ᛫ to charm ᛫ to renounce ᛫ V ~ NE
forspend ᛫ to exhaust ᛫ V ~ NE
forspent ᛫ exhausted ᛫ fatigued ᛫ AJ ~ NE
forspill ᛫ to destroy ᛫ to waste ᛫ to demolish ᛫ V forspillen&forspillan ME&OE
forstand ᛫ to stand up for ᛫ to defend ᛫ to protect ᛫ V forstandan&fōrstandan OE&OE
forstop ᛫ to stop completely ᛫ to smother ᛫ to block ᛫ V forstoppen ME
forswear ᛫ to reject upon oath ᛫ to renounce ᛫ to abjure ᛫ V ~[forswēren] NE
forswink ᛫ to exhaust by labour ᛫ V ~ NE
forswy ᛫ to keep silent ᛫ to be silent ᛫ V forswīgian OE
fortee ᛫ to draw away to evil ᛫ to seduce ᛫ V fortēn&fortēon ME&OE
forth ᛫ to proceed ᛫ V forthen[forþian] ME
forthby ᛫ past ᛫ AV fō̆rthbī ME
forthcoming ᛫ candid ᛫ AJ ~ NE
forthen ᛫ on that account ᛫ for that reason ᛫ consequently ᛫ AV&C ~ NE
forthfare ᛫ to go forth ᛫ to die ᛫ to pass away ᛫ N᛬V forthfare&fōrthfāren ME
forthfill ᛫ to enforce ᛫ to fulfil ᛫ V forthfillen ME
forthgang ᛫ progress ᛫ a continuance ᛫ a procession ᛫ N forthgang&forthgang NE&ME
forthgo ᛫ to proceed ᛫ to continue ᛫ V forthgon[forþgān] ME
forthink ᛫ to regret ᛫ to rethink ᛫ to change one's mind ᛫ V ~ NE
forthnim ᛫ to take someone away ᛫ to remove ᛫ to take one's way ᛫ to leave ᛫ V forthnimen ME PST: forthnum; forthnimmed ᛫ PTCP: forthnum
forthput ᛫ to propose ᛫ to put forth ᛫ V ~ NE
forthright forthrigt ᛫ unambiguous ᛫ unevasive ᛬ directly forward ᛫ immediately ᛫ AJ᛬AV ~ NE
forthship forthscip ᛫ progress ᛫ N forþscype OE
forthtee ᛫ to draw forth ᛫ to quote ᛫ to cite ᛫ V forthtēn ME
forthward ᛫ an agreement ᛫ a contract ᛫ a treaty ᛫ a covenant ᛫ a pledge ᛫ N fōrthwārd ME
forthwith ᛫ immediately ᛫ AV ~ NE
forthwitten ᛫ past ᛫ goneby ᛫ N᛬AJ forthwiten[forþgewiten] ME
forthwitten tide ᛫ the past tense ᛬ of the past tense ᛫ N᛬AJ forþgewiten tīd OE
fortnight fortnigt ᛫ two weeks ᛫ N ~ NE
fortnightly fortnigtly ᛫ biweekly ᛬ every two weeks ᛫ AJ᛬AV ~ NE
fortylegs ᛫ a centipede ᛫ N forty-legs NE‹(E+N) or: fortyshanks
forwander ᛫ to exhaust oneself by wandering ᛫ V forwandren ME
forwarry ᛫ to hex ᛫ to curse something ᛫ V forwarien ME
forwhy forhwy ᛫ for the reason that ᛫ the reason why ᛫ AV forwhy ME
forwird ᛫ destruction ᛫ perdition ᛫ N forwī̆rd ME
forwonder forwunder ᛫ to astonish ᛫ V ~ NE
forworth ᛫ to perish ᛫ to spoil ᛫ to degenerate ᛫ V forwōrthen[forweorþan] ME
forwright forwrigt ᛫ an agent ᛫ a vicegerent ᛫ N forwyrhta OE
foryeave foryeafe ᛫ to forgive ᛫ V foryēven ME
foryeavendly foryeafendly ᛫ dative ( grammar) ᛫ AJ forgifendlīc OE
foryeaveness foryeafeness ᛫ remission ᛫ forgiveness ᛫ N foryēveness ME
foryet ᛫ to forget ᛫ V foryeten ME PST: foryat ᛫ PTCP: foryetten
foryield foryeeld ᛫ to repay ᛫ to yield what is owed ᛫ to recompense ᛫ V forgieldan OE
foryielding foryeelding ᛫ retribution ᛫ punishment ᛫ N foryēlding ME
foster ᛫ to cultivate ᛫ to rear another's child ᛫ V ~ NE
fosterling ᛫ a foster child ᛫ N ~ NE
fother ᛫ a load ( especially a wagonload ) ᛫ N ~ NE
fought fougt ᛫ moist ᛫ damp ᛫ AJ fūht OE rhyme: bought ᛫ kin: feucht (HG)
foughtenfield fougtenfeeld ᛫ a battleground ᛫ a battlefield ᛫ N ~ NE
foul fule ᛫ unclean ᛫ disgusting ᛫ obscene ᛫ vulgar ᛫ detestable ᛫ AJ ~ NE
foumart ᛫ the European polecat ᛫ N ~ NE likely from "foul"+"marth"
foundling fundling ᛫ an infant found after its unknown parents have abandoned it ᛫ N foundling NE
fouredge ᛫ a square ᛬ square ᛫ N᛬AJ feowerecge OE
fourfold ᛫ quadruple ᛫ AJ ~ NE
fourfooted ᛫ quadrupedal ᛫ AJ ~ NE
foursheat foursceat ᛫ quadrangular ᛫ AJ fēowerscȳte OE
fourth ᛫ a quarter ᛫ N ~ NE
fourwheeler fourhweeler ᛫ an ATV ᛫ a quad ᛫ an all-terrain vehicle ᛫ N ~ NE
fouse fuse ᛫ ready ᛫ prepared ᛫ willing ᛫ inclined ᛫ disposed ᛫ AJ ~[fūs] NE
fousely fusely ᛫ readily ᛫ promptly ᛫ gladly ᛫ AV fūslīce OE
fowl fule ᛫ a bird ᛫ N᛬V ~ NE
fowler fuler ᛫ a person who hunts fowl ᛫ N ~ NE
foxly ᛫ vulpine ᛫ cunning ᛫ AJ ~ NE
fox's sleep ᛫ feigned sleep ᛫ N fox's sleep NE
frain ᛫ to inquire about ᛫ to ask ᛫ to question ᛫ V ~ NE kin: fricgan
frainmark ᛫ a question mark ( ? ) ᛫ N frain+mark NE+NE
fraked ᛫ bad ᛫ vile ᛫ shameful ᛫ AJ fraked[fracod] ME
frame ᛫ a context ᛫ an outlining ᛬ to fit into place ᛫ to put into context ᛫ V ~[framian] NE
framework ᛫ the support structure of something ᛫ N ~ NE
Frank ᛫ a Frenchman ᛫ a Frank ᛫ N(P) ~ NE
frank ᛫ a javelin of some sort ᛫ N franca OE
Frankdom ᛫ the Francosphere ᛫ the domain of Frenchness ᛫ N Frank+dom NEx2
Frankland ᛫ France ᛫ N(P) francland OE
Frankrich Frankric ᛫ France ( the state not the land ) ᛫ N francrice OE
fratow ᛫ treasure ᛬ to adorn with treasure ᛫ to adorn ᛫ to decorate ᛫ N᛬V frætwe&frættewian OE
fraught fraugt ᛫ abounding abundant or replete with a bad thing ᛫ AJ ~ NE‹NL
frea ᛫ a lord ᛫ a master ᛫ N frēa OE
freak ᛫ a capricious action or event ᛫ a distastefully abnormal thing ᛫ N ~[frec]? NE
frech frec ᛫ greedy ᛫ voracious ᛫ eager ᛫ bold ᛫ fierce ᛫ AJ frecche[frec] ME kin: freak?
freck ᛫ to checker ᛫ to diversify ᛫ V ~ NE whence comes "freckle"
free ᛫ a woman ? a lady ( a female lord ) ? ᛫ N frēo OE or: frow? ᛫ kin: fréa (lord)? Frau (German)? Friday?
freebooter ᛫ a pirate ᛫ a lawless adventurer ᛫ N ~ NE
freed ᛫ to experience ( by touch or taste ) ᛫ to experience ( a sensation ) ᛫ to learn through experience ᛫ V frēden ME PST: fred ᛫ PTCP: fred
freedom ᛫ liberty ᛫ N ~ NE
freeken ᛫ peril ᛫ danger ᛫ N frēcen OE kin: freak?
freeledge ᛫ franchise ( the ability to vote ) ᛫ N ~ NE
freeload ᛫ to mooch ᛫ to sponge off another ᛫ V ~ NE
freelock ᛫ oblation ᛫ N frēolāc OE
freem ᛫ to aid something ᛫ to advance something ᛫ to avail something ᛫ V frēmen[fremian] ME
freerunning ᛫ parkour ᛫ N ~ NE
freestand ᛫ to be independent ᛫ V ~ NE
freestanding ᛫ independent ᛫ not supported by or on anything ᛫ AJ ~ NE
freethinker ᛫ one who forms opinions on the basis of reason independently of authority ᛫ N ~ NE
freit ᛫ divination ᛫ augury ᛫ N freit ME‹N?
frelse ᛫ to save one from something ᛫ to save or to reserve a day for religious observance ᛫ V frelsen ME from Proto-Germanic combination of "free" and "halse"
frem ᛫ to further ᛫ to perform ᛫ to execute ᛫ to operate ᛫ V fremmen&fremman ME&OE
fremmed ᛫ to alienate ᛫ to estrange ᛬ foreign ᛫ alien V᛬AJ fremed&afremdan ME&OE or: fremd
fremmedfear ᛫ xenophobia ᛫ N fremed+fear ME+NE
fremmedledge ᛫ to alienate ᛫ V fremedlǣcan OE
fremmedling ᛫ a stranger ᛫ a foreigner ᛫ N ~ NE
fremming ᛫ a furtherance ᛫ a performance ᛫ an execution ( of an action ) ᛫ an operation ᛫ N gefremming OE
fremmingbough fremmingbuge ᛫ an executive branch ᛫ N gefremming+bough OE+NE
freshwater frescwater ᛫ of neoclassical economics ᛫ AJ ~ NE
fret ᛫ to devour ᛫ to consume ᛫ to eat up ᛫ V ~[frēten] NE PST: fretted ᛫ PTCP: fretten
frettle frettel ᛫ voracious ᛫ gluttonous ᛫ AJ fretol OE
frever frefer ᛫ to comfort ᛫ to console ᛫ V frẹ̄vren[frēfran] ME
Friday ᛫ Friday ᛫ N(P) ~[fryday] NE or: Fryday
frie ᛫ to question ᛫ V fricgan OE
friendfoe freendfoe ᛫ a frenemy ᛫ N ~ NE
friendly freendly ᛫ amicable ᛫ N ~ NE
frike ᛫ to dance about ᛫ to move briskly ᛫ V friken[frician] ME
Frily ᛫ Venusian ᛫ Venutian ᛫ AJ fry+ly ME+NE
frim ᛫ excellent ᛫ vigorous ᛫ flourishing ᛫ N᛬AJ frim&freme NE&OE
frimful ᛫ beneficial ᛫ AJ fremful ME
Frinight Frinigt ᛫ the night following Friday's dusk ᛫ N(P) ~[frīgeniht] NE
Frise ᛫ a Frisian ᛫ N(P) frīse{Frysa/Fresna} ME or: Freese
Friseland ᛫ Frisia ᛫ N(P) Frī̆slō̆nd{Freslond} ME or: Freeseland
Frish Frisc ᛫ the Frisian language ᛬ Frisian ᛫ N(P)᛬AJ(P) Frysisc OE or: Freesh ᛫ the ‹i› should likely be /ɪ/ (analogy: wýscan › wish)
frist ᛫ a limited period ᛫ time allotted for repayment ᛫ a grace period ᛫ credit ᛫ N frist&frist/frest NE&ME
fristing ᛫ a delay ᛫ a suspension ᛫ a postponement ᛫ N ~ NE kin: first
fristmark ᛫ an interval ᛫ N firstmearc OE
frith ᛫ peace ( especially a broad societal kind ) ᛫ N frith[friþ] ME
frithe ᛫ stately ᛫ beautiful ᛫ AJ frīþ OE kin: frīðr (N)
frithend ᛫ a peacebearer ᛫ N friþiend OE
frithful ᛫ peaceful ᛫ gentle ᛫ mild ᛫ AJ friþlīc OE
frithguild frithgild ᛫ a guild for maintaining peace ᛫ N friþgild OE
frithhouse frithhuse ᛫ a safehouse ᛫ N friþhus OE
frithless ᛫ peaceless ᛫ AJ friþelēas OE
frithoath ᛫ a peace oath ᛫ a truce ᛫ N friþāþ OE
frithsome frithsum ᛫ peaceful ᛫ pacific ᛫ AJ friþsum OE
frithstow ᛫ a refuge ᛫ an asylum ᛫ N friþstōw OE
frithwrit ᛫ a peace treaty ᛫ N friþgewrit OE
frithyearn ᛫ eager for peace ᛫ AJ friþgeorn OE
from frum ᛫ a source ᛫ an origin ᛫ the first part of a series ᛫ an originator ᛫ an author ᛫ a founder ᛫ an inventor ᛫ N frume/frome[fruma] ME
from ᛫ firm ᛫ potent ᛫ AJ from OE rhyme: bomb
from time to time ᛫ occasionally ᛫ AV ~ NE
fromchar fromcar ᛫ to turn from ᛫ to avert ᛫ V fromcyrran OE
fromshaft frumscaft ᛫ origin ᛫ N frumsceaft OE
fromward ᛫ away ᛬ from ᛫ AV᛬P ~ NE
fromwharve fromhwarfe ᛫ to depart from ᛫ to turn from ᛫ V fromhweorfan OE
frood ᛫ cautious ᛫ shrewd ᛫ wise ᛫ AJ frōd OE
frore ᛫ extremely cold ᛫ AJ ~ NE
frosh frosc ᛫ a frog ᛫ N frosh ME or: frox (from an OE variant)
froshdeer froscdeer ᛫ an amphibian ᛫ N frosh+deer NEx2 or: froxdeer ᛫ calque: froskdýr
frostmoor ᛫ tundra ᛫ N frost+moor NEx2 calque of faroese frostmýra and icelandic freðmýri
frover frofer ᛫ comfort ᛫ consolation ᛫ solace ᛫ N frovre[frōfor] ME
froward ᛫ unmanageable ᛫ disobedient ᛫ untoward ᛫ habitually disposed to disobedience and opposition ᛫ AJ ~ NE
Fry ᛫ an English goddess equivalent to Norse Frigg ᛫ the planet Venus [ᚹ] ᛫ N(P) Frie/Frye ME or: Frie
fuck ᛫ to copulate ᛫ to copulate with ᛫ to mate ᛫ V ~ NE
fulcome fulcum ᛫ to attain ᛫ to realize ( in all senses ) ᛫ to accomplish ᛫ V fulcomen ME
fuldo ᛫ to complete ᛫ to finish ᛫ V ~ NE PST: fuldid ᛫ PTCP: fuldone
fulend ᛫ to accomplish ᛫ V fulenden ME
fulfill ᛫ to achieve something ᛫ to carry out a duty as required or promised ᛫ to satisfy or meet a condition ᛫ V ~ NE
fulfledged ᛫ fully qualified ᛫ having all credentials ᛫ entire ᛫ authentic ᛫ fully covered with feathers ᛫ AJ fullfledged NE
fulframe ᛫ to perfect ᛫ V fulfremman OE
fulframed ᛫ perfect ᛫ AJ fulfremed OE
fulframed ᛫ perfect ( grammatical term ) ᛫ AJ fulfremed OE
fulframedness ᛫ perfection ᛫ N fulfremednys OE
full ᛫ a cup ᛫ a drinking bowl ᛫ N ful/full[ful] ME
full ᛫ filled ᛫ entire ᛬ very ᛫ AJ᛬AV ~[ful] NE found in: know full well
fullblown ᛫ completely developed or formed ᛫ ripe ᛫ puffed up ᛫ AJ fullblown NE
fullbore ᛫ full-blown ᛫ made with maximum effort ᛬ with maximum effort or speed ᛫ AJ᛬AV fullbore NE
fullow ᛫ to baptize ᛫ V fulwen[fullian] ME
fullstop ᛫ a period ( as in the punctuation mark ) ᛫ N full stop NE
fully ᛫ completely ᛫ entirely ᛫ totally ᛫ AV ~ NE
fulmard ᛫ a Mustela putorius animal ( European polecat ) ᛫ N fū̆lmard ME
fulought fulugt ᛫ baptism ᛫ N fulloght{fulluht} ME rhyme: full out
fuloughter fulugter ᛫ a baptist ᛫ N fulwihtere OE rhyme: full outer
fuloughthood fulugthood ᛫ a baptismal vow ᛫ N fulwihthād OE rhyme: full out hood
fuloughtstow fulugtstow ᛫ a baptistery ᛫ N fulwihtstow OE rhyme: full out stow
fulsome fulsum ᛫ overzealous ᛫ excessive ᛫ abundant ᛫ copious ᛫ AJ ~ NE
fulth ᛫ abundance ᛫ plenty ᛫ satiety ᛫ repletion ᛫ sufficiency ᛫ N ~ NE
fultom ᛫ support ᛬ to support ᛫ N᛬V fultum/fulteam OE
fulwaxen ᛫ fully grown ᛫ mature ᛫ AJ fulwaxen ME
fulwrought fulwrougt ᛫ completed ᛫ AJ fulwroht ME
funnyman ᛫ a comedian ᛫ a humorist ᛫ N ~ NE
furlong ᛫ an eighth of a mile ( 220 yards ) ᛫ N ~ NE
furrow ᛫ a trench ᛫ a groove ᛫ N ~ NE
furthering ᛫ furtherance ᛫ promotion ᛫ advancement ᛫ N ~ NE
furthermore ᛫ additionally ᛫ AV ~ NE
furze furs ᛫ a Ulex Europaeus plant ᛫ N ~[fyrs] NE
futhorc ᛫ the Anglo-Frisian runic alphabet ᛫ N ~ NE
gab ᛫ chatter ᛬ to chatter ᛫ N᛬V ~ NE
gadling ᛫ a vagabond ᛫ a person of low birth ᛫ N ~[gadeling][gædeling] ENE meaning turned negative over time
Gaelish Gaelisc ᛫ Gaelic language ( Irish Scottish and Manx ) ᛫ Goidelic language ᛬ Gaelic ᛫ Goidelic ᛫ N(P)᛬AJ(P) Gael+ish NE‹C+NE
gainly ᛫ graceful ᛫ wieldy ᛫ AJ ~ NE
gainrising ᛫ a resurrection ᛫ N ~ ME
gainsaw ᛫ a refutation ᛫ N gainsau ME
gainsay ᛫ to contradict ᛫ V ~ NE
gainsaying ᛫ opposition ( usually in argument ) ᛫ contradiction ᛫ N ~ NE
gainstand ᛫ to oppose ᛫ to resist ᛫ V ~ NE
galder ᛫ an incantation ᛫ an enchantment ᛫ N galdor OE hard G: galdere swiðe stronge heo ȝeuen
galdercraft ᛫ the art of incantation or enchantment ᛫ N galdorcræft OE
galdergaler ᛫ a magical enchanter ᛫ N galdorgalere OE
galderquid galdercwid ᛫ a magical saying ᛫ an incantation ᛫ an enchantment ᛫ N galdorcwide OE
galdersong ᛫ a magic song ᛫ N galdorsang OE
gale ᛫ a way ᛫ a course ᛫ a course of action ᛫ a way ᛫ a means ᛫ N gāle[gal] ME
gale ᛫ to cry out ᛫ to bark ᛫ to chirp ᛫ to sing ᛫ to enchant ᛫ V gālen&galan ME&OE
galer ᛫ an enchanter ᛫ N galere OE
galingale ᛫ galangal ᛫ the roots of various Alpinia , Kæmpferia , Aristolochia , and Cyperus plants , including in powdered form ᛫ N galingāle ME‹I‹O
gall ᛫ bile ᛫ impudence ᛫ brazenness ᛫ temerity ᛬ to bother ᛫ to annoy ᛫ to make resentful ᛫ N᛬V ~ NE
galled ᛫ bothered ᛫ annoyed ᛫ troubled ᛫ AJ ~ NE
Gallish Gallisc ᛫ Gaulish language ᛬ Gaulish ᛫ N(P)᛬AJ(P) gallisc OE or: Gallwelsh
gallow ᛫ to terrify ᛫ V ~ NE
gallowmood ᛫ of a grim or gloomy mood ᛫ AJ galgmōd OE
Gallwale ᛫ a Gaul ᛫ N(P) galwalas OE or: Gall
Gallwales ᛫ the Celts of Gaul ᛫ Gaul ᛫ Gallia ᛫ N(P) galwalas OE or: Galland
galp ᛫ to gape ᛫ V galpen ME
game ᛫ eager or willing to do something new or challenging ᛫ AJ ~ NE
gameful ᛫ sportive ᛫ AJ ~ NE
gamehouse gamehuse ᛫ an arcade building ᛫ N game+house NEx2
gamely ᛫ sportive ᛬ sportively ᛫ AJ᛬AV ~ NE
gamesare ᛫ a console ( gaming ) ᛫ an arcade machine ᛫ N game+searu NE+OE
gamewood ᛫ a lyre ᛫ a lute ᛫ a guitar [ᚹ] ᛫ N gomenwudu OE
gamle gamel ᛫ to age ᛬ aged ᛫ V gamelian&gamel OE&OE
gang ᛫ to go ᛫ to proceed ᛫ V ~ NE
gang ᛫ a going ᛫ a journey ᛫ a path ᛫ a road ᛫ a watercourse ᛫ a process [ᚹ] ᛫ N gang&gang NE&ME
Gangdays ᛫ Rogation days ᛫ N Gangdagas OE
gangle gangel ᛫ to move in a manner characteristic of a gangling person ᛫ V ~ NE
gangling ᛫ awkwardly tall and thin ᛫ ungraceful ᛫ AJ ~ NE
gangman ᛫ a member of a gang ᛫ N ~ NE
gangway ᛫ a passageway ᛫ a vomitorium ᛫ N ~ NE
gannet ᛫ a Sulidae bird ᛫ N ~[genot] NE
garclive garclife ᛫ an Agrimonia plant ( agrimony ) ᛫ N gārclive ME
garish garisc ᛫ gaudy ᛫ AJ ~ NE‹N
garsedge ᛫ an ocean ( poetic ) ᛫ N garsecg OE might mean "spear man" or "gar's edge" (promontory's edge)
gast ᛫ to scare ᛫ V ~[gǣstan] NE
gastern ᛫ an inn ᛫ N gæstærn OE
gateway ᛫ a portal ᛫ N ~ NE or: yateway
gavel gafel ᛫ rent ( count noun ) ᛬ to rent ᛫ N᛬V gavel&gafelian NE&OE
gavel gafel ᛫ a fork ᛫ N gafol OE
geason ᛫ rare ᛫ uncommon ᛫ unusual ᛫ scarce ᛫ scant ᛫ AJ ~ NE or: geazon
Germanish Germanisc ᛫ Germanic speech ᛬ Germanic ᛫ N(P)᛬AJ(P) Germania+ish OE+NE the G should be spoken out like the G-in-GOAT
Germany ᛫ Germania ᛫ N(P) Germania OE the G should be spoken out like the G-in-GOAT
get rid of ᛫ to remove ᛫ to clear ᛫ V ~ NE
getter ᛫ a receiver ᛫ N ~ NE
ghastly gastly ᛫ frightening ᛫ extremely bad ᛫ unpleasant ᛫ AJ ghastly NE
ghost goast ᛫ a spirit ( in all senses ) ᛫ N ghost NE
ghostgun goastgun ᛫ a gun without a serial number ᛫ N ghost gun NE
ghostly goastly ᛫ spiritual ᛫ spectral ᛫ AJ ghostly NE
gidden ᛫ a goddess ᛫ N gyden OE
giddy ᛫ to excite and disorientate ᛬ disorientated and excited ᛫ V᛬AJ ~ NE kin: god
gild ᛫ to cover thinly with gold ( literally and figuratively ) ᛫ V ~ NE
gill ᛫ ravine ᛫ N ~[gil] NE‹ME‹N
gird ᛫ to gird ( to bind around ) ᛫ N᛬V gird&gyrd NE&OE
girdle girdel ᛫ a thing which girds ᛫ a belt ( especially one that holds up stockings ) ᛬ to gird ᛫ N᛬V ~ NE
girdledeer girdeldeer ᛫ an armadillo ᛫ N girdle+deer NEx2 calque: Gürteltier
girn ᛫ a grimace ᛫ N᛬V girn/gurn NE kin: grin
girn ᛫ calamity ᛫ N gyrn OE
git ᛫ a fool ᛫ an idiot ᛫ a moron ᛫ N ~ NE
gladden ᛫ to elate ᛫ V ~ NE
gladdon ᛫ an Iris plant ( flowers ) ᛫ N ~ NE
glade ᛫ an open space in a forest ᛫ N ~ NE kin: glad
glar ᛫ amber ᛫ resin ᛫ N glær OE
glare ᛫ an intense light ᛫ an angry stare ᛬ to shine intensely ᛫ to give an angry state at something ᛫ N᛬V ~ NE
glaring ᛫ obvious ᛫ AJ ~ NE
glass ᛫ vitrum ᛫ a mirror ᛬ to mirror ᛫ to reflect ᛫ N᛬V ~ NE
glasses ᛫ spectacles ᛫ N ~ NE
glassrown glassrune ᛫ a rune whose shape is mirrored ( so ᛚ as a glassrown would look like ᛏ ) ᛫ N glass+rown NEx2 calque: Spiegelrune
glasstone ᛫ mica ᛫ N glass stone NE
glasswright glasswrigt ᛫ a glassmaker ᛫ a glazier ᛫ a glazer ᛫ N glasswryt ENE
glaze glase ᛫ gloss ᛫ luster ᛫ lustre ᛫ N ~ NE
glazemill glasemill ᛫ calender ( a kind of machine which applies a glaze to a material ) ᛫ N glaze+mill NE‹(E+Þ‹I)
glee ᛫ joy ᛫ music ᛫ entertainment ᛫ sport ᛫ merriment ᛫ amusement ᛫ N glee&glẹ̄[glēo/glīw] NE&ME
gleebeam ᛫ a harp ᛫ N glēobēam OE
gleecraft ᛫ the art of music ᛫ minstrelsy ᛫ N glēocræft OE
gleed ᛫ glowing coal ᛫ an ember ᛫ N glede[glēd] ME
gleemaiden ᛫ a female musician ᛫ N glēomǣden OE
gleeman ᛫ a musician ᛫ N ~ NE
glemb ᛫ a spot ᛫ a blemish ᛫ N glemm OE
glen ᛫ a narrow valley ᛫ a canyon ? ᛫ N ~ NE‹C
glendge ᛫ an ornament ᛫ an honour ᛫ a medal [ᚹ] ᛫ N glencg OE
glew ᛫ to rejoice ᛫ to make merry ᛫ to party ᛫ to entertain ᛫ to entertain with music ᛫ to play music ᛫ to make music ᛫ to sing ᛫ V gleuen[glīwian/glēowian] ME kin: glee?
glew ᛫ wise ᛫ skillful ᛫ sagacious ᛫ prudent ᛫ AJ glēaw OE
glewer ᛫ a jester ᛫ a baffoon ᛫ a clown ᛫ N glīwere OE
glewly ᛫ prudently ᛫ wisely ᛫ clearly ᛫ well ᛫ AV glēawlīce OE
glewness ᛫ prudence ᛫ skill ᛫ wisdom ᛫ ability ᛫ acuteness ᛫ N glēawnes OE
glib ᛫ smooth ᛫ slippery ᛫ nonchalant ᛫ superficial ᛫ AJ ~ NE
glide ᛫ a semivowel ᛫ N ~ NE
glim ᛫ a candel ᛫ a lantern ᛫ N ~ NE backformation of "glimmer"?
glisten ᛫ a sparkling light ᛬ to shine with a sparkling light ᛫ N᛬V ~ NE
gloaming ᛫ twilight ᛫ dusk ᛫ N ~ NE
Glom ᛫ one of the Lemovii people ᛫ N(P) Glommum OE
glove glofe ᛫ a gauntlet ᛫ N glove&glove NE&ME
glum ᛫ sullen ᛫ AJ ~ NE first appears in Early Modern English
gnast ᛫ a spark ᛫ a live coal ᛫ a small flame ᛫ a snuff of a candle ᛫ N gnōst/gnast ME
gnaw ᛫ to chew away at something ᛫ to corrode something ᛫ V ~ NE
gnawdeer ᛫ a rodent ᛫ N gnaw+deer NEx2 calque: knaagdier
gneed ᛫ stingy ᛫ niggardly ᛫ scanty ᛫ scarce ᛫ AJ gnēde ME
gnide ᛫ to rub ᛫ to grind through rubbing ᛫ V gnīden ME
gnorn ᛫ sadness ᛫ sorrow ᛫ grief ᛬ to grieve ᛫ to mourn ᛫ to lament ᛫ N᛬V gnorn&gnornan OE
gnorny ᛫ aggrieved ᛫ mournful ᛫ lamentful ᛫ dejected ᛫ AJ gnorn+y OE+NE
goad ᛫ a stick for poking ᛬ to provoke ᛫ to encourage ᛫ to prod ᛫ N᛬V ~ NE
goan ᛫ to gape ᛫ V gonen ME
Goat ᛫ Capricorn ᛫ PN ~ NE
goaten ᛫ goatish ᛫ hircine ᛫ AJ ~ NE
goatling ᛫ a kid (as in young goat) ᛫ N ~ NE kid is Norse
goatsucker ᛫ a Caprimulgidae bird ( a nightjar ) ᛫ N ~ NE
gobetween ᛫ an intermediary ᛫ N gobetween NE
god ᛫ a deity ᛫ N ~ NE
godboot ᛫ atonement ᛫ N godbōt OE
godforsaken ᛫ remote ᛫ desolate ᛫ dismal ᛫ miserable ᛫ AJ ~ NE
godhead ᛫ a god ᛫ a divine nature ᛫ N ~ NE
godhood ᛫ divinity ᛫ N ~ NE
godkind ᛫ divine nature ᛬ divine in nature ᛫ N᛬AJ godcund&godcund ME&OE
godkindness ᛫ divine nature ᛫ divinity ᛫ N godcundnesse&godcundnys ME&OE
godlief godleef ᛫ theism ᛫ N god+lief NE+ME
godlore ᛫ theology ᛫ N ~ NE
godly ᛫ divine ᛫ pious ᛫ devout ᛫ AJ ~ NE
godsend ᛫ a desirable or needed thing or event that comes unexpectedly ᛫ N ~ NE
godsent ᛫ sent by or as if by God ᛫ unexpectedly beneficial ᛫ AJ ~ NE
godshild godscild ᛫ a sin against God ᛫ impiety ᛫ N godscyld OE
godshildy godscildy ᛫ impious ᛫ AJ godscyldig OE
godsib ᛫ a god parent ᛫ a sponsor ᛫ N godsibb OE
godsibred ᛫ a godsib kindred ᛫ sponsorship ᛫ N gossipred NE
godspeech godspeec ᛫ an oracle ᛫ N godgesprǣce OE
godspeed ᛫ ( an expression of good wishes during an undertaking ) ᛫ I Godspeed NE
godweb ᛫ cotton ᛫ a precious garment ᛫ fine clothing ᛫ N godwebb OE
godwebben ᛫ made of precious cloth ᛫ of purple hue ? ᛫ AJ godwebben OE
godwrack ᛫ impious ᛫ AJ godwrac OE
goings on ᛫ events ᛫ activities ᛫ N ~ NE
goldhoard ᛫ a thesaurus ( as in a treasury ) ᛫ N goldhord NE&OE calque: thesaurus
goldstone ᛫ topaz ᛫ chrysolite ᛫ chrysoberyl ᛫ N ~ NE
gole ᛫ lustful ᛫ lascivious ᛬ to be lascivious ᛫ AJ gol&gālian ME&OE
gomb ᛫ tribute ᛫ N gombe OE
gome gum ᛫ a male human ᛫ N gǒme[guma] ME rhyme: some; come
gong ᛫ a lavatory ᛫ an outhouse ᛫ N ~ NE
gongfarmer ᛫ a cleaner of privies ᛫ N ~ NE
gooddoer ᛫ a benefactor ᛫ a do-gooder ᛫ N gọ̄ddọ̄er ME
gooden ᛫ to become good ᛫ to improve ᛫ to get better ᛫ to make good or perfect ᛫ to enrich ᛫ to endow ᛫ V gōdian OE
gooderheal ᛫ good fortune ᛬ good luck! ᛫ N᛬I gōderhele ME
goodman ᛫ Mister ᛫ Mr ᛫ N ~ NE
goodwife ᛫ Mistress ᛫ Mrs ᛫ N ~ NE or: goody
goodwill ᛫ amity ᛫ N ~ NE
gorcrow ᛫ a carrion crow ᛫ N ~ NE
gore ᛫ a skirt ᛫ a wedge of cloth or chain mail ᛫ a triangular piece of land ᛫ N gōre[gāra] ME skirt is Norse
gore ᛫ a javelin ᛫ a spear for throwing ᛫ a dart ᛬ to stab ᛫ N gore&gar NE&OE
gorse ᛫ an Ulex plant ᛫ a Genista plant ᛫ N ~ NE
goshawk goscawk ᛫ an Accipiter bird ᛫ N ~ NE
gosling ᛫ a young goose ᛫ N ~ NE
gospel ᛫ the message concerning Christ ᛬ to evangelize ᛫ N᛬V gospel&godspellian NE&OE
gospelish gospelisc ᛫ evangelical ᛫ AJ godspellisc OE
gospeller ᛫ an evangelist ᛫ N gospeller [godspellere] NE
Got ᛫ a Goth ᛫ N Gota OE
Gotland ᛫ the land of the Goths ᛫ N Gotland OE
Gottish Gottisc ᛫ the Gothic tongue ᛬ Gothic ᛫ N᛬AJ Gotisc OE
gound gund ᛫ eye mucus ᛫ N gounde ME
gouth ᛫ battle ᛫ war ᛫ combat ᛫ conflict ᛫ N gūþ OE
gouth ᛫ war- ᛫ battle- ᛫ PREFIX gūþ OE
gouthcraft guthecraft ᛫ warfare ᛫ N gūþcræft OE
gouthcust guthecust ᛫ warlike excellence ᛫ N gūþcyst OE
gouthfane guthefane ᛫ a military standard ᛫ an ensign ᛫ N gūþfana OE
gouthhawk guthehawk ᛫ a war hawk ᛫ a warmonger [ᚹ] ᛫ N gūþhafoc OE
gouthhorn guthehorn ᛫ a war horn ᛫ N gūþhorn OE
gouthmoot guthemoot ᛫ a battle meeting ᛫ N gūþgemōt OE
gouthrink gutherink ᛫ a heroic warrior ᛫ N gūþrinc OE
gouthsare guthesare ᛫ a war machine ᛫ arms ᛫ armour ᛫ N gūþsearo OE
gouthwain guthewain ᛫ a war vehicle ᛫ an armoured car ᛫ a tank ᛫ N gūþ+wain OE+NE
graft ᛫ a carving ᛫ an engraving ᛫ a sculpture ᛫ a statue ᛫ N græft OE kin: grave; graf (Middle English)
graftiwork ᛫ an engraved piece of art ᛫ a carved sculpture ᛫ N græftgeweorc OE
graith ᛫ equipment ᛫ apparel ᛫ accouterments ᛬ to prepare ᛫ N᛬V ~ NE‹N
graithly ᛫ preparedly ᛫ AV greithlī ME‹N
gram ᛫ incensed ᛫ furious ᛫ AJ gram[gram] ME
grame ᛫ rage ᛫ anger ᛫ grief ᛫ remorse ᛫ N grā̆m[grama] ME
grane ᛫ a mustache ᛫ a moustache ᛫ N granu OE
grassland ᛫ a stretch of unforested grassy land ᛫ a prairie ᛫ N ~ NE
grasstepper ᛫ a locust ᛫ N gærsstapa OE
grave grafe ᛫ a tomb ᛬ to carve or shape with a chisel ᛫ to sculpt ᛫ to sculpture ᛫ N᛬V ~ NE
graveyard grafeyard ᛫ a cemetery ᛫ N ~ NE
gray ᛫ a badger ᛫ a beaver ? ᛫ N grei ME
gread ᛫ a garment covering the breast ᛫ N grēde/greade[grēada] ME
great ᛫ size ᛫ greatness ᛫ a majority ᛫ the essence of something ᛫ N grēt ME kin: grootte (Dutch)
great ᛫ grand ᛫ AJ ~ NE
Great Bear Mere ᛫ Great Bear Lake ᛫ N(P) great+bear+mere NEx3
Great Salt Mere ᛫ Great Salt Lake ᛫ N(P) great+salt+mere NEx3
Great Thew Mere ᛫ Great Slave Lake ᛫ N(P) great+thew+mere NEx3
greatelder ᛫ a grandparent ᛫ N great+elder NEx2
greaten ᛫ to increase in size extent amount or intensity ᛫ V ~ NE
greaterhood ᛫ a majority ᛫ N greater+hood NEx2
greatgun ᛫ a heavy ordnance piece ᛫ a cannon ᛫ N great gun NE
greathearted ᛫ magnanimous ᛫ AJ ~ NE
greatpox ᛫ syphilis ᛫ N greatpox NE
greed ᛫ an outcry ᛬ to cry out to shout ᛫ V grēd&greden ME&ME PST: gred ᛫ PTCP: gred
Greek ᛫ a Greek ᛫ N ~[Grēcas] NE or: Creek (from Crēacas)
Greekland ᛫ Greece ᛫ N Grēcland OE
greem ᛫ to make angry ᛫ to provoke ᛫ to be obnoxious ᛫ to offend ᛫ V grēmen[gremian] ME
green ᛫ an environmentalist ᛬ environmentalistic ᛫ N᛬AJ ~ NE
greenback ᛫ a dollar ( of the United States ) ᛫ N ~ NE
greenhorn ᛫ a novice ᛫ a beginner ᛫ a tyro ᛫ N ~ NE
Greenlandish Greenlandisc ᛫ Greenlandic ᛫ AJ Greenland+ish NE+NE
greenlight greenligt ᛫ approval ᛬ to approve ᛫ N᛬V ~ NE
greens ᛫ green vegetables ᛫ N ~ NE
greenwood ᛫ a forest that is green with foliage ᛫ N ~ NE
greet ᛫ to lament ᛫ to weep ᛫ V ~[grētan] NE we already have a word for "to weep"
grey ᛫ gloomy ᛫ uninteresting ᛫ having an intermediate or vague position condition or character ᛫ neutral ᛫ AJ ~ NE or: gray
greyback ᛫ a Calidris canutus bird ᛫ a louse ᛫ a soldier of the Confederate States of America ᛫ N ~ NE
greymote ᛫ a neutron ᛫ N grey+mote NEx2
greywader ᛫ a Glariolinae bird ᛫ a pratincole ᛫ N ~ NE
greywater ᛫ sullage ᛫ N gray water NE or: graywater
grill ᛫ vexation ᛫ offence ᛬ to provoke ᛫ to annoy ᛫ to irritate ᛫ to offend ᛫ N᛬V grille&grillen[gryllan] ME
grim ᛫ dismal ᛫ gloomy ᛫ forbidding ᛫ sinister ᛫ cynical ᛫ ominous ᛫ AJ ~ NE
grime ᛫ a mask ᛫ filth or slime that covers something ᛫ N grime&grima NE&OE
grin ᛫ a noose ᛫ a snare ᛫ N ~ NE
grinder ᛫ a submarine sandwich ᛫ N ~ NE
grindle grindel ᛫ a small stream or ditch ᛫ N ~[OE grendel] NE
gripe ᛫ a griffin ᛫ a vulture ᛫ N grī̆p[grīpe] ME‹I&OE‹I
gripe ᛫ a complaint ᛬ to complain ᛫ N᛬V grīpan NE
gripping ᛫ very interesting ᛫ fascinating ᛫ AJ ~ NE
gripple grippel ᛫ covetous ᛫ AJ gripel ME
grise ᛫ to fear ᛫ to be terrified at ᛫ V grīsen ME kin: grisly
grisly ᛫ inspiring horror and disgust ᛫ AJ ~ NE
gristle gristel ᛫ tough cartilaginous tendinous or fibrous matter ᛫ cartilage [ᚹ] ᛫ N ~ NE
grit ᛫ small loose particles of stone or sand ᛫ strength of character ᛬ to move with a grating sound ᛫ N᛬V ~ NE
grith ᛫ peace ᛫ safety ᛫ sanctuary ᛫ clemency ᛫ pardon ᛫ mercy ᛫ N grith ME‹N
groat ᛫ a particle ᛫ a fragment ᛫ N grō̆t ME or: grot
groor ᛫ terror ᛫ horror ᛬ terrifying ᛫ horrifying ᛫ N᛬AJ grure[gryre] ME kin: gréosan
ground grund ᛫ soil ᛫ reason ( for doing something ) ᛫ N ~ NE
ground meat grund ᛫ mince ᛫ N ~ NE
groundbreaker grundbreaker ᛫ a pioneer ᛫ an innovator ᛫ N ~ NE
groundbreaking grondbreaking ᛫ pioneering ᛫ innovating ᛫ AJ ~ NE
grounddown grunddune ᛫ exhausted ᛫ AJ ground-down NE
groundless grundless ᛫ baseless ᛫ without reason ᛫ unfounded ᛫ AJ ~ NE
groundline grundline ᛫ a baseline ᛫ a foundation ᛫ a basis ᛫ N ~ NE kin: Grundlinien ᛫ or: groundrow (line is a loanword)
groundnut grundnut ᛫ a peanut ᛫ N ~ NE
groundpitch grundpic ᛫ a tonic ( in music ) ᛫ N ground+pitch NEx2 calque: Grundton
grouts grutes ᛫ plaster ᛫ lees ᛫ dregs ᛫ N grouts[grūt] NE
growingly ᛫ increasingly ᛫ progressively ᛫ AV ~ NE
grownhood ᛫ adulthood ᛫ N grown+hood NEx2
grunt ᛫ a low ranking member of a group ᛫ N ~ NE
guild gild ᛫ an association of merchants or craftsmen ᛫ N ~ NE‹N
guildhall gildhall ᛫ a building used as the meeting place of a guild ᛫ N ~ NE‹(N+E)
guildsman gildsman ᛫ a member of a guild ᛫ N ~ NE‹(N+E)
guiltend giltend ᛫ a debtor ᛫ an offender ᛫ N gyltend OE
gulch gulc ᛫ a ravine ᛫ a gorge ᛫ N ~ NE
gum ᛫ the tissue that surrounds the necks of teeth and covers the alveolar parts of the jaws ᛫ N ~[gōma] NE kin: gum
gumshoe gumscoe ᛫ a kind of shoe ᛫ a detective ᛫ N ~ NE
gun ᛫ a firearm ᛫ N ~ NE‹N
gundust ᛫ gunpowder ᛫ N gun+dust NEx2
gunstone ᛫ a cannonball ᛫ N ~ NE
gutleech gutleec ᛫ a gastroenterologist ᛫ N gut+leech NEx2
hack ᛫ a tool for rough striking or cutting ( such as a mattock or a miner's pick ) ᛫ N ~ NE
hackle hackel ᛫ a coat ᛫ a cloak ᛫ a mantle ᛫ a covering ᛫ N ~[hacele] NE kin: hökull (Icelandic); hakuls (Gothic)
hackneyed ᛫ unoriginal ᛫ bland ᛫ cliche ᛫ banal ᛫ trite ᛫ AJ ~ NE
hackster ᛫ an assassin ᛫ a ruffian ᛫ N ~ NE
had I wist ᛫ regret ᛫ N had I wist ME
haff ᛫ an ocean ᛫ N heaf OE kin: haven
haft ᛫ the handle of a tool or weapon ᛬ to fit a handle to ᛫ to perform a function ᛫ to process [ᚹ] ᛫ N᛬V ~ NE
haft ᛫ a captive ᛫ a prisoner ᛫ captivity ᛫ imprisonment ᛫ possession ᛫ having ᛬ to capture ᛫ to imprison ᛫ N᛬V hæft{hæftnẹ̄the} OE
haftling ᛫ a captive ᛫ N haftling OE
hag ᛫ a sorceress ᛫ an enchantress ᛫ a witch ᛫ an unlikable old woman ᛫ N ~[hægtesse] NE kin: hex
hagfish hagfisc ᛫ a Myxine fish ᛫ N ~ NE
haggle haggel ᛫ to bargain ᛫ to chaffer ᛫ V ~[haccian]? NE
hagtess ᛫ an old female magic user ? ᛫ N hægtesse OE
hail ᛫ a greeting ᛬ to greet ᛬ greetings! ᛫ N᛬V᛬I ~ NE
hairbane ᛫ depilatory ᛫ N hair+bane NEx2 invented by William Barnes
hairclip ᛫ a barrette ᛫ N ~ NE
hairwash hairwasc ᛫ shampoo ᛫ N ~ NE
hairwax ᛫ pomade ᛫ N hair+wax NEx2
hake ᛫ a Merlucciidae fish ᛫ a Phycidae fish ᛫ N ~ NE
haked ᛫ an Esox fish ( a pike , a pickerel , a ged , a lucet ) ᛫ N ~ NE
halch halc ᛫ to fasten around ᛫ to loop ᛫ V halchen ME
hale ᛫ a nook ᛫ a cranny ᛫ a hiding place ᛫ N hāle/hal ME
hale ᛫ robust ᛫ healthy ᛫ AJ ~ NE
half ᛫ semi- ᛫ sam- ᛫ PREFIX ~ NE
halfgidden ▪ a demigoddess ▪ N half+gyden NE+OE
halfgod ᛫ a demigod ᛫ N ~ NE
halfmoon ᛫ a crescent ᛫ anything crescent shaped ᛫ N halfmoon NE
halftrendle halftrendel ᛫ a hemisphere ᛫ N healftrendel OE
halfwit ᛫ a fool ᛫ an idiot ᛫ N ~ NE
halidom ᛫ holiness ᛫ sanctity ᛫ N ~ NE
halk ᛫ a recess or a nook in a building ᛫ a remote corner in an open place ᛫ a cavity ᛫ N halk[healoc/healc] ME
hallmark ᛫ a defining feature ᛫ a defining characteristic ᛫ a defining attribute ᛫ N ~ NE
hallow ᛫ a saint ᛬ to sanctify ᛫ to canonize ᛫ to consecrate ᛫ to dedicate ᛫ to initiate ᛫ to make holy ᛬ sacred ᛫ holy ᛫ N᛬V᛬AJ hallow&gehālgian NE&OE
Hallow Yean Mere ᛫ Lac Saint-Jean ᛫ N(P) hallow+Jean+mere NEx2‹I+NE
hallowdom ᛫ sainthood ᛫ N ~ NE
hallowing ᛫ consecration ᛫ sanctification ᛫ N hālgung OE
hallowing book ᛫ a benedictional ᛫ N hālgungbōc OE
Hallowmas ᛫ All Saints' Day ᛫ N Hallowmas NE‹(E+I)
halse ᛫ to greet ᛫ to salute ᛫ to predict ᛫ to divine ᛫ V halsen&hālsian ME&OE
halse ᛫ the neck ᛫ the throat ᛫ N ~ NE Did neck once mean "back neck" and halse mean "front neck"?
halse ᛫ to hug ᛫ to embrace ᛫ V ~ NE
halsebee ᛫ a torc ᛫ a torq ᛫ a torque ᛫ N healsbeag OE literally neck-bee
halsebour halsebor ᛫ a gorget ᛫ N healsbeorg OE
halseman ᛫ an executioner ᛫ N ~ NE
halsend ᛫ an omen ᛫ an augur ᛫ N hǣlsend OE
halser ᛫ a diviner ᛫ an exorcist ᛫ N hǣlsere OE
halsewort ᛫ a Capparis spinosa plant ᛫ a Symphytum album plant ᛫ a Sedum telephium plant ᛫ a throatwort plant ᛫ N halswort ME
halsing ᛫ divination ᛫ fortune telling ᛫ augury ᛫ exorcism ᛫ N hālsung OE
Halsing ᛫ one of the Hälsings ᛫ N(P) Hælsingum OE
halt ᛫ a cessation ᛬ to cease ᛫ N᛬V ~ NE
halter ᛫ a rope for animals or for hanging people ᛫ N ~[hælftre] NE
ham ᛫ an enclosure ᛫ a plot of enclosed ground ᛫ N hamme&ham ME&OE
ham ᛫ the hollow of the knee ᛫ N ~ NE
hame ᛫ covering ᛫ skin ᛫ integument ᛫ membrane ᛫ the slough of a reptile ᛫ N hāme[hama] ME
hammer ᛫ a malleus ( bone ) ᛫ N ~ NE
hammerbore ᛫ a pneumatic drill ᛫ a percussion drill ᛫ a piston drill ᛫ a jackhammer ᛫ N ~ NE+ENE calque: hammer-drill
hammerwort ᛫ a Helleborus niger plant ? ᛫ N hamerwyrt OE
hamstring ᛫ a thigh muscle between the hip and knee ᛬ to disable by cutting the hamstrings ᛫ N᛬V ~ NE
handbag ᛫ a purse ᛫ N ~[baggi?] NE‹N?
handbone ᛫ a metacarpal ᛫ N hand+bone NEx2
handbook ᛫ a manual ᛫ N ~ NE
handcloth ᛫ a handkerchief ᛫ a towel ᛫ N ~ NE
handfast ᛫ a marriage contract ᛬ to become engaged ( as in marriage ) ᛫ N᛬V ~ NE‹N
handgun ᛫ a pistol ᛫ N ~ NE
handicap ᛫ a disability ᛫ a restraint ᛬ to disable ᛫ N᛬V ~ NE
handicapped ᛫ disabled ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
handicraft ᛫ manual skill ᛫ an occupation requiring skill with the hands ᛫ the articles fashioned by handicraft ᛫ N ~ NE
handiswink ᛫ manual labour ᛫ N handiswink ME
handle handel ᛫ a pseudonym ᛫ a username ᛫ N ~ NE
handler handeller ᛫ a manager of animals or a kind of object ᛫ a processor [ᚹ] ᛫ N ~ NE
handlings ᛫ by hand ᛫ manually ᛫ AV hondlinges ME
handly ᛫ manual ᛫ AJ ~ NE
handmaid ᛫ a personal maid or female servant ᛫ N ~ NE
handman ᛫ a manservant ᛫ N ~ NE
handpriest handpreest ᛫ a chaplain ᛫ N handprēost OE‹(E+I‹H)
handsax ᛫ a dagger ᛫ N handseax OE
handsel ᛫ a gift given for good luck at the beginning of the year or to mark an acquisition or the start of an enterprise ᛫ N ~ NE
handset ᛫ a mobile phone ᛫ a cell phone ᛫ N ~ NE
handwhile handhwile ᛫ a short period of time ᛫ a moment ᛫ an instance ᛫ N ~ NE
handwrit ᛫ a manuscript ᛫ a writ written by hand ᛫ N ~ NE
handy ᛫ useful ᛫ AJ ~ NE
hane ᛫ a rooster ᛫ N hana{hanecrau} OE
hangby ᛫ a dependent ( used in contempt ) ᛫ N hangby NE
hangeron ᛫ a sycophant ᛫ N ~ NE
hangman ᛫ an executioner who hangs the condemned ᛫ N ~ NE
hangup ᛫ a delay ᛬ to suspend ᛫ to delay ᛫ N᛬V ~ NE
hansel ᛫ a token of fortune ( good or bad ) ᛫ a gift given at the beginning of a new year or a new venture meant to bring luck ᛫ N ~[hanselle][handselen] NE or: handsel
hap ᛫ luck ᛫ fortune ᛫ a chance occurrence ᛫ N ~ NE‹N
hapful ᛫ lucky ᛫ fortunate ᛫ AJ ~ NE
hapless ᛫ unfortunate ᛫ AJ ~ NE‹(N+E)
haply ᛫ by accident ᛫ AV ~ NE‹(N+E)
happening ᛫ an occurrence ᛫ a event ᛫ N ~ NE‹(N+E+E)
hapsome hapsum ᛫ random ᛫ AJ hap+some N+NE
har ᛫ the hinge of a door or lock ᛫ one of the four cardinal points of the heavens or the earth ᛫ N har/harre/herre[heorr] ME
harbour harbor ᛫ a haven ᛫ a barracks ᛫ military quarters ᛫ a sanctuary ᛫ an anchorage ( in some senses ) ᛫ N ~ NE kin: heriot; borrow
harddrive harddrife ᛫ a hard disk ᛫ a hard disk drive ᛫ N hard drive NE
hardhew ᛫ a Cichorium intybus plant ( chicory ) ᛫ N hardhewe ME
hardness ᛫ inflexibility ᛫ rigidity ᛫ stiffness ᛫ harshness ᛫ rigour ᛫ severity ᛫ cruelty ᛫ obduracy ᛫ obstinacy ᛫ hardiness ᛫ N ~ NE
hardship hardscip ᛫ a difficulty ( especially an unpleasant one ) ᛫ N ~ NE
hardtin ᛫ pewter ᛫ N hard+tin NEx2 calque: Hartzinn
hardware ᛫ equipment ᛫ the physical components of an electronic system ᛫ N ~ NE
harehearted ᛫ timorous ᛫ timid ᛫ easily frightened ᛫ AJ harehearted NE
harfee ᛫ booty ᛫ war spoils ᛫ N herefeoh OE
harfolk ᛫ army men ᛫ army folk ᛫ N herefolc OE
hargang ᛫ a military expedition ᛫ N heregang OE
harhithe ᛫ spoil ᛫ booty ᛫ plunder ᛫ N herehȳþ OE
hark ᛫ ( commands or requests others to pay attention ) ᛫ I ~ NE
hark back ᛫ to evoke something from the past ᛫ V ~ NE
harken ᛫ to listen ᛫ to pay attention to ᛫ V ~ NE
harkworthy ᛫ noteworthy ᛫ worthy of being paid attention to ᛫ AJ hark+worthy NEx2
harm ᛫ a field-mouse ᛫ a dormouse ᛫ N hearma OE
harman ᛫ a soldier ᛫ a warrior ᛫ a militant ᛫ N hereman OE
harmqueath harmcweath ᛫ to revile to speak ill of ᛫ V hearmcweþan OE
harmquid harmcwid ᛫ blasphemy ᛫ harmful speech ᛫ N hearmcwide OE
harpath ᛫ a military road ᛫ N herepaþ OE
harreif ᛫ spoil ᛫ booty ᛫ plunder ᛫ that which is reaved by an army ᛫ N hererēaf OE
harrier ᛫ one who engages in persistent attacks on others or their lands ᛫ N ~ NE
harrow ᛫ to disturb ᛫ to traumatize ᛫ V ~ NE
harrow ᛫ a cairn ? ᛫ a stone alter ? ᛫ an open-air temple ? ᛫ N hearg&hearh OE survives in place names?
harry ᛫ to irritate ᛫ to annoy ᛫ to irk ᛫ to bother ᛫ to pillage ᛫ V harry&herien NE&ME
harsithe ᛫ a military expedition ᛫ N heresīþ OE
harspeed ᛫ military success ᛫ N herespēd OE
hart ᛫ a deer ᛫ N hart&hert NE&ME male-only in Modern English
harteamer ᛫ a general ᛫ N heretēma OE
harthreat ᛫ a troop ᛫ a band of soldiers ᛫ N hereþrēat OE
hartmeat ᛫ venison ᛫ N hart+meat{deermeat} NEx2
hartow ᛫ a general ᛫ a marshal ᛫ a duke ᛫ N heretowa ME or: hartough
hartowdom ᛫ a duchy ᛫ a dukedom ᛫ N hartow+dom ME+NE calque: Herzogtum
hartowen ᛫ a duchess ᛫ N heretow+en NE
harvest harfest ᛫ the fall or autumn season ᛫ N hervest ME
harweed ᛫ armour ᛫ N herewǣd OE
harwoop ᛫ a war cry ᛫ N herewōp OE
hase ᛫ grey ᛫ gray ᛫ ashen ᛫ AJ hasu/haso{haswed} OE
hasp ᛫ a fastening device ᛫ N ~ NE
hassock ᛫ a tussock ᛫ a cushion ᛫ N ~[hassuc] NE
hatch hac ᛫ a crosier ᛫ N hæcce OE
hatel ᛫ detestable ᛫ AJ ~ NE
hather ᛫ a restraint ᛫ a confinement ᛬ to restrain ᛫ to confine ᛫ V heaþor&heaþorian OE&OE
hatter ᛫ clothing ᛫ garments ᛫ clothes ᛫ N hater[hæteru/heatru] ME plural form seems to have been "hateren"
Hatwere ᛫ one of the Chattuarii ( a sub-group of the Franks ? ) ᛫ N(P) Hætwerum OE
haugh haug ᛫ a low-lying meadow by the side of a river ᛫ N ~[healh] NE rhyme: scoff; loch
haulm ᛫ the stems or tops of crop plants ( especially after the crop has been gathered ) ᛫ N ~ NE
haveless hafeless ᛫ poor ᛫ destitute ᛫ AJ ~ NE
haven hafen ᛫ property ᛫ possessions ᛫ N hāven[hæfen] ME
haven hafen ᛫ a harbour ᛫ a sanctuary ᛫ a port ᛫ N ~ NE
haver hafer ᛫ a male goat ᛫ N hæfer OE
haverbleat haferbleat ᛫ a bittern ᛫ a snipe ᛫ N hæferblæte OE
haw ᛫ an enclosure ᛫ a hedge ᛫ N hawe ME
hawspind ᛫ the cheek ᛫ N hagospind OE "hago" is a variant of "haga" which later bore "haw"
hawthorn ᛫ a Crataegus plant ᛫ N ~ NE means enclosure-thorn(?)
hay ᛫ an enclosed plot of land ᛫ a deer park ( an enclosed hunting park in a forest ) ᛫ N hei[hege/gehæg] ME
hayward ᛫ an agricultural overseer ( one who maintains hedges and the common protects grain and oversees the harvest ) ᛫ N hayward&heiward NE&ME
hazel hasel ᛫ a Corylus plant ᛫ a light golden brown hue ᛬ hazel in colour ᛫ N᛬AJ ~ NE
head ᛫ a person ᛫ an individual ᛫ a character ᛫ N head&hede NE&ME
headbone ᛫ a skull ᛫ a cranium ᛫ N heafodban OE
headborough headboroug ᛫ a capital city ᛫ N hēafodburh OE
headedder ᛫ a cephalic vein ᛫ N hēafodǣdre OE
headland ᛫ a promontory ᛫ coastal land that juts into the sea ᛫ N ~ NE
headleighter headleigter ᛫ a chief error ᛫ one of the seven deadly sins ᛫ N hēafodleahter OE
headless ᛫ acephalous ᛫ AJ ~ NE
headly ᛫ chief ᛫ capital ᛫ AJ hēafodlīc OE
headman ᛫ a chief man ᛫ N ~ NE
headpan ᛫ a skull ᛫ N hēafodpanne OE
headset ᛫ a pair of headphones ᛫ N ~ NE
headship headscip ᛫ the position of a leader or head ᛫ N ~ NE
headspring ᛫ a source ᛫ a fountainhead ᛫ N ~ NE
headstool ᛫ a chief seat ᛫ a chief position [ᚹ] ᛫ N hēafodstōl OE
headstrong ᛫ self-willed and obstinate ᛫ AJ ~ NE
headward ᛫ a chief guardian or officer ᛫ N hēafodweard OE
headwater ᛫ the source and initial part of a stream ᛫ N ~ NE
headway ᛫ advance ᛫ progress ᛫ N ~ NE
headwright headwrigt ᛫ a chief workman ᛫ N hēafodwyrhta OE
heady ᛫ intoxicating ᛫ stupefying ᛫ upsetting to the mind or senses ᛫ intellectual and technical ᛫ AJ ~ NE
healall ᛫ a panacea ᛫ a universal remedy ᛫ N heal-all NE
healstone ᛫ some kind of flat cake ᛫ N healstān OE
healthful ᛫ salubrious ᛫ conducive to good health ᛫ AJ ~ NE
heam ᛫ to shack up with ᛫ to have sex with ᛫ to have intercourse with ᛫ to marry ᛫ V hǣman OE
heamed ᛫ sexual intercourse ᛫ N hǣmed OE said like "heem-id", not "heemd"
heamedy ᛫ sexy ᛫ sexual ᛫ AJ heamed+y OE+NE said like: hee-mid-ee
hean ᛫ to insult ᛫ to humiliate ᛫ to debase ᛫ V hēnen ME
heap ᛫ a crowd ᛫ a pile ᛫ a mass ᛫ much or many of something ᛫ N ~ NE
heapmeal ᛫ in large quantities ᛫ in heaps ᛫ heap by heap ᛫ AV ~ NE
hearsay ᛫ a rumour ᛫ gossip ᛫ N ~ NE
hearsome hearsum ᛫ obedient ᛫ compliant ᛫ AJ ~ NE
hearsomeness hearsumness ᛫ obedience ᛫ N ~ NE
heart ᛫ a core ᛫ N ~ NE
heartache heartake ᛫ sorrow ᛫ anguish of the mind ᛫ N ~ NE
hearten ᛫ to comfort ᛫ to give courage ᛫ to encourage ᛫ to console ᛫ to reassure ᛫ to exhort ᛫ V hearten&herten NE&ME
heartening ᛫ inspiring ᛫ encouraging ᛫ AJ ~ NE
heartfelt ᛫ sincerely felt or believed ᛫ AJ ~ NE
hearth ᛫ a fireplace floor ᛫ a brick stone or concrete area in front of a fireplace ᛫ N ~ NE
heartleech heartleec ᛫ a cardiologist ᛫ N heart+leech NEx2
heartless ᛫ lacking courage ᛫ listless ᛫ AJ ~ NE
heartlike ᛫ like a heart ᛫ central ᛫ core ᛫ AJ ~ NE
heartsome heartsum ᛫ uplifting ᛫ comforting ᛫ lively ᛫ joyful ᛫ pleasant ᛫ AJ ~ NE
hearty ᛫ cordial ᛫ AJ ~ NE
heast ᛫ violence ᛬ violent ᛫ N᛬AJ hǣst OE
heath ᛫ uncultivated land ᛫ N᛬AJ ~ NE
heath ᛫ war- ᛫ battle- ᛫ PREFIX hēaþu OE
heathen ᛫ a pagan ᛬ pagan ᛫ N᛬AJ heathen NE
heathendom ᛫ paganism ᛫ heathenism ᛫ the state of being heathen ᛫ N ~ NE
heather ᛫ an Ericaceae plant ᛫ N ~ NE
heathglemb ᛫ a war injury ᛫ a war wound ᛫ N hēaþuglemm OE
heathweed ᛫ armour ᛫ military clothing ᛫ N hēaþuwǣd OE
heatmeter ᛫ a thermometer ᛫ N heat+mete+er NEx3
heave heafe ᛫ to lift ᛫ to raise ᛫ V ~ NE
heavenly heafenly ᛫ divine ᛫ celestial ᛫ wonderful ᛫ AJ ~ NE
heavenrich heafenric ᛫ the Kingdom of Heaven ᛫ N heofonrīce OE
heavensent heafensent ᛫ fortunate appropriate or providential as if ordained by heaven ᛫ AJ ~ NE
heaviness heafiness ᛫ gravity ᛫ N ~ NE
heavyhanded heafyhanded ᛫ oppressive and clumsy ᛫ AJ heavyhanded NE
heavyhandedly heafyhandedly ᛫ in a heavyhanded manner ᛫ AV heavyhandedly NE
heavyhandedness heafyhandedness ᛫ the property of being heavyhanded ᛫ N heavyhandedness NE
heavywater heafywater ᛫ deuterium oxide ᛫ N ~ NE
hedden ᛫ a hood ᛫ chasuble ᛫ an overcoat ᛫ a mantle ᛫ cloak ᛫ N heden OE
hedge ᛫ a fence made of bushes ᛫ a contract reducing exposure to risk ᛬ to enclose or obstruct with hedges ᛫ N᛬V ~ NE
hedge ᛫ ( denotes itinerantcy ) ᛫ PREFIX hedge- NE as in "hedge-priest" and "hedge-knight"
heed ᛫ attention ᛬ to pay attention to ᛫ to obey a warning or instruction ᛫ N᛬V ~ NE
heedern ᛫ a storehouse ᛫ N hēddern OE what does "hédd" mean?
heedful ᛫ attentive ᛫ AJ ~ NE
heedsome heedsum ᛫ attentive ᛫ AJ ~ NE invented by William Barnes
heef ᛫ grief ᛫ N hēof OE
heel ᛫ to keep secret ᛫ to conceal ᛫ to cover ᛫ V ~{hēlen} NE
heelbone ᛫ a calcaneus ᛫ N ~ NE
heem ᛫ an inhabitant ᛫ N hēme ME
heen ᛫ to scoff at ᛫ to humiliate ᛫ to debase ᛬ low ᛫ humbled ᛫ humiliated ᛫ abject ᛫ poor ᛫ wretched ᛫ V᛬AJ hēnen&hēn ME&ME
heer ᛫ an army ᛫ N here/heer ME
heerly ᛫ military ᛫ AJ herelīc OE
heeve heefe ᛫ to grieve ᛫ V hēofan OE
heft ᛫ something's weight ᛫ the ability or influence to get something done ᛬ to hoist ᛫ N᛬V ~ NE
heifer ᛫ a young cow that has not borne a calf ᛫ N ~ NE
height heigt ᛫ one of the three dimensions of a solid object , top to bottom ᛫ N ~ NE
heighten heigten ᛫ to make higher ᛫ to intensify ᛫ V ~ NE
heightfear heigtfear ᛫ acrophobia ᛫ N height+fear NEx2
heightwise heigtwise ᛫ in terms of height ᛫ vertical ᛬ in a vertical manner ᛫ AJ᛬AV ~ NE
heleth ᛫ a hero ᛫ N hēleth[hæleþ] ME "health" is pseudo-archaic spelling?
helethen ᛫ a heroine ᛫ N hēleth+en NE+ME
helethish helethisc ᛫ heroic ᛫ AJ hēleth+ish ME+NE
helfry ᛫ gory ᛫ bloody ᛫ AJ heolfrig OE
hellbent ᛫ determined to achieve something at all costs ᛫ AJ ~ NE
heller ᛫ the scale of a balance ᛫ a balance [ᚹ] ᛫ balance [ᚹ] ᛬ to balance on a scale ᛫ to balance [ᚹ] ᛫ N᛬V heolor&heoloran OE
hellghost hellgoast ᛫ an infernal spirit ᛫ N hellegāst OE
hellish ᛫ infernal ᛫ AJ ~ NE
Hellmere ᛫ the river Styx ᛫ N hellemere OE
hellraiser ᛫ a person who causes trouble through wild behavior ᛫ N ~ NE‹(E+N+E)
hellrown hellrune ᛫ a necromancer ᛫ a witch ᛫ a pythonissa ᛫ N hellerūne/helrūn OE means "hell whisper"?
hellwain ᛫ a wagon from hell ( especially as a supernatural manifestation in the night sky ) ᛫ N ~ NE
hellwight hellwigt ᛫ a creature of hell ᛫ N hellwiht OE
hellwite ᛫ hellish punishment ᛫ gehenna ᛫ hades ᛫ hell ᛫ N hellewīte OE
helm ᛫ protection ᛫ protector ᛫ helmet ᛫ N helm&helm NE&OE
helmer ᛫ a director [ᚹ] ᛫ N ~ NE
helper ᛫ an assistant ᛫ an aide ᛫ N ~ NE
helping ᛫ a portion or serving of food ᛫ an amount or quantity of something ᛫ N ~ NE
helve helfe ᛫ the handle of a tool or weapon ᛬ to furnish with a helve ᛫ N᛬V ~ NE
helver helfer ᛫ blood from a wound ᛫ gore ᛫ cruor ᛫ N heolfor OE
hem ᛫ them ᛫ N(PRO) hem ME or: em (some claim 'em descends from hem)
hem ᛫ a rim ( especially of stitched cloth ) ᛬ to surround in a restricting way ᛫ N᛬V ~ NE
hemp ᛫ a Cannabis plant ᛫ cannabis ᛫ marijuana ᛫ N ~ NE
hemptree ᛫ a Vitex agnus-castus plant ( chaste tree ) ᛫ N ~ NE
hemth ᛫ an undergarment with short sleeves ᛫ a shirt ᛫ N hemeþe OE kin: Hemd (German)
hen ᛫ from this place ᛫ away ᛫ hence ᛫ AJ henne ME
henbell ᛫ henbane ᛫ a Hyoscyamus plant ᛫ N hennebelle OE
hence hense ᛫ from this place ᛫ AV ~ NE
henchman hencman ᛫ a subordinate ( usually with negative connotations ) ᛫ N ~ NE
hend ᛫ courteous ᛫ courtly ᛫ polite ᛫ chivalrous ᛫ beautiful ᛫ pleasant ᛫ gracious ᛫ AJ hēnde ME
hendly ᛫ courteously ᛫ politely ᛫ chivalrously ᛫ AV hẹ̄̆ndelī ME
hendness ᛫ courtesy ᛫ politeness ᛫ chivalry ᛫ N hēnde+ness ME+NE
hengest ᛫ a stallion ᛫ N hengest OE the ‹g› is said as the ‹g› in "hinge" ᛫ kin: henchman
hent ᛫ until ᛫ P&C hent ME short for "henne to"
hent ᛫ to grasp ᛫ to seize ᛫ to capture ᛫ to arrest ᛫ to encounter ᛫ to experience ᛫ V ~[henten][hentan] NE kin: hunt
henth ᛫ humiliation ᛫ abasement ᛫ disgrace ᛫ N henthe[hȳnþ/hēnþu] ME
her ᛫ a lord ᛫ a nobleman ᛫ a superior ᛫ sir [ᚹ] ᛫ mister [ᚹ] ᛫ N herre{hearra} ME
herd ᛫ a herdsman ᛫ shepherd ᛫ a guardian ᛫ a pastor ᛫ N herde ME
Herdsman ᛫ the constellation Boötes ᛫ N ~ NE
hereat ᛫ as a result ᛫ AV ~ NE
herethrough herethruge ᛫ because of this ᛫ by this means ᛫ AV hērthurgh ME see: thereby
hereto ᛫ to this point matter or topic ᛫ regarding this point matter or topic ᛫ AV ~ NE
heriot ᛫ military equipment ᛫ a return of military equipment ᛫ N ~[heregeatu] NE
herry ᛫ to honour ᛫ to praise ᛫ to extol ᛫ to celebrate ᛫ V ~[herian] NE
herryendly ᛫ laudable ᛫ AJ herigendlice[herigendlīc] ME
herstpan ᛫ a frying pan ᛫ N hearstepanne OE
herthbelly ᛫ a scrotum ᛫ N herþbelig OE
herthen ᛫ testicles ᛫ N herþan OE or: herths ᛫ this word is always plural
hest ᛫ behest ᛫ a command ᛫ an injunction ᛫ an order ᛫ a precept ᛫ N ~[hē̆st][hǣs] NE
hew ᛫ a family or household member ᛫ a domestic ᛫ a servant ᛫ a retainer ᛫ N hewe ME
hew ᛫ to chop at ᛫ to chop down ᛫ to shape ᛫ to form ᛫ to conform ᛫ to forge ᛫ V ~ NE
hewcouth hewcooth ᛫ familiar ᛫ AJ hīwcūþ OE
hewn ᛫ blue ᛫ azure ᛬ of blue hue ᛫ of azure hue ᛫ N᛬AJ hǣwen&hǣwen ME&OE
hewnbill ᛫ an Aythya marila or Aythya affinis bird ( a scaup ) ᛫ N bluebill ME+NE
hewngreen ᛫ blue-green ᛫ cyan ᛫ AJ hǣwengrēne OE
hewster ᛫ a dyer ᛫ N heuster ME
hex ᛫ a curse ᛬ to curse ᛫ N᛬V ~ NE‹HG kin: hag
hext ᛫ highest ᛫ AJ ~ NE
hide ᛫ skin ᛫ N ~ NE
hidel ᛫ a secret place ᛫ a hiding place ᛫ a refuge ᛫ N hī̆del/hī̆dels[hydels] ME&OE
hideleech hideleec ᛫ a dermatologist ᛫ N hide+leech NEx2 or: skinleech (Norse influence)
hideyield hideyeeld ᛫ property tax ( tax paid on every hide ) ᛫ N hīdgild OE
hidlings ᛫ secret ᛫ clandestine ᛬ in secret ᛫ secretly ᛫ AJ᛬AV ~ NE
hie ᛫ they ᛫ N(PRO) hē[hīe] ME or: hy; hye ᛫ rhyme: pie
hie ᛫ to hasten ᛫ to go quickly ᛫ V ~ NE
hield heeld ᛫ favour ᛫ affection ᛫ good will ᛫ N hēlde ME
high hige ᛫ to esteem ᛫ to honour ᛫ to exalt ᛫ V heien/highen ME
high end hige ᛫ of the highest quality ᛫ AJ ~ NE
highblown higeblown ᛫ pretentious ᛫ grandiloquent ᛫ exaggerated ᛫ AJ high-blown NE
highfather higefather ᛫ a patriarch ᛫ N hēahfæder OE
highhearted higehearted ᛫ insouciant ᛫ full of gaiety ᛫ full of courage or nobility ᛫ AJ highhearted&hēahheort NE&OE
highherd higeherd ᛫ a chief pastor ᛫ an archimandrite ᛫ N hēahhirde OE
highking higeking ᛫ a chief king or ruler ᛫ a king of kings ᛫ N ~ NE
highland higeland ᛫ a stretch of high or mountainous land ᛫ N ~ NE
highlight higeligt ᛫ to emphasize ᛫ to mark out ᛫ V ~ NE
highmother higemother ᛫ a matriarch ᛫ N high+mother{hēahfæder} NEx2
highseld higeseld ᛫ a throne ᛫ a position of high rank ᛫ N hēahseld OE
hight higt ᛫ haste ᛫ hurry ᛫ N highthe[hīgþ] ME kin: hie
hight higt ᛫ expectation ᛫ hope ᛬ to expect ᛫ to hope ᛫ N᛬V hight&highten[hyht/hiht] ME&ME
hightide higtide ᛫ a culminating point ᛫ a climax ᛫ N ~ NE
highwayman higewayman ᛫ a bandit ᛫ a brigand ᛫ N ~ NE
hild ᛫ to skin ᛫ to flay ᛫ to peel ᛫ V hilden[hyldan] ME
hild ᛫ battle ᛫ war ᛫ N hild OE
hildlate ᛫ one sluggish in war ᛫ one slow to fight ᛫ a coward ᛫ N hildlata OE agent suffix likely would have dropped
hildspel ᛫ a speech given before battle ? ᛫ a story about battle ? ᛫ N hildespell OE
hilk ᛫ a bend ᛫ a turn ᛫ a winding ᛫ curvature ᛫ anfractus ᛫ N hylc OE
hillhoamer ᛫ a cricket ᛫ N hyllhāma OE
hillhomer ᛫ a cicada ᛫ N hyllhāma OE
hillock ᛫ a small hill ᛫ N ~ NE
hilt ᛫ the handle of a sword ᛬ to provide with a hilt ᛫ N᛬V ~ NE
hin ᛫ him ( accusative ) ᛫ N(PRO) hine ME
hind ᛫ rear ᛫ posterior ᛫ AJ ~ NE
hind ᛫ a female deer ᛫ N ~[hind] NE
hindberry ᛫ a raspberry ᛫ N ~{hindberige} NE
hindbrain ᛫ the rhombencephalon ᛫ N ~ NE
hinder ᛫ to obstruct ᛫ to impede ᛫ V ~ NE
hindering ᛫ a hinderance ᛫ N ~ NE
hinderland ᛫ a hinterland ᛫ an uncharted land ᛫ a land surrounding a town or port ᛫ N Hinterland NE‹HG
hinderling ᛫ a wretch ᛫ a lowly person or beast ᛫ N ~ NE begat "hilding"?
hindersome hindersum ᛫ obstructive ᛫ AJ ~ NE
hindgut ᛫ the caudal part of the alimentary canal of an embryo including the colon and the rectum ᛫ N ~ NE
hindlook ᛫ an afterlook ᛫ a look in review ᛫ N ~ NE
hindneck ᛫ the nape ( especially of birds ) ᛫ N ~ NE
hindsight hindsigt ᛫ retrospect ᛫ N ~ NE
hine ᛫ a servant ᛫ a household's servants ᛫ N hīne{hind} ME
hinge ᛫ a central or pivotal point or principle on which things depend ᛬ to depend on ᛫ N᛬V ~ NE
hipwark ᛫ sciatica ᛫ N hipwerc OE
hir ᛫ their ᛫ N(PRO) here/hire/hure[heora] ME or: her; here
hird ᛫ a family ᛫ a household ᛫ a retinue ᛫ a court ( those in the court not the physical court ) ᛫ N hīred[hīrēd] ME equivilent to: hew+-red
hirdman ᛫ a member of a king's household or court ᛫ a retainer ᛫ a courtier ᛫ N hiredman ME
hireling ᛫ employee ᛫ N ~ NE
hirer ᛫ an employer ᛫ N ~ NE
hirn ᛫ a corner ᛫ a niche ᛫ a remote place ᛫ a cranny ᛫ a recess ᛫ an intricacy ᛫ N hirn[hyrne] ME
hirnstone ᛫ a cornerstone ᛫ N hyrnstān OE
hirs ᛫ theirs ᛫ N(PRO) hē̆res/hirs ME or: "hern", from a Middle English alternative
hirst ᛫ to fry ᛫ V hirsten[hierstan] ME
hirst ᛫ equipment ( especially things like armour and weapons but also ornaments ) ᛬ to equip ᛫ to ornament ᛫ N᛬V hyrst&hyrstan OE
hit up ᛫ to contact ( usually for a service or for socializing ) ᛫ V ~ NE
hitch hic ᛫ a problem ᛫ a snag ᛫ N ~ NE
hithe ᛫ a river harbour ᛫ a river landing place ᛫ N ~[hȳþ] NE
hithe ᛫ to plunder ᛫ to ravage ᛫ to pillage ᛫ to lay waste to ᛫ V hȳþan OE
hither ᛫ to this place ᛫ AV ~ NE
hithercoming ᛫ arrival to this place ᛫ N ~ NE
hitherto ᛫ up to this time ᛫ AV ~ NE
hoad ᛫ a person ᛫ a character in a story ᛫ a sex ᛫ a state ᛫ a condition ᛫ a rank ᛫ a degree ᛫ N hōde&hād ME&OE becomes: hood as a suffix
hoar ᛫ light grey ᛫ AJ ~ NE
hoard ᛫ a collection of valuable things ᛫ treasure ᛬ to accumulate ᛫ to amass ᛫ N᛬V ~ NE
hoardcleeve hoardcleefe ᛫ a treasure room or chamber ᛫ a treasury ᛫ N hordclēofa OE
hoardcove hoardcofe ᛫ a place for treasure ᛫ a place where thoughts are stored ᛫ N hordcōfa OE
hoarder ᛫ one who hoards ᛫ a treasurer ᛫ N horder&hordere NE&OE
hoardern ᛫ a storage place ᛫ a storeroom ᛫ a storehouse ᛫ N hordern OE
hoardlock ᛫ a treasure chest ᛫ a coffer ᛫ N hordloca OE
hoardvat hoardfat ᛫ a vessel for holding treasure ᛫ N hordfæt OE
hoarfrost ᛫ frozen dew ᛫ N ~ NE
hoarstone ᛫ a stone designating the bounds of an estate ᛫ N ~ NE
hoary ᛫ old fashioned ᛫ musty ᛫ moldy ᛫ grey with age ᛫ outdated [ᚹ] ᛫ obsolete [ᚹ] ᛫ AJ ~ NE
hobnob ᛫ to mix socially ( especially with those of higher status ) ᛫ V ~ NE
hock ᛫ the hollow behind the knee ᛫ the popliteal region ᛬ to hamstring ᛫ N᛬V ~[hōh] NE or: hough
hode ᛫ to ordain ᛫ to consecrate ᛫ V hōden[hādian] ME
hoder ᛫ clear ᛫ serene ᛫ AJ hādor OE kin: heiðr (Icelandic)
hoff ᛫ a house ᛫ a palace ᛫ a court ᛫ N hof OE kin: hovel
hogsfennel ᛫ a Peucedanum officinale plant ᛫ N hog's fennel NE
hogshead ᛫ a large barrel ᛫ a large cask ᛫ a unit of volume ( 52.5 imperial gallons for wine , 54 imperial gallons for beer ) ᛫ N ~ NE
hogwash hogwasc ᛫ nonsense ᛫ N ~ NE
hold ᛫ graciously ᛫ kindly ᛫ faithfully ᛫ AJ holde[holde] ME
hold ᛫ a large space in the lower part of a ship or aircraft in which cargo is stowed ᛫ N ~ NE alteration of "hole"
hold ᛫ inclined ᛫ AJ heald OE
holdall ᛫ a carryall ᛫ an encyclopaedia ᛫ N ~ NE
holder ᛫ a container ᛫ a possessor ᛫ N ~ NE
holding ᛫ asset ᛫ N ~ NE
holdover holdofer ᛫ a remnant which has survived from a previous period system etc ᛫ N ~ NE
holdship holdscip ᛫ loyalty ᛫ fealty ᛫ allegiance ᛫ N holdscipe OE
hole ᛫ to obtain ᛫ V hōlen&geholian ME&OE
holet ᛫ to greet ᛫ to salute ᛫ V hālettan OE
holibone ᛫ a sacrum ᛫ N holybone NE
holiday ᛫ vacation ᛫ N ~ NE
Holimonth ᛫ September ᛫ N(P) haligmonaþ OE or: Harvestmonth (from hærfestmōnaþ)
holiness ᛫ sanctity ᛫ N ~ NE
holirope ᛫ Eupatorium cannabinum ( hemp-agrimony ) ᛫ N ~ ENE
Holiwere ᛫ Saint Cuthbert of Lindisfarne ᛫ N(P) Hālīwer ME rhyme: hall-a-ware
holm ᛫ an islet ( especially one in a river ) ᛫ N ~ NE‹N
Holmrye ᛫ one of the Rugii ᛫ N(P) Holmrygum OE
holt ᛫ a forested hill ᛫ a copse ᛫ N ~ NE
holy ᛫ sacred ᛫ AJ ~ NE
home in ᛫ to focus on ᛫ to track ᛫ to get closer to that which is being chased ᛫ V ~ NE
homefear ᛫ oikophobia ᛫ ecophobia ᛫ N home+fear NEx2
homeheast ᛫ domestic violence ᛫ N home+heast NE+OE
homely ᛫ domestic ᛫ not elaborate or complex ᛫ plain or unattractive in appearance ᛫ AJ ~ NE
homespun ᛫ homely ᛫ unsophisticated ᛫ AJ ~ NE
homeware ᛫ furniture utensils and decorative objects for domestic use ᛫ N ~ NE
homewares ᛫ furnishings for the home such as furniture ᛫ N ~ NE
hone ᛫ delay ᛫ hesitation ᛫ N hōne ME‹C morphed into "wone" in some dialects
hone ᛫ a sharpening stone ᛬ to sharpen ᛫ to refine or to master a skill ᛫ to make more effective ᛫ N᛬V ~ NE
honeybear hunnybear ᛫ a kinkajou ᛫ N honey bear NE
honeywort hunnywort ᛫ a Galium cruciatum plant ᛫ N ~ NE
hoo ᛫ she ᛫ N(PRO) ~[heo] NE found in West Yorkshire and Lancashire
hoodwink ᛫ to trick ᛫ to deceive ᛫ V ~ NE
hoof ᛫ the covering that encloses the feet of ungulate mammals ᛬ to dance ᛫ N᛬V ~ NE
hoofdeer ᛫ an ungulate ᛫ an animal of the clade Ungulata ᛫ N hoof+deer NE+NE calque: hoefdier, Huftier
hookbone ᛫ a hamate bone ᛫ N hook+bone NEx2 calque: haakvormig been; Hakenbein
hooker ᛫ a feeling of offence ᛫ mockery ᛫ scorn ᛫ derision ᛫ abusive talk ᛫ N hōker[hōcer] ME
hooky ᛫ catchy ᛫ easily recalled ᛫ AJ ~ NE
hool ᛫ vain speech ᛫ slander ᛫ calumny ᛬ to speak evil of ᛫ to slander ᛫ to calumniate ᛫ N᛬V hōl&hōlian OE
hoose ᛫ an escort ᛫ a company ᛫ a troop ᛫ a band ᛫ a party ᛫ N hōs OE
hopelessness ᛫ despair ᛫ N ~ NE
hophead ᛫ a drug addict ᛫ N ~ NE
hopper ᛫ a seed basket used by a sower ᛫ N hopper ME
hore ᛫ filth ᛫ dirt ᛫ mud ᛫ slime ᛫ muck ᛫ crud ᛫ N hore[horh] ME
horewort ᛫ a Filago germanica plant ? ᛫ N hōrwort ME
horn ᛫ a telephone (slang) ᛫ N ~ NE especially in the saying "on the horn"
horning ᛫ fornication ᛫ N hornung OE
horningson horningsun ᛫ a bastard son ᛫ N hornungsunu OE kin: Hornung (German)
hornkin ᛫ a Hörnchen ᛫ a croissant ᛫ a kifli ᛫ a kipfel ᛫ N horn+kin NEx2 calque: Hörnchen
hornnose ᛫ a rhinoceros ᛫ N horne nose NE
horny ᛫ sexually aroused ᛫ AJ ~ NE
horry ᛫ to defile ᛫ to defoul ᛫ to pollute ᛫ to corrupt ᛫ to become corrupt ᛫ V hō̆rien ME
horsefeathers ᛫ nonsense ᛫ balderdash ᛫ N ~ NE
horseman ᛫ an equestrian ᛫ N ~ NE
horsern ᛫ a stable ᛫ N horsern OE
horsewhale horsehwale ᛫ walrus ᛫ N horshwæl OE "walrus" is Norse
horsh horsc ᛫ quick-witted ᛫ mentally sharp ᛫ AJ horsc OE
hose ᛫ a legging ᛫ N hose&hōse NE&ME see: hosen
hosen ᛫ pants ᛫ trousers ᛫ stockings ᛫ greaves N hosen&hōse NE&ME or: hoses
hote ᛫ to designate ᛫ to name ᛫ to be designated ᛫ to be named ᛫ V hōten ME PST: hoted (among others) ᛫ PTCP: hight (among others)
hough huge ᛫ a promontory ᛫ N hough[hōh] ME rhyme: plough
hound hund ᛫ a canine ᛫ N ~ NE
houndberry hundberry ᛫ a Solanum nigrum berry ( a European black nightshade berry ) ᛫ N hǒundberī[hundesberie] ME
houndfear hundfear ᛫ cynophobia ᛫ N hound+fear NEx2
houndfish hundfisc ᛫ the Tylosurus crocodilus fish ᛫ N ~ NE
hounding hunding ᛫ a cynocephalus ( a mythological dogheaded man ) ᛫ N hounding ME
Hounding Hunding ᛫ one of the Hundings ᛫ N(P) Hūndings OE
houndly hundly ᛫ canine ᛫ AJ ~ NE
houndshead hundscead ᛫ an Antirrhinum plant ( snapdragon ) ᛫ N hundes hēafod OE
houndstung hundstung ᛫ a Cynoglossum officinale plant ᛫ N hound's tongue NE
hour hure ᛫ especially ᛫ particularly ᛫ AV hūre[hūru] ME the H is pronounced
housebreach husebreac ᛫ burglary ᛫ N ~[hūsbrice] NE
housedeer husedeer ᛫ a pet ( an animal kept for company ) ᛫ N house+deer NEx2 calque: hûsdier
housefather husefather ᛫ a paterfamilias ᛫ N ~ NE
housel ᛫ an offering to a god ᛫ a sacrifice ᛫ the consecrated elements at Communion ᛫ N ~ NE old heathen meaning was Christianised
housel husel ᛫ the Eucharist ᛬ to administer the Eucharist ᛫ N᛬V ~ NE
housel ᛫ to offer to a god ᛫ to sacrifice ᛫ to take or to give the consecrated elements at Communion ᛫ V ~ NE old heathen meaning was Christianised
houselady huselady ᛫ the mistress of a house ᛫ N ~ NE
houseldish huseldisc ᛫ a paten ( a Eucharist plate ) ᛫ N hūseldisc OE
houselord huselord ᛫ the master of a house ᛫ N ~ NE
housemother husemother ᛫ a materfamilias ᛫ N ~ NE
houser huser ᛫ a member of a household ᛫ N hūsa OE
housewares husewares ᛫ domestic utensils ( especially for the kitchen ) ᛫ N ~ NE
houth huthe ᛫ prey ᛫ spoils ᛫ booty ᛫ N hūþe OE
hove hof ᛫ a headdress ᛫ a coif ᛫ a turban [ᚹ] ᛫ N hǒuve[hūfe] ME rhyme: dove
hove hof ᛫ to float ᛫ to hover ᛫ to flutter in the air ᛫ to lie in wait ᛫ to lurk ᛫ V hove ME rhyme: glove? ᛫ kin: hover
hove hof ᛫ moderation ᛫ discretion ᛫ N họ̄f ME‹N
hovel hofel ᛫ a shed ᛫ a cottage ᛫ a small house ᛫ a low quality house ᛫ N ~ NE
hover hofer ᛫ to float ᛫ to hang above something ᛫ V ~ NE
how ᛫ anxiety ᛫ N hou[hoga] ME rhyme: snow
how ᛫ to intend ᛫ purpose ᛫ to long after ᛫ V ho&houen[hogian]{hycgan} NE&ME rhyme: snow
how ᛫ to survey ᛫ to inspect ᛫ to view ᛫ to observe ᛫ V hāwian&gehāwian OE&OE rhyme: snow
Hown Hune ᛫ a Hun ᛫ N(P) Hūnas OE
hub ᛫ a focal point ᛫ a center of activity ᛫ the central part of a wheel or circle ᛫ N ~ NE‹?
hue hew ᛫ a colour ᛫ N hue NE
huer hewer ᛫ toner ᛫ N hue+er NEx2
hulk ᛫ a hut ᛫ a hovel ᛫ a cabin ᛫ a trading ship ᛫ a warship ᛫ a huge and clumsy person or creature ᛫ N hulk[hulc] ME‹OE some claim this word comes from Italic, but this is doubtful
hulstry ᛫ latebrosus ᛫ dark ᛫ secret ᛫ AJ heolstrig OE
hundred ᛫ an administrative region below shires ᛫ N ~ NE
hundredsalder ᛫ a centurion ᛫ N hundredes ealdor OE
hunth ᛫ catch ᛫ prey ᛫ game ᛫ N huntaþ OE
hurdle hurdel ᛫ a lattice ᛫ a barrier frame ( often used for jumping over in sports ) ᛫ N ~ NE
Huron Mere Hewron Mere ᛫ Lake Huron ᛫ N(P) Huron+mere NE‹O+NE
hurst ᛫ a copse ᛫ a grove ᛫ a sandbank ᛫ a sandbar ᛫ N ~ NE
hursting ᛫ a vessel for frying ᛫ N hursting ME
husband ᛫ a married man ᛫ a cultivator ᛬ to manage prudently and economically ᛫ to use sparingly ᛫ to conserve ᛫ N᛬V ~ NE‹N
husbandcraft ᛫ husbandry ᛫ management and conservation of resources ᛫ N husband+craft NEx2 calque: husbandry
husbanding ᛫ cultivation ᛫ tillage ᛫ farming ᛫ careful management ᛫ N ~ NE
husbandman ᛫ farmer ᛫ N ~ NE
hussy ᛫ an imprudent or immoral girl or woman ᛫ N ~[husewif] NE doublet: housewife
husting ᛫ a deliberative assembly or council ᛫ a platform where candidates in an election give speeches ᛫ N ~ NE‹(N+E)
hustings ᛫ a husting ᛫ an election campaign ᛫ N ~ NE‹(N+E)
hux ᛫ an insult ᛫ an insulting remark ᛫ a jeer ᛫ mockery ᛫ N hux[husc] ME
huxly ᛫ in an insulting or derisive manner ᛫ mockingly ᛫ AV huxlīce[huxlic] ME
huxy ᛫ insulting ᛫ AJ hux+y ME+NE
hye ᛫ thought ᛫ mind ( as in inclination or desire ) ᛫ N hie/hige[hyge] ME
hyeless ᛫ thoughtless ᛫ mindless ᛫ foolish ᛫ AJ hygelēas ME
ice flow ise ᛫ a flow or stream of ice ᛫ a glacier ᛫ N ~ NE
ice fox ise ᛫ a Vulpes lagopus mammal ( an arctic fox ) ᛫ N ~ NE
ice island ise iland ᛫ an iceberg ᛫ N ~[island of ice] NE
ice shoal ise scoal ᛫ an ice floe ᛫ N ~ NE floe is Norse
icebarrow isebarrow ᛫ an iceberg ᛫ N ice+barrow NEx2 calque: ijsberg
icebear isebear ᛫ a polar bear ᛫ N ~ NE note: ijsbeer
Icelandish Iselandisc ᛫ Icelandic ᛫ N Iceland+ish NEx2
iceweasten iseweasten ᛫ a stretch of polar desert ᛫ N ice+wēsten NE+ME
ickle ickel ᛫ a piece of ice ᛫ N ikel ME found in "icicle"
ides ᛫ a magical woman ? ᛫ a demi-goddess ? ᛫ a female ancestral spirit ? ᛫ N ides OE
idish idisc ᛫ supellex ᛫ household stuff ᛫ furniture ᛫ furnishings ᛫ utensils ᛫ N īdisc OE rhyme: eye dish
idle idel ᛫ inactive ᛫ ineffective ᛫ unimportant ᛫ pointless ᛫ vain ᛫ AJ idle&idel NE&OE
idlewolder idelwolder ᛫ vainglory ᛫ N īdel wuldor OE
idy ᛫ busy ᛫ active ᛫ AJ idig OE
iffy ᛫ of dubious authenticity legitimacy or reliability ᛫ dubious ᛫ AJ ~ NE
ild ᛫ mankind ᛫ N ilde/ylde OE
ile ᛫ a granule ᛫ N ile&egl NE&OE
ile ᛫ a hedgehog ᛫ N igil OE
Iliamna Mere ᛫ Iliamna Lake ᛫ N(P) Iliamna+mere NE‹O+NE
ilk ᛫ same ᛫ identical ᛫ AJ ~ ME "same" is Norse
ilk ᛫ a race ᛫ a kind ᛫ N ~ NE
ilkhatred ᛫ racism ᛫ N ilk+hatred NEx2
ill ᛫ a sole of a foot ᛫ N ile/yle&ile ME&OE kin: il (Icelandic)
illwill ᛫ spite ᛫ rancour ᛫ N ~ NE
illy ᛫ poorly ᛫ AV ~ NE
ilvet ilfet ᛫ a swan ᛫ N ilfette OE
Imber ᛫ one of the Ambrones ᛫ N(P) Ymbrum OE
in keeping with ᛫ in accordance with ᛫ P ~ NE
in kind ᛫ in the form of goods rather than money ᛬ in the same way ᛫ AJ᛬AV ~ NE
in name ᛫ nominally ᛫ AJ᛬AV ~ NE
in the end ᛫ ultimately ᛫ AV ~ NE
in the flesh flesc ᛫ in person ᛫ AV ~ NE
in tow ᛫ accompanying ᛫ following behind ᛫ AV ~ NE
in truth trewth ᛫ actually ᛫ AV ~ NE
inbed ᛫ to embed ᛫ V in+bed NE‹(I+E)
inblow ᛫ to inflate ᛫ V inblouen ME
inborn ᛫ innate ᛫ native ᛫ inherited by birth ᛫ pertaining to by birth ᛫ AJ ~ NE
inbosom ᛫ to enclose ᛫ to conceal ᛫ to shelter ᛫ to embrace ᛫ to envelop ᛫ V imbosom NE
inbreak ᛫ an invasion ᛫ an incursion ᛬ to break in ᛫ to make an incursion ᛫ N᛬V ~ NE
inbreathe ᛫ to inhale ᛫ to inspire ᛫ V ~ NE
inbring ᛫ to bring in ᛫ to introduce ᛫ to confiscate legally ᛫ V ~ NE
inchmeal incmeal ᛫ inch by inch ᛫ little by little ᛫ gradually ᛫ ADV inch+meal NE
incomer incummer ᛫ an immigrant ᛫ N ~ NE
indearing ᛫ endearing ᛫ cute ᛫ AJ endearing NE
Indish Indisc ᛫ Indian speech ᛬ Indian ᛫ N(P)᛬AJ(P) Ī̆ndish ME‹O
indwell ᛫ to possess ( as in spiritual possession ) ᛫ to dwell within ᛫ V ~ NE
Indy ᛫ India ᛫ N(P) Ī̆nde/Yndee ME‹O
ineard ᛫ to dwell ᛫ to inhabit ᛫ V ineardian OE
infall ᛫ an incursion ᛫ N ~ NE
infare ᛫ an entrance ᛫ an invasion ᛫ an incursion ᛫ an inroad ᛫ a wedding reception ᛬ to invade ᛫ to enter ᛫ N᛬V infare&infaru&inferan NE&OE&OE
inflow ᛫ an influx ᛫ N ~ NE
ing ᛫ a meadow ( especially when near a river ) ᛫ N ~[ing/eng] NE
ing ᛫ -tion ᛫ -ation ᛫ -sion ᛫ SUFFIX ~ NE[ing/ung]
ingang ᛫ an entrance ᛫ an entryway ᛫ an admission ᛫ permission to enter ᛫ access ᛫ N ~ NE
ingrave ingrafe ᛫ to engrave ᛫ to inscribe ᛫ V ~ NE
ingraving ingrafing ᛫ an engraving ᛫ an inscription ᛫ N ~ NE
inhide ᛫ thought ᛫ conscience ᛫ intent ᛫ intention ᛫ intentional purpose ᛫ N inihīd[ingehȳd] ME
inhold ᛫ to contain ᛫ to possess ᛫ V ~ NE
inholding ᛫ content ᛫ N ~ NE
ink ᛫ you two ( accusative ) ᛫ N(PRO) inc ME
inker ᛫ your ( dual you two's ) ᛫ N(PRO) incer OE
inkers ᛫ yours ( dual you two's ) ᛫ N(PRO) incer OE
inkhorn ᛫ a fancy word borrowed into English though it is not needed ᛫ N ~ NE‹(H+E)
inkle inkel ᛫ to suspect ᛫ N᛬V inkling NE
inkling ᛫ suspicion ᛫ N ~ NE
inkselves inkselfes ᛫ you two's selves ᛫ N(PRO) inc seluen ME
inlander ᛫ a native ᛫ N inlenda OE
inlandish inlandisc ᛫ native ᛫ indigenous ᛫ AJ inlendisc OE
inlay ᛫ to ornament by embedding ᛫ V ~ NE
inleek ᛫ an Allium cepa plant ( an onion ) ᛫ N hinnelēac[ynnelēac] ME
inlet ᛫ a small arm of the sea a lake or a river ᛫ a place or means of entry ᛫ N ~ NE
inlighten inligten ᛫ to enlighten ᛫ V ~[inlī̆ghtnen] NE
inlightening inligtening ᛫ enlightenment ᛫ N inlighten+ing ME+NE
innard ᛫ an inner working of something ( such as an organ ) ᛫ N ~ NE from: inwards
inner ᛫ internal ᛫ interior ᛫ AJ ~ NE
innoth ᛫ a womb ᛫ entrails ᛫ a gall bladder ᛫ inner workings ᛫ hidden causes ᛫ N innoth[innoþ] ME
input ᛫ an insertion ᛬ to insert ᛫ N᛬V ~ NE
inroad ᛫ an advancement ᛫ an advance ᛫ an incursion ᛫ to invade ᛬ to invade ᛫ N ~ NE
inrown inrune ᛫ to encrypt ᛫ V in+rown NEx2 calque: encrypt
inruning ᛫ encryption ᛫ N in+rown+ing NEx3 calque: encryption
inset ᛫ to implant ᛫ V insetten ME
insight insigt ᛫ a deep and accurate understanding of something ᛫ N ~ NE
insooth ᛫ really ᛫ actually ᛫ AV ~ NE
instep ᛫ an entrance ᛫ N instæpe OE
intangling ᛫ entanglement ᛫ N in+tangle+ing NEx3
inthrutch inthruc ᛫ an impression ᛫ N in+thrutch NE+ME calque: Eindruck; indruk
inting ᛫ a cause ( a reason something happens ) ᛫ N intinge&intinga ME&OE
inward ᛫ internal ᛬ towards the inside ᛫ AJ᛬AV ~ NE
inwardly ᛫ internal ᛬ internally ᛫ AJ᛬AV ~ NE
inwid ᛫ fraud ᛫ guile ᛫ deceit ᛫ a malicious trick ᛫ N inwid[inwit] OE
inwidful ᛫ deceitful ᛫ guileful ᛫ malicious ᛫ evil ᛫ AJ inwitfull OE
inwit ᛫ conscience ᛫ N ~ NE
inwriting ᛫ an inscription ᛫ N inwrītinge ME
inwrought inwrougt ᛫ established ᛫ ingrained ᛫ AJ ~ NE
Iraq Irack ᛫ Iraq ᛫ N(P) Iraq NE‹O
Ires ᛫ Irishmen ᛫ N irās OE singular form not attested?
iron cloth ᛫ mail ᛫ chainmail ᛫ N ~ NE
ironclad ᛫ covered or protected with iron ᛫ irrefutable ᛫ impossible to contradict ᛫ AJ ~ NE
ironroad ᛫ a railway ᛫ N ~ NE
irse ᛫ to anger ᛫ to provoke ᛫ to be angry ᛫ to rage ᛫ V irsien[irsian] ME
irth ᛫ ploughing ᛫ tilling ᛫ farming ᛫ produce of a farm ᛫ a crop ᛫ N irþ OE
irthland ᛫ farmland ᛫ arable land ᛫ N irþland OE
irthling ᛫ a plougher ᛫ a tiller ᛫ a farmer ᛫ N irþling OE
isel ᛫ a spark ᛫ a cinder ᛫ an ember ᛫ ashes ᛫ ( when plural ) the ruins of a destroyed city ᛫ a cake or a pie baked under hot ashes ᛫ N īsel[ysle] ME survives as: aizle?
ish isc ᛫ -ian ᛫ -ic ᛫ SUFFIX ~ NE
islandish ilandisc ᛫ insular ᛫ AJ ~ NE
Israelish Israelisc ᛫ Israeli ᛫ Israelite ᛫ AJ Israēlisc OE
ist ᛫ a tempest ᛫ a hurricane [ᚹ] ᛫ a typhoon [ᚹ] ᛫ a cyclone [ᚹ] ᛫ N ȳst OE
Ist ᛫ one of the Aesti ᛫ N(P) Istum OE
Italish Italisc ᛫ Italian ᛫ N᛬AJ ~ NE
itch ic ᛫ a poisonous frog ᛫ N iche[ȳce] ME
ithand ᛫ industrious ᛫ diligent ᛫ AJ ~ NE
ithe ᛫ a wave ᛫ N īthe&ȳþ ME&OE
ithelidder ᛫ a wave traverser ᛫ ship ᛫ N ȳþlida OE
ithelode ᛫ a way across the waves ᛫ a voyage ( poetic ) ᛫ N ȳþlād OE
ithing ᛫ over-abundance ᛫ redundancy ᛫ an overflowing ᛫ N ȳþung OE
kale ᛫ kale ᛫ N ~[cōl][cāl] NE‹ME‹OE‹I
kedlock ᛫ a Sinapis alba plant ( white mustard ) ᛫ N ~ NE
keel ᛫ to cool ᛫ to chill ᛫ V ~[cēlan] NE kin: cool
keel ᛫ to collapse ᛫ to faint ᛫ to fall ᛫ V ~ NE‹N
keeling ᛫ cooling ᛫ refreshment ᛫ N kẹ̄ling[cēling] ME
keep ᛫ attention ᛫ notice ᛫ concern ᛫ protection ᛫ vigilance ᛫ a donjon ( a central tower of a castle ) ᛫ a rook ᚹ ᛬ to retain ᛫ to care for ᛫ N᛬V keep&kēp NE&ME
keeper ᛫ a guardian ᛫ a custodian ᛫ N ~ NE
keepsake ᛫ a memento ᛫ a souvenir ᛫ N ~ NE
kemb ᛫ to comb ᛫ to neaten ᛫ to tidy up ᛫ to card ( to clean with a comb ) ᛫ V kemben ME found in: unkempt ᛫ kin: comb
kemp ᛫ a champion ᛫ a warrior ᛫ a fighter ᛬ to fight ᛫ N᛬V kemp&kempen NE&ME kin: champion
kemp ᛫ facial hair ᛫ whiskers ᛫ bristles of hair ᛫ coarse hair ᛫ N kemp&cenep NE&OE
kempt ᛫ maintained in a neat and clean condition ᛫ AJ ~ NE
ken ᛫ to beget ᛫ V kennen[acennan] ME
ken ᛫ one's knowledge , understanding , or sight ᛬ to know ᛫ to ascertain ᛫ to inform ᛫ to make known ᛫ to notify ᛫ N᛬V ken&kennen NE&ME
kenbook ᛫ an encyclopedia ᛫ N ken+book NEx2
kench kenc ᛫ to laugh aloud ᛫ to jeer ᛫ V chinken/kenchen ME
kennend ᛫ a parent ᛫ N cennend OE literally begetter
kenness ᛫ one's nativity ᛫ N cenness OE
kenning ᛫ birth ᛫ incarnation ᛫ N akennednesse ME
kenning ᛫ a metaphor whereby a simple thing is described in an allusive way ᛫ N ~ NE‹N example: brimhengest (sea horse) = ship
kenningstow ᛫ a birthplace ᛫ N cenningstōw OE
kenningtide ᛫ the time of birth ᛫ N cenningtīd OE
kerf ᛫ the act of cutting ᛫ an incision ᛫ a niche ᛫ a notch ᛫ a slash ᛫ a tally ᛫ a level [ᚹ] ᛫ a degree in a ranking system [ᚹ] ᛫ N kerf&kirf[cyrf] NE&ME "tally" meaning inspired by German "Einkerbung"
kernel ᛫ a nucleus of a nut , a seed , or a fruit stone ᛫ a nucleus [ᚹ] ᛫ N ~ NE
kernel ᛫ a gland ᛫ N ~ NE
key ᛫ a solution ᛫ N ~ NE
keyboard ᛫ a panel of keys that operate a computer typewriter or instrument ᛫ a piano [ᚹ] ᛫ N ~ NE
keyharp ᛫ a clavichord ᛫ N key+harp NEx2 partial calque of clavichord, also by analogy of strikeharp
keystone ᛫ a cornerstone ᛫ N ~ NE
kickback ᛫ a bribe ᛫ N kick-back, kickback NE
kidneyleech kidneyleec ᛫ a nephrologist ᛫ N kidney+leech NEx2
kiln ᛫ a furnace ᛫ N ~ NE‹ME‹OE‹I
kimmen ᛫ cumin ᛫ N cymen OE‹I‹?
kin ᛫ royal ᛫ AJ kine[cyne] ME
kin ᛫ regal- ᛫ PREFIX ~ ME
kin ᛫ ( diminutive suffix ) ᛫ SUFFIX ~ NE from Dutch?
kin ᛫ family members ᛫ a gender ( of nouns ) ᛫ N kin&cynn NE&OE
kinband ᛫ a royal crown ᛫ N cynebænd OE
kinbarn ᛫ a royal child ᛫ N kinebearn[cynebearn] NE
kinbench kinbenc ᛫ a throne ᛫ N kinebenche ME
kinborn ᛫ of royal birth ᛫ AJ kiniborne[cyneboren] ME
kinborough kinboroug ᛫ a royal city ᛫ N kineburh ME
kind ᛫ a type ᛫ a category ᛫ a sort ᛫ genre ᛫ a nature ( of something ) ᛫ nature ( the abstract domain of all that is natural ) ᛫ N kind&kind NE&ME
kind of ᛫ sort of ᛫ to some extent ᛫ AV ~ NE
kind wit ᛫ natural intelligence ( as in common sense ) ᛫ N Kynde Wit ME
Kindbook ᛫ the book of Genesis ᛫ N(P) gecyndbōc OE
kindful ᛫ natural ᛫ AJ kīndeful ME
kindle kindel ᛫ the offspring of any animal ᛫ N kindel ME kin: kind
kindlimb ᛫ a genital ᛫ N gecyndlim OE
kindliness ᛫ naturalness ᛫ naturality ᛫ N kīndelīnesse ME
kindlore ᛫ physics ( the study ) ᛫ N kind+lore ME+NE calque: natuurkunde ᛫ "kind" meant "nature" in Middle English
kindly ᛫ natural ᛫ innate ᛫ intrinsic ᛬ naturally ᛬ please ᛫ AJ᛬AV᛬I kindly&kīndelī&ikīndelīch NE&ME&ME
kindness ᛫ a kind deed ᛫ a favour ᛫ N ~ NE
kindred ᛫ related ᛫ AJ ~ NE
kinfolk ᛫ blood relations ᛫ relatives ᛫ family members ᛫ N ~ NE
kingdom ᛫ a monarchy ᛫ N ~ NE
kingkin ᛫ a royal family ᛫ N cyningcynn OE
kinglax ᛫ a chinook salmon ᛫ N king+lax NEx2 calque: king salmon
kingly ᛫ royal ᛫ AJ ~ NE
kingmorth ᛫ regicide ᛫ N king+morth NE+ME calque: Königsmord
kingrich kingric ᛫ a kingdom ᛫ N kingrīche ME
kingsbloom ᛫ a Paeonia plant ( a peony / a paeony ) ᛫ N kingsbloome ME‹(E+E‹N) or: kingsblossom
kingsevil kingsefil ᛫ scrofula ᛫ N ~ NE
kingship kingscip ᛫ the state or position of being a king ᛫ N ~ NE
kingslayer ᛫ a regicide ᛫ N ~ NE
kingsspear ᛫ an Asphodelus plant ( asphodel ) ᛫ N ~ NE
kinhelm ᛫ a crown ᛫ a diadem ᛫ a corona ᛫ N cynehelm OE
kinhome ᛫ a royal residence ᛫ N cynehām OE
kinhove kinhof ᛫ a palace ᛫ N cynehof OE
kink ᛫ a twist ᛫ a curl ᛫ an eccentricity ᛫ a fetish ᛫ a paraphilia ᛫ N ~ NE‹NL
kinlore ᛫ genealogy ( the study of families ) ᛫ N kin+lore NEx2 invented by William Barnes
kinly ᛫ familial ᛫ AJ kin+ly NEx2
kinmark ᛫ a mark or sign of royalty ᛫ N kinemerk NE
kinmoot ᛫ a royal council ᛫ N kinemote ME
kinrich kinric ᛫ a monarchy ᛫ N kinerīche ME
kinright kinrigt ᛫ a royal right ᛫ N cyneriht OE
kinsettle kinsettel ᛫ a throne ᛫ N kinesetle[cynesetl] ME
kinship kinscip ᛫ relation ᛫ N ~ NE
kinshipwise kinscipwise ᛫ relative ᛫ AJ kinship+wise NEx2
kinshipwisely kinscipwisely ᛫ relatively ᛫ AV kinship+wise+ly NEx3
kinshroud kinscrude ᛫ royal clothing ᛫ royal robes ᛫ a king's raiment ᛫ N kinescrud ME
kinslayer ᛫ a parricide ᛫ N ~ NE
kinsman ᛫ a blood relation ᛫ a relative ᛫ N kinsman NE
kinstool ᛫ a throne ᛫ N kinestol[cynestōl] ME
kinworth ᛫ worthy of a king ᛫ regal ᛫ AJ kineworth[cynewyrþe] ME
kinyard ᛫ a sceptre / a scepter ᛫ N kineȝerde[cynegyrd] ME
kir ᛫ a choice ᛫ an option ᛫ a decision ᛫ a selection ᛫ N kī̆re[cyre/cire] ME or: chir; cur; chur
kirtle kirtel ᛫ a gown ᛫ N ~[cyrtel] NE‹I? from Latin "curtus"?
kirvet kirfet ᛫ a gourd ᛫ N cyrfet/cyrfæt OE‹I or: curvet (curfet)
kitch kic ᛫ a cake ᛫ a baked good ᛫ N kichel[cycel] ME
kitchel kicel ᛫ a small cake ᛫ a cookie ᛫ N kichel[cycel] ME
kitchen kicen ᛫ a room where food is prepared ᛫ N ~ NE‹Þ‹I or: cookingroom
kith ᛫ an acquaintance ᛫ acquaintances ᛫ something one is familiar with ᛫ N ~ NE
kithe ᛫ to make known ᛫ to exhibit ( a virtue vice quality ) ᛫ to demonstrate ᛫ V ~[kīthen][cȳþan] NE
kithey ᛫ familiar ᛫ known ᛫ AJ cȳþig OE
kittle kittel ᛫ to tickle ᛫ V ~ NE‹N?
knack ᛫ a talent for something ᛫ a disposition towards something ᛫ trick [ᚱ] ᛫ artifice [ᚱ] ᛫ N ~ NE
knap ᛫ a knob ᛫ a tassel ᛫ a button ᛫ a clasp ᛫ a fastener ᛫ a protuberance ᛫ a hilltop ᛫ N knap[cnæp] ME
knape ᛫ a male infant ᛫ a boy ᛫ N ~[knāpe][cnapa] NE distantly akin to "knave"?
knapling ᛫ a youth ᛫ an adolescent ᛫ a boy ᛫ N cnæpling OE
knave knafe ᛫ a boy ᛫ a servant boy ᛫ a scoundrel ᛫ a rogue ᛫ a jack ( cards ) ᛫ N ~ NE
knavechild knafecild ᛫ a boy ᛫ N knavechild ME
knavish knafisc ᛫ dishonest ᛫ unscrupulous ᛫ AJ ~ NE
kneat ᛫ to argue ᛫ to dispute ᛫ to contend ᛫ V cnēatian OE
kneating ᛫ an argument ᛫ a debate ᛫ a disputation ᛫ N cnēatung OE
knee ᛫ a generation ᛫ a patella ( bone ) ᛫ N knẹ̄&cnēo{cnēores} ME&OE
kneebending ᛫ genuflection ᛫ N knee+bending NEx2 see "cnéowbīging"
kneebone ᛫ a patella ᛫ N ~ NE or: kneecap (cap is from Latin)
kneebook ᛫ a book of genealogy ᛫ N cnēoresbōc OE
kneebour kneebor ᛫ a poleyn ᛫ N knee+beorg{healsbeorg} NE+OE
kneeholm ᛫ butcher's-broom ( Ruscus aculeatus ) ᛫ N ~ NE
kneel ᛫ to genuflect ᛫ V ~ NE
knell ᛫ a toll ᛫ a sign of the end of something ᛬ to toll ᛫ to announce or summon by tolling ᛫ N᛬V ~ NE
knide ᛫ to beat ? ᛫ V cnīdan OE
knifesmith ᛫ a cutler ᛫ N ~ NE
knight knigt ᛫ a warrior ᛫ a young servant ᛫ a military attendant ᛬ to confer knighthood upon ᛫ N᛬V ~ NE
knightliness knigtliness ᛫ chivalry ᛫ N ~ NE
knightling knigtling ᛫ a small or petty knight ᛫ N ~ NE
knightly knigtly ᛫ chivalrous ᛫ gallant and courtly ᛬ chivalrously ᛫ AJ᛬AV ~ NE
knightship knigtscip ᛫ a knighthood ᛫ honorific formal address to a knighted person ᛫ N ~ NE
kniss ᛫ to trouble ᛫ V cnyssan OE
knit ᛫ to fasten by rope or thread ᛫ to tie ᛫ to bind ᛫ to unite ᛫ to combine ᛫ to ally ᛫ V knit&knitten[cnyttan] NE&ME
knitch knic ᛫ a bundle ᛫ a faggot ᛫ N ~ NE
knittle knittel ᛫ knitting thread ᛫ N cnyttels OE
knoll ᛫ a small mound or rounded hill ᛫ N ~ NE
knoller ᛫ a sexton ᛫ a sacristan ᛫ a segstar ᛫ N ~ NE
knoosle knoosel ᛫ a progeny ᛫ a genus ᛫ N cnōsl OE
knot ᛫ node ᛫ N ~ NE
knotty ᛫ difficultly complex ᛫ AJ ~ NE
knownothing ᛫ an ignoramus ᛫ N knownothing NE
knucker ᛫ a water monster ᛫ N ~ NE see "nicker"
knuckerhole ᛫ a hole in which a knucker lives ᛫ N ~ NE
lackwit ᛫ a fool ᛫ N ~ NE
lade ᛫ to load ᛫ to burden ᛫ V ~ NE PTCP: laden
laden ᛫ loaded ᛫ weighed down ᛫ AJ ~ NE
Ladoga Mere ᛫ Lake Ladoga ᛫ N(P) Ladoga+mere NE‹O+NE
lady ᛫ a mistress ᛫ a noblewoman ᛫ an adult human female ᛫ a female lord ᛫ N ~{hlāfdige/hlǣfdige} NE kin: lord; loaf
ladysfinger ᛫ okra ᛫ N lady's-finger NE
lair ᛫ a den ᛫ a refuge or place for hiding ᛫ N ~ NE
lairwite ᛫ a penalty for adultery or fornication ᛫ N leirwīte ME
lait ᛫ electricity ᛫ lightning ᛫ a flash of lightning ᛫ a flame ᛫ a burst of flame ᛫ a fire ᛫ N leit ME
lait ᛫ to search for ᛫ to seek ᛫ to look for ᛫ to try to find ᛫ V ~[leiten][leita] NE‹N kin: wlātian ᛫ still alive in some dialects
lake ᛫ amusement ᛫ diversion ᛫ sport ᛫ game ᛬ to play ᛫ to sport ᛫ to game ᛫ N᛬V leik&leiken ME‹N?
Lammas ᛫ a holiday on the first of August which involves bringing bread to church ᛫ N(P) ~[hlāfmæsse] NE
landfolk ᛫ inhabitants of a land ᛫ N londfolk ME
landfowl landfule ᛫ a Galliformes bird ᛫ N landfowl NE
landimere ᛫ a land boundary ᛫ N ~[OE landgemǣre] NE the ge- suffix survived, as also found in "handiwork/handicraft"
landlore ᛫ geography ᛫ N land+lore NEx2
landman ᛫ a countryman ᛫ N ~ NE
landseater ᛫ a colonist ᛫ N landsǣta OE
landshape landscape ᛫ to landscape ᛫ to modify a piece of land ᛫ V land+shape NEx2
landship landscip ᛫ a tank ( as in the vehicle ) ᛫ N ~ NE
landsid ᛫ a custom of a country ᛫ N landsidu OE
landsman ᛫ a compatriot ᛫ N ~ NE
lane ᛫ a course ᛫ a road ᛫ a street ᛫ N ~ NE
lank ᛫ to make or become lank ᛬ slender ᛫ paltry ᛫ straight and limp ᛫ languid ᛫ drooping ᛫ V᛬AJ ~ NE
lanky ᛫ tall slim and awkward ᛫ AJ ~ NE
lap ᛫ the flat area between the waist and knees of a seated person ᛫ a lobe ( of an ear etc ) ᛫ N ~ NE
lapwing ᛫ a Vanellinae bird ᛫ N ~ NE
larboard ᛫ the lefthand side of a ship (looking from the stern toward the bow) ᛫ port ᛬ pertaining to the left side of a ship ᛫ port ᛫ N:AJ ~ NE
lark ᛫ an Alaudidae birds ᛫ one who wakes early ᛫ N lark NE
lark ᛫ something done for fun especially something mischievous or daring ᛫ an escapade ᛫ N ~[skylark] NE
lashdye lascdye ᛫ mascara ᛫ N lash+dye NEx2
last ᛫ freight ᛫ cargo ᛫ N last[hlæst] ME
last ᛫ to endure ᛫ to hold out ᛫ to perform ᛫ to follow ᛫ to accompany ᛫ V last&lǣstan NE
lastname ᛫ a surname ᛫ N lastname NE
lat ᛫ nausea ᛫ N wlǣta{wlatsome} OE
lately ᛫ recently ᛫ AV ~ NE
later ᛫ one who is late or slow ᛫ N lata OE
lateward ᛫ recently ᛫ AV lāteward ME
lath ᛫ a thin narrow strip used for support in buildings ᛬ to cover or line with laths ᛫ N᛬V ~ NE
lathe ᛫ to invite ᛫ V ~ NE
lathing ᛫ an invitation ᛫ N ~ NE
latred ᛫ slow ᛫ tardy ᛫ AJ ~ NE
latsome latsum ᛫ nauseous ᛫ disgusting ᛫ repulsive ᛫ repugnant ᛫ abominable ᛫ hateful ᛫ loathsome ᛫ AJ wlatsome ME
latter ᛫ recent ᛫ situated nearer to the end of something than its beginning ᛫ AJ ~ NE
latterday ᛫ modern ᛫ contemporary ᛫ AJ latterday NE
latterly ᛫ recently ᛫ in the later stages of a period of time ᛫ AV ~ NE
lattew ᛫ a guide ( a living one ) ᛫ N latteu/lattow[lādtēow] ME
laughingstock laugingstock ᛫ a person subjected to general mockery or ridicule ᛫ N ~ NE
laughter laugter ᛫ a vice ᛫ an error ᛫ a mistake ᛫ N laughter[leahter] ME let's rhyme this word with "slaughter" ᛫ or: leighter (from variant form)
laughtersmith laugtersmith ᛫ someone who causes laughter ᛫ a comedian ᛫ N hleahtorsmiþ OE
lave lafe ᛫ rest ( as in remains ) ᛫ remnants ᛫ remains ᛫ survivors ᛫ N ~[lāf] NE
lave lafe ᛫ to wash ᛫ to pour ᛫ to bathe ᛫ to bathe oneself ᛫ V ~[lafian] NE
lavel lafel ᛫ a vessel ᛫ N lavel[læfel] ME
lawbreaker ᛫ a criminal ᛫ N ~ NE‹(N+E)
lawful ᛫ legal ( as in "not illegal" ) ᛫ AJ ~ NE‹(N+E)
lawlessness ᛫ anarchy ᛫ political chaos ᛫ N ~ NE‹(N+E+E)
lawmaker ᛫ legislator ᛫ N ~ NE‹(N+E)
lawman ᛫ a law enforcement officer ᛫ N ~ NE‹(N+E)
lawwit ᛫ one learned in the law ( such as a barrister a lawyer a paralegal or a judge ) ᛫ N lahwita OE
lax ᛫ a salmon ᛫ N ~ NE
laxberry ᛫ a salmonberry ᛫ N lax+berry NEx2 calque: salmonberry
lay ᛫ a body of water ( such as a lake , a pond , a lagoon , or a loch ) N lai[lagu] ME
lay ᛫ to blame ᛫ V lēan OE PST: lew ᛫ PP: lain ᛫ kin: 𐌻𐌰𐌹𐌰𐌽; lá (Icelandic)
lay about abute ᛫ a lazy person ᛫ N ~ NE
layer ᛫ level ᛫ tier ᛫ N ~ NE reek
layernaker ᛫ exfoliator ᛫ N layer+nake+er NEx3
layout layute ᛫ the overall design or structure of something ᛫ N ~ NE
le el ᛫ ( suffix forming nouns from verbs denoting an instrument or means ) ᛫ SUFFIX els/el[else] ME example: reek+le = reekle (insense)
le el ᛫ ( frequentative verbal suffix ) ᛫ SUFFIX ~ NE found in words like "bubble"
lea ᛫ a stretch of grassy or arable land ᛫ N ~ NE or: leigh (leih)
leach leac ᛫ to remove or be removed from a substance by a percolating liquid ᛫ to percolate ᛫ ~ NE kin: leak
leaden ᛫ made of lead ᛫ lead coloured ᛫ oppressively heavy ᛫ AJ ~ NE
leading light ligt ᛫ a luminary ᛫ N ~ NE
leadpitch leadpic ᛫ a leading tone ( in music ) ᛫ N leading+pitch NEx2 calque: leading-tone
leaf ᛫ a leaf ᛫ a petal ᛫ a page ( of a book or a website ) ᛫ N leaf&lēf NE&ME
leaf folding ᛫ origami ᛫ N leaf+folding NE+NEᛣ calque: 折り紙 origami
leafworm ᛫ a caterpillar ᛫ N lēafwyrm OE
lean ᛫ a loan ᛫ N lēn[lēan] ME kin: lend
leandom ᛫ feudalism ᛫ N lean+dom NEx2 calque: Lehnswesen; Leenstelsel ᛫ or: loandom
leaning ᛫ an inclination ᛫ a tendency ᛫ a partiality ᛫ N ~ NE
leanland ᛫ leased land ᛫ feudal land ? ᛫ N lǽnland OE or: loanland (Norse influenced)
lear ᛫ to teach ᛫ to teach oneself ᛫ to instruct ᛫ to educate ᛫ to cultivate ᛫ to train ᛫ V lēren[lǣran] ME
learer ᛫ a teacher ᛫ a professor ᛫ N lērer ME
learned ᛫ educated ᛫ scholarly ᛫ AJ ~ NE
learninghouse learninghuse ᛫ a school ᛫ N leornunghus OE
learningman ᛫ a pupil ᛫ a student ᛫ a disciple ᛫ N leornungmann OE
lease ᛫ a lie ᛫ falsehood ᛬ to lie ᛫ to slander ᛫ to calumniate ᛫ to malign ᛫ to slander ᛫ to traduce ᛬ false ᛫ deceptive ᛫ destitute ᛫ bereft ᛫ N᛬V᛬AJ ~[lēas&lēasian] NE
lease ᛫ to collect ᛫ to glean ᛫ to gather ᛫ V ~[lēsen] NE rhyme: please
lease ᛫ pseudo- ᛫ PREFIX leas OE
leasesawl ᛫ mendacious ᛫ falsehood saying ᛫ AJ lēassagol{soþsawel} OE
leasespel ᛫ a fable ᛫ a fiction ᛫ N lēasspell OE
leaseteeth ᛫ false teeth ᛫ dentures ᛫ N lease+teeth NEx2
leasow ᛫ a pasture ᛬ to pasture ᛫ N᛬V ~[lǣswu] NE
leastwield leastweeld ᛫ minarchy ᛫ N least+wield NEx2
leat ᛫ an artificial water trench ( especially one linked to a mill ) ᛫ N ~ NE
leath ᛫ odium ᛫ enmity ᛫ hatred ᛫ hostility ᛫ N lētthe&lǣþþ ME&OE kin: loathe?
leathern ᛫ made of leather ᛫ AJ ~ NE
leatherwright leatherwrigt ᛫ a currier ᛫ N leþerwyrhta OE
leave leafe ᛫ permission ᛫ license ᛬ to permit ᛫ to allow ᛫ to authorize ᛫ to license ᛫ N᛬V leave&lēven NE&ME
leaveful leafeful ᛫ allowable ᛫ permissible ᛫ AJ lēfful ME
leaveword leafeword ᛫ a password ᛫ N lēafnesword OE literally: permission word
ledge ᛫ ( denotes being , becoming , and making ) ᛫ SUFFIX lǣcan OE example: rightledge = to righten; winterledge = to become winter
ledger ᛫ a book for keeping notes ᛫ A collection of credit and debit entries ᛫ N ~ NE‹NL
lee ᛫ protection ᛫ shelter ᛫ a side facing away from the wind ᛬ sheltered from the wind ᛫ N᛬AJ ~ NE
lee ᛫ a lion ᛫ N lēo OE‹I
leech leec ᛫ a physician ᛫ a doctor ᛬ to doctor ᛫ to cure ᛫ to treat ( in the medical sense ) ᛫ N leech&lẹ̄chen[lǣce] NE&ME
leechbook leecbook ᛫ a medicine book ᛫ N lǣceboc OE
leechcraft leeccraft ᛫ the medical craft and practice ᛫ N ~[lẹ̄che-craft] NE
leechdom leecdom ᛫ a medicine ᛫ a remedy ᛫ N ~ NE
leechhouse leechuse ᛫ a hospital ᛫ N lǣcehus OE
leechwort leecwort ᛫ a medicinal plant ᛫ N lǣcewyrt OE
leed ᛫ a person ᛫ N lēd[leod] ME PL: leeds ᛫ used to mean "people"
Leeden ᛫ Latin speech ᛬ Latin ᛫ N(P)᛬AJ(P) lēden[lǣden/lēden] ME
leedfrom ᛫ a national founder ᛫ a founder of a people ᛫ N leodfruma OE
leedhate ᛫ tyrant ᛫ N leodhata OE agent suffix likely would have dropped
leedshather leedscather ᛫ a public enemy ᛫ N lēodsceaþa OE literally people-scather
leedward ᛫ a government ᛫ N leodweard OE literally people-ward
leedy ᛫ personal ᛫ AJ leed+y ME+NE calque: personal
leem ᛫ a flame ᛫ a flash ᛫ a gleam ᛫ a ray ᛫ a radiance ᛬ to flame ᛫ to blaze ᛫ to flash ᛫ to glow ᛫ to shine ᛫ to radiate ᛫ to gleam ᛫ N᛬V lẹ̄m&lēmen ME
leep ᛫ a basket ᛫ N lēp[lēap] ME
leer ᛫ a face ᛫ one's appearance ᛬ to sneakily look ᛫ N᛬V ~ NE
leery ᛫ cautious ᛫ hesitant ᛫ AJ ~ NE
leese ᛫ to release ᛫ to free ᛫ to loosen ᛫ to redeem ᛫ to deliver ( as in save ) ᛫ V lēsen ME or: aleese
leeselore ᛫ soteriology ᛫ N aleese+lore NEx2
leeser ᛫ a liberator ᛫ a redeemer ᛫ N lēsen+er ME+NE
leet ᛫ an intersection ᛫ a crossroad ᛫ N ~[lēte] NE
leet ᛫ to cast lots ᛫ to obtain by lot ᛫ V hlēotan OE kin: hljóta (Icelandic)
leeth ᛫ a relief from pain ᛫ peace ᛫ mercy ᛫ N lẹ̄th[hlēowþ] ME
leeth ᛫ a poem ᛫ an ode ᛫ N lēth ME
leethcraft ᛫ poetry ᛫ N lēoþcræft OE
leethe ᛫ to free ᛫ to loose ᛫ to spare ᛫ V lēthen[leoþian] ME
leether ᛫ a poet ᛫ N lēoþere OE
leethwork ᛫ composition ᛫ poem writing ᛫ N lēoþweorc OE
leethy ᛫ poetic ᛫ symbolic [ᚹ] ᛫ AJ lēoþlīc OE
leeway ᛫ an amount of freedom or flexibility ᛫ the drift of a ship or plane in a leeward direction ᛫ N ~ NE
leftover leftofer ᛫ a remnant ᛬ remaining ᛫ residual ᛫ N᛬AJ ~ NE
leftwise ᛫ counterclockwise ᛫ anticlockwise ᛫ AV ~ NE
leighton leigton ᛫ a garden ( especially a kitchen garden or a herb garden ) ᛫ N leightoun ME
leman ᛫ a paramour ᛫ a sweetheart ᛫ a mistress ᛫ a lover ᛫ N ~ NE equal to: lief+man
lench lenc ᛫ arrogance ᛫ haughtiness ᛫ insolence ᛫ magnificence ᛫ pomp ᛬ to take pride in ᛫ to pride oneself ᛫ V wlenchen&wlencu ME&OE
lench lenc ᛫ a link ᛫ a chain ᛫ a coat of mail ᛫ N hlenca OE "link" is Norse
lend ᛫ a loin of humans ᛫ loins of humans ᛫ N lē̆nd ME PL: lends; lenden
lend ᛫ to arrive ᛫ to reside ᛫ to inhabit ᛫ to remain ᛫ V lẹ̄nden[lendan] ME
lend ᛫ to loan ᛫ V ~ NE "loan" is Norse
lendbone ᛫ an ilium ᛫ N ~ ME
lendridgebone ᛫ a lumbar vertebra ᛫ N lend+ridgebone ME+NE
lense ᛫ to make lean ᛫ V lensen ME same suffix as in "cleanse"
lent ᛫ the spring season ᛫ N lent/lenten ME or: lenten
lere ᛫ empty ᛫ unoccupied ᛫ deserted ᛫ worthless ᛫ unnecessary ᛫ useless ᛫ AJ lere ME
lessen ᛫ to reduce ᛫ to diminish ᛫ V ~ NE
lesser ᛫ minor ᛫ AJ ~ NE
lesserape ᛫ a gibbon ᛫ N ~ NE
lesserhood ᛫ a minority ᛫ N lesser+hood NEx2 calque: minderheid
lest ᛫ -lessness ᛫ SUFFIX -lēste[lēast] ME example: orelest = honourlessness
lest ᛫ for fear that ᛫ C ~[þȳ lǣs þe] NE
let ᛫ an obstruction ᛫ a hindrance ᛫ an obstacle ᛫ an impediment ᛫ a speech impediment ᛫ N let[lette] NE
let down dune ᛫ a disappointment ᛬ to disappoint ᛫ N᛬V ~ NE
letch lec ᛫ to be warm ᛫ to be lukewarm ᛫ to be tepid ᛫ V wlechen ME
letdown letdune ᛫ a disappointment ᛫ N ~ NE
letgame ᛫ a spoilsport ᛫ N lettegame ME "let" here means "obstruct"
Lett ᛫ a Latvian ᛫ N(P) ~ NE‹HG‹O
Lettland ᛫ Latvia ᛫ N(P) ~ NE‹HG‹O
Lettow ᛫ Lithuania ? ᛫ N(P) Lettow ME‹?
letty ᛫ preventive ᛫ obstructive ᛫ AJ ~ NE
letup ᛫ to cease ᛫ to soften an attack or criticism ᛫ V ~ NE
levin lefin ᛫ electricity [ᚹ] ᛫ lightning ᛫ a beam of light ᛫ a flame ᛬ to electrify [ᚹ] ᛫ to shoot out lightning ᛫ N᛬V levin&lēven&lēvenen NE&ME&ME rhyme: seven
levinlore lefinlore ᛫ electronics ( the study of electrons ) ᛫ N levin+lore ME+NE rhyme: seven
levinmote lefinmote ᛫ an electron ᛫ N levin+mote ME+NE rhyme: seven
leviny lefiny ᛫ electric ᛫ electronic ᛫ AJ levin+y ME+NE rhyme: seveny
lew ᛫ -prone ᛫ SUFFIX -leu[-lǣw] ME example: drunklew = prone to drunkeness
lew ᛫ tepid ᛫ unzealous ᛫ AJ ~[leu] NE "lukewarm" seems to be a corruption of "lewwarm"
lew ᛫ a perna ᛫ N lēow OE kin: lår (Swedish)?
lewd ᛫ sexually crude ᛫ AJ ~ NE
lewth ᛫ shelter ᛫ N ~ NE
lib ᛫ medicine ᛫ a drug ᛫ a potion ᛫ poison ᛫ N lib/lybb NE&OE survives in: cheeselip
liblock ᛫ the art or crafting of medicine drugs or potions ( often with a negative connotation ) ᛫ N lyblāc OE
liblocker ᛫ a magician skilled in drugs ᛫ N lyblǣca OE
libsen ᛫ a charm ᛫ an amulet ᛫ N lybesn OE
libster ᛫ a potion making woman ? ᛫ a witch ? ᛫ N lybbestre OE
lich lic ᛫ a corpse ᛫ a cadaver ᛫ an undead creature ( such as a zombie or ghoul ) ᛫ N ~ NE
lichame licame ᛫ a body ᛫ a corpse ᛫ N lichame ME equal to: lich hame (body covering)
lichbour licbor ᛫ a sarcophagus ᛫ N līcbeorg OE
lichet licet ᛫ to feign ᛫ to pretend ᛫ to profess falsely ᛫ to simulate ᛫ V līcettan OE or maybe it could be spelled "licket" or "liket"
lichetter licetter ᛫ a feigner ᛫ a pretender ᛫ a hypocrite ᛫ a simulator ᛫ N līcettere OE
lichetting licetting ᛫ feigning ᛫ pretence ᛫ false representation ᛫ simulation ᛫ hypocrisy ᛫ N līcettung OE
lichhouse lichuse ᛫ a morgue ᛫ a mortuary ᛫ N ~ NE
lichrest licrest ᛫ a tomb ᛫ a sepulcher ᛫ cemetery ᛫ N līcrest OE
lichsong licsong ᛫ a funeral song ᛫ a dirge ᛫ N līcsang OE
lichthroer licthroer ᛫ a leper ᛫ N līcþrowere OE literally: body sufferer
lichway licway ᛫ the path by which the dead are carried to the grave ᛫ V ~ NE
lichyard licyard ᛫ a cemetery ᛫ a graveyard ᛫ N lichyard NE
lickspittle lickspittel ᛫ one who behaves obsequiously to those in power ᛫ N ~ NE
Lide ᛫ March ᛫ N(P) Lide&Hlȳda ME&OE or: Reethmonth (Hrēþmōnaþ)
lief leef ᛫ a religious faith ᛫ a religion ᛫ a belief system ᛫ a creed ᛫ an ideology ᛫ N lēve{gelēafa} ME kin: belief
lief leef ᛫ -ism ( but only for ideologies ) ᛫ SUFFIX lēve{gelēafa} ME
lief leef ᛫ sir ( vocative ) ᛫ a beloved one ᛬ beloved ᛫ dear ᛬ why! ᛫ N᛬AJ᛬I lief&lēf[lēof] NE&ME
liefly leefly ᛫ precious ᛫ valued ᛫ pleasant ᛫ pleasing ᛫ agreeable ᛫ delightful ᛫ loveable ᛬ willingly ᛫ gladly ᛫ AJ᛬AV lẹ̄flī[lēoflīce] ME
liefsome leefsum ᛫ agreeable ᛫ delightful ᛫ pleasing ᛫ AJ ~ NE
liever leefer ᛫ an ideologist ᛫ an ideologue ᛫ a religious person ᛫ N lēve+er ME
liever leefer ᛫ -ist ( but only for adherents ) ᛫ SUFFIX lēve+er ME+NE
life ᛫ vitality ᛫ N ~ NE
lifeblood ᛫ blood needed for life ᛫ the essence or crux of something ᛫ N ~ NE
lifefrea ᛫ lord of life ᛫ N liffrea OE
lifelode ᛫ the course of someone's life ᛫ a lifetime ᛫ conduct of life ᛫ way of life ᛫ N līflōd[līflād] ME
lifelore ᛫ biology ᛫ N ~ NE
lift ᛫ air ᛫ the sky ᛫ the heavens ᛫ an elevator ᛬ to elevate ᛫ N᛬V ~[lyft] NE
lift ᛫ aero- ᛫ PREFIX lyft OE
liften ᛫ aerial ᛫ AJ lyften OE
liftfleet ᛫ an air force ᛫ N lift+fleet NEx2 calque: luchtvloot
lifthaven lifthafen ᛫ an airport ᛫ N lift+haven NEx2 calque: luchthaven
liftlore ᛫ aerology ᛫ N lyft+lore ME+NE
liftshell liftscell ᛫ an atmosphere ᛫ N lyft+shell ME+NE
liftship liftscip ᛫ an airship ᛫ N lift+ship NEx2 calque: luchtschip
liggat ᛫ a gate ( especially a swinging one ) ᛫ N ~[hlidgeat] NE
light ligt ᛫ to come upon ᛫ to discover by chance ᛫ V ~ NE
light saregun ligt ᛫ a light machine gun ᛫ N light+searu+gun NE+OE+NE‹N calque: light machine gun
Lightbearend Ligtbearend ᛫ Lucifer ᛫ N lēohtberend OE
lightbere ligtbere ᛫ luminous ᛫ brilliant ᛫ splendid ᛫ lightbearing ᛫ AJ lēohtbǣre OE
lighteared ligteared ᛫ credulous ᛫ AJ ~ NE light-eared
lighten ligten ᛫ to make or become lighter ᛫ to brighten ᛫ to enlighten ᛫ to flash with lightning ᛫ V ~ NE
lightminded ligtminded ᛫ not given to heavy thoughts or thinking ᛫ frivolous ᛫ not serious ᛫ AJ ~ NE
lightmindedness ligtmindedness ᛫ lack of seriousness ᛫ frivolity ᛫ N ~ NE
lightmood ligtmood ᛫ light-hearted ᛫ easy-tempered ᛫ AJ lēohtmōd OE
lightmote ligtmote ᛫ a photon ᛫ N light+mote NEx2
lightsome ligtsum ᛫ lighthearted ᛫ airy ᛫ nimble ᛫ bright ᛫ AJ ~ NE
lightvat ligtfat ᛫ lamp ᛫ lantern ᛫ N leohtfæt OE
likelihood ᛫ probability ᛫ chance ᛫ N ~ NE
likely ᛫ probable ᛫ AJ ~ NE
likely ᛫ probably ᛫ AJ ~ NE
liken ᛫ to compare ᛫ V ~ NE
likeness ᛫ a resemblance ᛫ a photograph ᛫ N [gelicness] NE
likening ᛫ a comparison ᛫ N ~ NE
likesome likesum ᛫ agreeable ᛫ pleasant ᛫ likable ᛫ AJ ~ NE
likewise ᛫ similarly ᛫ AV ~ NE
likeworthy ᛫ likeable ᛫ AJ likworthe ME
liking ᛫ pleasure ᛫ enjoyment ᛫ delight ᛫ N liking&līking NE&ME
lim ᛫ to sound ᛫ V hlimman OE
limbmeal ᛫ limb from limb ᛫ in pieces ᛫ AV ~ NE
lime ᛫ glue ᛫ mortar ᛫ cement ᛫ calcium oxide ᛫ N ~ NE
limp ᛫ an event ᛫ a chance happening ᛬ to happen ᛫ to occur ᛫ N᛬V limp&gelimp ME&ME PST: lamp ᛫ PTCP: lump
lin ᛫ to cease ᛫ to desist ᛫ to stop ᛫ V lin[linnen] NE
linch linc ᛫ a ledge ᛫ N ~[hlinc] NE
lind ᛫ a Tilia plant ( linden trees , basswood trees , and lime trees ) ᛫ N ~ NE
lind ᛫ suet ᛫ lard ᛫ fat ᛫ N lynd/lind OE especially belly/loin fat?
line ᛫ made of flax ᛫ AJ lī̆n ME
linen ᛫ cloth woven from flax ᛬ made of flax ᛫ N᛬AJ ~ NE
ling ᛫ ( diminutive suffix ) ᛫ SUFFIX ~ NE
linking ᛫ connecting ᛫ joining ᛫ copular ( like in linking verb ) ᛫ AJ ~ NE
lippen ᛫ to rely on ᛫ to trust ᛫ to entrust ᛫ V ~[lipnen] NE "I lippen to your word" not "I lippen your word"
lippy ᛫ labial ᛫ AJ lip+y NEx2
lire ᛫ flesh ᛫ meat ᛫ N lire&līre NE&ME
lise ᛫ a report ᛫ fame ᛫ reputation ᛫ renown ᛬ to give credit ᛫ N᛬V hlīsa&hlīsan OE
liss ᛫ contentment ᛫ relief ᛫ respite ᛬ to relieve ᛫ to assuage ᛫ N᛬V lis&lissen[lis] ME
lissome lissum ᛫ nimble ᛫ supple ᛫ agile ᛫ easily flexed ᛫ AJ ~ NE or: lissom ᛫ equal to: lithe+some
list ᛫ an art ᛫ a craft ᛫ art ᛫ N list&list ME&OE
list ᛫ desire ᛫ inclination ᛫ craving ᛫ enthusiasm ᛬ to desire ᛫ to crave ᛫ N᛬V ~[listen][lystan] NE
listener ᛫ a microphone ᛫ N ~{speaker} NE
listful ᛫ attentive ᛫ AJ ~ NE
listless ᛫ desireless ᛫ lacking enthusiasm spirit and liveliness ᛫ apathetic ᛫ AJ ~ NE
lite ᛫ looks ( usually good looks ) ᛫ beauty ᛫ a countenance ᛫ an appearance ᛫ a style ᛫ an aesthetic ᛬ to look ᛫ to gaze ᛫ N᛬V wlite&wlītan{andwlita} ME&OE
liteful ᛫ beautiful ᛫ handsome ᛫ comely ᛫ aesthetic [ᚹ] ᛫ AJ wlitefull OE
liteless ᛫ hideous ᛫ without beauty ᛫ AJ wlitelēas OE
liteworth ᛫ a ransom ᛫ N wliteweorþ OE
litey ᛫ beautiful ᛫ comely ᛫ attractive ᛫ AJ wlitig OE
lith ᛫ a slope ᛫ N lith[hliþ] ME
lith ᛫ a limb ᛫ a joint ᛫ a segment ᛫ a member ( anatomy ) ᛫ N ~ NE
lithe ᛫ to sail ᛫ to travel by sea ᛫ to travel ᛫ to journey ᛫ V līthen[līþan] ME
lithe ᛫ flexible ᛫ limber ᛫ mellow ᛫ gentle ᛫ mild ᛫ AJ lithe&līthe NE&ME
lithe ᛫ strong drink ᛫ wine ᛫ N līþ OE
litheby ᛫ meek ᛫ compliant ᛫ obedient ᛫ AJ lethebei [liþebige] ME
lither ᛫ base ᛫ vile ᛫ depraved ᛫ wicked ᛫ lewd ᛫ sordid ᛫ lazy ᛫ worthless ᛬ wickedly ᛫ treacherously ᛫ poorly ᛫ AJ᛬AV lither[lyþre] ME rhyme: slither
lither ᛫ a sling ᛫ a launcher ᛬ to sling ᛫ to launch ᛫ N᛬V lithere[liðere]&litheren ME
lithsew ᛫ synovia ᛫ synovial fluid ᛫ N liþsēaw OE
litten ᛫ a graveyard ᛫ a cemetery ᛫ N litton[litton][līctūn] ME
littiness ᛫ slyness ᛫ craftiness ᛫ cunningness ᛫ astuteness ᛫ N lytigness OE
Little Dipper Littel ᛫ a bright circumpolar asterism of the northern sky which is part of Ursa Minor ᛫ N(P) ~ NE
littlefinger littelfinger ᛫ the pinky ᛫ N ~ NE
littlom ᛫ gradually ᛫ AV litlum[lȳtlum] ME
live lif ᛫ to exist ( especially of animate things ) ᛫ V ~ NE
livelihood lifelihood ᛫ a means of securing the necessities of life ᛫ N ~ NE
livelong liflong ᛫ the orphine ( Hylotelephium telephium ) ᛬ whole ᛫ entire ᛫ N᛬AJ ~ NE
liven lifen ᛫ to enliven ᛫ V ~ NE
liveradle liferadel ᛫ a liver disease ᛫ N liferādl OE
livet lifet ᛫ to flatter ᛫ to adulate ᛫ V lyffettan OE
liveter lifeter ᛫ a flatterer ᛫ an adulator ᛫ N lyffetere OE
liveting lifeting ᛫ flattery ᛫ adulation ᛫ N lyffetung OE
livingroom lifingroom ᛫ a family room ᛫ N ~ NE
lix ᛫ to flash ᛫ to glitter ᛫ V līxan OE
lo ᛫ ( used to draw attention ) ᛫ I lo NE
load ᛫ to charge ( with electricity ) ᛫ V load&laden NE&FR
load ᛫ an exculpation ᛫ a purgation ᛫ an excuse ᛫ N lād OE
loadboard ᛫ a pallet ( as in a portable platform for stacking goods ) ᛫ N load+board NEx2 calque: laadbord
loading ᛫ an excuse ᛫ an exculpation ᛫ a defence ᛫ N lādung OE
loanwend ᛫ a loan translation ( a calque ) ᛫ N loan+wend NE‹N+ME calque: loan translation ᛫ or: leanwend (loan is Norse)
loast ᛫ a track ᛫ a footprint ᛫ a trace ᛫ a trail ᛬ to track ᛫ to trace ᛫ to trail ᛫ N lāst OE
loath ᛫ averse ᛫ disinclined ᛫ reluctant ᛫ unwilling ᛫ AJ ~ NE or: loth
loathe ᛫ to greatly hate ᛫ to detest ᛫ to revile ᛫ V ~ NE
loathly ᛫ loathsome ᛫ repulsive ᛬ reluctantly ᛫ AJ᛬AV ~[lāþlic] NE
loathsome loathsum ᛫ repulsive ᛫ offensive ᛫ abominable ᛫ AJ ~ NE
loathspel ᛫ a tragic story ᛫ an unpleasant story ᛫ N lāþspell OE
loave loafe ᛫ praise ᛫ good reputation ᛫ price ᛫ value ᛫ an offer for sale ᛬ to praise ᛫ to approve ᛫ to appraise ᛫ to set a price on ᛫ to offer for sale ᛫ N lōf&lō̆ven ME&ME
loavebere loafebere ᛫ laudatory ᛫ AJ lōfbǣre OE
loavedeed loafedeed ᛫ a praiseworthy deed ᛫ N lōfdǣd OE
loaveful loafeful ᛫ amorous ᛫ AJ ~ NE
loavely loafely ᛫ praiseworthy ᛫ laudable ᛫ honourable ᛫ AJ lōfli ME
loavesome loafesum ᛫ deserving praise ᛫ excellent ᛫ noble ᛫ AJ lōfsum OE
loavesong loafesong ᛫ a song of praise ᛫ a hymn ᛫ a psalm ᛫ N lōfsang OE
lock ᛫ a tuft of hair ᛫ N ~ NE
lock ᛫ -ation ᛫ SUFFIX ~ NE
lock ᛫ to allure ᛫ to entice ᛫ bait ᛫ V loccian OE kin: lokken (Dutch)
locker ᛫ to curl ᛫ V ~[lokeren] NE
lockered ᛫ curly ᛫ curled ᛫ tangled ᛫ matted ᛫ AJ ~ NE
lodder ᛫ a poor person ᛫ a pauper ᛫ a worthless person ᛫ N loddere OE
loddering ᛫ nonsense ᛫ rubbish ᛫ triviality ᛫ N lodrung OE
lode ᛫ a deposit of ore ᛫ a resource ( especially ore ) ᛫ a supply ( especially of ore ) ᛫ a course ᛫ a journey ᛫ a voyage ᛫ N lode&lōd[lād] NE&ME kin: load
lodestar ᛫ a guiding star ᛫ a tenet ᛫ a guiding principle ᛫ N ~ NE
lodestone ᛫ magnetite ᛫ a naturally occurring magnet ᛫ someone or something that is the focus of attention ᛫ N ~ NE
lofty ᛫ elevated ( literally and figuratively ) ᛫ noble ᛫ AJ ~ NE‹(N+E)
logboat ᛫ a dugout canoe ᛫ N ~ NE
loke ᛫ a private road ᛫ a blind alley ᛫ N ~ NE
loke ᛫ to play ᛫ to wave or to swing about ᛫ V lācan OE
loken ᛫ to heal ᛫ to cure ᛫ to treat a wound or illness ᛫ to tend to ᛫ to take care of ᛫ to dress a wound ᛫ V lācnian OE
lokening ᛫ -therapy ᛫ SUFFIX lācnung OE
lokening ᛫ healing ᛫ cure ᛫ remedy ᛫ medicine ᛫ V lācnung OE
Loller ᛫ a Lollard ᛫ a protestant [ᚹ] ᛫ N loller ME SEE NOTE
Londonbury ᛫ the City of London ᛫ N Lundenbyrig OE
lone ᛫ solitary ᛫ isolated ᛫ sole ᛫ single ᛫ individual ᛫ AJ ~ NE
lonesome lonesum ᛫ solitary ᛫ lonely ᛫ unfrequented ᛫ AJ ~ NE
long ᛫ to have a strong wish or desire ᛫ V ~ NE
long sweetening ᛫ molasses ᛫ N ~ NE South & Midland US
Longbeard ᛫ a Lombard ᛫ N(P) langbeard OE
longgun ᛫ a gun with a long barrel ᛫ a cannon ᛫ N ~ NE
longminded ᛫ longanimous ᛫ AJ ~ NE
longmindedness ᛫ longanimousness ᛫ N ~ NE
longmood ᛫ patient ᛫ AJ langmōd OE
longmoodly ᛫ patiently ᛫ AV langmōdlīce OE
longmoodness ᛫ patience ᛫ N langmōdness OE
longplayer ᛫ a kind of vinyl record ᛫ an album of music which is full length ᛫ N ~ NE "LP" for short
longsome longsum ᛫ tediously long ᛫ AJ ~[langsum] NE
longwinded ᛫ of continuing at tedious length ᛫ AJ ~ NE
lonk ᛫ pride ᛫ arrogance ᛬ physically beautiful ᛫ graceful ᛫ noble ᛫ fine ᛫ splendid ᛫ majestic ᛫ arrogant ᛫ haughty ᛫ proud ᛫ pompous ᛫ N wlonk[wlanc] ME
lonkful ᛫ arrogant ᛫ full of arrogance ᛫ AJ wlonkful ME
loof ᛫ the palm of the hand ᛫ N ~ NE‹N
looking glass ᛫ a mirror ᛫ N ~ NE
lookout lookute ᛫ an observation post ᛫ a sentinel ᛫ sentry ᛫ N ~ NE
looks ᛫ one's physical appearance or attractiveness ᛫ N ~ NE
loom ᛫ an implement ᛫ a means ( figurative ) ᛫ a weaving machine ᛫ a device ᛫ a machine ᛫ N loom&lōme NE&ME
loose ᛫ relaxed ᛫ unrestrained ᛫ unsecure ᛫ AJ ~ NE‹N
loot ᛫ to lurk ᛫ to lie hidden ᛫ V lōten ME
lootby ᛫ a concubine ᛫ a paramour ᛫ N loteby ME
looth ᛫ booty ᛫ spoils ᛬ to take booty ᛫ N᛬V hlōþ&hlōþian OE
lop ᛫ a spider ᛫ a flea ᛫ a fly ᛫ an insect [ᚹ] ᛫ N loppe ME
lord ᛫ a master ᛫ a nobleman ᛫ N ~ NE
lordly ᛫ noble ᛫ AJ ~ NE
lordship lordscip ᛫ dominion ᛫ authority ᛫ domain ᛫ jurisdiction ᛫ the state of being a lord ᛫ N ~ NE
lordswike ᛫ a traitor to one's lord ᛫ N lordswike ME
lore ᛫ a body of knowledge ᛫ N ~ NE
lore ᛫ -ology ᛫ SUFFIX ~ NE
lorebisen ᛫ a specimen ᛫ N lārbysn OE
loreboder ᛫ a preacher ᛫ N lārbodung+er OE+NE
loreboding ᛫ preaching ᛫ V lārbodung OE
lorebook ᛫ a textbook ᛫ N lārbōc OE
lorefather ᛫ a teacher ᛫ N lōrefader ME
lorehouse lorehuse ᛫ a school ᛫ a university ᛫ a college ᛫ N lārhūs OE
lorel ᛫ a rogue ᛫ a rascal ᛫ a scoundrel ᛫ a wretched person ᛫ N ~ NE
loreless ᛫ lacking learning or knowledge ᛫ ignorant ᛫ AJ ~ NE
lorelest ᛫ ignorance ᛫ educationlessness ᛫ N lārlēast OE
lorelistend ᛫ one who listens to instruction ᛫ a catechumen ᛫ N lārhlystend OE
lorelship lorelscip ᛫ rascality ᛫ N lorelshipe ME
lorely ᛫ instructive ᛫ of or pertaining to lore ᛫ AJ lārlīc OE
lorequid lorecwid ᛫ a precept ᛫ a doctrine ᛫ N lārcwide OE
loresman ᛫ an instructor ᛫ an expert ᛫ a master of a field of knowledge ᛫ N loresman ME earthloresman = geologist"
loresmith ᛫ a wise man ᛫ N lārsmiþ OE
lorespel ᛫ a sermon ᛫ an epistle ᛫ a treatise ᛫ an essay ᛫ N lōrespel[lārspell] ME
loreswike ᛫ false lore ᛫ pseudo-science ᛫ N lārswic OE
lorethew ᛫ a teacher ᛫ an instructor ᛫ a preceptor ᛫ a professor [ᚹ] ᛫ N lorthew{lareow} ME or: larew (from ME lareow, a shortened version of the word)
lorewit ᛫ a learned man ᛫ N lārwita OE
lorn ᛫ doomed ᛫ lost ᛫ forlorn ᛫ desolate ᛫ AJ ~ NE
losel ᛫ a worthless person ᛫ N ~ NE
loseyns ᛫ lasagna / lasagne ᛫ N loseyns ME‹I
loss ᛫ a defeat ᛫ N ~ NE
lot ᛫ a large quantity ᛫ a bunch of people ᛫ a portion ᛫ an allotment ᛫ one's role in life ᛫ a role ᛫ N ~ NE
loth ᛫ a cloak ᛫ an upper garment ᛫ a mantle ᛫ N loþa OE maybe should be "lother"?
loud lude ᛫ a sound ᛫ a noise ᛬ to sound ᛫ N᛬V lūde[hlȳd]&hlȳdan ME&OE
loudlore ludelore ᛫ acoustics ᛫ N lūde+lore ME+NE
lough luge ᛫ a place ᛫ a stead ᛫ N logh[lōh] ME rhyme: tough or plough
lough luge ᛫ a loch ᛫ N lough[luh] ME‹OE‹C rhyme: plough
louk look ᛫ to close ᛫ to shut ᛫ to fasten ᛫ to lock up ᛫ to enclose ᛫ to surround ᛫ N ~ ENE rhyme: luke; brook
louse luse ᛫ an Anoplura insect ᛫ a Mallophaga insect ᛫ N louse NE PL: lice
lousy lusey ᛫ full of lice ᛫ of low quality ᛫ contemptible ᛫ paltry ᛫ AJ lousy NE
lout lute ᛫ an awkward brutish person ᛬ to bow in respect ᛫ to submit ᛫ to yield ᛫ N᛬V lout[louten] NE
love luf ᛫ extreme affection ᛫ N ~ NE
loveapple lufappel ᛫ a tomato ᛫ N ~ NE
loveling lufling ᛫ a dear and lovely creature ᛫ a darling ᛫ N ~ NE
lovelorn luflorn ᛫ without love ᛫ AJ ~ NE
lovered lufred ᛫ love ( opposite of hatred ) ᛫ N lovereden ME
lovesome lufsum ᛫ affectionate ᛫ amorous ᛫ AJ ~ NE
lovetoken luftoken ᛫ something given as a sign or token of love ᛫ N love token NE
loveworthy lufworthy ᛫ lovable ᛫ meriting love ᛫ AJ ~ NE
low ᛫ a mound ( especially a burial mount ? ) ᛫ a tumulus ᛫ N ~[hlǣw] NE rhyme: show?
low ᛫ to moo ᛫ V ~[hlōwan] NE rhyme: snow
lowend ᛫ of the lowest quality ᛫ AJ ~ NE
lower chavelbone cafelbone ᛫ a mandible ᛫ N lower+chavel+bone NE‹N+ME+NE or: nether chavelbone
lower noseshell nosescell ᛫ an inferior nasal concha ᛫ N lower+nose+shell NE‹N+NEx2 or: nether noseshell ᛫ calque: onderste neusschelp
lowkey ᛫ subtle ᛬ subtly ᛫ AJ᛬AV ~ NE‹(N+E)
lowland ᛫ a stretch of low or unmountainous land ᛫ N ~ NE
lowlife ᛫ a despicable person ᛫ a scoundrel ᛫ N ~ NE‹(N+E)
lowling ᛫ a person of low status ᛫ a commoner ᛫ N ~ NE‹(N+E)
lowminded ᛫ inclined to vulgar or unworthy things ᛫ AJ ~ NE‹(N+E+E)
lox ᛫ a lynx ᛫ N lox OE
Ludder ᛫ a Luddite ᛫ one opposed to technological change ᛫ N ~ NE or: Ludd
lur ᛫ destruction ᛫ perdition ᛫ damage ᛫ loss ᛫ N lire/lure[lyre] ME
lurk ᛫ a method of fraud ᛫ N ~ NE from the verb "lurk" ᛫ slang
lurry ᛫ destructive ᛫ AJ lure+y ME+NE
lust ᛫ desire ᛫ appetite ᛫ craving ᛫ N lust&lust NE&OE
lustbere ᛫ desirable ᛫ AJ lustbǣre OE
lustihood ᛫ licentiousness ᛫ N ~ NE
lusty ᛫ vigorous ᛫ AJ ~ NE
lutter ᛫ clear ᛫ pure ᛫ unadulterated ᛫ innocent ᛫ sincere ᛫ authentic ᛫ AJ lutter[hlutor] ME
lutty ᛫ sly ᛫ crafty ᛫ cunning ᛫ astute ᛫ AJ lutiȝ[lytig] ME
lye ᛫ fire ᛫ lightning ᛫ plasma [ᚹ] ᛬ to blaze ᛫ N᛬V lei/lye&leien[līg] ME&ME
Lyor ᛫ Loire ᛫ N(P) ligore OE
Macedon Massedon ᛫ Macedonia ᛫ Macedon ᛫ N(P) ~[Macedone/Messedone] ME OE had Mæcedonie, look into this
mad ᛫ insane ᛫ frenzied ᛫ crazy ᛫ AJ ~ NE
madapple madappel ᛫ an eggplant ᛫ N ~ NE "earliest use found in Henry Lyte (1529–1607)" - Lexico
madden ᛫ to derange ᛫ V ~ NE
maddock ᛫ an earthworm ᛫ a maggot ᛫ N ~ ENE
madhouse madhuse ᛫ a psychiatric institution ᛫ a chaotic place ᛫ N ~ NE
madness ᛫ insanity ᛫ N ~ NE
Maid ᛫ Virgo ᛫ PN ~ ENE
maid ᛫ a female domestic servant ᛫ a girl ᛫ N ~ NE
maiden ᛫ a girl ᛫ a young woman ᛫ an unmarried girl ᛫ an unmarried young woman ᛫ a virgin ᛫ N ~[mægden] NE
maidenhead ᛫ the hymen ᛫ N ~ NE
maidenhood ᛫ virginity or celibacy ( of both men and women ) ᛫ N ~ NE
mail ᛫ earnest ᛫ firm ᛫ strenuous ᛫ AJ meagol OE
mailness ᛫ earnestness ᛫ N meagolness OE
maily ᛫ earnestly ᛫ strenuously ᛫ AV meagollīce OE
main ᛫ power ᛫ might ᛫ ability ᛫ efficacy ᛫ capacity ᛫ combat troops ᛫ military force ᛬ principle ᛫ prime ᛫ chief ᛬ very ᛫ N᛬AJ᛬AV main&main&mægen NE&ME&OE
mainframe ᛫ a large powerful computer used to perform many simultaneous complex tasks ᛫ N ~ NE
mainful ᛫ powerful ᛫ mighty ᛫ AJ mainful ME
mainhew ᛫ a primary colour ᛫ N main+hue NEx2
mainless ᛫ weak ᛫ feeble ᛫ powerless ᛫ AJ mægenlēas OE
mainly ᛫ principally ᛫ chiefly ᛫ mostly ᛫ AV ~ NE
mainstay ᛫ a chief support ᛫ a regular contributor ᛫ N ~ NE "stay" is a nautical word from Old English.
mainstream ᛫ the ideas , attitudes , or activities that are regarded as normal or conventional ᛫ AJ ~ NE
maith ᛫ the Anthemis cotula plant ( stinking camomile ) ᛫ N maithe ME
maith ᛫ a family ᛫ relatives ᛫ a tribe ᛫ a clan ᛫ N mæith&mǣgþ ME&OE
maith ᛫ a girl ᛫ a maiden ᛫ a virgin ᛫ N mægþ OE
maithhood ᛫ virginity ᛫ N mægþhad OE see: maidenhood
make ᛫ a married couple ᛫ a couple ᛫ a mate ᛫ an equal ᛫ a peer ᛫ a rival ᛫ a counterpart ᛬ to mate with ᛫ to marry ᛫ to pair with ᛫ N᛬V māke[gemaca]&māken ME&ME
make up ᛫ to invent ᛫ to fabricate ᛫ V ~ NE
makebelief makebeleef ᛫ the abstract quality of making believe ᛫ N ~ NE
makebelieve makebeleefe ᛫ the act of pretending ᛬ to pretend ᛬ imaginary ᛫ N᛬V᛬AJ ~ NE
makegame ᛫ an object of ridicule ᛫ N ~ NE
makeover makeofer ᛫ an overhaul of something's or someone's appearance ᛫ N ~ NE
maker ᛫ a creator ᛫ a producer ᛫ N ~ NE
makeshift makescift ᛫ a usually crude and temporary expedient ᛬ impromptu ᛫ ad hoc ᛫ N᛬AJ ~ NE
making ᛫ cause ᛫ N ~ NE
Malawi Mere Malawee ᛫ Lake Malawi ᛫ N(P) Malawi+mere NE‹O+NE
malm ᛫ a soft crumbly chalky rock or the fertile loamy soil produced as it weathers ᛫ N ~[mealm] NE
malshave malscafe ᛫ a caterpillar ᛫ N malshave ME maybe should be maleshave?
mammer ᛫ to hesitate ᛫ to waver ᛫ V ~ NE
mammer ᛫ deep sleep ᛫ a sopor ᛫ N mamor OE
man ᛫ a person ᛫ a human ᛫ N ~ NE
man ᛫ one/you ( generic pronoun ) ᛫ N man OE generic "one" seems to come partly from French "on"
manbane ᛫ tobacco ᛫ N ~ ENE slang?
mane ᛫ to bring to mind what ought to be done ᛫ to urge upon one what ought to be done ᛫ to admonish ᛫ exhort ᛫ V manian OE
manedeed ᛫ an evil deed ᛫ a crime ᛫ a transgression ᛫ N māndǣd OE
maneoath ᛫ perjury ᛫ N mānāþ OE
maneswear ᛫ to swear falsely ᛫ to perjure ᛫ V manswear NE
manful ᛫ brave and resolute ᛫ AJ ~ NE
manibreed ᛫ multifaceted ᛫ AJ manigbrǣde OE
manifold ᛫ diverse ᛫ numerous ᛫ complicated ᛫ complex ᛬ to multiply ᛬ repeatedly ᛫ AJ᛬AV manifold&manigfildan NE&OE
manifoldness ᛫ multiplicity ᛫ complexity ᛫ N ~[manigfealdness] NE
manikin ᛫ all kinds of ᛫ various ᛫ AJ manikin ME
Manitoba Mere ᛫ Lake Manitoba ᛫ N(P) Manitoba+mere NE‹O+NE
mank ᛫ to mutilate ᛫ to mangle ᛫ to maim ᛫ V manken ME
mankind ᛫ humanity ᛫ humankind ᛫ N ~ NE
manlike ᛫ a human form ᛫ an image of a man ᛫ a humanoid [ᚹ] ᛫ N mannlīca OE
manmade ᛫ made or caused by human beings ᛫ artificial ᛫ AJ manmade NE
Mannish Mannisc ᛫ Manx language ᛬ Manx ᛫ N(P)᛬AJ(P) Man+ish NE‹C+NE calque: Manx
manqualm mancwalm ᛫ a plague of man ᛫ N manqualm ME
manred ᛫ homage ᛫ service ᛫ N mannrǣdenn OE
manse ᛫ to excommunicate ᛫ to curse ᛫ to damn ᛫ V mansen/amansen ME
manship manscip ᛫ respect ᛫ dignity ᛫ gallantry ᛫ chivalry ᛫ N ~ NE
manshiply mansciply ᛫ honourably ᛫ courteously ᛫ AV ~ NE
manslayer ᛫ one who commits homicide ᛫ N ~ NE
manytongued manytunged ᛫ polyglot ᛫ AJ many+tongue+ed NEx3
mar ᛫ to spoil ᛫ to tarnish ᛫ to damage ᛫ V ~ NE
mare ᛫ a nightmare-causing entity ᛫ N ~ NE
mareshalk marescalk ᛫ marshal ᛫ N mare+shalk NE+ME or: horsethane [horsþegn]?
mark ᛫ feature ᛫ characteristic ᛫ attribute ᛫ N ~ NE
marked ᛫ noticeable ᛫ conspicuous ᛫ AJ ~ NE
markedly ᛫ noticeably ᛫ conspicuously ᛫ AV ~ NE
markle markel ᛫ a target ( a mark to aim at ) ᛫ a signet ᛫ a seal ᛫ an ensign ᛫ N mircels OE
markstead ᛫ a borderland ᛫ N mearcstede OE
markworthy ᛫ noteworthy ᛫ AJ ~ NE
marmstone ᛫ marble ᛫ N marmestan[marmanstān] ME
marplot ᛫ a person or thing which ruins a plan ᛫ N ~ NE
marsh marsc ᛫ a stretch of unforested wetland ᛫ N ~ NE
marth ᛫ a marten ( a kind of weasel ) ᛫ N mearþ OE
mash masc ᛫ pulp ᛬ to crush or smash something to a pulp ᛫ to press forcefully ᛫ N᛬V ~ NE
masker ᛫ to wander aimlessly ᛫ to bewilder ᛫ to confuse ᛫ to bewitch ᛫ to fascinate ᛫ V masker&malskren NE&ME of note: malscrung
match mac ᛫ an equivalence ᛫ a parallel ᛫ a spouse ᛫ a mate ᛫ a pair ᛫ a couple ᛫ N match&gemæcca NE&OE kin: make
math ᛫ a mowing ᛫ that which is gathered by mowing ᛫ N ~ NE found in "aftermath"
mathe ᛫ a maggot ᛫ a grub ᛫ N māthe[maþa] ME
mathel ᛫ to speak formally ᛫ to declaim ᛫ to declare ᛫ to give a speech ᛫ V mathelen ME
mathelstead ᛫ a place of assembly ᛫ N mæþelstede OE
mathom ᛫ a trinket ᛫ a knickknack ᛫ a treasure ᛫ N ~[māþum] NE‹OE revived by Tolkien
mathomhouse mathomhuse ᛫ a treasury ᛫ N māþumhūs OE
mattock ᛫ a farming tool with right angled blades like a pickaxe ᛫ N ~ NE
maw ᛫ a mouth ᛫ a stomach ᛫ appetite ᛫ inclination ᛫ liking ᛫ N ~ NE
maw ᛫ a boy ᛫ a young adult human male ᛫ N magu OE
mawk ᛫ a maggot ᛫ N ~ NE‹N kin: maddock
mawkish mawkisc ᛫ sentimental in an exaggerated or false way ᛫ sappy ᛫ AJ ~ NE‹N
may ᛫ a family member ᛫ a relative ᛫ a kins-person ᛫ a kinsman ᛫ a kinswoman ᛫ N mei&mai[mǣg][mæg] ME&ME merge of two related words
may ᛫ to mix ᛫ to mash ᛫ to blend ᛫ V maȝcen&mecgan ME&OE
maybe ᛫ possibly ᛫ perchance ᛫ AV ~ NE
mayhap ᛫ perhaps ᛫ possibly ᛫ AV ~ NE
mayheamed ᛫ incest ᛫ N mæghǣmed OE
maywrit ᛫ a writing containing a list of kinsmen ᛫ a genealogical table ᛫ pedigree ᛫ N mǣggewrit OE glossary word
maze mase ᛫ a labyrinth ᛬ to confuse ᛫ to confound ᛫ N᛬V maze&māsen NE&ME
meadow ᛫ a stretch of grassland ( especially one used for hay ) ᛫ N ~ NE or: mead
meadowsweet ᛫ a Filipendula ulmaria plant ᛫ N ~ NE
meal ᛫ to stain ᛫ to spot ᛫ to mark ᛫ V ~[gemǣlan] ENE
meal ᛫ a container ᛫ a basin ᛫ a bucket ᛫ a tub ᛫ a measure of time ᛫ N mēle[mēle/mǣle] ME
meal ᛫ grain which has been turned into a powder ᛫ flour ᛫ N ~[mēle][melu/meolo] NE
mean ᛫ common ᛫ general ᛫ rude ᛫ cruel ᛫ AJ ~[mǣne] NE "mean" as in average comes from "medianus"
mean ᛫ to intend ᛫ V ~[mǣnan] NE
meaningly ᛫ intentionally ᛫ purposely ᛫ AV ~ NE
meanly ᛫ common ᛫ shared ᛫ AJ menelich ME
meanname ᛫ a common noun ᛫ N mean+name NEx2 calque: common noun; gemǣnelīc nama
meanness ᛫ a piece of commonly held land ᛫ communion ᛫ N mēnnesse ME Minnises of Kent may come from dialectal alteration of this word
meanwealth ᛫ a republic ᛫ N mean+wealth NEx2 calque: commonwealth
mear ᛫ famous ᛫ renowned ᛫ illustrious ᛫ distinguished ᛫ celebrated ᛫ AJ mǣre OE
mearth ᛫ grandeur ᛫ a marvel ᛫ a glorious thing ᛫ N mērthe[mǣrþu] ME
meat ᛫ ( shows the word pertains to food and culinary arts ) ᛫ PREFIX mete OE example: "meteswamb" means "edible mushroom"
meateater ᛫ a carnivore ᛫ N ~ NE
meatfettle meatfettel ᛫ a chest or a cupboard for storing food ᛫ a pantry ᛫ a larder ᛫ a butlery ᛫ N meatfittle ENE
meatsax ᛫ a food knife ᛫ N meteseax OE
medge ᛫ an adult human male ᛫ N megge[mecg] ME
meech meec ᛫ a sword ᛫ N meche[mēce] ME
meechfish meecfisc ᛫ a mullet ( as in the fish ) ᛫ N mēcefisc OE
meed ᛫ a payment ᛫ a reward ᛫ an award ᛫ a bribe ᛫ merit ᛫ desert ᛬ to reward ᛫ to deserve ᛫ to merit ᛫ N᛬V mẹ̄de&mẹ̄den[mēd] ME&ME
meedful ᛫ meritorious ᛫ AJ ~ NE
meel ᛫ speech ᛬ to speak ᛫ N᛬V mēlen&mǣl&mǣlan ME&OE&OE kin: mal (N)
meet ᛫ to dream ᛫ to have a vision ᛫ V mēten[mǣtan] ME
meet ᛫ suitable ᛫ fitting ᛫ proper ᛫ AJ ~[gemǣte] NE
meeth ᛫ abstemiousness ᛫ self-restraint ᛫ self-imposed discipline ᛫ temperance ᛫ capacity ᛫ capability ᛫ N mēthe&mǣþ ME&OE
meeth ᛫ exhausted ᛫ weary ᛫ AJ mēþe OE
meethful ᛫ temperate ᛫ modest ᛫ undemanding ᛫ moderate ᛫ AJ mēthful[mǣþful] ME
meeting ᛫ a dream ( especially prophetic or admonitory ) ᛫ a vision ᛫ N mētinge[mǣting] ME
meetly ᛫ suitably ᛫ properly ᛫ AV meet+ly NEx2
meld ᛫ to fuse ᛫ V ~ NE
mennish mennisc ᛫ people ᛫ humanity ᛬ human ( of humans ) ᛫ N᛬AJ mennish ME
mennishly menniscly ᛫ humanly ᛫ AV mennisclīce OE
mennishness menniscness ᛫ humanity ᛫ human nature ᛫ humaneness ᛫ N menniscness OE
mensk ᛫ honour ᛫ an honoured state or condition ᛫ honourable ᛫ praiseworthy ᛫ N᛬AJ menske ME‹N
merch merc ᛫ an Apium graveolens plant ( celery ) ᛫ N merch[merece] ME
mere ᛫ a sea ᛫ a lake ᛫ a pond ᛫ N ~ NE found in: mermaid
mere ᛫ a border ᛫ boundary ᛬ to set a border or boundary ᛫ N᛬V ~[mǣre] NE
mereing ᛫ a written note on a map giving information about a boundary ᛫ N ~ NE
mergroat ᛫ a pearl ᛫ N mere+groat NEx2 based on a folk etymology of meregrot (margarita)
Merk ᛫ a Mercian ᛫ N Merces ME
Merkish Merkisc ᛫ the Mercian tongue ᛬ Mercian ᛫ N᛬AJ Marchisce ME
Merkrich Merkric ᛫ Mercia ᛫ N(P) Merkyneriche[Miercna Rīce] ME
merrail ᛫ a sail ( poetic ) ᛫ N merehrægel OE
merry ᛫ cheerful and lively ᛫ festive ᛫ AJ ~ NE
merrymake ᛫ to celebrate ᛫ to be festive ᛫ V ~ NE
merrymaker ᛫ a reveler ᛫ N ~ NE
merrymaking ᛫ festivity ᛫ conviviality ᛫ N ~ NE
merryman ᛫ a jester ᛫ a buffoon ᛫ N ~ NE
merrymeeting ᛫ a festive gathering ᛫ a festival [ᚹ] ᛫ N ~ NE
merswine ᛫ a dolphin ᛫ N ~[mereswīn] NE
mess ᛫ to feed ᛫ to furnish with provisions ᛫ V metsian OE
mete ᛫ to paint ᛫ to sculpt ᛫ V mẹ̄ten[mētan] ME
mete ᛫ to measure ᛫ to regulate ᛫ to moderate ᛫ V mete&metgian NE&OE
mete ᛫ a measurement ᛫ a measure ᛫ a mood ( of grammar ) ᛫ a measure ( in music ) ᛫ N gemet OE "mood" from Ælfric the grammarian
meted ᛫ the Maker ᛫ God ( poetic ) ᛫ N metod/meodod OE
metekindly ᛫ metrical ᛫ AJ metcundlic OE
meteledge ᛫ to moderate ᛫ V gemetlǣcan OE
meteyard ᛫ a measuring rod ᛫ N ~ NE
methinks ᛫ it seems to me ᛫ V ~ NE
meting ᛫ a measurement ᛫ an amount ᛫ measuring ᛫ dimensions ᛫ N meting&mēting NE&ME
meting ᛫ -metry ᛫ SUFFIX mete+-ing NEx2
meting ᛫ a painting ᛫ a picture ᛫ a sculpture ᛫ an image [ᚹ] ᛫ N mēting OE
mew ᛫ a gull ᛫ a seagull ᛫ N ~ NE
mewel ᛫ a maiden ᛫ a damsel ᛫ N mēowle OE
Michigan Mere Miscigan ᛫ Lake Michigan ᛫ N(P) Michigan+mere NE‹O+NE
mid ᛫ with ( as in "together" never as in "against" ) ᛫ P ~ ME found in: midwife
mid ᛫ co- ᛫ PREFIX mid OE
mid eld ᛫ the middle ages ᛬ medieval ᛫ N᛬AJ mid+eld NE+ME calque
midbody ᛫ the middle of the body ᛫ the torso ᛫ N ~ NE
midbrain ᛫ the mesencephalon ᛫ N ~ NE
middaily ᛫ meridian ᛫ AJ middæglīc OE
midday ᛫ noon ᛫ N ~ NE "noon" comes from Latin
middenhead ᛫ a dunghil's top ᛫ N ~ NE
middenstead ᛫ a dunghil ᛫ the site of a dunghill ᛫ N ~ NE
middleground middelgrund ᛫ a compromise ᛫ N middle ground NE
middleman middelman ᛫ intermediary ᛫ N ~ NE
middling ᛫ average ᛫ moderate ᛫ mean ᛫ median ᛫ medium ᛫ mediocre ᛫ intermediate ᛬ fairly ᛫ moderately ᛫ AJ᛬AV ~ NE
midge ᛫ a mosquito [ᚹ] ᛫ N ~ NE
midgut ᛫ the central loop of the alimentary canal of an embryo between the foregut and the hindgut ᛫ N ~ NE
midriff ᛫ the midsection of the human torso ᛫ N ~ NE
midthole ᛫ to sympathize ᛫ V midþolian OE
midtholing ᛫ compassion ᛫ N midtholinge ME
midwist ᛫ the act of being with others ᛫ co-being ᛫ participation ᛫ N midwist OE
Midyard ᛫ Earth ᛫ Midgard ᛫ Middle Earth ᛫ N(P) middangeard OE "Middle Earth" is a corruption of a corruption of Middangeard
mield meeld ᛫ to accuse ᛫ to tell on someone ᛫ to inform against ᛫ to inform ᛫ to report ᛫ to evince ᛫ to announce ᛫ V mẹ̄̆lden&meldian ME&OE vowel lengthened in ME?
mielder meelder ᛫ a narrator ᛫ an informer ᛫ an announcer ᛫ N melda OE
migh mige ᛫ to urinate ᛫ to piss ᛫ to pee ᛫ V mīȝen[migan] ME
might migt ᛫ ability ᛫ capacity ᛫ power ᛫ N might&might NE&ME
mighten migten ᛫ to enable ᛫ to empower ᛫ V might+en NEx2
mightened migtened ᛫ enabled ᛫ empowered ᛫ AJ might+en+ed NEx3
mighth migth ᛫ urine ᛫ pee ᛫ piss ᛫ N miȝethe ME rhyme: writhe
mighthleech migthleec ᛫ a urologist ᛫ N miȝethe+leech ME+NE rhyme: writhe peach
mightlihood migtlihood ᛫ a possibility ᛫ N mightly+hood OE+NE based on: likelihood
mightly migtly ᛫ possible ᛫ AJ mihtlic/meahtelic OE
milch milc ᛫ able to give milk ᛫ able to be milked ᛫ AJ milch ME
milkcoffee ᛫ latte ᛫ N milk+coffee NEx2‹ calque: caffè latte
milken ᛫ lactael ᛫ AJ ~ NE
milklithe ᛫ very soft ᛫ very gentle ᛫ soft as milk ᛫ AJ meolclīþe OE
milksop ᛫ a feeble or ineffectual person ᛫ a coward ᛫ N ~ NE
milksoppy ᛫ timid ᛫ milquetoast ᛫ insipid ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
millbeetle millbeetel ᛫ a cockroach ᛫ N ~ NE‹(I+E)
milse ᛫ mercy ᛫ pardon ᛬ to be merciful to ᛫ to pardon ᛬ mercy me! ᛫ N᛬V᛬I milce&milcen ME
milsey ᛫ a milk strainer ᛫ N ~ NE from milk-sye, from Middle English mylke syhe (milk sieve)
milt ᛫ spleen ᛫ N ~ NE
milth ᛫ mercy ᛫ N milthe ME kin: mild
mimmer ᛫ to keep in memory ᛫ to remember ᛫ V mimorian OE
min ᛫ memory ᛫ remembrance ᛫ N min ME
minchen mincen ᛫ a nun ᛫ a female monk ᛫ N minchen[mynecenu] ME should Munich be named this in Anglish?
mindfarer ᛫ a psychonaut ᛫ N mind+farer NEx2
mindful ᛫ having mental faculties not dulled by sleep faintness or stupor ᛫ AJ ~ NE
mindless ᛫ senseless ᛫ stupid ᛫ heedless ᛫ AJ ~ NE
mindlokening ᛫ psychiatry ᛫ N mind+lācnung NE+OE
mindlore ᛫ psychology ᛫ N mind+lore NE
mindly ᛫ mental ᛫ AJ ~ NE
mindset ᛫ a mentality ᛫ N ~ NE
ming ᛫ to mix ᛫ to bring people or animals together ᛫ to join through marriage or sexual intercourse ᛫ to knead ᛫ V ~[mengan] NE
mingle mingel ᛫ to mix ᛫ to associate ( especially at social functions ) ᛫ V ~ NE
minse ᛫ to diminish ᛫ to chop into bits ᛫ to mince ᛫ V minsian OE kin: mince
minster ᛫ a monastery ᛫ N minster[mynster] ME‹OE‹I
mint ᛫ an intent ᛫ an aiming ᛬ to intend ᛫ to aim ( with a weapon or otherwise ) ᛫ N minten[myntan] ME
mir ᛫ myrrh ᛫ a Commiphora myrrha plant ᛫ N mirre/murre[myrra/myrre] ME‹OE‹I‹H‹O or: mur
mire ᛫ a fen ᛫ a bog ᛫ N ~ NE‹N
mirth ᛫ merriment ᛫ jollity ᛫ amusement ᛬ to amuse ᛫ to entertain ᛫ to cheer up ᛫ N mirth&mirthen NE&ME
misbegotten ᛫ illegitimate ( born out of wedlock ) ᛫ ill-conceived ᛫ AJ ~ NE
misbeholden ᛫ disobliging ᛫ unbecoming ᛫ offensive ᛫ AJ ~ NE
misbelieve misbeleefe ᛫ to disbelieve ᛫ to hold an erronious belief ᛫ V ~ NE
misbid ᛫ to abuse ᛫ to mistreat ᛫ V misbidden ME
misbirth ᛫ a miscarriage ᛫ N ~ NE
misbrook ᛫ to misuse ᛫ V mis+brook NEx2
mischar miscar ᛫ to pervert ᛫ V miscyrran OE
misdeed ᛫ an offense ᛫ N ~ NE
misdeem ᛫ to misjudge ᛫ V ~ NE
misdoom ᛫ a misjudgment / a misjudgement ᛫ N misdōm ME
misfall ᛫ a mishap ᛫ misfortune ᛬ to suffer bad luck ᛫ to turn out badly ᛫ N᛬V ~ NE
misfare ᛫ an error ᛫ a transgression ᛫ a mishap ᛫ misfortune ᛫ ill fate ᛬ to err ᛫ to transgress ᛫ to go wrong or astray ᛫ to be unfortunate ᛫ N᛬V ~ NE
misgang ᛫ a trespass ᛫ N misgang ME
misgiving misgifing ᛫ doubt ᛫ apprehension ᛫ N ~ NE‹(E+N) usually used in its plural form: "misgivings"
mish misc ᛫ to mix ᛫ V miscian OE
mishap miscap ᛫ an unfortunate accident ᛫ N ~ NE
mishappen miscappen ᛫ to occur by misfortune ᛫ V ~ NE
mislike ᛫ displease ᛫ dislike ᛫ N ~ NE
mislore ᛫ evil teaching ᛫ misinformation ᛫ N ~ NE
misname ᛫ a misnomer ᛬ to call by a wrong name ᛫ N᛬V ~ NE
misnimming ᛫ a mistake ᛫ an error ᛫ N misniminge ME
misput ᛫ to misplace ᛫ V ~ NE
misqueath miscweath ᛫ to slander ᛫ to calumniate ᛫ to malign ᛫ to slander ᛫ to traduce ᛫ V miscweþan OE
misqueme miscweem ᛫ to displease ᛫ V miscwemen ME
misread ᛫ to misadvise ᛫ to misinterpret ᛫ V ~ NE
misreckon ᛫ to miscalculate ᛫ V ~ NE
misser ᛫ a half-year ᛫ N missere OE
misshapen misscapen ᛫ deformed ᛫ AJ ~ NE
missliness ᛫ variousness ᛫ diversity ᛫ variability ᛫ ununiformity ᛫ N mislīch+ness ME+NE
missly ᛫ various ᛫ diverse ᛫ variable ᛫ ununiform ᛫ AJ mislīch ME
misspeak ᛫ to mispronounce ᛫ V ~ NE
mist ᛫ fog ᛫ a cloud of smoke ᛫ vapour ( including aromatic vapour ) ᛫ a gas [ᚹ] ᛫ N mist&mist NE&ME
Mistassini Mere ᛫ Lac Mistassini ᛫ N(P) Mistassini+mere NE‹O+NE
misthee ᛫ to fail to improve to degenerate ᛫ V misþēon OE
mistide ᛫ to have bad luck ᛫ to turn out badly ᛫ V mistiden ME
mistiming ᛫ an anachronism ᛫ N mis+timing NEx2 invented by William Barnes
mistle mistel ᛫ basil ᛫ mistletoe ᛫ N ~ NE
mistrust ᛫ distrust ᛫ suspicion ᛬ to distrust ᛫ to have no confidence in ᛫ N᛬V ~ NE
miswise ᛫ to misguide ᛫ to misdirect ᛫ to misinstruction ᛫ V miswissian OE
miswrought miswrougt ᛫ poorly made ᛫ poorly worked ᛫ misworked ᛫ AJ ~ NE
mithe ᛫ to avoid ᛫ to conceal ᛫ to dissemble ᛫ to restrain oneself ᛫ to suppress one's feelings ᛫ V mithen&mīþan ME&OE
mixen ᛫ a dung heap ᛫ a dunghill ᛫ odure ᛫ N ~[mixen]{meox} NE kin: "mix"
moddry ᛫ an aunt ᛫ N moddri[mōdrige] ME
moddrydaughter moddrydaugter ᛫ a maternal female cousin ᛫ N moddri+daughter ME+NE built on analogy with "modry sune" ᛫ see "needmay"
moddryson moddrysun ᛫ a maternal male cousin ᛫ N moddri sune ME see "needmay"
mold ᛫ the surface of the earth ᛫ N ~ NE
molten ᛫ liquefied by heat ᛫ AJ ~ NE
mond ᛫ a basket ᛫ N mand/mond OE kin: maund
mone ᛫ a companion ᛫ a partner ᛫ companionship ᛫ participation ᛫ assistance ᛫ sexual intercourse ᛫ N mōn ME
mone ᛫ evil ᛫ wickedness falsehood ᛫ evil personified ᛫ the Devil ᛬ wicked ᛫ false ᛫ base ᛫ N᛬AJ mon/man/mone[mān] ME&OE
mong ᛫ a mixture ᛬ to mix ᛫ N᛬V ~ NE
mong ᛫ to traffic (with) ᛫ to barter ᛫ V ~[monger] NE backformation of monger which came from mong
monger ᛫ a dealer ᛫ a trader ᛫ N monger NE‹Þ‹I‹H
monkhouse munkhuse ᛫ a monastery ᛫ N monk house NE‹OE‹(I+E)
monkly munkly ᛫ monastic ᛫ AJ ~ NE‹(O+E)
monkstow munkstow ᛫ a monastery ᛫ a hermitage ᛫ N munucstōw OE‹I
Monnight Monnigt ᛫ the night following Monday's dusk ᛫ N(P) ~ NE from mōnanniht or from Monday+night
monthadle monthadel ᛫ menstruation ᛫ N mōnaþādl OE
monthadly ᛫ undergoing menstruation ᛫ AJ mōnaþādlig OE
monthblood ᛫ menses ᛫ menstrual blood ᛫ N mōnaþblōd OE
mood ᛫ courage ᛫ valor ᛫ a mental state ᛫ an emotional state ᛫ a state of mind ᛫ N ~ NE
moodsick ᛫ distressed ᛫ of troubled mind ᛫ AJ mōdsēoc OE
moodthrake ᛫ impetuosity of mind ᛫ impetuous or daring courage ᛫ N mōdþracu OE
moonbone ᛫ a lunate bone ᛫ N moon+bone NEx2 calque: maanbeen, Mondbein
moonling ᛫ a lunatic ᛫ a crazy or insane person ᛫ N ~ NE
moonly ᛫ lunar ᛫ AJ ~ NE
moonmadness ᛫ lunacy ᛫ N moonmadness NE
moonrown moonrune ᛫ a Chinese character ᛫ any character inspired by Chinese characters ( such as those in kana and hangul ) ᛫ N moon+rown NEx2 potentially offensive ᛫ see: Hanrown
moonscape ᛫ a devastated land ᛫ N ~ NE
moonshine moonscine ᛫ illicitly distilled alcohol ᛫ nonsense ᛫ N ~ NE
moonsick ᛫ crazy ᛫ lunatic ᛫ AJ ~ NE
moonstruck ᛫ insane ᛫ crazy ᛫ ludicrous ᛫ AJ ~ NE
moor ᛫ a stretch of uncultivated highland characterized by low-growing vegetation ᛫ N ~ NE
moorfowl moorfule ᛫ the Lagopus scotica bird ᛫ N moorfowl NE
Moorland ᛫ Mauritania ᛫ N(P) Moor+land NE‹O+NE or: Mauritany
moorle moorel ᛫ a rope for mooring a ship ᛫ pronesium ᛫ N mǣrels OE
moot ᛫ an assembly ᛫ a council ᛬ to broach ᛫ to talk about ᛫ to debate ᛫ to argue ᛫ to dispute ᛬ no longer relevant ᛫ N᛬V᛬AJ ~ NE
moothall ᛫ a room or building in which a moot is held ᛫ N ~ NE
mooting ᛫ conversation ᛫ discussion ᛫ discourse ᛫ debate ᛫ N mooting&motung NE&OE
mootstow ᛫ a meeting place ᛫ a forum ᛫ N gemōtstōw OE
more ᛫ an edible root ( like a carrot or parsnip ) ᛫ a root ᛫ an origin ᛬ to take root ᛫ to root ᛫ N᛬V more[more]&mōren ME&ME
morebeam ᛫ a Morus plant ( a mulberry tree ) ᛫ N mōrbēam ME‹OE‹I
moreberry ᛫ a mulberry ᛫ N morberi OE‹I
morecrop ᛫ a Pimpinella plant ( a pimpernel ) ᛫ N ~ ENE
moreness ᛫ plurality ᛫ N ~ NE
morning beads ᛫ matins ᛫ N ~ NE
Morningland ᛫ the Orient ᛫ the Far East ᛫ N ~ NE poetic?
morrow ᛫ the following day ᛫ the time following an event ᛫ the near future ᛫ N ~ NE
morth ᛫ murder ᛫ slaughter ᛫ N morth ME
mostlings ᛫ for the most part ᛫ AV ~ NE
mot ᛫ to be allowed ᛫ to be permitted ᛫ to be compelled ᛫ must ᛫ may ( subjunctive ) ᛫ V mọ̄ten ME modal verb ᛫ once the present tense of "must" ᛫ shortened ~1500
mote ᛫ a particle ᛫ an atom ᛫ N ~ NE
motherland ᛫ the land of one's ancestors or birth ᛫ the country which founded a colony ᛫ N ~ NE
motherly ᛫ maternal ᛫ AJ ~ NE
mothermorth ᛫ matricide ᛫ N mother+morth NE+ME calque: Muttermord
motherslayer ᛫ a matricide ᛫ N mōdorslaga OE
mothertongue mothertung ᛫ one's native language ᛫ N ~ NE
motherwit ᛫ common sense ᛫ N mother wit NE
mothren ᛫ maternal ᛫ AJ mēdren OE
mound mund ᛫ a hand ᛫ a hand ( a measurement ) ᛫ guardianship ᛫ protection ᛫ N mound[mund] ME
moundbreach mundbreac ᛫ violation of security ᛫ N ~ NE
mouser muser ᛫ an animal that catches mice ( especially a cat ) ᛫ N ~ NE
mouthly muthely ᛫ oral ᛫ AJ ~ NE
mouthroof mutheroof ᛫ the palate ᛫ N mūþhrōf OE
mouthroofy mutheroofy ᛫ palatal ᛫ AJ mūþhrōf+y OE+NE
mow muhe ᛫ to be able to ᛫ to maybe be able to ᛫ to be permitted to ᛫ to be allowed to ᛫ V mouen ME PST: might ᛫ PTCP: ? ᛫ PRES: may ᛫ PPR: mowing ᛫ rhyme: how
mowing muing ᛫ capable ᛫ able ᛫ AJ mouing{mouen} ME from the present participle of ME "mouen"
muchel mucel ᛫ to increase ᛫ to magnify ᛫ V muchelen[miclian] ME or: mickle; much
mug ᛫ a cup ᛫ face ( colloquial ) ᛫ N ~ NE‹N
mugwort ᛫ an Artemisia vulgaris plant ᛫ an Artemisia plant [ᚹ] ᛫ N ~ NE
mum ᛫ silent ᛫ AJ ~ NE
mumble mumbel ᛫ a quiet and indistinct utterance ᛬ to murmur ᛫ N᛬V ~ NE
mun ᛫ to remember [ᚾ] ᛫ V imunen[gemunan] ME English also had a cognate from Old Norse, see "mǒnen" in ME
munworthy ᛫ memorable ᛫ worthy of being remembered ᛫ V mun+worthy OE+NE
murk ᛫ darkness or particles that make it hard to see ᛫ N ~ NE
murky ᛫ dark and gloomy ( especially due to thick mist ) ᛫ darkly vague ᛫ obscure ᛫ AJ ~ NE
murther ᛫ a murder ᛬ to murder ᛫ N᛬V ~ NE "murder" might have French influence
murthersome murthersum ᛫ murderous ᛫ AJ ~ NE
murthry ᛫ muderous ᛫ AJ murther+y NEx2
naft ᛫ poverty ᛫ indigence ᛫ N næft OE literally: not-having? ᛫ see: haft
nafty ᛫ poor ( unwealthy ) ᛫ indigent ᛫ AJ næftig OE
nag ᛫ to niggle or to gripe continuously ᛫ V ~ NE
nailkin ᛫ a Dianthus plant ( a carnation ) ᛫ N nail+kin NE+ME calque: Nelke
nake ᛫ to strip ᛫ to undress ᛫ V ~ NE
nake ᛫ a seacraft ᛫ N naca OE kin: navy
naked ᛫ stripped ᛫ naked ᛫ undressed ᛫ AJ ~ NE
nakedness ᛫ nudity ᛫ N ~ NE
nam ᛫ am not ᛫ V neom OE equal to: nay am
name ᛫ a noun ᛫ N ~ NE calque: nōmen
namebook ᛫ a register of names ᛫ N nambōc OE
namecouth namecooth ᛫ famous ᛫ well-known ᛫ of note ᛫ of renown ᛫ AJ namcūþ OE
nameless ᛫ anonymous ᛫ indefinable ᛫ AJ ~ NE
namelessness ᛫ anonymity ᛫ indefinability ᛫ N ~ NE
namendly ᛫ nominative ( grammar ) ᛫ AJ nemnigendlīc OE
namesake ᛫ one who is named after another or for whom another is named ᛫ N ~ NE
nameshunning namescunning ᛫ antonomasia ᛫ N name+shunning NEx2 invented by William Barnes
naming ᛫ nomination ᛫ N ~ NE
nana ᛫ a grandmother ᛫ N ~ NE
nap ᛫ a cup ᛫ a bowl ᛫ N nap[hnæp] ME
narrow ᛫ a confinement ᛫ a durance ᛫ a strait ᛫ a difficulty ᛫ N nearu OE
nary ᛫ never a ᛫ not a ᛫ not ᛫ neither ᛫ no ᛫ AJ ~ NE short for: ne'er a
nas ᛫ not ᛫ AV næs OE equal to: ná (never) +‎ ealles (completely)
natheless ᛫ nevertheless ᛫ AV ~ NE
naught naugt ᛫ nothing ᛫ a zero ᛫ a null ᛫ N ~ NE
naught but naugt ᛫ just ᛫ merely ᛫ nothing but ᛫ AV ~ NE
naughth naugth ᛫ zeroth ᛫ 0th AJ noughth NE found in: noughth week
naughties naugties ᛫ the first decade of a century ᛫ N ~ NE
naughty naugty ᛫ mischievous ᛫ risqué ᛫ AJ ~ NE
nave nafe ᛫ to not have ᛫ V nabban OE rhyme: have
navel nafel ᛫ an umbilicus ᛫ a belly button ᛫ the central point of a place ᛫ N ~ NE
nay ᛫ a negative answer ᛬ to reply negatively ᛬ no ᛫ N᛬V᛬AV ~ NE
nay ᛫ to address ᛫ to accost ᛫ to speak to ᛫ to assail ᛫ V nǣgan&genǣgan OE
naying ᛫ negative ᛫ AJ nay+ing NEx2
nayword ᛫ a term of negation ᛫ N ~ NE coined by Ralph Lever
ne ᛫ no ᛫ not ᛫ nay ᛫ nor ᛫ AV&C ne&ne ME&OE
neap ᛫ to pluck off ᛫ V ahnēapan OE kin: 𐌳𐌹𐍃𐌷𐌽𐌹𐌿𐍀𐌰𐌽; nypa (Swedish)
near ᛫ to save ᛫ to rescue ᛫ V nerian&nerian ME&OE
nearness ᛫ closeness ᛫ proximity ᛫ intimacy ᛫ N ~ NE
neat ᛫ a peasant holding land from a lord ᛫ a companion ᛫ a comrade [ᚹ] ᛫ N nēt&genēat ME&OE
neat ᛫ cattle ᛫ a cow ᛫ a bull ᛫ N neat&neat NE&OE
neath ᛫ beneath ᛫ P ~ NE
neatherd ᛫ one who looks after neat ( cattle ) ᛫ N ~ NE
neatland ᛫ rented land ᛫ feudally owned land ᛫ N geneatland OE
neb ᛫ a beak ᛫ a nose ᛫ a snout ᛫ a face ᛫ N neb&nebb NE&OE
neckrib ᛫ a cervical rib ᛫ N neck+rib NEx2
neckridgebone ᛫ a cervical vertebra ᛫ N neck+ridgebone NEx2
need ᛫ a necessity ᛫ a requirement ᛬ to require ᛫ N᛬V ~ NE
needful ᛫ necessary ᛫ mandatory ᛫ AJ ~ NE
needfully ᛫ necessarily ᛫ AV ~ NE
needlefish needelfisc ᛫ a Belonidae fish ᛫ N ~ NE
needless ᛫ unnecessary ᛫ AJ ~ NE
needlework needelwork ᛫ embroidery ᛫ N ~ NE
needmay ᛫ a close kinsman or kinswoman ᛫ a cousin ?᛫ N nīdmæge&nīdmāge OE&OE
neednot ᛫ a superfluity ᛫ an unnecessary thing ᛫ N neednot NE
needs cost ᛫ necessarily ᛫ AV nedes cost ME or: needs costs ᛫ this "cost" is not from French
needtharf ᛫ necessary ᛫ AJ nẹ̄dtharf[nēdþearf] ME
needwise ᛫ by necessity ᛫ AV ~ NE
neep ᛫ a turnip ᛫ N ~[nẹ̄p][nǣp] NE‹ME‹OE‹I
neepseed ᛫ rapeseed ᛫ N nǽpsǽd OE‹I
neer ᛫ the kidney ᛫ N nēre ME‹LG
neese ᛫ to inspect ᛫ to visit ᛫ V nēosian OE
neet ᛫ to enjoy ( to make use of ) ᛫ V nēotan OE
neethe ᛫ to risk ᛫ to venture ᛫ V nēþan OE
neeve neefe ᛫ nephew ᛫ a grandson ᛫ N nēve[nefa] ME
neigh neig ᛫ local- ᛫ PREFIX neigh&nēah NE&OE found in "neighbour"
neighbourship neigborscip ᛫ a community connection or relationship among people and/or things of close proximity or similar class ᛫ N ~ NE
neighledge neigledge ᛫ to approach ᛫ V neighlechen ME rhyme: day ledge
neightheed neigtheed ᛫ a neighbouring people or nation ᛫ N nēahþēod OE rhyme: day weed
neighwist neigwist ᛫ localness ᛫ nearness ᛫ presence ᛫ fellowship ᛫ N nēahwist OE
neither ᛫ neuter ( grammatical term ) ᛫ AJ naþor OE
nemmen ᛫ to mention ᛫ to specify ᛫ to refer to ᛫ to designate ᛫ to name ᛫ V nemnen{nevenen} ME
nerxenwong ᛫ a paradise ᛫ N neorxenawang OE
nerxenwongly ᛫ paradisiacal ᛫ AJ neorxnawanglic OE
nesh nesc ᛫ delicate ᛫ feeble ᛫ soft ᛫ delicate ᛫ tender ᛫ timid ᛫ dainty ᛫ AJ ~[hnesce/hnysce/hnæsce] NE
neshen nescen ᛫ to make tender or soft ᛫ mollify ᛫ V ~ NE
neshly nescly ᛫ tenderly ᛫ AV n̄̆eshlī ME
neshness nescness ᛫ docility ᛫ feebleness ᛫ weakness ᛫ softness ᛫ N ~ NE
ness ᛫ a headland ᛫ a promontory ᛫ a cape ᛫ N ~ NE
ness ᛫ -ity ( abstract nominal suffix ) ᛫ SUFFIX ~ NE
nestle nestel ᛫ to lie comfortably within or against something ᛫ to lie somewhat obscured ᛫ V ~ NE
net ᛫ cyber- ( but only in internet contexts ) ᛫ PREFIX ~ NE or: web-
nether ᛫ lower ᛫ low ᛫ AJ ~ NE
Netherfrankish Netherfrankisc ᛫ Low Franconian ᛫ N(P) nether+Frank+ish NEx3 calque: Niederfränkisch
nethergang ᛫ a descent ᛫ N niþergang OE
netherhair ᛫ pubic hair ᛫ N ~ NE
netherhose ᛫ underpants ᛫ N(P) ~ NE
Netherlander ᛫ one from the Netherlands ᛫ N(P) ~ NE
Netherlandish Netherlandisc ᛫ the Dutch language ᛫ of the Dutch ᛫ N(P)᛬AJ(P) ~ NE
nethermind ᛫ the subconscious ᛫ N ~ NE
netherness ᛫ inferiority ᛫ N ~ NE
netherwear ᛫ underwear ᛫ undergarments ᛫ lingerie ᛫ N ~ NE
Nettilling Mere ᛫ Nettilling Lake ᛫ N(P) Nettilling+mere NE‹O+NE
nettle nettel ᛫ an Urtica plant ᛬ to hit with nettles ᛫ to irritate ᛫ to annoy ᛫ N᛬V ~ NE
nettlesome nettelsum ᛫ annoying ᛫ irritating ᛫ AJ ~ NE
neveling nefeling ᛫ prone ᛫ face-down ᛫ supine ᛫ face-up ᛫ AV nevelinge ME
neverending neferending ᛫ infinite ᛫ endless ᛫ N ~ NE
neverland neferland ᛫ a utopia ᛫ N neverland NE
new ᛫ neo- ᛫ PREFIX ~ NE
new ᛫ stingy ᛫ niggardly ᛫ AJ hnēaw OE kin: niggard?
New English Englisc ᛫ Modern English ᛫ N(P) ~ NE
New Scotland ᛫ Nova Scotia ᛫ N(P) new+Scotland NEx2 calque: Nova Scotia
newel ᛫ a novelty ᛫ novelty itself ᛫ N ~ NE
newel ᛫ prone ᛫ prostrate ᛫ face-down ᛫ deep down ᛫ very low ᛫ AJ niwol[neowol] OE
newelness ᛫ the abyss ᛫ N nielnesse ME
newen ᛫ recently ᛫ AV neuen[nīwan/nēowan] ME
newlings ᛫ recently ᛫ lately ᛫ AV ~ NE
newsman ᛫ a reporter ᛫ a journalist ᛫ N ~ NE
nexttomorrow ᛫ the day after tomorrow ᛫ overmorrow ᛫ N:ADV next tomorrow NE West African English
Nicaragua Mere ᛫ Lake Nicaragua ᛫ N(P) Nicaragua+mere NE‹O+NE
nich nic ᛫ not I ᛫ N(PRO) nich ME equal to: nay ich
nick ᛫ to deny ᛫ V nikken[niccan] ME supposedly comes from Old English "ne ic" (not I)
nicker ᛫ a water spirit ᛫ a mermaid ᛫ a siren ᛫ N niker[nicor] ME see: knucker ᛫ kin: Nixe; nikker; nekker; nøkke; nøkken; näck
nift ᛫ a niece ᛫ a granddaughter ᛫ N nifte&nift ME&OE
nigh nige ᛫ to approach ᛬ near ᛬ close to ᛫ V᛬AJ᛬P nigh&neighen NE&ME
nigh on nige ᛫ just about ᛫ AJ ~ NE
nighness nigeness ᛫ proximity ᛫ N ~ NE
nightganger nigtganger ᛫ a thing that goes about at night ᛫ a night monster ᛫ a hyena ? ᛫ N nihtgenga OE
nightish nigtisc ᛫ nocturnal ᛫ AJ ~ NE
nightledge nigtledge ᛫ to become night ᛫ V nichtlachen ME
nightly nigtly ᛫ nocturnal ᛬ happening every night ᛫ AJ᛬AV ~ NE
nightrail nigtrail ᛫ a loose gown worn at night ᛫ N ~ NE
nightshade nigtscade ᛫ a Solanum plant ᛫ N ~ NE
nightsong nigtsong ᛫ compline ᛫ N night song[nihtsang] NE
nill ᛫ will not ᛫ V ~ NE PST: nould
nim ᛫ to take ᛫ to seize ᛫ to gain ᛫ V ~ NE PST: num; nimmed ᛫ PTCP: num ᛫ kin: numb; nimble
nimble nimbel ᛫ agile ᛫ AJ ~[nē̆mel] NE kin: nim; numb
nimmer ᛫ a taker ᛫ a thief ᛫ N ~ NE dialectal
nimth ᛫ unless ᛫ except ᛫ C nimþe/nemþe/nymþe OE
nine eyes ᛫ a lamprey ᛫ N ~ NE analogy: Neunauge; negenoog; niøje; niauge
nip ᛫ to become low ( such as the setting of the sun or the bowing of one's head ) ᛫ V nipen[hnipian] ME
nipe ᛫ to become dark ᛫ V nīpan OE
Nipigon Mere ᛫ Lake Nipigon ᛫ N(P) Nipigon+mere NE‹O+NE
nis ᛫ is not ᛫ V nis OE equal to: nay is
nite ᛫ to clash ᛫ to butt against ᛫ V hnītan OE
nithe ᛫ enmity ᛫ rancour ᛫ outcastdom ᛫ N ~[nīþ] NE to be in nithe was to be a nithing (social outcast)?
nither ᛫ to debase ᛫ to humiliate ᛫ to blight ᛫ to blast (as in blight a plant) ᛫ V ~ NE
nithing ᛫ a wretch ᛫ an outcast ᛫ a social reject ᛫ N ~ NE
niths ᛫ men ᛫ humans ( poetic ) ᛫ N niþþas OE
nitten ᛫ ignorant ᛫ AJ nyten OE
nittenness ᛫ ignorance ᛫ N nytennes OE
noll ᛫ a crown of a head ᛫ a head ᛫ a nape ᛫ N nol[hnol] ME
nonce nonse ᛫ a nonce word ᛫ one occasion ᛬ for one occasion ᛫ N᛬AJ ~ NE
nooth ᛫ boldness ᛫ daringness ᛫ temerity ᛫ N nōþ OE
Nornish Nornisc ᛫ the Norwegian language ᛬ Norwegian ᛫ N(P)᛬AJ(P) Norenish/Nornisce{Noreine} ME
Nornishman Norniscman ᛫ a Norwegian ᛫ N(P) Noreinisce men ME or: Norn (from backformation)
North Macedon Massedon ᛫ North Macedonia ᛫ N(P) ~ NE‹(E+H)
northen ᛫ from the north ᛫ AV norþan OE
northern lights ligts ᛫ the aurora borealis ᛫ N ~ NE
Northish Northisc ᛫ Nordic ᛫ AJ ~ NE
Northman ᛫ a Norseman ( a Dane , a Swede , a Norwegian , an Icelander , et cetera ) ᛫ N(P) ~ NE
Northmannish Northmannisc ᛫ Norse language ᛬ Norse ᛫ N(P)᛬AJ(P) ~ NE
Northumber ᛫ Northumbria ᛫ the Northumbrians ᛫ N(P) Norþhymbre OE‹(E+C)
Northumberrich Northumberric ᛫ the Kingdom of Northumbria ᛫ N(P) Norþanhymbra rīce OE‹(E+C+C)
Northumbrish Northumbrisc ᛫ the Northumbrian tongue ᛬ Northumbrian ᛫ N(P)᛬AJ(P) Norþhymbrisc OE‹(E+C+E)
Norwale ᛫ a Welshman ᛫ N(P) norþwalas OE
Norwales ᛫ Wales ᛫ Cambria ᛫ N(P) norþwalas OE or: Cymru; Camberland (calque of Cambria)
Norway ᛫ Norway ᛫ N(P) ~ NE
Norwelsh Norwelsc ᛫ Welsh language ᛬ Welsh ᛫ Cambrian ᛫ N(P)᛬AJ(P) norþwalas+ish OE+NE see: Welsh ᛫ or: Cymraeg
nosebone ᛫ a nasal bone ᛫ N ~ NE
nosegristle nosegristel ᛫ a septum ᛫ nose cartilage ᛫ N næsgristle OE
nosely ᛫ nasal ᛬ nasally ᛫ AJ᛬AV ~ NE
nostle nostel ᛫ a band or strip of material ᛫ a headband ᛫ a fillet ᛫ N nostle OE
note ᛫ benefit ᛫ usefulness ᛫ profit ᛫ advantage ᛬ to use ᛫ N᛬V nōte&nōten ME&ME
noteful ᛫ useful ᛫ beneficial ᛫ profitable ᛫ advantageous ᛫ AJ ~ NE
notely ᛫ beneficial ᛫ useful ᛫ advantageous ᛫ AJ nytlīc OE
nott ᛫ polled ᛫ hornless ᛫ antlerless ᛫ AJ ~ NE
nottle nottel ᛫ useful ᛫ advantageous ᛫ beneficial ᛫ N nyttol OE
notwithstanding ᛫ in spite of this ᛬ despite ᛫ in spite of ᛬ in spite of the fact that ᛫ AV᛬P᛬C ~ NE
nough noug ᛫ bent down ᛫ low ᛫ lowly ᛫ humble ᛫ abject ᛫ mean ᛫ poor ᛫ AJ hnāh OE rhyme: dough
nouth nuthe ᛫ just now ᛫ at present ᛫ in a moment ᛫ AV nouthe ME
now and then nue ᛫ occasionally ᛫ AV ~ NE
nowend ᛫ a sailor ᛫ a mariner ᛫ N nōwend OE kin: navy
nowhither nohwither ᛫ to nowhere ᛫ AV ~ NE
nowise ᛫ in no way or manner ᛫ AV ~ NE
numb ᛫ deprived of the power of feeling ᛫ AJ numb NE
nye ᛫ to bend downwards ᛫ to curtsey ᛫ V hnīgan OE
o ᛫ continually ᛫ always ᛬ aye ! ᛫ AV᛬I ō ME kin: aye
oad ᛫ a funeral pyre ᛫ N ād ME&OE
oakwern ᛫ a squirrel ᛫ N aquerne/okerne[ācwern] ME
oar ᛫ a messenger ᛫ a herald ᛫ an angel ᛫ an envoy ᛫ N ār OE kin: errand; árr (Norse); 𐌰𐌹𐍂𐌿𐍃
oast ᛫ a kiln ᛫ N ~ NE
oath ᛫ a vow ᛫ a pledge ᛫ a sworn declaration ᛫ N ~ NE
oathbreach oathbreac ᛫ perjury ᛫ N ~ NE
oathbreaker ᛫ a perjurer ᛫ N ~ NE
oathom ᛫ a son-in-law ᛫ a brother-in-law ᛫ N āþum OE
oathworthy ᛫ able to be trusted under oath ᛫ AJ ~ NE
ock ᛫ ( diminutive suffix ) ᛫ SUFFIX ~ NE
oddness ᛫ strangeness ᛫ oddity ᛫ N ~ NE
odds and ends ᛫ miscellaneous things ᛫ N ~ NE
off the mark ᛫ inaccurate ᛫ AJ ~ NE
offal ᛫ garbage ᛫ trash ᛫ waste ᛫ internal organs which are to be discarded ᛫ N ~ NE
offarm ᛫ to pity ᛫ V ofearmian OE
offcome offcum ᛫ an excuse ᛫ N ~ NE
offdealing ᛫ a department ᛫ a division ᛫ N off+deal+ing NEx3 calque: ôfdieling
offgalth ᛫ a superstition ᛫ N æfgælþ OE what does "gælþ" mean?
offhand ᛫ curt ᛫ abrupt ᛫ informal ( of words or actions ) ᛬ without forethought ᛫ extempore ᛫ extemporaneous ᛫ impromptu ᛫ unpremeditated ᛫ AJ᛬AV ~ NE
offhanded ᛫ of an ungraciously nonchalant manner ᛫ AJ ~ NE
offhandedly ᛫ in an ungraciously nonchalant manner ᛫ AV ~ NE
offset ᛫ to counteract ᛫ V ~ NE
offshoot offscoot ᛫ a derivative ᛫ N ~ NE
often ᛫ frequent ᛬ frequently ᛫ AJ᛬AV ~ NE
oftenness ᛫ frequency ᛫ N ~ NE
oftseen ᛫ often seen ᛫ unrare ᛫ common ᛫ usual ᛫ AJ oft+seen{seldsēn} NEx2
oldbaken ᛫ stale ᛫ AJ ealdbacen OE Also used this way by Dutch and German
olden ᛫ related to former times ᛫ AJ ~ NE
oldfarrand ᛫ old-fashioned ᛫ AJ ~ NE
oldmaidish oldmaidisc ᛫ prim ᛫ AJ oldmaidish NE
olvend olfend ᛫ a camel ᛫ N olfend/olvend ME‹I‹H‹O
on the mark ᛫ accurate ᛫ AJ ~ NE
onalike ᛫ resemblance ᛫ similarity ᛫ simile ᛫ similitude ᛬ similar ᛬ similarly ᛫ N᛬AJ᛬AV ongelīc OE
onalikeness ᛫ a formula ᛫ a pattern ᛫ N ongelīcness OE
onboard ᛫ in agreement ᛫ being a willing participant or supporter ᛫ AJ ~ NE
ond ᛫ envy ᛫ N onde[anda/onda] ME
onday ᛫ an appointed day ᛫ an appointment ᛬ to appoint a day ᛫ to appoint ᛫ N᛬V āndaga&āndagian OE
ondy ᛫ envious ᛫ AJ andig OE
one ᛫ to unify ᛫ to make one ᛫ V onen ME
one ᛫ uni- ᛫ mono- ᛫ PREFIX ~ NE
one of a kind ᛫ unique ᛫ AJ ~ NE
oneberry ᛫ a Paris quadrifolia plant ( paris ) ᛫ N ~ NE
onedeal ᛫ a one-piece swimsuit ᛫ N one+deal NEx2 calque: one-piece
onedom ᛫ unity ᛫ N one+dom NEx2
onefold ᛫ simple ᛫ plain ᛫ AJ ~ NE
onefoldly ᛫ simply ᛫ plainly ᛫ AV ~ NE
onefoldness ᛫ oneness ᛫ unity ᛫ simplicity ᛫ singleness ᛫ N ānfealdnes OE
Onega Mere ᛫ Lake Onega ᛫ N(P) Onega+mere NE‹O+NE
oneganger ᛫ a lone traveller ᛫ N āngenga OE
onehood ᛫ unity ᛫ singularity ᛫ accord ᛫ concord ᛫ agreement ᛫ unanimity ᛫ consensus ᛫ N ō̆nhē̆d ME
onehorn ᛫ a unicorn ᛫ N ānhorn OE
oneledge ᛫ to unite ᛫ V ānlǣcan OE
oneleppy ᛫ single ᛫ N᛬AJ ō̆nlẹ̄̆pī ME or: onleppy
onemood ᛫ of one mind ᛫ unanimous ᛫ AJ ānmōd OE
onemoodly ᛫ unanimously ᛫ AV ānmōdlīce OE
onemoodness ᛫ unity ᛫ unanimity ᛫ N ānmōdnes OE
oneread ᛫ agreed ᛫ resolute ᛫ unanimous ᛫ AJ ānrǣd OE
onereadly ᛫ unanimously ᛫ resolutely ᛫ AV ānrǣdlīce OE
onereadness ᛫ concord ᛫ constancy ᛫ agreement ᛫ N ānrǣdnes OE
onewield oneweeld ᛫ monarchy ᛫ N ānweald OE
onewielder oneweelder ᛫ a monarch ᛫ N ānwealda OE
onewye ᛫ a duel ᛫ N ānwīg OE
onfall ᛫ to attack ᛫ to assault ᛫ to fall upon ᛫ V ~ NE
onfly ᛫ infectious disease ᛫ N onflyge OE
onflyleech onflyleec ᛫ an infectious disease specialist ᛫ N onflyge+leech ME+NE
ongoing ᛫ continuing ᛫ AJ ~ NE
oning ᛫ unification ᛫ a joining together ᛫ N oning ME rhyme: running
onmarking ᛫ an inscription ᛫ N onmearcung OE
onnim ᛫ to adopt ᛫ V on+nim NE+ME calque: oannimme ᛫ PST: onnum; onnimmed ᛫ PTCP: onnum
onset ᛫ an initial phase ᛫ N ~ NE
onslaught onslaugt ᛫ a fierce or destructive attack ᛫ N ~ NE
Ontario Mere ᛫ Lake Ontario ᛫ N(P) Ontario+mere NE‹O+NE
onyet ᛫ to perceive ᛫ to comprehend ᛫ V onȝiten[ongietan] ME or: onget (Norse)
oom ᛫ rust ᛫ N ōm OE
oose ᛫ a god of the Germanic pantheon ᛫ N ōs OE PL: eese?
ooze oose ᛫ goo ᛫ juice sap ᛫ moisture ᛫ a secretion ᛬ to slowly secrete ᛫ N᛬V ooze&wōs NE&OE
oozy oosy ᛫ juicy ᛫ succulent ᛫ AJ oozy&wōsig NE&OE
openarse ᛫ a medlar ᛫ N ~ NE used by Chaucer and Shakespeare
openhearted ᛫ frank ᛫ AV ~ NE
or ᛫ proto- ᛫ PREFIX or OE
orchard orcard ᛫ a fruit tree garden ᛫ N ~[ortgeard] NE‹(I?+E) kin: 𐌰𐌿𐍂𐍄𐌹𐌲𐌰𐍂𐌳𐍃
orcheap orceap ᛫ gratis ᛫ gratuitously ᛫ without payment ᛫ AV orcēape OE‹(E+I)
ord ᛫ a point ( a tip ) ᛫ a point ( the meaning or indented function of something ) [ᚹ] ᛫ a point ( in scoring ) [ᚹ] ᛫ N ord ME partial calque of "point"
ordeal ᛫ a very unpleasant or dangerous prolonged experience ᛫ N ~ NE
ordeer ᛫ a protozoan ᛫ a protozoon ᛫ N or+deer ME+NE calque: Urtier
ordfrom ᛫ a source ᛫ an origin ᛫ an originator ᛫ an author ᛫ N ordgrumeªruma ME&OE
ore ᛫ honour ᛫ a showing of favour ᛬ to honour ᛫ to show favour ᛫ N᛬V ore&āren[ār] ME
ore ᛫ raw metal ᛫ mineral containing a valuable constituent ( such as metal ) ᛫ N ore&ōra NE&OE
orefast ᛫ honourable ᛫ AJ arfæst OE
oreful ᛫ venerable ᛫ AJ ārful OE
oret ᛫ to disgrace ᛫ put to shame ᛫ V orrettan OE
oretship oretscip ᛫ infamy ᛫ disgrace ᛫ N orretscipe OE
oreworthy ᛫ venerable ᛫ AJ ārweorþig OE
orf ᛫ cattle ᛫ N ~ NE
orgle orgel ᛫ a pipe organ ᛫ N orgle ME‹OE‹I
orground orgrund ᛫ a primal cause ᛫ the ultimate cosmic principle ᛫ N or+ground OE+NE calque: urgrund
orlay ᛫ fate ᛫ destiny ᛫ N orlæg OE
orlay ᛫ strife ᛫ war ᛫ N orlege OE
ormete ᛫ without measure ᛫ limitless ᛫ boundless ᛫ too big to measure ᛫ AJ ormete[ormǣte] OE
ormetly ᛫ excessively ᛫ immensely ᛫ AV ormǣtlīce OE
ormetness ᛫ excess ᛫ immensity ᛫ N ormǣtness OE
ormood ᛫ hopeless ᛫ despairing ᛫ without courage ᛫ AJ ormōd OE
ormoodness ᛫ despair ᛫ desperation ᛫ N ormōdness OE
orn ᛫ excess ( in a bad way ) ᛬ excessive ᛫ N᛬AJ orne OE
orped ᛫ stout-hearted ᛫ bold ᛫ valiant ᛫ strong in battle ᛫ splendid excellent ᛫ AJ orped OE
orping ᛫ respiration ᛫ N orpung OE
orsin ᛫ original sin ᛫ N or+sin ME+NE calque: Ursünde
orsorrow ᛫ without sorrow ᛫ carefree ᛫ AJ orsorg OE
ort ᛫ a remnant of a meal ᛫ a remnant ᛫ N ~ NE usually found in its plural form: "orts"
orth ᛫ breath ᛬ to breathe ᛫ to pant ᛫ N orþ/oroþ&orþian OE&OE
orthank ᛫ intelligence ᛫ skill ᛫ cunning ᛬ skillful cunning ᛫ N᛬AJ orþanc OE
ortongue ortung ᛫ a proto-language ᛫ N or+tongue ME+NE
ortroth ᛫ distrust ᛫ suspicion ᛫ N ortrouthe ME
ortrow ᛫ to be distrustful of ᛫ to have suspicions of ᛫ V ortrouen ME
orwold ᛫ an old-growth forest ᛫ a primaeval forest ᛫ a jungle ᛫ N or+wōld OE+ME calque: Urwald; oerwoud
ost ᛫ a tree knot ᛫ N ōst OE
oster ᛫ an oyster ᛫ N ostre OE‹I oyster was a later borrowing from French
oth ᛫ until ᛫ so much as ᛫ as far as ᛫ C&P oth&ōþ ME&OE
other ᛫ second ( a second thing ) ᛬ second ( second place in a sequence ) ᛫ N᛬AJ other&ōþer NE&OE Germanic languages used to use "other" for "second" like this
ought ougt ᛫ persecution ᛫ N ōht OE rhyme: bought ᛫ kin: éhtan, Acht (HG)
oughten ugten ᛫ the early morning ᛫ the period of twilight before dawn ᛫ N ūghten ME rhyme: shouten
oure ure ᛫ an aurochs ᛫ N oure ME
ourn urn ᛫ ours ᛫ N(PRO) ouren ME optional
outbear utebear ᛫ to support ᛫ bear out ᛫ V ~ NE
outbreathe utebreathe ᛫ to exhale ᛫ to expire ᛫ V ~ NE
outcast utecast ᛫ a pariah ᛬ ostracized ᛫ N᛬AJ ~ NE‹(E+N)
outcome utecum ᛫ a result ᛫ N ~ NE
outdweller utedweller ᛫ one who lives outside a certain place ᛫ N ~ NE
outfare utefare ᛫ an expedition ᛫ a going out ᛫ N outfare ME
outflow uteflow ᛫ an efflux ᛫ N ~ NE
outgang utegang ᛫ an exit ᛫ N ~ NE
outgang utegang ᛫ fugitive ᛫ transitory ᛫ AJ ūþgenge OE
outgo utego ᛫ the outlay of money ( opposite of income ) ᛬ to go faster than ᛫ to go more than ᛫ N᛬V ~ NE
outgoer utegoer ᛫ an emigrant ᛫ N ~ NE
outhwit uthewit ᛫ a scholar ᛫ a scribe ᛫ a philosopher ᛫ a specialist ᛫ an expert ᛫ N ūþwita OE
outhwitly uthewitly ᛫ philosophical ᛫ academic ᛫ AJ ūþwitlīc OE
outhwitting uthewitting ᛫ philosophy ᛫ academia ᛫ N ūþwitigung OE
outland uteland ᛫ a foreign land ᛫ N ~ NE
outlander utelander ᛫ a foreigner ᛫ N ~ NE
outlandish utelandisc ᛫ foreign ᛫ bizarre and strange ᛫ unrealistic ᛫ AJ ~ NE
outlay utelay ᛫ an expenditure ᛫ a payment ᛫ N ~ NE
outler uteler ᛫ an animal left unhoused over the winter ᛫ N ~ NE
outlook utelook ᛫ perspective ᛫ N ~ NE
outright uterigt ᛫ total ᛫ clear and undisputed ᛬ completely ᛫ not by degrees or instalments ᛫ AJ᛬AV ~ NE
outroot uteroot ᛫ to root out ᛫ to eradicate ᛫ to exterminate ᛫ V ~ NE
outrooting uterooting ᛫ eradication ᛫ N ~ NE
outshut utescut ᛫ to shut out ᛫ to exclude ᛫ V ~ ENE
outspeak utespeak ᛫ to pronounce ᛫ V out+speak NEx2 calque: uitspreken
outspeech utespeec ᛫ pronunciation ᛫ N out+speech NEx2 calque: Aussprache
outspoken utespoken ᛫ vocal ( as in willing to express one's ideas ) ᛫ AJ ~ NE
outstanding utestanding ᛫ prominent ᛫ noticeable ᛫ excellent ᛫ unresolved ( often debtwise ) ᛫ AJ ~ NE
outward uteward ᛫ external ᛫ superficial ᛬ towards the outside AJ᛬AV ~ NE
outwardly utewardly ᛫ from the outside ᛫ on the surface ᛫ superficially ᛫ AV ~ NE
outwark utewark ᛫ dysentery ᛫ N ūtwærc OE
outwear utewear ᛫ to deplete ᛫ to exhaust ᛫ V ~ NE
outworn uteworn ᛫ exhausted ᛫ outdated ᛫ AJ ~ NE
outwrest utewrest ᛫ to extort ᛫ V ~ NE
ouzel oosel ᛫ a kind of blackbird ᛫ N ~ NE
overall oferall ᛫ all around ᛬ generally ᛫ AJ᛬AV ~ NE
overalls oferalls ᛫ a dungaree ᛫ N ~ NE
overbase oferbase ᛫ ultraviolet light ᛬ ultraviolet ᛫ N᛬AJ over+basu NE+OE
overblow oferblow ᛫ to exaggerate ᛫ V ~ NE
overblown oferblown ᛫ exaggerated ᛫ AJ ~ NE
overboard oferboard ᛫ excessive ᛫ AJ ~ NE
overbrim oferbrim ᛫ to overflow ᛫ V ~ NE
overbrimming oferbrimming ᛫ superfluous ᛫ AJ overbrim+ing NEx2
overcome ofercum ᛫ to prevail over ᛫ to win ᛫ to overwhelm with emotion ᛫ to overflow ᛫ to pass come or spread over ᛫ V ~ NE
overdo oferdo ᛫ to do to excess ᛫ to exaggerate ᛫ to overcook ᛫ V overdo NE
overdone oferdone ᛫ overcooked ᛫ done to excess ᛫ exaggerated ᛫ AJ ~ NE
overdrive oferdrife ᛫ hyperdrive ᛫ N ~ NE
overfare oferfare ᛫ to traverse ᛫ to pass over ᛫ V ~ NE
overfat oferfat ᛫ obese ᛫ AJ oferfǣtt OE
overflow oferflow ᛫ excess ᛫ spillage from an overflowing ᛬ to overflow ᛫ N᛬V ~ NE
overflowing oferflowing ᛫ abundant ᛫ AJ ~ NE
overfrim oferfrim ᛫ bonus ᛫ N over+frim NE+ME
overgo ofergo ᛫ to exceed ᛫ to surpass ᛫ to rise above ᛫ to traverse ᛫ cross ᛫ to pass by ᛫ to conquer ᛫ V overgōn[ofergān] ME PST: overwent; overyeed ᛫ PTCP: overgone
overkind oferkind ᛫ a supercategory ᛫ N over+kind NEx2 by analogy with underkind
overking oferking ᛫ an emperor ᛫ a king of kings ᛫ N overking NE
overlay oferlay ᛫ to overcome ᛫ to defeat ᛫ to subdue ᛫ V overleien ME PST: overlaid ᛫ PTCP: overlaid
overling oferling ᛫ a superior ᛫ N ~ NE
overlink oferlink ᛫ a hyperlink ᛫ N yond+link NEx2
overlive oferlif ᛫ to survive someone ᛫ V ~ NE
overlook oferlook ᛫ to supervise ᛫ V ~ NE
overly oferly ᛫ excessively ᛫ AV ~ NE
overman oferman ᛫ an Übermensch ᛫ N ~ NE
overmood ofermood ᛫ overconfidence ᛫ pride ᛫ hubris ᛫ N ofermōd OE
overmoodly ofermoodly ᛫ proudly ᛫ arrogantly ᛫ AV ofermōdiglīce OE
overmoody ofermoody ᛫ proud ᛫ arrogant ᛫ AJ ofermōdig OE
overmorrow ofermorrow ᛫ the day after tomorrow ᛫ on the day after tomorrow ᛫ N᛬AV ~ NE
overmuch ofermuc ᛫ excessively ᛫ AV ~ NE
overnim ofernim ᛫ to take by violence ᛫ to violate ᛫ to take away ᛫ to carry off ᛫ to overtake ᛫ V oferniman OE PST: overnum; overnimmed ᛫ PTCP: overnum
override oferride ᛫ to annul ᛫ V oferrīdan OE
oversee ofersee ᛫ to administer ᛫ to supervise ᛫ V ~ NE
overseer oferseer ᛫ a supervisor ( especially of workers ) ᛫ N ~ NE
overself oferself ᛫ a superego ᛫ N over+self NEx2
overset oferset ᛫ to assail ᛫ to vanquish in battle ᛫ to prevail over ᛫ to oppress ᛫ to tyrannize ᛫ V oversetten ME
oversight ofersigt ᛫ an unintentional mistake ᛫ the action of overseeing something ᛫ N ~ NE
oversit ofersit ᛫ to neglect ᛫ to omit ᛫ to pass over ᛫ V oversitten ME
overspeak oferspeak ᛫ to speak too much ᛫ to overstate ᛫ to exaggerate ᛫ V ~ NE
overspeech oferspeec ᛫ excessive language ᛫ loquacity ᛫ exaggeration ᛫ N ofersprǣc OE
overstep oferstep ᛫ to wrongly or illegally exceed a limit ᛫ V ~ NE
oversty ofersty ᛫ to surmount ᛫ to surpass ᛫ to transcend ᛫ to surpass ᛫ V oferstīgan OE
overtake ofertake ᛫ to pass a slower object ᛫ to become greater than something else ᛫ to occur unexpectedly ᛫ V ~ NE
overthrow oferthrow ᛫ to depose ᛫ V ~ NE
overthwart oferthwart ᛫ situated crosswise ᛫ lying across something ᛫ transverse ᛫ cross ( as in angry ) ᛫ contentious ᛫ rude ᛫ AJ overthwert ME
overtread ofertread ᛫ to trespass ᛫ to interlope ᛫ V ~ NE
overtreader ofertreader ᛫ a trespasser ᛫ an interloper ᛫ N ~ NE
overwalt oferwalt ᛫ overturn ᛫ V overwalten ME
overween oferween ᛫ to presume ᛫ to be over confident ᛫ V overwēnen ME
overwhelm oferhwelm ᛫ to inundate ᛫ to have a strong emotional effect on ᛫ to defeat completely ᛫ to overpower ᛫ V ~ NE
overwin oferwin ᛫ to conquer ᛫ to subdue ᛫ to overcome ᛫ V overwin&oferwinnan NE&OE PST&PTCP: overwon
overword oferword ᛫ a refrain ( of a song ) ᛫ a chorus ( of a song ) ᛫ N ~ NE
overwrit oferwrit ᛫ an epistle ᛫ N oferwrit OE
overwrought oferwrougt ᛫ overly complicated ᛫ anxious ᛫ AJ ~ NE
ovest ofest ᛫ speed ᛫ haste ᛫ N ōfost OE seems to be "of"+"-est" ᛫ -est also shows up in earnest
ovestly ofestly ᛫ hastily ᛫ speedily ᛫ AV ōfostlīce OE
ovet ofet ᛫ a fruit ᛫ a legume ᛫ a pulse ( a kind of legume ) ᛫ N ovet ME
owhere ohwere ᛫ anywhere ᛫ AV ōwhēr ME rhyme: nowhere
owhither ohwither ᛫ to any place ᛫ anywhither ᛫ AV ōwhider ME
owing to ᛫ on account of ᛫ because of ᛫ P ~ NE
ownname ᛫ a proper noun ᛫ N agen nama OE calque: nomen proprium
ownspeech ownspeec ᛫ an idiom ᛫ a peculiarity of a language ᛫ N āgensprǣc OE glossary word
oxgang ᛫ a measure of land consisting of around 8 to 30 acres ᛫ N oxgang ME
oxter ᛫ armpit ᛫ N ~ NE
oxtongue oxtung ᛫ a Picris plant ᛫ N ~ NE
oxtongue swamb oxtung ᛫ a Fistulina hepatica plant ᛫ N ~ NE
pack ᛫ a package ᛫ a multitude ᛫ a collective ᛫ N ~ NE
panhandler panhandeller ᛫ a beggar ᛫ N ~ NE
parrock ᛫ a small field ᛫ a small enclosure ᛫ N ~ NE "Park" is a kindred word which came from French
pat ᛫ apt ᛫ contrived ᛫ trite ᛫ AJ᛬AV ~ NE
peabone ᛫ a pisiform bone ᛫ N pea+bone NE‹ME‹OE‹L or: peasebone ᛫ calque: erwtenbein, Erbsenbein
peach peac ᛫ to deceive ᛫ V pǣcan OE
pease ᛫ a pea ᛫ N pēse{pease pudding} ME‹I‹H PL: peasen ᛫ this word is optional, the mistaken "pea" is fine too
pen ᛫ a small enclosure ( especially for domestic animals ) ᛬ to put in a pen ᛫ N᛬V ~[penn] NE
penniless ᛫ penurious ᛫ AJ ~ NE
pennywharver pennyhwarfer ᛫ a money-changer ᛫ N peninghwirfere OE
pepon ᛫ a melon ᛫ a gourd ᛫ a pumpkin ᛫ N ~ NE‹ME‹OE‹I
Perse ᛫ a Persian ᛫ N(P) Perse{Persēas} OE
Perseland ᛫ Iran ᛫ Persia ᛫ N(P) Perselone ME
Persish Persisc ᛫ Persian ᛫ AJ(P) Persisc OE or: Persh (shortened)
persock ᛫ a peach ᛫ N persoc[persica] OE‹I‹H μῆλον περσικόν = Persian apple ᛫ "peach" is a cognate
petersilly ᛫ parsley ᛫ N petersilige OE‹I
pickthank ᛫ a sycophant ( especially a talebearing one ) ᛬ sycophantic ᛫ N᛬AJ ~ NE
pickup ᛫ an anacrusis ( in music ) ᛫ N ~ NE
Pight Pigt ᛫ a Pict ᛫ N(P) peohtas OE
pind ᛫ to enclose ᛫ to pen ᛫ to impound ᛫ to cage ᛫ to imprison ᛫ to confine ᛫ to restrain ᛫ to limit ᛫ V pī̆nden ME
pine ᛫ to suffer a mental and physical decline especially because of a broken heart ᛫ to miss or long for ᛫ V ~ NE
pinenut ᛫ a pinecone ᛫ N pīnnote[pīnhnutu] ME
pinfold ᛫ a pound for stray animals ᛫ N ~ NE or: penfold?
pintle pintel ᛫ a penis ᛫ N ~ NE
pitch pic ᛫ a tone ( of sound ) ᛫ N᛬V ~[pich] NE‹ME‹? kin: prick?; pike?
pitchladder picladder ᛫ a musical scale ᛫ N pitch+ladder NEx2 calque: Tonleiter; toonladder
pith ᛫ a tissue in the center of certain plant stems ᛫ the essence of something ᛫ a crux ᛫ a gist ᛫ N ~ NE
pithy ᛫ concise ᛫ succinct ᛫ AJ ~ NE
pitted ᛫ pockmarked ᛫ alveolate ᛫ AJ ~ NE
plaily ᛫ ludic ᛫ theatrical ᛫ AJ pleglīc OE
plash plasc ᛫ a pool of standing water ᛫ a marshy place ᛫ a shallow pond ᛫ N ~[plæsc] NE kin: splash?
platch plac ᛫ an open space in a town ᛫ a square ᛫ a marketplace ᛫ a plaza ᛫ N plæce OE‹I "plætsa" is attested once? akin to German "Platz"
playel ᛫ playful ᛫ sportive ᛫ jocose ᛫ AJ plegol OE
playhouse playhuse ᛫ a theatre ᛫ a theater ᛫ a toy house for children to play in ᛫ N ~[pleghūs] NE
playman ᛫ an actor ᛫ N plegmann OE
playman ᛫ a player ᛫ an athlete ᛫ a wrestler ᛫ a gymnast ᛫ N plegmann OE
playstow ᛫ a gymnasium ᛫ a gym ᛫ N plegstōw OE
plaything ᛫ a toy ᛫ N plaything NE
playwright playwrigt ᛫ a dramatist ᛫ N ~ NE
plee ᛫ danger ᛫ peril ᛫ risk ᛬ to endanger ᛫ to risk ᛫ N pleoh&pleon OE&OE
pleely ᛫ dangerous ᛫ perilous ᛫ hazardous ᛫ AJ plēolīc OE
plight pligt ᛫ risk ᛫ peril ᛫ hardship ᛫ responsibility ᛫ culpability ᛫ N᛬V plight&pliht NE&OE we have other words for "pledge"
plitch plic ᛫ to pull ᛫ to pluck ᛫ V plicchen ME
plot ᛫ a scheme ᛫ a plan ᛫ a graphic representation ( such as a chart or a map ) ᛫ the course of a story ᛬ to scheme ᛫ to plan ᛫ N᛬V ~ NE
ploughsharebone plugescarebone ᛫ a vomer ᛫ N ~ NE
pluck ᛫ bird guts ᛫ guts ( as in courage nerve or persistence ) ᛫ N ~ NE
pluckharp ᛫ a harpsichord ᛫ N pluck+harp NEx2 by analogy to strikeharp
plucky ᛫ gutsy ᛫ spunky ᛫ feisty ᛫ AJ ~ NE
poad ᛫ a coat ᛫ N pād OE
pock ᛫ a pus-filled swelling ᛫ a pit especially one formed as a scar ᛬ to scar with pits ᛫ N᛬V ~ NE
pockmark ᛫ mark or scar in skin caused by a pock ᛫ crater in seafloor caused by erupting gas or liquid ᛫ N ~ NE
pockmarked ᛫ having pockmarks ᛫ pitted or scarred with holes ᛫ AJ ~ NE
pod ᛫ a seed case for legumes ᛫ a small vehicle ᛫ a pouch ᛬ to bear pods ᛫ to swell or fill ᛫ N᛬V ~[pād]? NE
poll ᛫ a survey of opinions ᛬ to conduct a survey of opinions ᛫ N᛬V ~ NE‹NL?
pond duck ᛫ an Anas platyrhynchos bird ( a mallard ) ᛫ N ~ NE
popedom ᛫ a papacy ᛫ N ~ NE‹(H+E)
popingay ᛫ a parrot ᛫ N papejai[papegai/papingai] ME‹I we assume English would have borrowed this word even without 1066
poppy tears ᛫ opium ᛫ N ~ NE
popsaw ᛫ a chainsaw ᛫ N ~ NE found in some dialects
pore ᛫ to gaze intently ᛫ to read or study attentively ᛫ to think intently ᛫ to ponder ᛫ V ~[pouren] NE kin: spyrian?
portick ᛫ a porch ᛫ a portico ᛫ a deck ᛫ a veranda ᛫ a piazza ᛫ N portic OE‹I
Portingale ᛫ Portugal ᛫ N(P) Portingāle ME‹I
pote ᛫ to poke ᛫ to push ᛫ to thrust ᛫ V ~ NE
pothead whale hwale ᛫ a Globicephala cetacean ( a pilot whale ) ᛫ N ~ NE
potsherd potscerd ᛫ a broken piece of ceramic material ( especially one found on an archaeological site ) ᛫ N ~ NE
pough puge ᛫ a pouch ᛫ a poke ᛫ a sack ᛫ N poughe[pohha] ME rhyme: plough
pounder punder ᛫ a pestle ᛫ N ~ NE
Pounick Punick ᛫ a Carthaginian ᛫ N(P) Pūnice{φοῖνιξ} OE
pox ᛫ a disease with purulent skin eruptions ᛫ Syphilis ᛫ a curse ( figuratively ) ᛬ to infect with pox or Syphilis ᛫ N᛬V ~ NE plural of "pock"
prat ᛫ a prank ᛫ a cunning or mischievous trick ᛬ to prank ᛫ to trick ᛫ N᛬V ~ NE
preke ᛫ an octopus ᛫ N ~ NE‹?
pretty ᛫ attractive ᛫ appealing ᛫ clever ᛫ tricky ᛬ quite ᛫ AJ᛬AV ~ NE originally meant "pratty", "tricky/clever"
pretty much muc ᛫ basically ᛫ AV ~ NE
pretty up ᛫ to beautify ᛫ V ~ NE
prickle prickel ᛫ an instrument for pricking or puncturing ᛫ a pricket ᛫ a spike ᛫ a barb ᛫ N prikel[pricels] ME
priestshire preestscire ᛫ a parish ᛫ N prēostscīr OE‹H+E
prod ᛫ to probe ᛫ N ~ NE‹N
puck ᛫ a mischievous spirit ᛫ an imp ᛫ a goblin ᛫ a hobgoblin ᛫ a fairy ᛫ a sprite ᛫ a gnome ᛫ a brownie ᛫ a kobold ᛫ N ~ NE or: puckle (diminutive) ᛫ kin: púki (Icelandic)
puckish puckisc ᛫ mischievous ᛫ demonic ᛫ AJ ~ NE
pung ᛫ a purse ᛫ N pung[pung] ME‹OE‹I
purse ᛫ a money bag ᛫ a fiscus ( whence comes " fiscal " ) ᛫ N purse&purs ME&OE
pursy ᛫ fiscal ᛫ AJ purse+y NEx2
put ᛫ to emplace ᛫ to place ᛫ V ~ NE
quale cwale ᛫ death ᛫ a quelling ᛫ a plague ᛫ N quāl ME kin: quell
qualm cwalm ᛫ a scruple ᛫ N qualm[cwealm] NE
qualmish cwalmisc ᛫ nauseated ᛫ AJ ~ NE
qualmstow cwalmstow ᛫ an execution-place ᛫ N cwealmstow OE
quartern cwartern ᛫ a prison ᛫ a gaol ᛫ a jail ᛫ a cell ᛫ N quartern[cweartern] ME
quarternward cwarternward ᛫ a gaoler ᛫ a jailor ᛫ a prison warder ᛫ N cwearternweard OE
quead cwead ᛫ evil ᛫ wickedness ᛬ evil ᛫ wicked ᛫ N᛬AJ quede ME
queath cweath ᛫ to comment ᛫ to declare ᛫ to say ᛫ V ~ NE PST: quoth / cwoþ ᛫ PTCP: queathen / cweaþen
queddle cweddel ᛫ talkative ᛫ AJ cwedol OE
queem cweem ᛫ pleasure ᛫ satisfaction ᛬ to please ᛫ to satisfy ᛫ to gratify ᛬ pleasant ᛫ agreeable ᛫ comfortable ᛫ V᛬AJ queme&quēm&quemen NE&ME&ME
queemful cweemful ᛫ pleasing ᛫ satisfying ᛫ agreeable ᛫ AJ quēmful ME
quell cwell ᛫ to kill ᛫ to snuff out ᛫ to put down ᛫ V ~ NE
queller cweller ᛫ a killer ᛫ an exterminator ᛫ N ~ NE
quench cwenc ᛫ to overcome ᛫ to subdue ᛫ to destroy ᛫ to relieve ᛫ to extinguish ᛫ to satisfy ᛫ V quench&aquenchen NE&ME
quenchcoal cwenccoal ᛫ a person or thing that undermines zeal ( especially with respect to religion ) ᛫ N ~ NE
quern cwern ᛫ a hand mill for grinding grain ( typically consisting of two circular stones ) ᛫ a mill [ᚹ] ᛫ N ~ NE
quetch cwec ᛫ to shake ᛫ to twitch ᛫ to flinch ᛫ to vibrate ᛫ V quetch&quecchen NE&ME
quick cwick ᛫ conscious ᛫ alive ᛫ rapid ᛫ fast ᛫ AJ quick&cwic NE&OE
quickbeam cwickbeam ᛫ the Genus Sorbus tree ( mountain ash ) ᛫ N ~ NE
quickberry cwickberry ᛫ a juniper berry ᛫ N cuicbēam+berry OE+NE
quicken cwicken ᛫ to resurrect ᛫ to rejuvenate ᛫ to animate ᛫ to revive ᛫ to germinate ᛫ to speed up ᛫ to ferment ᛫ V quicken&quiken[cwician] NE&ME
quickfee cwickfee ᛫ living property ᛫ living wealth ᛫ cattle ᛫ N cwicfeoh OE
quicklime cwicklime ᛫ calcium oxide ᛫ N ~ NE
quickness cwickness ᛫ consciousness ᛫ rapidity ᛫ N quick+ness NEx2
quicksilver cwicksilfer ᛫ mercury ( the metal ) ᛫ N quicksilver NE
quid cwid ᛫ a sentence ᛫ a statement ᛫ a term ( as in a saying ) ᛬ to utter ᛫ to state ᛫ N᛬V quide[cwide]&quidden ME&ME
quild cwild ᛫ a plague ᛫ a pestilence ᛫ a murrain ᛫ N cwyld/cwild OE
quillpig cwillpig ᛫ a porcupine ᛫ N quill pig NE
quillwort cwillwort ᛫ an Isoetes plant ᛫ N ~ NE
quirk cwirk ᛫ an idiosyncrasy ᛫ N quirk NE‹?
quitch cwic ᛫ a Elymus repens plant ( quack grass ) ᛫ N quitch ME
quith cwith ᛫ a womb ᛫ a matrix ᛫ N cwiþ OE
quithe cwithe ᛫ to mourn ᛫ to lament ᛫ to deplore ( as in bewail ) ᛫ V cwīþan OE
quoon cwoon ᛫ to mourn ᛫ to lament ᛫ to deplore ( as in bewail ) ᛫ V cwānian OE
quotha cwotha ᛫ ( used to express surprise or contempt ) ᛫ I quotha NE equal to "quoth he"
rack ᛫ a parrel ᛫ a parrel-rope ᛫ a rope for fastening the middle of a yard to the mast ᛫ N rak ME
rack ᛫ a mass of high thick fast-moving clouds ᛫ N ~[racu?] NE
rail ᛫ a garment ᛫ raiment ᛫ an outfit ᛫ clothing ᛫ a cloth ᛫ a rag ᛫ N rail[hrægl/hrægel] ME
rain ᛫ arch- ᛫ highest- ᛫ PREFIX regn OE
rain ᛫ to prepare ᛫ to arrange ᛫ to regulate ᛫ V regnian OE
rainbow ᛫ an iris ᛫ N ~ NE
rainbowgleam ᛫ iridescence ᛫ N rainbow+gleam NEx2
Rainsbury ᛫ Regnesburg ᛫ N Regnesburh OE
rainshade rainscade ᛫ an umbrella ᛫ N ~ NE
rainwold ᛫ a rainforest ᛫ N rain+wold NE+ME calque: Regenwald ᛫ or: rainwood
rake ᛫ a narrative ᛫ an account ᛫ an exposition ᛫ a treatise ᛫ N race&racu ME&OE
rake ᛫ a track ᛫ a pass ᛬ to proceed ᛫ to take a course ᛫ N᛬V rāke&rāken[racian] ME&OE
raked ᛫ a palace ᛫ N ræced OE
rakedly ᛫ palatine ᛫ palatial ᛫ pertaining to a palace ᛫ AJ ræcedlic OE
rakehell ᛫ a fashionable or wealthy man of immoral or promiscuous habits ᛫ a libertine ᛫ N ~ NE
rakehelly ᛫ libertine ᛫ AJ rakehell+y NEx2
rakeshame rakescame ᛫ a disreputable or dissolute person ᛫ a rogue ᛫ N ~ NE
ram ᛫ a male sheep ᛫ N ~ NE opposite of: ewe
ram ᛫ a cramp ᛫ a spasm ᛫ N hramma OE kin: hrammr (Icelandic)
Ram ᛫ Aries ᛫ N(P) Ramm OE
ran ᛫ a whale ᛫ N hran OE or: ron (from alternative hron)
rand ᛫ a strip or border of land ᛫ a strip of meat ᛫ N rand ME
rank ᛫ overgrown ᛫ smelly ᛫ virulent ᛫ AJ ~ NE
ranroad ᛫ the sea or ocean ( poetic ) ᛫ N hranrād OE
rare ᛫ lightly cooked ᛫ AJ ~ NE
raring ᛫ eager ᛫ keen ᛫ AJ ~ NE
rasen ᛫ a beam used to support the timbers of a roof ᛫ a wall plate ᛫ a raising plate ᛫ N rēsen ME
rash rasc ᛫ overly hasty ᛫ headstrong ᛫ AJ ~ NE
ratch rac ᛫ a dog that hunts by scent ᛫ N racch ME
rathe ᛫ eager ᛫ prompt ᛫ rash ᛫ early ᛫ too early ᛫ AJ rathe&rāthe&hræþ NE&ME&OE
ratheripe ᛫ precocious ᛫ rareripe ᛫ AJ rathe-ripe NE
rathest ᛫ soonest ᛫ earliest ᛫ AJ ~ NE
ratsbane ᛫ rat poison ᛫ N ~ NE
ravenflint rafenflint ᛫ obsidian ᛫ N raven+flint NEx2 calque: hrafntinna
raw ᛫ carrion ᛬ uncooked ᛫ default ᛫ unmodified ᛫ N᛬AJ raw&hreaw NE&OE
raw ᛫ lichen ᛫ N ragu OE
ray ᛫ a wild she-goat ᛫ N rǣge OE
reacon ᛫ apt ᛫ prompt ᛫ capable ᛫ qualified ᛫ AJ rēken[recen] ME
read ᛫ a lesson ᛫ a reading ᛬ to interpret ᛫ N᛬V read&rǣdan&rǣde NE&OE&OE
reading ᛫ an interpretation ᛫ interpretation itself ᛫ a lesson ᛫ N reading&rǣding NE&OE
readingbook ᛫ a lesson book ᛫ a lectionary ᛫ N rǣdingbōc OE
ream ᛫ to expand ( especially a hole ) ᛫ V ~[rȳman] NE
ream ᛫ cream ᛫ a film or skin on the surface of milk ᛫ consecrated oil ᛫ oil ᛬ to cream forth ᛫ N᛬V ream&rēme[rēam] NE&OE
reap ᛫ to gather a crop ᛫ to harvest ᛫ to receive something as a consequence ᛫ V ~ NE
rear ᛫ to raise ᛫ to erect something ᛫ to establish ᛫ to levy ᛫ to breed animals ᛫ to raise a child ᛫ V rear&arẹ̄ren NE&ME "raise" is Norse ᛫ kin: hræra (Icelandic)
reard ᛫ a voice ( whether human or animal ) ᛫ a loud vocal outburst ᛫ a cry ᛫ a roar ᛫ N rerd/reard&rērd/rearde[reord] NE&ME
reardbearer ᛫ a bearer of speech or voice ᛫ a person ᛫ N reordberend OE
rearded ᛫ voiced ( spoken with vibration of the vocal chords ) ᛫ AJ rērd+ed ME+NE calque: voiced
rearheadbone ᛫ an occipital bone ᛫ N rear+headbone NEx2 calque: achterhoofdsbeen; Hinterhauptbein
rearhorse ᛫ a praying mantis ᛫ N ~ NE
rease ᛫ a rush ᛫ a rash action ᛫ a race (contest of speed) [ᚹ] ᛬ to rush ᛫ to race ᛫ N rēs[rǣs] ME "race" is Norse
rease ᛫ deliberation ᛫ N rǣs OE
reasow ᛫ to suspect ᛫ to suppose ᛫ V rǣswan OE
reasower ᛫ a counsellor ᛫ a chief ᛫ one who thinks for the public ᛫ N rǣswa OE
reasowing ᛫ supposition ᛫ conjecture ᛫ N rǣswung OE
reat ᛫ to lament or to wail in grief ᛫ V rēotan OE
reave reafe ᛫ to plunder ᛫ to rob ᛫ to pillage ᛫ V ~ NE PST: reft ᛫ PTCP: reft
reavedeer reafedeer ᛫ a carnivore ᛫ an animal of the order Carnivora ᛫ N reave+deer NE+NE calque: roofdier, Raubtier
reaver reafer ᛫ a robber ᛫ N ~ NE
rech rec ᛫ to explain ᛫ to expound ᛫ to describe ᛫ to interpret ᛫ V recchen&arecchen[reccan] ME&ME kin: reck; reckless; reckon
recher recer ᛫ an explainer ᛫ an expounder ᛫ a descriptor ᛫ a theorist ᛫ an interpreter ᛫ N recchen+er ME+NE kin: reck; reckless; reckon
reching recing ᛫ an explanation ᛫ an expounding ᛫ a description ᛫ a theory ᛫ an interpretation ᛫ N recchen+ing{arecchen} ME+NE kin: reck; reckless; reckon
reck ᛫ to heed ᛫ to consider ᛫ to be concerned with ᛫ V ~[recchen][reccan] NE PST: rought ᛫ PTCP: rought
reckful ᛫ cautious ᛫ full of attention ᛫ AJ ~ NE
recking ᛫ concern ᛫ caution ᛫ N reck+ing NEx2
reckless ᛫ incautious ᛫ lacking attention ᛫ AJ ~ NE
reckon ᛫ to calculate ᛫ to suppose ᛫ to enumerate ᛫ to recite from a list ᛫ to list ᛫ V ~[rekenen][recenian] NE
reckoner ᛫ a computer ᛫ a calculator ᛫ N reckon+er NEx2
reckoning ᛫ a supposition ᛫ a calculation ᛫ an estimation ᛫ an account ( such as a bank account ) ᛫ N reckoning&rekening NE&ME
red ᛫ a communist ᛫ a socialist ᛬ communistic ᛫ socialistic ᛫ N᛬AJ ~ NE
red ᛫ ( forms nouns showing a condition or a state ) ᛫ SUFFIX ~['-rēden/-rēden][-rǣden] NE found in: hatred; kindred
Red Russland ᛫ Red Ruthenia ᛫ N red+russland NEx2‹O calque: Red Russia
redback ᛫ a yuan ᛫ N ~ NE
redbuck ᛫ an impala ᛫ N red-buck NE based on: rooibok
redd ᛫ to save ᛫ to rescue ᛫ to free from something unpleasant such as embarrassment ᛫ V redden[hreddan] ME
rede ᛫ advice ᛫ counsel ᛬ to advise ᛫ to counsel ᛫ N᛬V rede&rēd NE&ME
redebaner ᛫ one who advises murder but does not commit it ᛫ N rǣdbana OE
redeful ᛫ wise ᛫ prudent ᛫ providing good counsel ᛫ AJ rēdful ME
redely ᛫ promptly ᛫ expeditiously ᛫ vigorously ᛫ surely ᛫ certainly ᛫ explicitly ᛫ AV rēdelī[rǣdlīce] ME
redely ᛫ advisable ᛫ AJ rǣdlīc OE
redesman ᛫ an adviser ᛫ a counsellor ᛫ N rēdesman[rǣdesmann] ME
redeyift ᛫ a senate ᛫ a consulate ᛫ N rǽdgift OE see: Rat (German) ᛫ or: redegift (Norse influenced)
redflag ᛫ an indication that something's wrong ᛫ N ~ NE
redstart ᛫ a Phoenicurus bird ( and other kinds of birds too ) ᛫ N ~ NE
reef ᛫ robbery ᛫ N ~ NE kin: reave ᛫ or: reef; reif (Scottish)
reef ᛫ to roof ᛫ to cover ᛫ V gehrēfan OE kin: roof
reek ᛫ vapour ᛫ a strong bad smell ᛫ N ~[rēc] NE
reekle reekel ᛫ incense ᛬ to cense with incense ᛫ N᛬V rēkels&rēcelsian ME&OE
reeklebook reekelbook ᛫ a bulging vessel for holding incense ᛫ N rēcelsbūc OE see: bouk
reeklevat reekelfat ᛫ a censer ( an ornamental container for burning incense ) ᛫ N rēcelsfæt OE
reel ᛫ a kind of spool ᛫ a spool machine ᛫ a kind of dance ᛫ a dance ᛬ to wind on a reel ᛫ to dance ᛫ N᛬V ~[rēol] NE
reese ᛫ to tremble ᛫ to tremble with rage ᛫ to shudder ᛫ to quake ᛫ to shake ᛫ to rattle ᛫ to clatter ᛫ V rēsen ME rhyme: geese
reese ᛫ violent motion ᛫ a rush ᛫ a rash action ᛫ a frenzy ᛫ an attack ᛫ a charge ᛫ an incursion ᛫ N rēs[rǣs] ME rhyme: geese
reet ᛫ to cheer ᛫ to gladden ᛫ to comfort ᛫ V rētan OE kin: rōt
reeth ᛫ fierce ᛫ cruel ᛫ wild ᛫ savage ᛫ AJ rēþe ME
reeth ᛫ triumph ᛫ N hrēþ OE
reethness ᛫ ferociousness ᛫ ruthlessness ᛫ mercilessness ᛫ cruelness ᛫ AJ ~ NE
reethy ᛫ triumphant ᛫ exultant ᛫ AJ hrēþig OE
reeve reefe ᛫ a bailiff ᛫ N ~ NE
reeveship reefescip ᛫ a bailiffship ᛫ N ~ NE
reigh reig ᛫ a Batoidea fish ( rays ) ᛫ N reihe[reohhe] ME
reigh reig ᛫ fierce ᛫ tempestuous ᛫ AJ rẹ̄h&hrēoh ME&OE
Reindeer Mere ᛫ Reindeer Lake ᛫ N(P) reindeer+mere NE‹N+NE or: Roan Mere
reise ᛫ a journey ᛫ a military expedition ᛫ N reis ME‹NL
rem ᛫ to hinder ᛫ to block progress ᛫ to obstruct ᛫ to cumber ᛫ V hremman OE
remming ᛫ a hindrance ᛫ an obstacle ᛫ an obstruction ᛫ N hremming OE
ren ᛫ to coagulate ᛫ V gerennan OE kin: run
rend ᛫ to tear into pieces ᛫ to wrench something violently ᛫ to cause great emotional pain to ᛫ V ~ NE
rennet ᛫ a cheeselib ( an enzyme used in making cheese ) ᛫ N ~ NE
reremouse reremuse ᛫ a bat ( as in the animal ) ᛫ N ~[rẹ̄remǒus][hrēremūs] NE "bat" is Norse
rest ᛫ relief from exertion ᛫ sleep ᛫ inactivity ᛬ to take relief from exertion ᛫ to sleep ᛫ to become inactive ᛫ N᛬V ~ NE
rest on ᛫ to depend on ᛫ V ~ NE
Restday ᛫ the Hebrew Sabbath ( Saturday by extension ) ᛫ N restendæg OE
retch rec ᛫ to vomit ᛫ to puke ᛫ V ~ NE
rib ᛫ a joke ᛫ N ~[rib-tickle] NE
ribframe ᛫ a rib cage ᛫ N rib+frame NEx2
ric ᛫ ( shows a jurisdiction dominion or rule over something ) ᛫ SUFFIX ~ NE‹C
rice rise ᛫ a twig ᛫ a stick ᛫ a bobbin ᛫ a spool ᛫ N ~[hrīs] NE
rich ric ᛫ a dominion ᛫ a political entity ᛫ an empire ᛫ a state ᛫ a country ᛫ a nation ᛬ potent ᛫ powerful ᛫ wealthy ᛫ N᛬AJ rich&rīche[rīce/ᚱᛁᛁᚳᚾᚫ] NE‹C&ME‹C or: rike (northern variant)
richen ricen ᛫ a female magnate ᛫ N rīcen OE
richer ricer ᛫ a magnate ᛫ N rīca OE
rick ᛫ a stack ᛫ a stook ᛫ N ~ NE
rid ᛫ to remove ᛫ to clear ᛫ V ~ NE
ridding ᛫ a removal ᛫ N ~ NE
riddle riddel ᛫ a coarse sieve ᛬ to screen ᛫ to permeate ᛫ to fill with holes ᛫ N᛬V ~ NE
rideheer ᛫ a troop of cavalry ᛫ N rīdehere OE
rider ᛫ a passenger ᛫ N ~ NE
ridge ᛫ a ridge ᛫ the back of a creature ᛫ ᛫ N ~[hrycg] NE
ridgebone ᛫ a backbone ᛫ a spine ᛫ a vertebra ᛫ N ~[riggebōn] NE
ridgedeer ᛫ a vertebrate ᛫ N ridge+deer NEx2 inspired by "hryggdýr"
riding ᛫ a subdivision of a county ( traditionally ones which come in a group of three ) ᛫ an electoral district (Canada) ᛫ N ~ NE‹N
rife ᛫ common ᛫ widespread ᛫ abounding ᛫ plentiful ᛫ frequent ᛫ AJ ~ NE
riff ᛫ a uterus ᛫ a belly ᛫ N hrif OE kin: midriff
rifle rifel ᛫ a long gun with a rifled barrel ᛫ N ~ NE‹I‹Þ?
rift ᛫ a laena ᛫ cloak ᛫ N rift ME
right rigt ᛫ just ᛫ correct ᛬ just ᛫ correctly ᛫ exactly ᛫ precisely ᛫ AJ᛬AV right&right NE&ME
right ago rigt ᛫ just now ᛫ AV right+ago NEx2
righten rigten ᛫ to rectify ᛫ V ~ NE
rightframed rigtframed ᛫ rightly constituted ᛫ orthodox ᛫ AJ rihtgefremed OE
rightful rigtful ᛫ having a legitimate right to something ᛫ legitimately claimed ᛫ AJ ~ NE
rightfully rigtfully ᛫ legitimately ᛫ AV ~ NE
rightledge rigtledge ᛫ to correct ᛫ to rectify ᛫ V rightlechen ME
rightliefful rigtleefful ᛫ orthodox ᛫ AJ rihtgelēaffull OE
rightlieffulness rigtleeffulness ᛫ orthodoxy ᛫ N rihtgelēaffulness OE
rightly rigtly ᛫ correctly ᛫ justifiably ᛫ AV ~ NE
rightminded rigtminded ᛫ sane ᛫ decent ᛫ morally upright ᛫ AJ ~ NE
rightwise rigtwise ᛫ sanctimonious ᛫ moral ᛫ righteous ᛫ just ᛫ clockwise ᛫ AJ righteous NE
rightwiseness rigtwiseness ᛫ righteousness ᛫ justice ᛫ N rihtwīsness OE
rightwising rigtwising ᛫ justification ᛫ N gerihtwīsung OE
rim ᛫ a border ᛫ N rim&rima NE&OE
rime ᛫ to clear ᛫ to clear up ᛫ to clear away ᛫ to make room ᛫ to die ᛫ to depart ᛫ V rīmen[rȳman/rīman] ME
rime ᛫ a number ᛬ to number ᛫ to count ᛫ N᛬V rime&rimen ME&ME
rime ᛫ ice formed by the rapid freezing of cold water droplets of fog onto a cold surface ᛫ N ~ NE
rimebook ᛫ a calendar ᛫ N gerīmbōc OE
rimecraft ᛫ arithmetic ᛫ mathematics ᛫ maths ᛫ math ᛫ N rimcræft OE
rimekeeping ᛫ accounting ᛫ N rime+keep+ing ME+NEx2
rimer ᛫ a computer ᛫ a counter ᛫ a calculator ᛫ N rimere OE
rimple rimpel ᛫ to crease ᛫ V ~ NE
rimth ᛫ an extent ᛫ a space ᛫ a space of time ᛫ N rimth[rȳmþ] ME
rind ᛫ crust ᛫ bark ᛬ to remove the rind from ᛫ N᛬V ~ NE
Rine ᛫ the Rhine river ᛫ N Rīne ME
rine ᛫ a touch ᛫ an effect [ᚹ] ᛬ to touch ᛫ to affect [ᚹ] ᛫ N᛬V rīnen[hrīnan] ME
rinendly ᛫ touchable ᛫ tangible ᛫ physical ᛫ AJ rinen+endlic ME+OE
ring ᛫ a circle ᛫ a clique ᛫ a cabal ᛫ N ~ NE
ringleader ᛫ the leader of a clique or a cabal ᛫ N ~ NE
Rinish Rinisc ᛫ Rhenish ᛫ AJ Rīnish ME
rink ᛫ a man ( especially a heroic one ) ᛫ N ~ NE
rinnel ᛫ a courier ᛫ a runner ᛫ N rynel/renel NE
ripe ᛫ mature ᛫ ready for use ᛫ AJ ~ NE
ripe ᛫ to rob ᛫ to plunder ᛫ to ransack ᛫ to rifle through ᛫ to rummage ᛫ to search thoroughly ᛫ V ~[rīpen][rīpan] NE kin: reap
rise ᛫ an upward movement ᛫ an increase ᛫ a raise ( a salary increase ) ᛬ to go up ᛫ to ascend ᛫ N᛬V ~ NE
rissle rissel ᛫ soft fat ᛫ suet ᛫ axungia ᛫ N rysel OE
rith ᛫ a mastiff ᛫ a bloodhound ᛫ a large dog ᛫ N ryþþa OE
rithe ᛫ a small stream ᛫ N ~[riþ] NE
rix ᛫ to rule ᛫ to reign ᛫ to govern ᛫ V rixan{gerec?} ME‹OE‹C
rizzle risel ᛫ grease ᛫ N risel[rysel] ME
road ᛫ an arterial ᛫ a passage ᛫ an avenue ᛫ an expressway ᛫ N ~ NE
roadness ᛫ rhoticity ᛫ N road+ness NEx2 rho (Ρ) calqued as road (ᚱ)
roan ᛫ a reindeer ᛫ N hrān OE
rochet rocet ᛫ to eructate ᛫ V rocettan OE
rodden ᛫ adorned ᛫ AJ geroden OE past participle of unattested Old English verb
rodder ᛫ the firmament ᛫ outer space ᛫ aether ᛫ N rodor OE literally meant "wheel"?
rodder ᛫ astro- ᛫ cosmo- ᛫ PREFIX rodor OE
roddercraft ᛫ a spacecraft ᛫ a spaceship ᛫ N rodor+craft OE+NE
rodderfarer ᛫ an astronaut ᛫ a cosmonaut ᛫ N rodder+farer OE+NE
rodderling ᛫ a space alien ᛫ N rodor+ling OE+NE
rodderlore ᛫ astronomy ( the scientific field dealing with celestial objects and space ) ᛫ N rodder+lore OE+NE
rodderly ᛫ celestial ᛫ AJ rodorlic OE
rode ᛫ reason ( as in rationality ) ᛬ rational ᛫ reasonable ᛫ N᛬AJ rōde&gerād{irā̆d} ME&OE SEE NOTE
roke ᛫ expectoration ᛫ spittle ᛫ matter brought up when clearing the throat ᛫ N rōkinge&hrāca ME&OE
Ronding ᛫ one of the Reudigni ᛫ N(P) Rondingum OE
Rone ᛫ Rouen ( city in Normandy ) ᛫ N Rọ̄ne ME
rone ᛫ a rain gutter ᛫ a gutter [ᚹ] ᛫ N ~ NE‹?
roo ᛫ peace ᛫ stillness ᛫ quietness ᛫ silence ᛫ tranquillity ᛫ N rō/roo ME
rood ᛫ a cross ᛫ a crucifix ᛫ N ~ NE
roodfasten ᛫ to crucify ᛫ V rodfæstnian OE
roodhang ᛫ a crucifix ᛫ a crucifixion ᛫ N rōdehengen ME
roodsithe ᛫ a cross-expedition ᛫ a crusade ᛫ N rood+sīth NE+ME
roodwye ᛫ a crusade ᛫ N rood+wye NE+ME
roof ᛫ vigorous ᛫ strong ᛫ valiant ᛫ AJ rof OE
roofbone ᛫ a palatine bone ᛫ N roof+bone NEx2 as in palate (mouthroof)
rook ᛫ a cheat ᛫ a swindler ᛫ a Corvus frugilegus bird ᛫ N ~[hrōc] NE
Room ᛫ Rome ᛫ N Rōme/Room[Rōme] ME
room ᛫ space ᛫ volume ᛫ a section of a building ᛫ N ~ NE
room ᛫ soot ᛫ N hrūm OE
Roomanish Roomanisc ᛫ Roman ᛫ AJ(P) Rōmānisc OE
Roomany ᛫ the Roman Empire ᛫ N(P) Rōmā̆nīe ME
Roomer ᛫ a Roman ( one who lives in the city of Rome ) ᛫ N Rōmwaran OE
roomet ᛫ extent ᛫ space ᛫ extension ᛫ clearance ᛫ N rīmet[rȳmet] ME
roomhearted ᛫ generous ᛫ liberal hearted ᛫ AJ rūmheort OE
roomstead ᛫ a compartment ᛫ N ~ NE
roomth ᛫ capacity ᛫ volume ᛫ N ~ NE
roomtime ᛫ spacetime ᛫ N room+time NEx2
roomy ᛫ spacious ᛫ AJ ~ NE
roomy ᛫ sooty ᛫ dirty ᛫ bedaubed ᛫ AJ hrūmig OE
roop ᛫ a cry ᛬ to cry out ᛫ N᛬V ~ NE
roor ᛫ potent ᛫ vigorous ᛫ stirring ᛫ AJ rọ̄re&hrōr ME&OE rhyme: floor
root ᛫ glad ᛫ cheerful ᛫ AJ rōt OE kin: rétan
rootfast ᛫ firmly held by the roots ᛫ securely established ᛫ AJ ~ NE
rop ᛫ a colon ᛫ an intestine ᛫ intestines ᛫ entrails ᛫ guts ᛫ bowels ᛫ small intestines ᛫ N rop&ropp ME&OE
rose ᛫ to explore ᛫ to journey ᛫ to adventure ᛫ V rāsian OE
roster ᛫ a list of names ᛫ a muster roll ᛫ N ~[NL rooster] NE‹NL
rot ᛫ thick fluid ᛫ scum ᛫ mucus ᛫ N hrot OE kin: Rotz (German)
rotgut ᛫ low-quality alcoholic liquor ᛫ N ~ NE
Rothem ᛫ Rouen ( city in Normandy ) ᛫ N(P) Roðem OE From the Anglo Saxon Chronicle, alternative to Rone
rother ᛫ a bovine ᛫ N ~[rother][hrīðer/hrȳðer] NE rhyme: bother (see "rother beast" on Lexico)
rother ᛫ comfort ᛫ solace ᛬ to comfort ᛫ to console ᛫ N᛬V hrōþor OE
rotheren ᛫ of oxen ᛫ of cattle ᛫ AJ rotheren[hrīðeren/hrȳðeren] ME
rotherflesh rotherflesc ᛫ beef ᛫ N rother+flesh NEx2 or: rotheren flesh (attested as: reþeren flesche)
rothhound rothhund ᛫ a mastiff ᛫ a molossus ᛫ a large dog ᛫ N roþhund OE
row ᛫ a series ᛫ a line ᛫ a line of words ᛫ succession ᛫ N row&reue NE&ME
rower ᛫ a heron ᛫ an egret ᛫ N hrāgra OE
rown rune ᛫ crypto- ᛫ PREFIX rown NE
rown rune ᛫ a mystery ᛫ a secret ᛫ hidden speech ᛫ a whisper ᛫ a rune ᛬ to whisper ᛫ N᛬V rown&roun&rūn{gerȳne} NE&ME&OE or: roun
rowncraft runecraft ᛫ arcane knowledge or arts ᛫ N rūncræftige OE
rowncrafty runecrafty ᛫ learned in arcane knowledge or arts ᛫ AJ rūncræftige OE
rownish runisc ᛫ runic ᛫ AJ rown+ish NEx2
rownlore runelore ᛫ runology ᛫ N rown+lore NEx2
rownshat runescat ᛫ a unit of cryptocurrency ᛫ cryptocurrency ᛫ N rown+shat NE+ME
rownstaff runestaff ᛫ a rune ( a runic character ) ᛫ N rūnstæf OE
rowny runey ᛫ mystical ᛫ mysterious ᛫ AJ rūnlīc OE
rud ᛫ redness ᛫ blush ᛫ the Tagetes plant ( marigold ) ᛬ to redden ᛫ N᛬V ~ NE
ruddle ruddel ᛫ red ochre ᛬ to mark with red ochre ᛫ to raddle or twist ᛫ N᛬V ~ NE or: reddle
ruddock ᛫ the Erithacus rubecula bird ᛫ N ~ NE
ruddock ᛫ a robin ᛫ N ~ NE
rue rew ᛫ regret ᛫ remorse ᛬ to regret ᛫ to be penitent ᛫ N᛬V ~[reuen][hrēow] NE kin: ruth
ruechary rewcary ᛫ troubled ᛫ anxious ᛫ sorrowful ᛫ AJ hrēowcearig OE
rug ᛫ a carpet ᛫ N ~ NE‹N?
run in ᛫ a disagreement or conflict ( especially with an established authority ) ᛫ N run-in NE
runaway ᛫ an estray ᛬ unchecked ᛫ rampant ᛫ fugitive ᛫ N᛬AJ ~ NE
rung ᛫ a foot bar on a ladder ᛫ a level in a hierarchy ᛫ a rank ᛫ degree [ᚹ] ᛫ grade [ᚹ] ᛫ N ~ NE
runnel ᛫ a rivulet ᛫ a rill ᛫ a gutter ᛫ N runnel NE
runningfowl runningfule ᛫ a Cursoriinae bird ᛫ a courser ᛫ N running+fowl NEx2 calque: renvogel; Rennvogel
runninghand runninghand ᛫ cursive script ᛫ N ~ NE
runthrough runthruge ᛫ a rehearsal ᛫ a brief outline or summary ᛫ N runthrough NE
rus ᛫ the crust or surface of the Earth ᛫ the ground ᛫ N hruse OE rhyme: does? ᛫ kin: crusta (Latin)?
rush rusc ᛫ a Juncus plant ᛫ N ~[risc/rysc] NE
rushleek ruscleek ᛫ an Allium schoenoprasum plant ( chives ) ᛫ N ~[riscleac] NE
Russland ᛫ Russia ᛫ N(P) ~ NE‹O or: Russy; Muscovy
ruth rewth ᛫ pity ᛫ sympathy ᛫ mercy ᛫ remorse regret ᛫ N ~[reuth/rewth] NE‹N kin: rue
ruthful rewthful ᛫ merciful ᛫ compassionate ᛫ AJ ~ NE
ruthless rewthless ᛫ remorseless ᛫ cruel ᛫ AJ ~ NE
sackful ᛫ contentious ᛫ quarrelsome ᛫ AJ sacfull OE
sackless ᛫ innocent ᛫ blameless ᛫ guiltless ᛫ free of legal charge ᛫ AJ ~ NE kin: sake
saddletree saddeltree ᛫ a Liriodendron tulipifera plant ( a tulip tree ) ᛫ N ~ NE
sailcloth ᛫ canvas ( or other material used for making sails ) ᛫ N ~ NE
sake ᛫ one's behalf ᛫ a suit ( a lawsuit ) ᛫ contention ᛫ a lawsuit ᛬ to contend ᛫ to sue ᛫ to brawl ᛫ N᛬V ~ NE PST: sook ᛫ PTCP: saken
salework ᛫ goods made for general use ( as opposed to goods made to order ) ᛫ N ~ NE‹(N+E)
sall ᛫ the main hall of a palace castle or mansion ᛫ N sæl{sale} OE
sallow ᛫ a pale yellow colour ᛫ a pale brown colour ᛫ a Salix plant ( pussy willow ) ᛫ a Xanthia insect ᛬ sallow in colour ᛫ N᛬AJ ~ NE
salve salfe ᛫ an ointment balm cream or paste used for medicinal reasons ᛫ N ~ NE
sam ᛫ together ᛫ AV sammen ME
sam ᛫ to assemble ᛫ to coagulate ᛫ V sam&samnen[samnian] NE&ME
sam ᛫ half- ᛫ semi- ᛫ PREFIX sam OE
samblind ᛫ half-blind ᛫ dim-sighted ᛫ AJ sandblind NE
samborn ᛫ half-born ᛫ aborted ᛫ AJ samboren OE
sameblooded ᛫ consanguineous ᛫ AJ sameblooded NE
samebloodedness ᛫ consanguinity ᛫ N samebloodedness NE
samed ᛫ simultaneously ᛫ together ᛬ together with ᛫ AV᛬P sā̆mod[samed/samod/somed] ME
samedsithe ᛫ to accompany ᛫ to travel together ᛫ V samodsiþian OE
sameness ᛫ identicalness ᛫ similarity ᛫ N ~ NE
samewist ᛫ cohabitation ᛫ N samwist OE
samey ᛫ generic ᛫ monotonous ᛫ AJ+AV ~ NE
sameyness ᛫ genericness ᛫ monotony ᛫ N ~ NE
sammer ᛫ a collector ᛫ a gatherer ᛫ N samnere OE
samming ᛫ an assembly ᛫ a council ᛫ N samnung OE
samsodden ᛫ half-cooked ᛫ AJ ~ NE
samwaxen ᛫ half grown ᛫ AJ sāmweaxen OE
samwhole samhwole ᛫ not whole ᛫ in poor health ᛫ AJ samhal OE
samwise ᛫ half-wise ᛫ foolish ᛫ simple ᛫ AJ sāmwīs OE
samyoung samyung ᛫ an adolescent ᛬ adolescent ᛫ N᛬AJ samgeong OE
sandglass ᛫ an hourglass ᛫ N ~ NE
Saraken ᛫ a Muslim ᛫ N(P) saracene OE‹I‹H‹? kin: Saracen
Sarakennish Sarakennisc ᛫ Muslim ᛫ AJ(P) saracenisc OE‹I‹H‹?
Sardin ᛫ a Sardinian ᛫ N(P) Sardinie OE
sare ᛫ an artifice ᛫ a machination ᛫ a machine ᛫ a device ᛫ an engine ᛬ to act with artifice ᛫ to engineer [ᚹ] ᛫ N᛬V searu&searwian OE&OE
sarecraft ᛫ stratagem ᛫ machination ᛫ engineering [ᚹ] ᛫ N searucræft OE
sarecrafty ᛫ wily ᛫ cunning ᛫ AJ searucræftig OE
saregun ᛫ a machinegun ᛫ N searu+gun OE+NE‹N calque: machinegun
sarely ᛫ ingenious ᛫ artful ᛫ mechanical [ᚹ] ᛫ AJ searulīc OE
sareman ᛫ one who makes machines , engines , or machinations ᛫ an engineer ᛫ N searu+man OE+NE
sarenet ᛫ a net of guile ᛫ a snare ᛫ N searunet OE
sarethank ᛫ a cunning thought device artifice or wile ᛫ N searuþanc OE
sarethankle sarethankel ᛫ cunning ᛫ sagacious ᛫ shrewd ᛫ AJ searuþancol OE
sarewrench sarewrenc ᛫ a crafty trick ᛫ N searuwrenc OE
sark ᛫ a shirt ᛫ N ~[serc] NE
Sarmondish Sarmondisc ᛫ Sarmatian language ᛬ Sarmatian ᛫ N(P)᛬AJ(P) Sarmondisc OE
Sarmondland ᛫ Sarmatia ᛫ N(P) Sarmondisc+land OE+NE
sate ᛫ to become sated ᛫ to satisfy ᛫ to satiate ᛫ V sate&saden&sadian NE&ME&OE
Saturnight Saturnigt ᛫ the night following Saturday's dusk ᛫ N(P) ~ NE‹(I+E)
Saudi Araby ᛫ Saudi Arabia ᛫ N(P) Saudi+Arabī NE‹O+ME‹O
saught saugt ᛫ reconciliation ᛬ to be reconciled ᛫ to reconcile ᛫ to make peace ᛫ N᛬V saught&saughten[seaht] ME&ME
saughten saugten ᛫ to make peace ᛫ to reconcile ᛫ V saughtenen ME
saw ᛫ a narrative ᛫ a saga ᛫ a story ᛫ a saying ᛫ a maxim ᛫ a proverb ᛫ a notion [ᚹ] ᛫ N saw&sau[sagu/saga] NE&ME see note
sawbill ᛫ a Mergus bird ( a merganser ) ᛫ N ~ NE
sawbones ᛫ a surgeon ᛫ N ~ NE
sawer ᛫ a sawyer ᛫ N sauer ME
sax ᛫ a kind of short sword ᛫ a knife ᛫ a cutting tool ᛫ N sex/sax ME
sax ᛫ a Saxophone ᛫ N ~ NE
Sax ᛫ a Saxon ᛫ N(P) Seaxe OE PL: Saxes; Saxen (older form)
Saxish Saxisc ᛫ Saxon language ᛬ of the Saxons ᛫ N᛬AJ ~[Seaxisc] ME
scalp ᛫ a crown ( the top of a head ) ᛫ N ~ NE‹N
scaly anteater ᛫ a pangolin ᛫ N scaly anteater NE
scathe ᛫ to injure ᛫ V ~ NE see: shathe
scatheful ᛫ causing harm or mischief ᛫ injurious ᛫ destructive ᛫ AJ ~ NE
scathefulness ᛫ injuriousness ᛫ destructiveness ᛫ N ~ NE
scathel ᛫ hurt ᛫ injury ᛬ harmful ᛫ noxious ᛫ injurious ᛫ mischievous ᛫ N᛬AJ ~ NE
scathing ᛫ harshly or bitterly critical ᛫ harmful or painful ᛫ acerbic ᛫ AJ ~ NE
scatterling ᛫ a vagabond ᛫ N ~ NE
schoolman skoolman ᛫ a professor ᛫ N [scolmann] NE
sclair ᛫ a veil ( worn on the head ) ᛫ N skleir/scleyre ME
Sclave Sclafe ᛫ a Slav ᛫ N(P) Sclā̆ve ME‹I "Slav" was a reborrowing?
score ᛫ the number of points goals runs etc achieved in a game ᛫ a set of twenty ᛬ to gain a point ᛫ N᛬V ~ NE‹N
Scotland ᛫ Scotland ᛫ N(P) ~ NE
scrawny ᛫ thin malnourished and weak ᛫ AJ ~ NE
screed ᛫ a long speech or piece of writing ( typically regarded as tedious ) ᛫ N ~ NE
scurf ᛫ flakes on the surface of the skin that form as fresh skin develops below ᛫ N ~ NE
seabladder ᛫ a Physalia physalis animal ( a Portuguese man-of-war ) ᛫ N ~ NE
seaborough seaboroug ᛫ a seaside settlement ᛫ N sǣburh OE
seacow seacue ᛫ a manatee ᛫ a dugong ᛫ a Sirenia mammal ᛫ N sea cow NE
seadeer ᛫ a sea creature ᛫ N sǣdēor OE
seadevil seadefil ᛫ a manta ray ᛫ N ~ NE
seaduck ᛫ a Fuligulinae bird ( an eider , a scoter ) ᛫ N ~ NE
sea-ear ᛫ a Haliotis mollusc ( an abalone , an ormer ) ᛫ N ~ NE also: ear shell
seaelfen ᛫ a sea nymph ᛫ N sǣælfen OE
seafareld ᛫ a sea passage ᛫ N sǣfæreld OE
seafarth ᛫ the sea shore ( poetic ) ᛫ N sǣfaroþ OE
seafear ᛫ thalassophobia ᛫ N sear+fear NE
seaganger ᛫ a mariner ᛫ a vessel ᛫ N sǣgenga OE
seagreen ᛫ a blueish green colour ᛫ of a blueish green colour ᛫ N sea-green NE
seahaven seahafen ᛫ a seaport ᛫ a town or city with a harbour for seagoing ships ᛫ N sea+haven NEx2 calque: zeehaven
seahawk ᛫ a Stercorarius bird ( a skua , a jaeger ) ᛫ N ~ NE
seahengest ᛫ a hippopotamus ᛫ N sǣhengest OE literally sea-horse
seahound seahund ᛫ a dogfish ᛫ a shark of the small bottom-dwelling variety ᛫ N ~ NE
sealeeth ᛫ a sea shanty ᛫ N sǣlēoþ OE
sealithing ᛫ seafaring ᛫ AJ sǣlīþende OE
sealore ᛫ oceanography ᛫ N ~ NE
sealth ᛫ happiness ᛫ fortune ᛫ prosperity ᛫ N sē̆lth[sǣlþ] ME
sealy ᛫ marine ᛫ thalassic ᛫ oceanic ᛫ AJ sǣlīc OE
seamanship seamanscip ᛫ skill of sailing ᛫ N ~ NE
seamy ᛫ sordid ᛫ disreputable ᛫ distasteful ᛫ ignoble ᛫ AJ ~ NE
seanettle seanettel ᛫ the jellyfish ᛫ N sea nettle NE
sear ᛫ to burn ᛫ to scorch ᛫ to wither ᛫ to dry up ᛫ to mark permanently ᛫ V ~ NE
searaven searafen ᛫ A Phalacrocoracidae bird ᛫ a cormorant ᛫ N ~ NE essentially a calque of cormorant
seareaver seareafer ᛫ a pirate ᛫ N ~ NE
seaswallow ᛫ a Sterninae bird ( a tern ) ᛫ N ~ NE
seaswamb ᛫ a seasponge ᛫ N sea+swamm NE+ME
seaswine ᛫ the porpoise ᛫ N ~ NE
seat ᛫ an ambush ᛬ to ambush ᛫ to lie in wait to ambush ᛫ N᛬V sǣt&sǣtian OE&OE
seatbone ᛫ an ischium ᛫ N seat+bone NEx2 calque: zitbeen, Sitzbein
seater ᛫ an insidiator ᛫ an ambusher ᛫ N sǣtere OE
seath ᛫ a pit ᛫ a hole ᛫ N seaþ OE
seawarth ᛫ the sea shore ᛫ N sǣwaroþ OE
seawight seawigt ᛫ a sea creature ᛫ N sǣwiht OE
sedge ᛫ a man ᛫ N segge[secg] ME
sedge ᛫ a Cyperaceae plant ᛫ N ~ NE
see ᛫ a pupil ( of the eye ) ᛫ N sēo OE
seech seec ᛫ to seek ᛫ to search ᛫ V sēchen{beseech} ME
seed ᛫ a purse ᛫ a money-bag ᛫ a coin-purse ᛫ a wallet ᛫ N seode&sēod ME&OE
seed ᛫ semen ᛫ sperm ᛫ one's descendants ᛫ N ~ NE
seedly ᛫ seminal ᛫ AJ sǣdlīc OE
seedtime ᛫ the time to sow seeds ᛫ a time for new development ᛫ N ~ NE
seedy ᛫ sleazy ᛫ untidy ᛫ full of seeds ᛫ infirm ᛫ suffering from a hangover ᛫ AJ ~ NE
seek ᛫ to search ᛫ V ~ NE
seeksorrow ᛫ a masochist ᛫ N ~ NE
seel ᛫ happiness ᛫ prosperity ᛫ a proper time ᛫ a good occasion ᛫ an opportunity ᛫ N sēle[sǣl] ME
seel ᛫ happiness ᛫ prosperity ᛫ good fortune ᛫ luck ᛫ N sele ME
seel ᛫ a large room ᛫ a hall ᛫ a large room for things like banquets ᛫ N sele{wunsēle} OE Finnish "sali" and OE rune poem used for definition
seely ᛫ happy ᛫ blissful ᛫ fortunate ᛫ lucky ᛫ auspicious ᛫ AJ sely ME
seem ᛫ to bring to an agreement ᛫ to reconcile ᛫ V sēmen ME
seem ᛫ to burden ᛫ to put a load on ᛫ V sēmen[sēman/sīman] ME
seem ᛫ to lie ᛫ to remain ᛫ to suspend ᛫ to hang ᛫ to hover ᛫ V seomian OE
seeming ᛫ apparent ᛫ AJ ~ NE
seemingly ᛫ apparently ᛫ decorously ᛫ AV ~ NE
seendly ᛫ visible ᛫ AJ see+end+ly NE+ME+NE
seer ᛫ a person who sees something specified ᛫ a prophet ᛫ N ~ NE
seethe ᛫ to digest ᛫ N ME
seethe ᛫ to boil ᛫ V ~ NE
seethe ᛫ to declare true ᛫ to affirm ᛫ to attest ᛫ to testify ᛫ V sēþan OE
seether ᛫ a boiler ᛫ N seethe+er NEx2
seething ᛫ an attestation ᛫ an affirmation ᛫ a proof ᛫ N sēþan+ing OE+NE
seethrough seethruge ᛫ transparent ᛫ translucent ᛫ AJ seethrough NE
selcouth selcooth ᛫ strange ᛫ unusual ᛫ peculiar ᛫ marvellous ᛫ miraculous ᛫ preternatural ᛫ AJ selcouth&selcūþ NE&OE
seld ᛫ rare ᛫ infrequent ᛬ infrequently ᛫ rarely ᛫ AJ᛬AV selde ME
seld ᛫ a chair ᛫ a seat ᛫ a throne ᛫ N sẹ̄lde[seld] ME or: sield? (vowel lengthened for at least some speakers)
seld ᛫ rare- ᛫ PREFIX seld OE
seldom ᛫ infrequent ᛫ rare ᛬ infrequently ᛫ rarely ᛫ AJ᛬AV ~ NE
seldomly ᛫ rarely ᛫ AV ~ NE
seldomness ᛫ rareness ᛫ rarity ᛫ uncommonness ᛫ N ~ NE
seldseen ᛫ rarely seen ᛫ rare ᛫ uncommon ᛫ unusual ᛫ AJ seldsēn ME
selfeater ᛫ a cannibal ᛫ N selfǣta OE
selfkill ᛫ to kill oneself ( accidentally or intentionally ) ᛫ V ~ NE
selfkiller ᛫ one who has killed oneself ( accidentally or intentionally ) ᛫ N ~ NE
selfly ᛫ personal ᛫ voluntary ᛫ AJ ~ NE
selfmurther ᛫ to suicide ᛫ V ~ NE
selfmurtherer ᛫ a suicide ( one who kills oneself ) ᛫ N selfmurther+er NEx2
selfpitch selfpic ᛫ autotune ᛬ to autotune ᛫ N᛬V self+pitch{autotune} NEx2 calque: Autotune
selfsame ᛫ identical ᛫ AJ ~ NE
selfsameness ᛫ identity ᛫ N ~ NE
selfshrithe selfscrithe ᛫ to automatically act or move ᛫ to motivate oneself ᛫ V self+shrithe NE+ME
selfshrithing selfscrithing ᛫ automatic ᛫ AJ self+shrithe+ing NE+ME+NE
selfstanding ᛫ independent ᛫ AJ ~ NE
selk ᛫ to become sluggish ᛫ V āseolcan OE
sellsword ᛫ mercenary ᛫ N ~ NE
selly ᛫ a marvel ᛫ a wonder ᛬ wonderful ᛫ admirable ᛫ N᛬AJ ~ NE
semp ᛫ mustard ᛫ N senep ME‹OE‹Þ‹I‹H
sen ᛫ very- ᛫ ever- ᛫ PREFIX sin OE survives in: sengreen
sench senc ᛫ to sink ᛫ to drown [ᛏ] ᛫ V senchen[sencan] ME
sendforth ᛫ a celebration or event to mark a person's departure ᛫ a send-off ᛫ N send-forth NE Nigerian English
sengreen ᛫ the houseleek ᛫ N ~ NE
sennight sennigt ᛫ a week ᛫ N ~ NE from "seven nights" in Old English
senshalk senscalk ᛫ seneschal ᛫ N sen+shalk ME+ME
Serbish Serbisc ᛫ Serbian ᛫ AJ Serb+ish NE+NE
sere ᛫ different ᛫ various ᛫ diverse ᛫ several ᛫ multiple ᛫ AJ sẹ̄r ME‹N
sere ᛫ dry ᛫ withered ᛫ AJ ~ NE
Sering ᛫ a Chinese person ? ᛫ N(P) Seringum OE‹I‹H of note: Σῆρες; Serica
set ᛫ a group ᛬ to place ᛫ to be located ᛫ to install ᛫ N᛬V ~{isetten} NE
setback ᛫ a regression ᛫ N ~ NE
setdeal ᛫ a set piece ᛫ N set+deal NEx2
setness ᛫ a constitution ᛫ a statute ᛫ an ordinance ᛫ N setnes ME
setting ᛫ a scenario ᛫ AJ ~ NE
settingtoken ᛫ an accidental ( in music ) ᛫ N setting+token NEx2 calque: Versetzungszeichen
settle settel ᛫ to solve ᛫ to come to rest ᛫ to colonize ᛫ to end a dispute or question ᛫ to resolve ᛫ V ~ NE
settler setteller ᛫ a colonist ᛫ N ~ NE
settling ᛫ a settlement ᛫ settlement ᛫ a colony ᛫ N ~ NE
settlings ᛫ sediment ᛫ dregs ᛫ N ~ NE
Sevan Mere Sefan ᛫ Sevan Lake ᛫ N(P) Sevan+mere NE‹O+NE
Seven Sisters Sefen ᛫ the Pleiades ᛫ N ~ NE
sevenleaf sefenleaf ᛫ a septfoil ᛫ N seofonlēafe OE
sew ᛫ juice ᛫ broth ᛫ sauce [ᚹ] ᛫ N sewe&sēaw ME&OE
shab scab ᛫ a scab ᛫ scabies ᛫ mange ᛫ N shab ME
shade scade ᛫ a ghost ᛫ a spectre ᛫ a phantom ᛫ rephaite ᛫ N ~ NE
shaft scaft ᛫ ( element suffix ) ᛫ SUFFIX shaft[gesceaft] ME
shaft scaft ᛫ a creation ᛫ a creature ᛫ an element ᛫ a substance ᛫ N shaft/ishaft&gesceaft ME&OE
shaftlore scaftlore ᛫ chemistry ( the study , not the mechanics) ᛫ N shaft+craft ME+NE
shaftmote scaftmote ᛫ an element particle ( an atom ) ᛫ N shaft+mote ME+NE
shag scag ᛫ A Phalacrocoracidae bird ᛫ a shag ᛫ a cormorant [ᚹ] ᛫ N ~ NE of sketchy origin, possibly German or Norse
shake scake ᛫ to quiver ᛫ to vibrate ᛫ to convulse ᛫ V ~ NE
shaky scaky ᛫ trembling ᛫ unstable ᛫ precarious ᛫ unreliable ᛫ AJ ~ NE
shale scale ᛫ a pod ᛫ a husk ᛫ a dish ᛫ a platter ᛫ a scale ( like of a fish ) ᛫ a weighing scale ᛫ N shale&shale&scealu NE&ME&OE
shalk scalk ᛫ an adult male human ᛫ a person ? ᛫ N shalk[scealc] ME
shallen scallen ᛫ testicles ᛫ N sceallan OE plural only
shallow scallow ᛫ superficial ᛫ AJ ~ NE
sham scam ᛫ a fabrication ᛫ a counterfeit ᛬ fabricated ᛫ counterfeit ᛫ N᛬AJ ~[shame?] NE
shamefast scamefast ᛫ bashful ᛫ modest ᛫ shy ᛫ shamefaced ᛫ AJ ~ NE
shand scand ᛫ a shame ᛫ a disgrace ᛫ infamy ᛫ ignominy ᛫ a scandal ᛫ N shand&scand NE&OE
shandly scandly ᛫ disgraceful ᛫ infamous ᛫ shameful ᛫ scandalous ᛫ AJ shandly&scandlīc NE&OE
shank scank ᛫ a leg ᛫ N shank[scanca] NE
shapeless scapeless ᛫ amorphous ᛫ AJ ~ NE
shapely scapely ᛫ attractive in shape ᛫ well-shaped ᛫ AJ ~ NE
shapewhile scapehwile ᛫ a destined time ᛫ N gescæphwīl OE
share scare ᛫ a groin ᛫ a pubic region ᛫ N shār[scearu/scaru] ME
sharebone scarebone ᛫ a pubis ᛫ N ~ NE
shareholder scareholder ᛫ one who owns shares in a corporation ᛫ N ~ NE
sharn scarn ᛫ dung ᛫ manure ᛫ N sharn[scearn] ME
sharp scarp ᛫ trenchant ᛫ acute ᛫ quick-witted ᛫ pungent ᛫ a semitone higher than the natural note ( music ) ᛫ AJ ~ NE
sharper scarper ᛫ a swindler ( especially in card games ) ᛫ N ~ NE
sharpshooter scarpscooter ᛫ a sniper ᛫ N ~ NE calque: Scharfschütze
shat scat ᛫ a coin ᛫ money ᛫ currency ᛫ N shat/schat&sceatt ME&OE
shathe scathe ᛫ a malefactor ᛫ harm ᛫ injury ᛬ to injure ᛫ to harm ᛫ to scathe ᛫ V shāthe&shāthien[sceaþian] ME&ME see: scathe
shatty scatty ᛫ treasurey ᛫ cute ᛫ AJ shat+y ME+NE calque: schattig
shaw scaw ᛫ a grove ᛫ a copse ᛫ a thicket ᛫ N shaw&shau[sceaga] NE&ME
sheaf sceaf ᛫ a bundle of objects of one kind ( especially paper ) ᛬ to bundle into sheaves ᛫ N᛬V ~ NE
shear scear ᛫ to pare ᛫ to prune ᛫ V ~ NE PST: shore ᛫ PTCP: shorn
shears scears ᛫ scissors ᛫ N ~ NE
shearsax scearsax ᛫ a razor ᛫ N scearseax OE
shearwater scearwater ᛫ a Procellariidae bird ᛫ N ~ NE
sheath sceath ᛫ a scabbard ᛫ N ~ NE
sheathe sceathe ᛫ to put a weapon back into its sheath ᛫ to encase something in protective covering ᛫ V ~ NE
shed sced ᛫ a distinction ᛫ a difference a dividing line ᛫ a division ᛫ a parting in head hair ᛬ to divide ᛫ to separate ᛫ to differentiate ᛫ to distinguish ᛫ N᛬V shed&shēd&ishēden[sceada] NE&ME&ME reverted, broad meaning
sheddy sceddy ᛫ distinctive ᛫ AJ shēd+y ME+NE
Shedland Scedland ᛫ Scania ᛫ Scandinavia [ᚹ] ᛫ N Scedeland OE
shedlore scedlore ᛫ chemistry ᛫ N shēd+lore ME+NE calque: scheikunde ᛫ based on purism invented by Simon Stevin
shedmaking scedmaking ᛫ differentiation ᛫ discrimination ᛫ N shēd+make+ing ME+NEx2 calque: onderscheid maken ᛫ based on: lovemaking
shedwise scedwise ᛫ discerning ᛫ AJ gescēadwīs OE
shedwiseness scedwiseness ᛫ discretion ᛫ N scādwīsnesse[gescēadwīsnes] ME
shee scee ᛫ to happen ᛫ to occur ᛫ V sēn&scēon ME&OE
shee scee ᛫ to quickly fly or run off ᛫ to die ( poetic ) ᛫ V scēon OE
sheen sceen ᛫ to fragment ᛫ to crack open an oyster ᛫ N shēnen[scǣnan] ME
sheen sceen ᛫ an attractive gleam ᛬ to shine ᛫ to gleam ᛬ beautiful ᛫ attractive ᛫ radiant ᛫ shiny ᛫ N᛬V᛬AJ ~[scīene] NE
sheepflesh sceepflesc ᛫ mutton ᛫ N ~ NE
sheepish sceepisc ᛫ meek ᛫ timid ᛫ AJ ~ NE
sheeply sceeply ᛫ ovine ᛫ AJ scēaplic OE
sheer sceer ᛫ pure ᛫ unadulterated ᛫ pristine ᛫ AJ ~ NE
Sheer Thursday Sceer Thursday ᛫ Maundy Thursday ᛫ N(P) Sheer Thursday NE or: Sheer Thunderday
sheerly sceerly ᛫ purely ᛫ AV ~ NE
sheerness sceerness ᛫ purity ᛫ N sheer+ness NEx2
sheet sceet ᛫ a broad thin piece of material ᛫ N ~{scēat} NE
sheld sceld ᛫ variegated ᛫ AJ sheld ME
sheldgoose sceldgoose ᛫ a Centrornis bird ᛫ a Chloephaga bird ᛫ N ~ NE
shelduck scelduck ᛫ any Tadorna bird ᛫ N ~ NE
shellhouse scellhuse ᛫ a grotto ( room ) ᛫ N ~ NE
shellpad scellpad ᛫ a turtle ᛫ a tortoise ᛫ N ~ NE
shelve scelfe ᛫ to put something on a shelf ᛫ to put a project on hold indefinitely ᛫ to postpone indefinitely ᛫ V ~ NE
shench scenc ᛫ a drink ᛫ a draught ᛫ a cup ᛬ Aquarius ᛬ to pour ᛫ to serve a drink ᛫ N᛬N(P)᛬V shenche&shenchen[scenc] ME&ME
shend scend ᛫ to embarrass ᛫ to besmirch ᛫ to shame ᛫ V shend&shenden[scendan] NE&ME PST: shent ᛫ PTCP: shent
shepherd scepherd ᛫ a sheep herder ᛫ a pastor ᛬ to tend sheep ᛫ to give guidance ᛫ N᛬V ~ NE
shepherd leeth scepherd leeth ᛫ an eclogue ( a poem about life as a shepherd free from the complexity and corruption of city life ) ᛫ N shepherd+lēth NE+ME
shepherdly scepherdly ᛫ pastoral ᛫ AJ ~ NE
sheriff sceriff ᛫ an official of a shire ᛫ an elected officer responsible for keeping peace in a county ᛫ N ~ NE
sheriffdom sceriffdom ᛫ the office and domain of a sheriff ᛫ a shrievalty ᛫ N ~ NE
shewel scewel ᛫ a scarecrow ᛫ N sheueles ME
shide scide ᛫ a piece of hewn timber ᛫ a plank ᛫ a small fragment of wood ᛫ a splinter ᛫ a chip ᛫ N shīd ME
shidewall scidewall ᛫ a palisade ᛫ a stockade ᛫ N scid wal ME
shieldend sceeldend ᛫ a protector ᛫ a guardian ᛫ a defender ᛫ N scildend OE
shieldock sceeldock ᛫ a small shield ᛫ a buckler ᛫ N shield+ock NEx2
shieldtrum sceeldtrum ᛫ a compact body of troops forming a battle array shield wall or phalanx ᛫ N schiltron NE literally: shield troop
shifty scifty ᛫ evasive ( in a dishonest way ) ᛫ dishonest ᛫ unreliable ᛫ AJ ~ NE
shild scild ᛫ debt ᛫ fault ᛫ N shild ME
shildy scildy ᛫ guilty ᛫ at fault ᛫ in debt ᛫ AJ shildī ME
shill scill ᛫ to sound loudly ᛫ to resound ᛬ loud ᛫ resounding ᛫ shrill ᛫ audible ᛫ melodious ᛫ V shillen[scillan]&shil[scill] ME&ME
shilling scilling ᛫ the standard unit in a system of currency ( a pound , a dollar , a solidus , a shekel , etc ) [ᚹ] N shilling&scilling NE&OE SEE NOTE
shillyshally scillyscally ᛫ to fail to act resolutely or decisively ᛫ V shillyshally NE
shinbone scinbone ᛫ a tibia ᛫ N ~ NE
shinbour scinbor ᛫ a greave ᛫ N shin+beorg{healsbeorg} NE+OE
shinecraft scinecraft ᛫ the art of show magic ? ᛫ N scīncræft OE
shinecrafter scinecrafter ᛫ a show magician ? ᛫ N scīncræftiga OE
shinedwale scinedwale ᛫ a delusion or illusion made by magic ᛫ N scīngedwola OE
shinelock scinelock ᛫ magic ᛫ sorcery ᛫ fantasy ᛫ delusion superstition ᛫ a spectre ᛫ a phantom ᛫ an apparition ᛫ N scīnlāc OE
shinelocker scinelocker ᛫ a magician ᛫ a sorcerer ᛫ a mage ᛫ N scīnlǣca OE
shinely scinely ᛫ phantasmal ᛫ spectral ᛫ AJ scīnlīc OE
ship scip ᛫ a condition ᛫ a position ( such as clerk ) ᛫ a stipend ᛫ N shipe[scipe] ME
shipbone scipbone ᛫ a scaphoid bone ᛫ N ship+bone NEx2 calque: os scaphoidum
shipbreach scipbreac ᛫ a shipwreck ᛫ N shipbreche ME
shipferd scipferd ᛫ a naval force ᛫ N scipfird OE
shipheer scipheer ᛫ a navy ᛫ N sciphere OE
shiplord sciplord ᛫ a captain of a ship ᛫ N sciphlāford OE
shiply sciply ᛫ naval ᛫ AJ sciplīc OE
shipman scipman ᛫ a sailor ᛫ a seaman ᛫ N shipman ME
shipper scipper ᛫ a sailor ᛫ a mariner ᛫ N ~ NE
shippon scippon ᛫ a cattle shed ᛫ N ~[scypen] NE
shipshape scipscape ᛫ in good order ᛫ AJ ~ NE
shipwright scipwrigt ᛫ a builder of ships ᛫ N ~ NE
shire scire ᛫ a county ᛫ a prefecture ᛫ a region ᛫ a district ᛫ a province ᛫ N shire&shīre[scir] NE&ME
shit scit ᛫ excrement ᛫ faeces ᛫ poop ᛫ crap ᛬ to excrete ᛫ to defecate ᛫ to poop ᛫ to crap ᛫ N᛬V ~ NE or: shite
Shith Scith ᛫ a Scythian ᛫ an Ossetian ᛫ N(P) Sciþþeas OE
Shithish Scithisc ᛫ Scythian language ( Ossetian language by extention ) ᛬ Scythian ( Ossetian by extention ) ᛫ N(P)᛬AJ(P) Sciþþisc OE
shive scife ᛫ a slice ᛫ a disk [ᚹ] ᛫ N ~ NE kin: schijf
shivel scifel ᛫ a woman's headscarf ᛫ N scyfel OE
shiver scifer ᛫ to tremble ( especially from cold ) ᛫ V ~ NE
shoal scoal ᛫ an area of shallow water ᛬ shallow ᛫ N᛬AJ ~ NE
shoal scoal ᛫ a sandbar ᛫ a large group ᛬ to shallow ᛫ to school (as in fish) ᛬ shallow ᛫ N᛬V᛬AJ ~[scolu] NE kin: school
shock scock ᛫ a jolt ᛬ to jolt ᛫ N᛬V ~ NE‹I‹?
shoemaker scoemaker ᛫ a cobbler ᛫ N ~ NE
shoestring scoestring ᛫ a shoelace ᛫ N ~ NE
Shooter Scooter ᛫ Sagittarius ᛫ N(P) shēter[scytta] ME
shootingstar scootingstar ᛫ a meteor ᛫ N shooting star NE
shop scop ᛫ a poet ᛫ N scop ME
shoppy scoppy ᛫ poetic ᛫ figurative [ᚹ] ᛫ AJ scoplic OE
shopsteward scopsteward ᛫ a union representative ᛫ N shop steward NE
shore score ᛫ coast ᛫ N ~ NE
shorelark scorelark ᛫ the Eremophila alpestris bird ᛫ N ~ NE or: hornedlark
shorthand scorthand ᛫ stenography ᛬ compendious ᛫ N᛬AJ ~ NE
shortrifle scortrifel ᛫ carbine ᛫ N short+rifle NEx2‹NL
shortsweetening scortsweetening ᛫ sugar ᛫ N ~ NE South & Midland US
shot scot ᛫ a tax ᛫ N shot[scot] ME
shotfree scotfree ᛫ free of tax ᛫ AJ scotfree NE
shotgun scotgun ᛫ a smooth-bore close-range gun ᛫ N ~ NE
shoulderblade scoulderblade ᛫ a scapula ᛫ N ~ NE or: shoulderbone, bladebone
shove scuf ᛫ a push ᛬ to push ᛫ to impel ᛫ to propel ᛫ V ~[shǒuven][scūfan] NE
show up scow ᛫ to appear ( often when not expected or when in doubt ) ᛫ V ~ NE
shower scower ᛫ one who shows ᛫ a revealer ᛫ a guide ᛫ N sheuer[scēawere] ME
showglass scowglass ᛫ a display case ᛫ a display cabinet ᛫ a showcase ᛫ N ~ NE
showman scowman ᛫ a performer ᛫ N ~ NE
showmanship scowmanscip ᛫ skill of performing ᛫ N ~ NE
shraff scraff ᛫ a cave ᛫ a cavern ᛫ a den ᛫ N shraf&scræf ME&OE plural: shraves (by analogy with "staves"); shraffs
shree scree ᛫ to cry out ᛫ to shriek ᛫ V scrēon OE
shreemark screemark ᛫ an exclamation point ( ! ) ᛫ N shriek-mark NE
shrench screnc ᛫ to make shrivel ᛫ to make shrink ᛫ V shrenchen[gescrencan] ME causative of "shrink"
shrench screnc ᛫ to decieve ᛫ to ensnare ᛫ V shrenchen[screncan] ME
shrew screw ᛫ a Soricidae mammal ᛫ N ~ NE
shrewd screwd ᛫ astute ᛫ AJ ~ NE
shrewish screwisc ᛫ ( of a woman ) bad-tempered or aggressively assertive ᛫ AJ ~ NE
shride scride ᛫ to clothe ᛫ to dress ᛫ V shrīden ME or: shridefinn?; shrithefinn?; shrithfinn?
Shridfinn Scridfinn ᛫ a Laplander ᛫ a Sami person ᛫ a Lapp ᛫ N(P) Scridefinnas OE
shrift scrift ᛫ confession ( especially to a priest ) ᛫ absolution by a priest ᛫ N ~ NE‹Þ‹I
shriftfather scriftfather ᛫ a confessor ᛫ a priest who hears confessions ᛫ N ~ NE
shrike scrike ᛫ a Laniidae bird ᛫ a shriek ᛫ N ~{scriccettan} NE
shrink scrink ᛫ a psychiatrist ᛫ a therapist ᛫ N ~ NE
shrithe scrithe ᛫ to move ( oneself ) ᛫ V scrīþan OE borrowed into New English by Kevin Crossley-Holland
shrive scrife ᛫ to hear or give a confession ᛫ V ~ NE‹I PT: shrove ᛫ PTCP: shriven
shroud scrude ᛫ a cover ( especially clothing ) ᛬ to cover ᛫ N᛬V ~ NE
shrubland scrubland ᛫ a brushland ᛫ a stretch of shrub-filled land ᛫ N ~ NE
shrutten scrutten ᛫ to scrutinize ᛫ V scrutnian/scrudnian OE
shruttening scruttening ᛫ a scrutinizing ᛫ an investigation ᛫ an examination ᛫ N scrutnung OE
shuck scuck ᛫ a demon ᛫ a devil ᛫ Satan ᛫ N shucke[scucca] ME
shunworthy scunworthy ᛫ reproachable ᛫ AJ ~ NE
shurt scurt ᛫ to amuse oneself ᛫ to enjoy oneself ᛫ V shurten[scyrtan?] ME
shuttle scuttel ᛫ a form of transport that travels regularly between two places ᛫ a bus ᛫ N ~ NE
shuttle scuttel ᛫ a shutting mechanism such as a bolt or a bar ᛫ N scyttels OE
shy scy ᛫ to urge ᛫ to prompt ᛫ V scȳan OE
sib ᛫ a sibling ᛫ a relative ᛫ a kinsman ᛬ to reconcile ᛫ to become related ᛬ blood related ᛫ related ( figurative ) ᛫ N᛬V᛬AJ ~ NE
siblair ᛫ incest ᛫ N sibleger OE
sibred ᛫ relationship ( including by marriage ) ᛫ consanguinity ᛫ N sibrede ME
sibsome sibsum ᛫ peaceable ᛫ pacific ᛫ AJ isibsom ME
sibword ᛫ a cognate ᛫ N sib+word OE+NE
sick ᛫ ill ᛫ unwell ᛫ morbid distasteful ᛫ AJ ~ NE "ill" is from Norse
sicken ᛫ to become or make sick or disgusted ᛫ V ~ NE
sickening ᛫ disgusting ᛫ revolting ᛫ repulsive ᛫ AJ ~ NE
sicker ᛫ to assure ᛫ to ensure ᛫ to confirm ᛬ dependable ᛫ safe ᛫ secure ᛫ stable ᛫ genuine ᛫ reliable ᛫ certain ᛫ V᛬AJ sikeren&sicker[sicor] ME‹OE‹I
sickerhood ᛫ security ᛫ N sikerhēde ME
sickerly ᛫ surely ᛫ certainly ᛫ indeed ᛫ ADV sikerlī ME‹(I+E)
sickerness ᛫ certainty ᛫ assurance ᛫ security ᛫ N sikernes ME
sickhouse sickhuse ᛫ hospital ᛫ N ~ NE
Sickilish Sickilisc ᛫ Sicilian ᛫ AJ Sicilisc OE
sickly ᛫ often ill ᛫ indicative of poor health ᛫ nauseating ᛫ AJ ~ NE
sickness ᛫ illness ailment disease ᛫ N ~ NE
sickwain ᛫ an ambulance ᛫ N sick+wain NEx2 calque: ziekenwagen
sid ᛫ good conduct ᛫ moral behaviour ᛫ modesty ᛫ morality ᛫ a custom ᛫ a manner ᛫ a practice ᛫ a habit ᛫ N sidu[sido] OE
sidden ᛫ magical soothsaying ? ᛫ seiðr ? ᛫ necromancy ? ᛫ N ælfsidene/ælfsidenne OE see: sidesa
sideheadbone ᛫ a parietal bone ᛫ N ~[sidebone] NE
sidekir ᛫ an alternative ᛫ N side+kire NE+ME
sidekirry ᛫ alternative ᛫ AJ side+kire+y NE+ME+NE
sidelings ᛫ sideways ᛫ alongside ᛫ furtively ᛫ AV ~ NE
sidestand ᛫ to parallel ᛫ V side+stand NEx2
sidestander ᛫ a parallel ᛫ N side+stand+er NEx3
sidestep ᛫ to bypass ᛫ N᛬V ~ NE
sidewain ᛫ a sidecar ᛫ N side+wain NEx2 calque: Seitenwagen
sidewalk ᛫ pavement ᛫ N ~ NE
sieve seefe ᛫ to sift ᛫ to strain ᛫ to temse ᛫ V ~ NE
sieve out seefe ute ᛫ to remove unwanted items ᛫ V ~ NE
sievebone seefebone ᛫ an ethmoid bone ᛫ N ~ NE
sift ᛫ to examine thoroughly so as to isolate that which is important or sought after ᛫ V ~ NE
sight sigt ᛫ view ᛬ to observe ᛫ N᛬V ~ NE
sighter sigter ᛫ a watery ditch ? ᛫ N seohtre OE
sightfield sigtfeeld ᛫ a field of vision ᛫ a field of view ᛫ N sight+field NEx2
sightlore sigtlore ᛫ optometry ᛫ N sight+lore NEx2
sightly sigtly ᛫ pleasing to the eye ᛫ AJ ~ NE
sightseeing sigtseeing ᛫ tourism ᛫ N ~ NE
sike ᛫ a small stream or rill ( typically one that flows through marshy ground and is often dry in summer ) ᛫ N ~ NE
sile ᛫ a cruck ᛫ a curved support beam meant to meet up with a twin ᛫ N sīle[sȳl] ME
Sile ᛫ the Sun ᛫ Sol ᛫ N(P) sigel OE
Sile ᛫ ᛋ ᛫ N(P) sigel OE
Siler ᛫ a Nubian ᛫ an Ethiopian ᛫ a Cushite ᛫ N(P) sigelwara OE
Silerland ᛫ Nubia ᛫ Ethiopia ᛫ Cush ᛫ N(P) sigelwara+land OE+NE
silewharve silehwarfe ᛫ a heliotrope flower ᛫ N sigelhweorfa OE
sill ᛫ a foundation beam ᛫ a slab at the foot of an opening ᛫ N sill&syll NE&OE found in "windowsill"
sillen ᛫ a gift ᛫ a donation ᛫ N silen&selen/sylen ME&OE
silverking silferking ᛫ a Megalops fish ( a tarpon ) ᛫ N ~ NE
silvern silfern ᛫ made of silver ᛫ AJ ~ NE
silverside silferside ᛫ an Atheriniformes fish ᛫ N ~ NE
silverthaw silferthaw ᛫ verglas ᛫ glaze ice ᛫ N ~ NE
silverware silferware ᛫ dishes containers or cutlery made of or coated with silver ᛫ eating and serving utensils made of any material ᛫ cutlery ᛫ N ~ NE
simble simbel ᛫ continually ᛫ continuously ᛫ AV simble[simbel] OE
simble simbel ᛫ a feast ᛫ a banquet ᛫ a festival ᛫ a symposium ᛫ a party [ᚹ] ᛫ N symbel OE kin: symposium (Greek)?
simbleday simbelday ᛫ a feast day ᛫ a festival day ᛫ N symbeldæg OE
simblely simbely ᛫ festive ᛫ AJ symbellīc OE
simbleness simbelness ᛫ festivity ᛫ N symbelness OE
simbletide simbeltide ᛫ a festival period ᛫ N symbeltīd OE
sinboot ᛫ amends for sin ᛫ penance ᛫ N synbōt OE
since sinse ᛫ because ᛫ C ~ NE
sind ᛫ are ( plural only ) ᛫ V sind[sind] ME use not recommended
Sine ᛫ Seine ( river in France ) ᛫ N(P) Sigen OE from the Anglo Saxon Chronicle
sine ᛫ his ᛫ her ᛫ its ᛫ their ᛫ N(PRO) sīn OE optional pronoun
sinew ᛫ a tendon ᛫ a nerve ᛫ N ~ NE
sinewy ᛫ strong ᛫ muscular ᛫ AJ ~ NE
singale ᛫ continuous ᛫ continual ᛫ AJ singāle&singal ME&OE "sin-gale" not "sing-ale"
singale rimecraft ᛫ calculus ᛫ N singāle+rimcræft ME+NE
singaleness ᛫ perseverance ᛫ constancy ᛫ N singalness OE
singe ᛫ to slightly burn ᛫ V ~ NE
singsong ᛫ a simple and melodic verse ᛫ bad poetry or music ᛬ to make bad music or poetry ᛬ simple and melodic ᛫ N᛬V᛬AJ ~ NE
sink ᛫ treasure ( like gold and jewels ) ᛫ N sinc OE
sinkroom ᛫ a scullery ᛫ a back kitchen ᛫ N sink-room NE or: dishroom; washroom
sinkstone ᛫ a jewel ᛫ N sincstān OE
sinkvat sinkfat ᛫ a receptacle for treasure a casket ᛫ N sincfæt OE
sinkyeaver sinkyeafer ᛫ treasure-giver ( a lord who rewards his thanes ) ᛫ N sincgiefa OE or: sinkgiver (Norse influenced)
sinwelt ᛫ round ᛫ circular ᛫ cylindrical ᛫ AJ sinewealt&seonuwealt ME&OE literally: ever-rolled?
sir ᛫ to plan ᛫ to plot ᛫ to devise ᛫ to machinate ᛫ V sirwen&sirwan ME&OE kin: searu
siring ᛫ buttermilk ᛫ N sȳring OE
sister ᛫ a female member of a religious order ᛫ N ~ NE
sisterhood ᛫ a sorority ᛫ N ~ NE
sisterly ᛫ sororal ᛫ AJ ~ NE
sitch sic ᛫ a stream ᛫ a ditch ᛫ the side of a field ᛫ N sī̆ch[sīc] ME or: sike (northern variant)
sithe ᛫ a journey ᛫ one's journey through life ᛫ an occasion ᛫ a point in time ᛬ to journey ᛫ to travel ᛫ N᛬V sīth ME
sithe ᛫ after ᛫ P&C sīþ OE
sithefat ᛫ a passage ᛫ a journey ᛫ a road ᛫ a path ᛫ a course ᛫ N siþfæt OE
sithen ᛫ since then ᛫ after that ᛫ after then ᛫ C ~ NE or: sithens; sith ᛫ "since" is a short version of this word
sither ᛫ a fellow ᛫ a companion ᛫ N gesīþa OE
sithes ᛫ multiplied by ᛫ P sīthes ME kin: sīth
sitheship sithescip ᛫ a society ᛫ a fellowship ᛫ fellowship ᛫ companionship ᛫ N gesīþscipe OE
sittingroom ᛫ a parlour ᛫ a living room ᛫ N sitting-room NE
sivestone sifestone ᛫ tufa ᛫ N seive-stone ENE rhyme: give stone
skent ᛫ to entertain ᛫ to amuse ᛫ V skenten ME‹N kin: skemmta (N)
skill ᛫ to distinguish ᛫ V skillen ME‹N
skimp ᛫ to economize ᛫ to be stingy ᛫ to be sparing of ᛫ V ~ NE
skindeep ᛫ superficial ᛫ AJ skindeep NE‹(N+E) or: hidedeep (skin is Norse)
skinflint ᛫ a miser ᛫ N ~ NE‹(N+E)
skinship skinscip ᛫ bonding through physical contact ᛫ N skin+ship NE‹N+NE calque: スキンシップ
skyline ᛫ the horizon ᛫ N ~ NE‹(N+E)
slade ᛫ a dingle ᛫ a small valley ᛫ N ~[slā̆de][slæd] NE
slail ᛫ a pick ( plectrum ) ᛫ N slegel OE
slake ᛫ to slacken ᛫ to become less energetic ᛫ to weaken ᛫ to decrease ᛫ to become extinct ᛫ to quench ᛫ to cool with liquid ᛫ V ~ NE
slaked lime ᛫ calcium hydroxide ᛫ hydrated lime ᛫ N ~ NE
slang ᛫ jargon ᛫ N ~ NE
slaught slaugt ᛫ a slaughter ᛫ N slaught ME kin: slay ᛫ Slaughter is Norse
slaughthouse slaugthouse ᛫ slaughterhouse ᛫ N slaught+house NEx2
slay ᛫ to kill ᛫ V ~ NE
slayer ᛫ a killer ᛫ N ~ NE
sleave sleafe ᛫ to separate threads ᛫ to divide ᛫ V sleave[slǣfan] NE
sledge ᛫ a toboggan ᛫ a sleigh ᛫ N ~ NE
sleepern ᛫ a dorter ᛫ a dormitory ᛫ N slǣpærn OE
sleeplessness ᛫ insomnia ᛫ N ~ NE
sleepy ᛫ soporific ᛫ AJ ~ NE
sleevefish sleefefisc ᛫ a squid ᛫ N sleeve-fish NE or: seasleeve
sleight sleigt ᛫ the use of dexterity or cunning ( especially so as to deceive ) ᛫ N ~ NE‹N rhyme: bright
sletch slec ᛫ to ease ᛫ to relieve ᛫ to relax ᛫ V slechen[gesleccan] ME
slew ᛫ a Mugilidae fish ( a mullet ) ᛫ N slīw OE
slick ᛫ a film of oil ᛬ smooth wet and slippery ᛫ N᛬AJ ~ NE
slicked ᛫ lubricated ᛫ oiled ᛫ AJ ~ NE
slidder ᛫ slippery ᛫ uncertain ᛫ duplicitous ᛫ treacherous ᛫ AJ slider ME
slike ᛫ to smoothen ᛫ to polish ᛫ to flatter ᛫ V slīke[slīcian] ME
slipup ᛫ to err ᛫ to make a mistake ᛫ V ~ NE
slite ᛫ deterioration ᛫ N ~[slītan] NE
slithe ᛫ dire ᛫ dangerous perilous ᛫ AJ slīþe OE
slive slife ᛫ to cut a sliver off something ᛫ to cut ᛫ to slice ᛫ V ~ NE
sliver slifer ᛫ a small slice ᛫ a small fraction of something ᛫ N ~ NE
sloom ᛫ gentle sleep ᛫ N ~ NE
sloppy ᛫ messy ᛫ AJ ~ NE
slot ᛫ a musical clef [ᚹ] ᛫ N ~ NE‹NL/LG calque: Schlüssel; sleutel
sloth ᛫ laziness ᛫ N ~ NE
slothful ᛫ lazy ᛫ AJ ~ NE
slouch sluce ᛫ a lubber ᛫ a lout ᛫ a slacker ᛬ to walk in a stooping way ᛫ to pull one's hat or hood into one's face to conceal it ᛫ N᛬V ~ NE
slough sluge ᛫ a swamp ᛫ a mire ᛫ N [slōh] NE rhyme: plough
slough sluge ᛫ discarded skin ᛬ to shed skin ᛫ to shed ᛫ to discard ᛫ N᛬V ~ NE rhyme: tough
slowheart ᛫ bradycardia ᛫ N slow+heart NEx2 calque: bradycardia
slur ᛫ an insult ᛬ to insult ᛫ N᛬V ~ NE
smack ᛫ heroin ᛫ N ~[schmeck] NE‹HG
smack ᛫ a taste ᛬ to taste ᛫ N᛬V ~ NE‹NL? see: smatch
smack of ᛫ to taste of ᛫ to come across as ᛫ V ~ NE‹NL?
smackbound smackbund ᛫ bound to taste or opinion ᛫ subjective ᛫ AJ smack+bound NE
small ᛫ miniature ᛫ diminutive ᛫ petite ᛫ unimportant ᛫ AJ ~ NE Needful to wend words like 'diminutive'.
smallminded ᛫ petty ᛫ having narrow interests sympathies or outlook ᛫ narrow-minded ᛫ AJ ~ NE
smart ᛫ pain ᛬ to hurt ᛫ to pain ᛬ sharp ᛫ sharp minded ᛫ intelligent ᛫ N᛬V᛬AJ ~ NE
smartful ᛫ painful ᛫ AJ ~ NE
smarting ᛫ suffering ᛫ AJ ~ NE
smarts ᛫ intelligence ᛫ know-how ᛫ a kind of cunning in a particular field ᛫ N ~ NE
smatch smac ᛫ a taste ᛫ a slight trace ᛬ to taste ᛫ N᛬V smatch&smach&smacchen NE&ME&ME see: smack
smatch of smac ᛫ to taste of ᛫ to come across as ᛫ V smacchen of ME
smatter ᛫ a slight superficial knowledge of subject ᛬ a small amount of something ᛫ N᛬V ~ NE
smear ᛫ to smear ᛫ to anoint ᛫ V smear&ismēren NE&ME
smearle smearel ᛫ ointment ᛫ lotion ᛫ N smēreles ME
smeat ᛫ refined ( of gold ) ᛫ refined ( by extension ) ᛫ AJ smeat/smēte ME
smeddum ᛫ powder ( especially fine powder ) ᛫ fine flower ᛫ N ~[smeodoma] NE
smeech smeec ᛫ smoke ᛫ dense vapour ᛬ to emit smoke ᛫ to emit vapor ᛫ V ~ NE
smeek ᛫ to fumigate ᛫ V ~ NE kin: smoke
smeeth ᛫ to become smooth ᛫ to make smooth ᛫ to expedite [ᚹ] ᛫ V smethen ME kin: smooth
smellbrain ᛫ the rhinencephalon ᛫ N smellbrain NE
smey ᛫ to scrutinize ᛫ to meditate on ᛫ V smēȝen[smeagan] ME
smicker ᛫ elegant ᛫ fine ᛫ beautiful ᛫ AJ ~[smiker][smicer] NE
smile ᛫ a burrow ᛫ a hollow ᛫ a cuniculus ᛫ a place to creep into ᛫ a smial ( a Hobbit-hole ) ᛫ N smygel OE
smilt ᛫ calm ᛫ serene ᛫ tranquil ᛫ placid ᛫ AJ smilte&smylte ME&OE
smiltness ᛫ calmness ᛫ serenity ᛫ tranquillity ᛫ peace ᛫ N smyltness OE
smit ᛫ to contaminate ᛫ to infect ᛫ to stain ᛫ to tarnish ᛫ to sully ᛫ V ~[smitten][smittian] NE
smite ᛫ to strike hard ᛫ to defeat ᛫ V ~ NE PST: smote ᛫ PTCP: smitten
smith ᛫ a worker in metal ᛬ to treat metal by heating hammering and forging it ᛫ N᛬V smith NE
smithe ᛫ a smithy ᛫ a blacksmith's workshop ᛫ N smithe[smiþþe] ME
smithy ᛫ a forge ᛫ the workshop of a smith ᛫ N smithy NE
smitting ᛫ infectious ᛫ contagious ᛫ AJ ~ NE
smittle smittel ᛫ infectious ᛫ AJ ~ NE Scottish
smock ᛫ a chemise ᛫ a blouse ( especially a long one ) ᛫ a loose overall which protects one's clothes ᛫ N ~ NE
smoke ᛫ a cigar ᛫ a cigarette ᛫ N smoca/smoke OE&NE
smokestack ᛫ a chimney ᛫ N ~ NE‹(E+N)
smore ᛫ to suffocate ᛫ V smore&smorian NE&OE
smother ᛫ a mass of something that stifles or obscures ᛬ to cover with a suffocating effect ᛫ to braise ( stove-top style ) ᛫ N᛬V ~ NE
smow smue ᛫ to creep ᛫ to crawl ᛫ V smūȝen[smūgan] OE rhyme: now
snake ᛫ a serpent ᛫ N ~ NE
snakefear ᛫ ophidiophobia ᛫ N snake+fear NEx2
snapshot snapscot ᛫ a picture ( especially when taken hastily ) ᛫ a glimpse ᛫ a brief portrayal ᛫ N ~ NE‹(NL+E) or: shot (for short)
snarch snarc ᛫ to shrivel ᛫ to dehydrate ᛫ V snarchen&sneorcan ME&OE
snead ᛫ a cut ᛫ a slice ᛫ a morsel ᛬ to cut to pieces ᛫ to slice to shreds ᛫ N᛬V snead&tọ̄̆snēden NE&ME
snead ᛫ the handle of a scythe ᛫ N snǣd{snēde} OE
sneakers ᛫ trainers ᛫ N ~ NE
snell ᛫ quick ᛫ fast ᛫ rapid ᛫ AJ ~[snel] NE
snid ᛫ an incision ᛫ N snide OE
snide ᛫ counterfeit ᛫ AJ ~ NE
snidiron ᛫ a lancet ᛫ N snidīsen OE means "incision iron"?
snit ᛫ a fit of rage ᛫ a tantrum ᛫ N ~ NE‹?
snite ᛫ a snipe ᛫ a Gallinago gallinago bird ᛫ a Lymnocryptes minima bird ᛫ N snite[snīte/snyghte] NE
snite ᛫ to blow one's nose ᛫ to blow or snuff out a candle ᛫ V snite&snīten[snȳtan] NE&ME
sniter ᛫ a sniper ᛫ N snite+er NEx2 "snipe" is Norse
snithe ᛫ to cut ᛫ to slice ᛫ to amputate ᛫ V snithe&snīþan NE&OE
snithy ᛫ cutting ᛫ sharp ᛫ AJ ~ NE
snitter ᛫ prudence ᛫ sagacity ᛫ N snitere&snytro ME&OE
snood ᛫ a band ribbon cap or hat for keeping hair in place ᛫ N ~[snōd] NE
snore ᛫ daughter-in-law ᛫ a sister-in-law ᛫ N snore&snoru ME&OE
snoter ᛫ prudent ᛫ sagacious ᛫ AJ snoter[snotor] ME
snoterly ᛫ wise ᛫ prudent ᛫ philosophical ᛬ wisely ᛫ prudently ᛫ philosophically ᛫ AJ᛬AV snotorlīc&snotorlīce OE
snoterness ᛫ wisdom ᛫ intelligence ᛫ spiritual enlightenment ᛫ N snoterness ME
snoud snude ᛫ quickly ᛫ swiftly ᛫ AJ᛬AV snūde OE
snowhen ᛫ a Lagopus bird ( a ptarmigan ) ᛫ N snow+hen NEx2 calque: sneeuwhoen; Schneehuhn
snowslide ᛫ an avalanche ᛫ N ~ NE
snowstorm ᛫ a blizzard ᛫ N ~ NE
snowwold ᛫ a stretch of taiga ᛫ N snow+wold NE or: snowwood
snug ᛫ trim ᛫ close-fitting ᛫ comfortable ᛫ cozy ᛫ cosy ᛫ AJ ~ NE
so as to ᛫ in order to ᛫ AV ~ NE
so say ᛫ according to ᛫ V ~ NE "They're green, so says John."
soaksome soaksum ᛫ bibulous ᛫ AJ soak+some NEx2 invented by William Barnes
soal ᛫ a dirty pond ᛫ mire ᛫ mud ᛫ N sol OE
Soalmonth ᛫ February ᛫ N(P) Solmonaþ OE of note: Sowlegrove
soapapple soapappel ᛫ a Chlorogalum pomeridianum plant ᛫ N ~ NE
sodden ᛫ soaked ᛫ saturated with liquid ᛫ having drunk an excessive amount of something ᛫ AJ ~ NE
softshaded softscaded ᛫ pastel ( of a soft and delicate shade of a colour ) ᛫ AJ soft+shade+ed NEx3
softship softscip ᛫ a situation marked by ease comfort or convenience ᛫ the opposite of hardship ᛫ N ~ NE
software ᛫ the programs and other operating information used by a computer ᛫ N ~ NE
sokeman ᛫ one who holds soken rights ᛫ N ~ NE
soken ᛫ a search ᛫ a search for levying fees and fines ᛫ a district under the jurisdiction of such searches ᛫ N soke&socn NE&OE or: soke
sole ᛫ a rope or a wooden yoke ( especially one used to tether cattle ) ᛫ N sōl[sāl] ME
sole ᛫ to soil ᛫ to dirty ᛫ to sully ᛬ soiled ᛫ dirty ᛫ sullied ᛫ V᛬AJ sōle&sole[sol] ME&ME
solken ᛫ slothful ᛫ indolent ᛫ lazy ᛫ AJ āsolcen OE
some sum ᛫ -ous (suffix of characterization) ᛫ SUFFIX ~ NE
somedeal sumdeal ᛫ partial ᛬ partly ᛫ partially ᛫ AJ᛬AV somedeal&somedel NE&ME
somewhat sumhwat ᛫ to a degree ᛫ partially ᛫ quite ᛫ AJ ~ NE
somewhy sumhwy ᛫ for some reason ᛫ AV ~ NE
sond ᛫ a thing which is sent ᛫ a messenger ᛫ an envoy ᛫ a message ᛫ a serving of food ᛫ N sond[sand] ME
sondsman ᛫ a messenger ᛫ N sondesman ME or: sondman
songbook ᛫ a book of songs ( especially hymns ) ᛫ a collection of songs ᛫ a musical album [ᚹ] ᛫ N ~ NE
son-of-the-sun sun-of-the-sun ᛫ a Fregatidae bird ( a frigatebird ) ᛫ N ~ NE
sonsdaughter sonsdaugter ᛫ a paternal granddaughter ᛫ N son+daughter NEx2 based on: sunsunu; dohtorsunu
sonson ᛫ a paternal grandson ᛫ N sunsunu OE
sool ᛫ the sun ᛫ N sōl OE
soom ᛫ agreement ᛫ concord ᛫ N sōme[sōm] ME
soom ᛫ united ᛫ unified ᛫ AJ gesōm OE
soon ᛫ music ᛫ N sōn[I sonus] OE‹I
sooncraft ᛫ the art of music ᛫ N sōncræft OE‹(I+E)
sooth ᛫ truth ᛫ reality ᛬ real ᛫ N᛬AJ ~ NE
soothbound soothbund ᛫ bound to fact ᛫ objective ᛫ AJ sooth+bound NE+NE
soothe ᛫ to gently calm ᛫ to relieve or ease pain ᛫ to verify ᛫ to prove ᛫ to confirm ᛫ V soothe&sōþian NE&OE
soother ᛫ a pacifier ᛫ a verifier ᛫ a confirmer ᛫ N soothe&sōþian+er NE&OE+NE
soothfast ᛫ real ᛫ actual ᛫ veracious ᛫ genuine ᛫ AJ soothfast&sōthfast NE&ME
soothing ᛫ relaxing ᛫ calming ᛫ relieving ᛫ calmative ᛫ AJ ~ NE
soothless ᛫ false ᛫ unreliable ᛫ treacherous ᛫ AJ ~ NE
soothly ᛫ truly ᛫ verily ᛫ actually ᛫ really ᛬ amen ᛫ AV᛬I ~[sōthlī] NE
soothquid soothcwid ᛫ a true saying ᛫ a fact ᛫ N sōþcwide OE
soothsaw ᛫ a true saying ᛫ a proverb ᛫ a maxim ᛫ N sothsau ME
soothsawl ᛫ veracious ᛫ truth saying ᛫ AJ sọ̄thsawel/sọ̄thsagel ME
soothsay ᛫ to predict ᛫ to prophesy ᛫ V ~ NE
soothsayer ᛫ a prophet ᛫ a prognosticator ᛫ the mantis ᛫ N ~ NE
soothspel ᛫ a true story ᛫ history ᛫ N sōþspell OE
soothy ᛫ sincere ᛫ authentic ᛫ actual ᛫ AJ sōþlic OE
sope ᛫ a small amount of drink ᛫ N sope[sopa] ME
sorely ᛫ very ( usually in a negative sense ) ᛫ AV ~ NE
sorry ᛫ contrite ᛫ AJ ~ NE
sotship sotscip ᛫ folly ᛫ N sotship ME
sough suge ᛫ a soft noise ᛬ to make a soft noise ᛫ N᛬V ~ NE rhyme: plough or tough
soulkind ᛫ spiritual ᛫ AJ sāwelcund OE
soullattew ᛫ a psychopomp ( a spirit deity person etc who guides the souls of the dead to the afterlife ) ᛫ N soul+lattew NEx2 equal to: soul-guide
sound sund ᛫ secure ᛫ healthy ᛫ valid ᛫ safe ᛫ AJ ~ NE
sound sund ᛫ the power of swimming ᛫ a narrow inlet ᛫ a strait connecting two wider areas of water ᛫ N sound&sund NE&OE
soundness sundness ᛫ security ᛫ safety ᛫ robustness ᛫ competence ᛫ reliability ᛫ N ~ NE
sour sure ᛫ acid ᛬ acidic ᛫ N zuur NL
sourcole surecole ᛫ fermented cabbage ᛫ sauerkraut ᛫ N sour+cole NEx2 calque: Sauerkraut
sourdock suredock ᛫ a Rumex acetosa plant ( sorrel ) ᛫ N ~ NE
soursop suresop ᛫ the fruit of an Annona muricata tree ᛫ a guanabana ᛫ N ~ NE
southen suthen ᛫ from the south ᛫ AV sūþan OE
southern lights ligts ᛫ the aurora australis ᛫ N ~ NE
Southumber Suthumber ᛫ Southumbria ᛫ the Southumbrians ᛫ N(P) Sūþanhymbre OE‹(E+C)
Southumberrich Suthumberric ᛫ the Kingdom of Southumbria ( Mercia ? ) ᛫ N(P) Sūþanhymbre rīce OE‹(E+C+C)
sow sue ᛫ an adult female pig ᛫ a siege engine used to shelter wall miners ᛫ N sow&sǒue NE&ME second meaning is a calque of Latin
sowel ᛫ a pole ᛫ a post ᛫ N souel ME
sowl sule ᛫ something eaten with bread , such as meat , pottage , a sauce , etc ᛫ any topping or sauce that goes with bread ᛫ N sǒuel[sufel] ME
spadefish spadefisc ᛫ a disc-shaped fish ᛫ N ~ NE
Spain ᛫ Spain ᛫ N(P) ~ NE or: Hispain (from ME Hispaigne)
span ᛫ an extent ᛬ to extend ᛫ N᛬V ~ NE
spane ᛫ to allure ᛫ to lure ᛫ to entice ᛫ V spanan{forspannen} OE
spangle spangel ᛫ a sequin ᛫ N ~ NE‹NL?
spar ᛫ a piece of timber used in building ᛫ a rafter ᛫ a beam ᛫ a pole or post used as a weapon or bar ᛬ to lock with a spar ᛫ N᛬V sparre ME
spare ᛫ an extra ᛬ to refrain from killing or hurting ᛬ unoccupied ᛫ extra ᛫ N᛬V᛬AJ ~[spær] NE
sparhawk ᛫ the Accipiter nisus bird ( Eurasian sparrowhawk ) ᛫ N sparhauk ME
sparling ᛫ an Osmeridae fish ᛫ N ~ NE
sparlire ᛫ a calf (leg) ᛫ N sparlire ME
sparstone ᛫ gypsum ᛫ hydrous calcium sulphate ᛫ N sparrestone[spærstān] ME
speakeath ᛫ a speakeasy ᛫ N speak+eathe NE+ME calque: speakeasy
speakle speakel ᛫ talkative ᛫ loquacious ᛫ AJ sprecol OE
speal ᛫ to save ᛫ to reserve ᛫ to refrain from using or consuming ᛫ to relieve ᛫ to spare ᛫ V spēlen[spelian] ME
spear side ᛫ the male side of a family ᛫ N ~ NE
spearhalf ᛫ the male line of descent ᛫ N sperehealf OE
speck ᛫ a tiny spot ᛫ a tiny stain ᛫ a tiny particle ᛫ N ~ NE
speechcraft speeccraft ᛫ skill in speech ᛫ rhetoric ᛫ grammar ( especially spoken grammar as opposed to written ) ᛫ N ~ NE
speechhouse speechuse ᛫ an auditorium ᛫ N sprǣchūs OE
speechlore speeclore ᛫ linguistics ᛫ philology ᛫ N ~ NE
speechly speecly ᛫ linguistic ᛫ AJ speech+ly NEx2 calque: sprachlich
speed ᛫ success ᛫ luck ᛫ N godspeed NE
speedful ᛫ successful ᛫ prosperous ᛫ AJ spedeful ME
speedless ᛫ without success ᛫ AJ ~ NE
spel ᛫ speech ᛫ discourse ᛫ N spel[spell] NE
speld ᛫ a splinter ᛫ a thin piece of wood used as a torch ᛫ a torch ᛫ N speld OE
spelk ᛫ a splinter ᛬ to splinter ᛫ N᛬V ~ NE "splinter" is Dutch
spell ᛫ speech with a magical effect ᛫ a state of enchantment ᛫ N ~[spell] NE
spell ᛫ a short period ᛫ a period spent in an activity ᛬ to represent ᛫ to substitute ᛫ to relieve ( to take the place of ) ᛫ N᛬V spell&spelen&spelian NE&ME&OE
spellbind ᛫ to fascinate ᛫ to hold the complete attention of someone as though by magic ᛫ V ~ NE
spellbinding ᛫ fascinating ᛫ engrossing ᛫ AJ ~ NE
spellboder ᛫ a messenger ᛫ N spellboda OE
spellbound spellbund ᛫ fascinated ᛫ entranced ᛫ AJ ~ NE
speller ᛫ a representative ᛫ a substitute ᛫ N spala{speliend/spāle} OE
spew ᛫ vomit ᛫ puke ᛬ to vomit ᛫ to puke ᛫ to discharge violently ᛫ N᛬V ~ NE
spiderfear ᛫ arachnophobia ᛫ N spider+fear NEx2
spild ᛫ to destroy ᛫ V spildan OE
spill ᛫ to play ᛫ to revel ᛫ N᛬V spilen&spilian ME&OE
spill ᛫ a spill ᛬ to spill ᛫ to waste ᛫ N᛬V spill&spillan{aspillen} NE&OE
spiller ᛫ a player ᛫ a jester ᛫ N spilere{spillend} OE
spilth ᛫ spillage ᛫ material that is spilt ᛫ N ~ NE
spind ᛫ fat ᛫ N spind OE
spindle spindel ᛫ an axis ᛫ N ~ NE
spindlehalf spindelhalf ᛫ the female line of descent ᛫ N spinlehealf OE
spindleshanks spindelscanks ᛫ a thin lanky person with long legs ᛫ N ~ NE
spinster ᛫ a woman who spins ( old meaning ) ᛫ an unmarried woman typically an older woman beyond the usual age for marriage ᛫ N ~ NE
spir ᛫ to inquire ᛫ to interrogate ᛫ to investigate through inquiry ᛫ to check for something ᛫ V spiren[spyrian] ME or: speer (Scotland)
spird ᛫ a stadium ᛫ a racetrack ᛫ a racecourse ᛫ N spyrd OE
spirglass ᛫ a telescope ᛫ N spiren+glass ME+NE calque: spyglass
spit ᛫ a dash ( — ) ᛫ a hyphen ( - ) ᛫ N ~ ENE
spitbreed ᛫ meat cooked on a spit ᛫ a kebab ᛫ N spit+brēd NE+ME calque: spitroast
spitch spic ᛫ bacon ᛫ N spich/spik ME kin: speck ᛫ or: spick
spittle spittel ᛫ saliva ᛫ N ~ NE
spokebone ᛫ a radius ( bone ) ᛫ N ~ NE or: wandbone
spokesman ᛫ a representative of a group or an individual ᛫ N ~ NE
spore ᛫ a track ᛫ a trace ᛫ a vestige ᛫ N spore&spor ME&OE
spot ᛫ an area ᛫ N ~ NE
spow ᛫ to succeed ᛫ to be successful ᛫ V spōwan OE
sprank ᛫ a shoot ᛫ a twig ᛫ a sprig ᛫ N spranc OE
sprat ᛫ a Sprattus fish ᛫ N ~ NE
sprawl ᛫ a disorganized unattractive expanse ᛬ spread out over a large area in an untidy or irregular way ᛫ N᛬AJ ~[spreawlian] NE
sprawling ᛫ expansive ᛫ extensive ᛫ AJ ~ NE
sprent ᛫ sprinkled over ᛫ AJ ~ NE
sprind ᛫ vigorous ᛫ active ᛫ AJ sprind[springd] ME
spring from ᛫ to be caused by [ᛏ] ᛫ V ~ NE
springe ᛫ to sprinkle ᛫ to scatter ᛫ to disperse ᛫ V sprengen ME
springly ᛫ vernal ᛫ AJ ~ NE
spry ᛫ agile ᛫ featly ᛫ gracile ᛫ AJ᛬AV ~ NE
spur ᛫ an incentive ᛬ to incentivize ᛫ N᛬V ~ NE
spurn ᛫ to reject with scorn ᛫ to kick away ᛫ to refuse or fail to use ᛫ V ~ NE
spurrier ᛫ a searcher ᛫ an explorer ᛫ an investigator ᛫ a spy [ᚹ] ᛫ N āspyrgend OE
squeezebox scweesebox ᛫ an accordion ᛫ a concertina ᛫ N squeeze-box NE‹(E+H) colloquial word
squelch scwelc ᛫ to squash ᛫ to crush ᛫ to tread and make splashing sounds ᛫ V ~ NE or: quelch ᛫ first appears in Early Modern English
squidflesh scwidflesc ᛫ calamari ᛫ N squid+flesh NE
squirt scwirt ᛫ a syringe ᛫ liquid which is spirting ᛬ to spirt out a liquid ᛫ N᛬V ~[scqwyrt] NE first appears in Late Middle English
staddle staddel ᛫ a foundation ᛫ a base ᛫ a prop ᛫ a support ᛬ to base ᛫ to prop ᛫ to support ᛫ N᛬V ~ NE or: stathel (older)
staddlely staddely ᛫ fundamental ᛫ basic ᛫ AJ staddle+y NEx2
staddler staddeller ᛫ a founder ᛫ N staþoliend OE
staff ᛫ a letter ( like A B or C ) ᛫ a written character ᛫ N staf&stæf ME&OE
staffay ᛫ a combination of letters ᛫ a syllable ? ᛫ N stæfgefēg OE
staffcraft ᛫ grammar ( as in the art of letters spelling and punctuation ) ᛫ N stæfcræft OE
staffkind ᛫ a font ᛫ a typeface ᛫ N staff+kind NEx2
staffleighter staffleigter ᛫ a grammatical error ᛫ N stæfleahter OE
stafflither ᛫ a ballista ᛫ N stæfliðere OE
stafflore ᛫ orthography ᛫ N staff+lore NEx2
staffly ᛫ literal ᛫ letter-like ᛬ literally ᛫ AJ᛬AV stafī/staffliȝ[stæflīc] ME
staffrow ᛫ an alphabet ᛫ N stæfrǣw OE
staffwise ᛫ literate ᛫ lettered ᛫ AJ stæfwīs OE
staffword ᛫ an acronym ᛫ N staf+word ME+NE calque: letterwoord
stag ᛫ a male deer ᛫ N ~[stagge] NE
stake ᛫ a post ᛫ a post on which a gambling wager is placed ᛫ a wager ᛫ a bet ᛬ to wager ᛫ to bet ᛫ V stake&stāke NE&ME
stal ᛫ klepto- ᛫ PREFIX stæl OE stælhere = thieving army ? stælgiest = thieving ghost ?
stalk ᛫ a main stem of something ᛫ N ~ NE
stalk ᛫ to pursue stealthily ᛫ V ~[stealcung] NE
stalk ᛫ steep ᛫ precipitous ᛫ AJ stealc OE
stall ᛫ a position ᛬ to keep in position ᛫ to delay ᛫ to hinder ᛫ N᛬V stall&steall NE&OE
stalworth ᛫ brave ᛫ courageous ᛫ AJ ~ NE or: stalwart
stand ᛫ to exist ( especially of inanimate things ) ᛫ V ~ NE
stand for ᛫ to represent ᛫ to symbolize ᛫ V ~ NE
standalone ᛫ an independent thing ᛬ independent ᛫ N᛬AJ ~ NE
standby ᛫ a state of readiness ᛫ N ~ NE
standin ᛫ a substitute ᛫ N ~ NE
standoffish standoffisc ᛫ anti-social ᛫ unsociable ᛫ socially cold ᛫ AJ ~ NE
stannel ᛫ a kestrel ᛫ N ~[stāngella] NE
staple stapel ᛫ a bar or wire meant for holding things together through piercing and bending ᛫ a pillar ᛫ a column ᛫ a post ᛫ N staple&stapol NE&OE
star ᛫ a celebrity ᛫ N ~ NE
star ᛫ an asterisk ( * ) ᛫ N ~ NE
stardom ᛫ celebrity ( as in the status ) ᛫ N ~ NE
stark ᛫ stiff ᛫ rigid ᛫ solid ᛫ strong ᛫ severe ᛫ unpleasantly or sharply clear ᛫ severe or bare in appearance ᛫ AJ ~[stark] NE
starken ᛫ to make unbending or inflexible ᛫ to stiffen ᛫ to make obstinate ᛫ V ~ NE
starly ᛫ astral ᛫ AJ ~ NE
starship starscip ᛫ a spaceship ᛫ a spacecraft ᛫ N ~ NE
starshower starscower ᛫ an astrologer ᛫ N steorscēawere OE
start ᛫ a tail ᛫ N stert[steort] ME
startail ᛫ a Phaethon bird ( a tropicbird ) ᛫ N ~ NE also: boatswainbird
startoken ᛫ a constellation ᛫ N star+token NE+NE
starving starfing ᛫ starvation ᛫ N ~ NE
starwatch starwac ᛫ an observatory ᛫ N star+watch NEx2 calque: sterrenwacht
stath ᛫ a bank ᛫ a shore ᛫ land bordering water ᛫ a wharf ᛫ N stath[stæþ] ME "wharf" meaning may be from Norse influence
stave off stafe ᛫ to prevent ᛫ to avert ᛫ to ward off ᛫ to keep away ᛫ V ~ NE
stead ᛫ a station ᛫ a place ᛫ N ~ NE
steadfast ᛫ steady ᛫ unmoving ᛫ loyal ᛫ AJ ~ NE
steadfastness ᛫ loyalty ᛫ N ~ NE
steady ᛫ to stabilize ᛫ stable ᛫ V᛬AJ ~ NE
stealth ᛫ acting in secrecy and cautiousness ᛫ N ~ NE kin: "steal"
stealthy ᛫ cautious and surreptitious ᛫ AJ ~ NE
stean ᛫ an earthenware container for liquids or foods ᛫ N ~ NE
steap ᛫ a stoup ᛫ a drinking vessel ᛫ a cup ᛫ a flagon ᛫ N stēap OE "stoup" is Norse
stear ᛫ history ᛫ N stǣr{ἱστορία} OE‹I‹H or: yorelore
stearwit ᛫ a historian ᛫ N stǣr+wite OE‹I‹H+ME or: yorewit
steed ᛫ a horse being ridden or available for riding ᛫ N ~ NE
steel bow ᛫ a crossbow ᛫ an arbalest ᛫ N ~ NE or: stockbow
steen ᛫ to groan or to rumble or to bellow or to bray loudly ᛫ V stēnan OE
steep ᛫ to imbue ᛫ to soak ᛫ to fill with ᛫ V ~ NE "a city steeped in history"
steeple steepel ᛫ a tower ᛫ a church tower ᛫ a spire ᛫ N ~[stẹ̄pel][stīpel/stēpel] NE
steer ᛫ guidance ᛫ direction ᛫ a rule ᛫ a regulation ᛫ a restraint ᛫ a check ᛬ to direct ᛫ N᛬V steor&steoran OE&OE
steerer ᛫ a director ᛫ a regulator ᛫ a moderator ᛫ N steorend OE
steet ᛫ to strike ᛫ to thrust ᛫ to fall heavily ᛫ to push hard ᛫ V stē̆ten ME
stell ᛫ to set up ᛫ to up-fix ᛫ to mount up ᛫ to place ᛫ to set ᛫ to put in place ᛫ V stellen ME
stem ᛫ a branch in a family ᛬ to descend ᛫ to derive ᛫ N᛬V ~ NE
stench stenc ᛫ malodorousness or acridness ( of smell ) ᛫ N ~ NE
step ᛫ stage ᛫ phase ᛫ N ~ NE
stepchild stepcild ᛫ an orphan ᛫ a stepchild ᛫ N ~ ME&NE orphan is the original meaning
stepdown stepdune ᛫ to resign ᛫ V ~ NE
stepwise ᛫ gradual ᛬ gradually ᛫ AJ᛬AV ~ NE
ster ᛫ ( agent suffix , formerly a feminine agent suffix ) ᛫ SUFFIX ~ NE could be reverted to its old role as the feminine agent suffix
stern ᛫ serious ᛫ unfriendly ᛫ strict ᛫ severe ᛫ AJ ~ NE
steven stefen ᛫ an appointed time ᛫ an appointment ᛫ a tryst ᛬ to set an appointment ᛫ to establish ᛫ to appoint ᛫ to institute ᛫ N᛬V steven&stevenen ME&ME rhyme: seven
steven stefen ᛫ a voice ( whether human or animal ) ᛫ a voice ( grammatical term ) ᛫ a sung melody or tune ᛫ speech ᛬ to voice ᛫ N᛬V ~ NE rhyme: seven
stevenmeal stefenmeal ᛫ by turns ᛫ alternatively ( as in alternating ) ᛫ AV stefnmǣlum OE rhyme: seven-peel
stew ᛫ to restrain ᛫ to check ᛫ V steuen ME
steward ᛫ a supervisor ᛫ a seneschal ᛬ to supervise ᛫ N᛬V ~ NE
stewardship stewardscip ᛫ supervision ᛫ N ~ NE
stickle stickel ᛫ a rapid ᛬ steep ᛫ sloping ᛫ N᛬AJ ~ NE kin: stehhal (OHG)
stickle stickel ᛫ to argue or contend stubbornly [ᚾ] ᛫ to raise objections ᛫ to scruple ᛫ V ~ NE
stickleback stickelback ᛫ a Gasterosteidae fish [ᚹ] ᛫ N ~[stikel] NE
stickler stickeller ᛫ a person who insists on a certain quality or type of behaviour ᛫ N ~ NE
stiff ᛫ rigid ᛫ AJ ~[stīf] NE
stiffness ᛫ rigidity ᛫ N ~ NE
stight stigt ᛫ to set in order ᛫ to arrange ᛫ to place ᛫ V stighten ME
stightle stigtel ᛫ to direct ᛫ to ordain ᛫ to arrange ᛫ to array ᛫ to govern ᛫ to rule ᛫ to manage V stightelen[stihtan] ME
stightler stigteller ᛫ a director ᛫ a manager ᛫ N stightelen+er ME+NE
stile ᛫ a structure for surmounting things ( usually fences and walls ) ᛫ N ~ NE
still ᛫ a photograph from a film ᛫ N ~ NE
stillness ᛫ silence ᛫ absence of movement ᛫ N ~ NE
stilly ᛫ silent ᛫ calm ᛫ AJ ~ NE
stilt ᛫ a Recurvirostridae bird ᛫ a stilt ᛫ an avocet [ᚹ] ᛫ N ~ NE
stink ᛫ to have a bad odour ᛫ V ~ NE
stinkbird ᛫ the Opisthocomus hoazin bird ᛫ N ~ NE
stinking nightshade nigtscade ᛫ henbane ( Hyoscyamus niger ) ᛫ N ~ NE
stinky ᛫ malodorous odoriferous or acrid ( of smell ) ᛫ AJ ~ NE
stint ᛫ an allotted period of time ( of work or prison time ) ᛫ a cessation ᛫ a pause ᛬ to cease ᛫ to pause ᛫ N᛬V stint&stinten[styntan] NE&ME
stir ᛫ to incite to action ᛫ to disturb ᛫ to move ᛫ to move about ᛫ to become active ᛫ V ~ NE
stirrup ᛫ a stapes ( bone ) ᛫ N ~ NE
stitch stic ᛫ a piece ᛫ a fragment ᛫ a part ᛫ N stiche/stech[stycce] ME survives as: "steck" in Scots ᛫ kin: שטיק
stitch stic ᛫ a thread or wire fastening ᛫ a stabbing pain ᛫ N ~[stice] NE
stitchmeal sticmeal ᛫ piecemeal ᛬ piecemeal ᛫ AJ᛬AV styccemǣlum OE
stithe ᛫ hard ᛫ stiff ᛫ stubborn ᛫ AJ stīþ OE
stithy ᛫ an anvil ᛫ N ~[stethi] NE‹N
stoat ᛫ the Mustela erminea mammal ( a kind of weasel ) ᛫ N ~ NE‹?
stock ᛫ a supply ᛫ a store of something ᛬ to supply ᛫ to store ᛫ N᛬V ~ NE
stock ᛫ a stump ᛫ a tree trunk ᛫ a log ᛫ a block of wood ᛫ a post ᛫ a trestle ᛫ a handle ( like of a mace ) ᛫ a torso ᛫ a lineage ᛫ a race ᛫ a species ᛫ N stock&stok[stocc] NE&ME
stodge ᛫ heavy , filling , starchy food ᛫ a boring thing ᛫ N ~ NE
stold ᛫ a settled place ᛫ a station ᛫ an abode ᛫ N gesteald OE kin: 𐌲𐌰𐍃𐍄𐌰𐌻𐌳𐌰𐌽
stonebaby ᛫ a lithopedion / lithopaedion ᛫ N ~ NE
stonebow ᛫ a natural stone arch ᛫ N stānboga OE
stonebuck ᛫ an ibex ᛫ N stanbucca OE also exists as a calque of German
stonecoal ᛫ anthracite ᛫ a hard variety of coal ᛫ N ~ NE
stonecraft ᛫ masonry ᛫ the art or skill of working with stone ᛫ N ~ NE
stoned ᛫ intoxicated ᛫ high on drugs ᛫ AJ ~ NE
stonedelf ᛫ a quarry ᛫ N stāngedelf OE
stonedelve stonedelfe ᛫ to mine for stone ᛫ V ~ NE
stonefaw ᛫ paved ᛫ paved with stone ᛫ AJ faw&stānfāh NE&OE
stonehawk ᛫ a Falco columbarius bird ( a merlin ) ᛫ N ~ NE
stonelime ᛫ cement ᛫ mortar ᛫ N stānlīm OE
stonemint ᛫ a Cunila origanoides plant ( American dittany ) ᛫ N ~ NE
stonen ᛫ made of stone ᛫ AJ ~ NE invented by William Barnes
stonen ᛫ to petrify ᛫ V stone+en NEx2
stoner ᛫ one who stones ᛫ a machine to remove pits from fruit ᛫ a frequent user of cannabis ᛫ N ~ NE
stonerock ᛫ an obelisk ᛫ N stānrocc OE
stonewall ᛫ an obstruction ᛫ a refusal to cooperate ᛬ to obstruct ᛫ to refuse to cooperate ᛫ N᛬V ~ NE
stonewalled ᛫ surrounded or defined in size and shape by a wall of stone ᛫ AJ ~ NE
stonewright stonewrigt ᛫ a stonemason ᛫ N stānwryhta OE
stony ᛫ like stone ᛫ emotionless ᛫ AJ ~ NE
stoor ᛫ powerful ᛫ fierce ᛫ cruel ᛫ severe ᛫ AJ stọ̄r ME
stoor ᛫ incense ᛫ frankincense ᛫ N stōr[storax?] ME‹I
stoorvat stoorfat ᛫ a censer ᛫ N stōrfat[stōrfæt] ME
stopfire ᛫ a ceasefire ᛫ N ~ NE
stopgap ᛫ a short term solution ᛬ short-term ᛫ temporary ᛫ N᛬AJ ~ NE‹(E+N)
stormrifle stormrifel ᛫ an assault rifle ᛫ N storm+rifle NE+NL calque: Sturmgewehr
stound stund ᛫ a relatively short space or length of time ᛫ N stound NE see: daytide
stoundmeal stundmeal ᛫ at intervals ᛫ alternatingly ᛫ AV stundmǣlum OE
stour sture ᛫ a river ᛫ N stour[stūr] ME still found in a few names of rivers
stoven stofen ᛫ a stump ᛫ N stō̆ven[stofn] ME rhyme: oven?
stow ᛫ a place ᛫ a location ᛬ to store ᛫ to lodge ᛫ N᛬V ~ NE /stoʊ/
strackledwale strackelledwale ᛫ a Celt of Strathclyde ᛫ N(P) stræcledwalas OE
strackledwales strackelledwales ᛫ the Celts of Strathclyde ᛫ Strathclyde ᛫ N(P) stræcledwalas OE
straid ᛫ to strew ᛫ to scatter ᛫ to disperse ᛫ V stregdan OE
straightforward straigtforward ᛫ direct ᛫ AJ ~ NE
strake ᛫ a stripe ᛫ a decorative streak ᛫ a beam of metal or timber ᛫ N strake&strāke NE&ME
strand ᛫ a beach ᛫ N ~ NE
streak ᛫ a long thin line ᛫ a stroke ᛫ a series of successful deeds ᛫ N ~[strica] NE
streel ᛫ an arrow ᛫ a round of ammunition [ᚹ] ᛬ to shoot ᛫ N᛬V strele&strǣlian[strǣl] ME&OE
streelbearer ᛫ an archer ᛫ an arrow-bearer ᛫ N strǣlbora OE
streeling ᛫ radiation ᛫ N strele+ing ME+NE calque: Strahlung
streen ᛫ parturition ᛫ generation ᛫ procreation ᛫ propagation ᛫ a lineage ᛫ an ancestry ᛬ to procreate ᛫ to propagate ᛫ to generate ᛫ N᛬V strẹ̄n&strẹ̄nen[strēonan] ME&ME "strain" seems to have French influence
streen ᛫ a couch ᛫ a sofa ᛫ a bed ᛫ a resting spot ᛫ N strēon/strēowen OE
streenendly ᛫ genitive ( grammar ) ᛫ AJ gestrȳnedlīc{gestrēonan} OE
streener ᛫ a procreator ᛫ a generator ᛫ N strẹ̄nen+er ME+NE
streeny ᛫ genetic ᛫ genetical ᛫ AJ strain+y NEx2
stretch strec ᛫ to extend ᛫ V ~ NE
stretch strec ᛫ strict ᛫ severe ᛫ rigorous ᛫ stern ᛫ hard ᛫ AJ stræc{streche} OE PTCP: straught/stretched
strew ᛫ to distribute randomly ᛫ to spread abroad ᛫ V ~ NE
strewn ᛫ fragmented over an area ᛫ scattered ᛫ AJ ~ NE
strike ᛫ to hit ᛫ to attack ᛫ to delete ᛫ V ~ NE PST: struck ᛫ PTCP: stricken
strikeharp ᛫ a piano ᛫ N strike+harp NEx2 calque: slagharpa ᛫ or: slayharp (direct cognate calque)
strind ᛫ a race ᛫ a clan ᛫ a lineage ᛫ a generation ᛫ N strīnde ME
string ᛫ a series of things ᛫ a sequence ᛫ N ~ NE
strite ᛫ an ostrich ᛫ N strȳta OE‹I?
strongdrink ᛫ liquor ᛫ N strong drink NE
stronghold stronghold ᛫ a fortress ᛫ N ~ NE
strongman ᛫ a leader who rules with threats force or violence ᛫ a tyrant ᛫ a dictator ᛫ a despot ᛫ N ~ NE
strongwater ᛫ nitric acid ᛫ N ~ NE
strothe ᛫ marshy land overgrown with brushwood ᛫ N strothe[strōd] ME
stroud strude ᛫ to plunder ᛫ to pillage ᛫ to defraud ᛫ V strūdan OE
strout strute ᛫ contention ᛫ an argument ᛫ N strǒut{strūtian} ME
stuller ᛫ furtive ᛫ AJ stulor OE
stun ᛫ to clash ᛫ to crash ᛫ to dash ᛫ to strike ᛫ V stunian OE
stunt ᛫ a daring or dangerous feat ᛫ skill ᛫ N ~ NE
stunt ᛫ a check in growth ᛫ a stunted being or thing ᛬ to hinder the growth of ᛫ to perform a stunt ᛫ to show off ᛫ N᛬V ~ NE
stunted ᛫ prevented from growing ᛫ shorter than usual for one's age ᛫ AJ ~ NE
sturry ᛫ an Acipenseridae fish ( a sturgeon ) ᛫ N styria OE
sty ᛫ a path ᛫ a lane ᛫ an approach to something ᛫ a way of conduct ᛫ a method ᛬ to ascend ᛫ to descend ᛫ N᛬V stīe&stīgen[stīg] ME&ME
suckerfish suckerfisc ᛫ an Echeneidae fish ᛫ N ~ NE
suckledeer suckeldeer ᛫ a mammal ᛫ N suckle+deer NEx2 calque: Säugetier; zoogdier
sull ᛫ to dirty ᛫ to corrupt ᛫ to taint ᛫ to soil ᛫ to desecrate ᛫ to sully ᛫ to pollute ᛫ to defile ᛫ V sulen[sylian] ME
sullow ᛫ a plough ᛫ a plow ᛫ N sulou[sulh] ME
summer teal ᛫ a Spatula querquedula bird ( a garganey ) ᛫ N ~ NE
summerledge ᛫ to become summer ᛫ V sumerlǣcan OE
summerly ᛫ estival ᛫ AJ ~ NE
sunbloom ᛫ a Helianthus annuus plant ( sunflower ) ᛫ N sun+bloom NEx2 calque: sunflower
sundcorn ᛫ a Saxifraga plant ᛫ N sundcorn ME
sunder ᛫ to separate ᛫ to split ᛫ to vary ᛫ to differ ᛫ V sunder&sǒnderen NE&ME
sunder ᛫ private- ᛫ special- ᛫ PREFIX sunder OE
sundercraft ᛫ a special power ᛫ a special art ᛫ N sundorcræft OE
sunderfee ᛫ private wealth ᛫ N sundorfeoh OE
Sunderhallow ᛫ a Pharisee ᛫ N sundorhālga OE
sundering ᛫ a separation ᛫ separation ᛫ diversity ᛫ variety ᛫ difference ᛫ N ~ NE
sunderledge ᛫ to privatize ᛫ V sunder+lǣcan NE+OE
sunderly ᛫ separate ᛫ distinct ᛫ different ᛫ unique ᛫ private ᛫ individual ᛫ especial ᛫ special ᛫ AJ sǒnderlī ME
sunderright sunderrigt ᛫ a privilege ᛫ a special right ᛫ N sunderriht OE
sundrily ᛫ variously ᛫ differently ᛫ separately ᛫ distinctively ᛫ distinctly ᛫ singly ᛫ individually ᛫ particularly ᛫ specially ᛫ specifically ᛫ privately ᛫ AV sundrily&sonderlī&syndriglic NE&ME&OE
sundriness ᛫ diversity ᛫ specialness ᛫ independence ᛫ specialness ᛫ N ~ NE
sundry ᛫ various ᛫ different ᛫ separate ᛫ distinctive ᛫ distinct ᛫ single ᛫ individual ᛫ particular ᛫ special ᛫ specific ᛫ private ᛫ AJ sundry&sǒndrī&syndrig NE&ME&OE
sundryman ᛫ a dealer of sundries ( miscellaneous items ) ᛫ N ~ NE
sunfast ᛫ sun resistant ᛫ not liable to fade in sunlight ᛫ AJ ~ NE
Sunfield Sunfeeld ᛫ Elysium ᛫ N(P) sunnfeld OE
sunfish sunfisc ᛫ a Molidae fish ᛫ a Centrarchidae fish ᛫ N ~ NE
sungang ᛫ the course of the sun ᛫ N sungang OE
sunken ᛫ submerged ᛫ depressed ᛫ AJ ~ NE
sunly ᛫ solar ᛫ AJ ~ NE
Sunnight Sunnigt ᛫ the night following Sunday's dusk ᛫ N(P) ~[sunnanniht] NE
sunshade sunscade ᛫ a parasol ᛫ an awning ᛫ N ~ NE
sunspider ᛫ a solifuge ᛫ a camel spider ᛫ a wind scorpion ᛫ N sun spider NE
sunstead ᛫ a solstice ᛫ N ~ NE
Surry ᛫ Syria ᛫ N(P) Surry/Sirie ME‹O
sussel ᛫ torment ᛫ anguish ᛫ agony ᛫ N sūsl OE
susselstead ᛫ a place of torment ᛫ hell ᛫ N sūslstede OE
suttle suttel ᛫ clear ᛫ manifest ᛫ obvious ᛫ evident ᛫ unambiguous ᛫ AJ sutel&sutelen[sweotol] ME&ME
suttle suttel ᛫ to clarify ᛫ to denote ᛫ to make known ᛫ to show ᛫ V isutelen&geswutelian ME&OE
suttleness suttelness ᛫ clarity ᛫ N sutel+ness ME+NE
suttley suttely ᛫ manifest ᛫ AJ sutellī[sweotollīc] ME
suttling suttelling ᛫ evidence ᛫ N sweotolung[swutel] OE
swaddle swaddel ᛫ to wrap a baby in retraining material ᛫ to restrain ᛫ to restrict ᛫ V ~ NE
swail ᛫ heaven ᛫ the divine kingdom ᛫ the realm of the god or gods ᛫ N swegl OE kin: sun
swain ᛫ a rustic ᛫ a peasant ᛫ a shepherd ᛫ a page ( an attendant upon a knight ) ᛫ a squire ᛫ N ~ NE‹N
swair ᛫ a mother-in-law ᛫ N sweȝer&sweger ME&OE kin: שוויגער
swake ᛫ feeble with age ᛫ AJ swāc[swæc] ME
swamb ᛫ fungus ᛫ a mushroom ᛫ a sponge ᛫ N swam[swamm] ME
swamblore ᛫ mycology ( the study of fungi ) ᛫ N swam+lore ME+NE
swamp ᛫ a stretch of forested wetland ᛫ N ~ NE
swanker ᛫ bending easily ᛫ pliable ᛫ flaccid ᛫ AJ swancor OE
swanling ᛫ a cygnet ᛫ N swan+ling NEx2
swansong ᛫ a final performance or accomplishment ᛫ N ~ NE calque: Schwanengesang
swap ᛫ to exchange ᛫ to trade ᛫ to switch ᛫ N ~ NE
swap out ute ᛫ to replace ᛫ V ~ NE
sward ᛫ the upper layer of soil ( especially when grassy ) ᛫ skin ( especially of pork ) ᛫ rind ᛫ a patch of calloused skin ᛫ N sward&sward NE&ME
swarf ᛫ the bits that come from swarfing ( filings ) ᛬ to grind down ᛫ to file off ᛫ V swarf&gesweorfan NE&OE
swark ᛫ a dark cloud ? ᛫ N swearc/gesweorc OE
swarken ᛫ to darken ᛫ to becloud ᛫ V swurken[sweorcan] ME
swart ᛫ the black hue ᛬ black ᛫ N᛬AJ ~ NE
swarthy ᛫ tawny dusky ᛫ dark ᛫ of dark complexioned ᛫ AJ ~ NE
swath ᛫ a broad area of something ᛫ N ~[swæþ] NE
sway ᛫ bias ᛫ impetus ( of motion ) ᛫ momentum ᛫ command ᛫ dominion ᛫ influence ᛫ N ~ NE
swayer ᛫ an influencer ᛫ an influence ᛫ a factor ( a circumstance fact or influence that contributes to a result ) ᛫ N ~ NE
sweal ᛫ to be on fire ᛫ to burn ᛫ V swēlen[swelan] ME
sweam ᛫ to grieve ᛫ V swēmen[swǣman] ME
swease ᛫ one's own ᛫ dear ᛫ beloved ᛫ gracious ᛫ AJ swǣs OE kin: suēscō (Latin)
sweaseledge ᛫ to flatter ᛫ V swǣslǣcan OE
sweasely ᛫ kind ᛫ pleasant ᛫ agreeable ᛫ AJ swǣslīc OE
sweasing ᛫ food ᛫ victuals ᛫ refection ᛫ N swǣsende OE
sweatcloth ᛫ a handkerchief ᛫ N swātclāþ OE
sweater ᛫ a jumper ᛫ N ~ NE
sweathole ᛫ a pore for releasing sweat ᛫ N ~ ENE
Sweave Sweafe ᛫ a Swabian ᛫ an Alamanni ᛫ N(P) Swǣfas OE
Sweaveland Sweafeland ᛫ Swabia ᛫ Alamannia ᛫ Alemannia ᛫ N(P) Swǣfas+land OE+NE
Sweeland ᛫ Sweden ᛫ N(P) Sweoland OE
sweer ᛫ a pillar ᛫ a column ᛫ N swēor[swēor] ME
sweer ᛫ a father-in-law ᛫ N swēor OE
Sweerich Sweeric ᛫ Sweden ( the state not the land ) ᛫ N(P) Sweorice OE
sweetbread ᛫ a pancreas of an animal ᛫ a thymus gland of an animal ᛫ N ~ NE
sweeting ᛫ a sweet kind of apple ᛫ a darling ᛫ N ~ NE
sweets ᛫ candy ᛫ N ~ NE
sweetsop ᛫ the fruit of an Anonna squamosa tree ᛫ a sugarapple ᛫ N ~ NE
sweetwater ᛫ perfume ᛫ fragrance ᛫ N sweet-water NE
sweetwood ᛫ licorice / liquorice ᛫ a Glycyrrhiza glabra plant ᛫ N sweet+wood NEx2 calque: zoethout; Süßholz
sweeve sweefe ᛫ to put to sleep ᛫ to make inactive ᛫ V swēven[swefen/swefn] ME
sweight sweigt ᛫ momentum ᛫ N sweight ME equal to: sway+th
swell ᛫ to swell ᛬ nice ᛬ well ᛫ V᛬AJ᛬AV ~ NE
swelt ᛫ to die ᛫ to become overcome with emotion or heat or such ᛫ V ~ NE
swelter ᛫ an uncomfortably hot atmosphere ᛬ to feel uncomfortably hot ᛫ N᛬V ~ NE
sweltering ᛫ uncomfortably hot ᛫ AJ ~ NE
swench swenc ᛫ affliction ᛫ tribulation ᛫ distress ᛬ to afflict ᛫ to trouble ᛫ to distress ᛫ N᛬V swenc&swenchen[swencan] OE&ME
swere ᛫ heavy ᛫ grave ᛫ oppressive ᛫ V swēre[swǣr] ME
swerely ᛫ heavily ᛫ grievously ᛫ oppressively ᛫ AV swǣrlīce OE
sweremood ᛫ of an indolent sluggish disposition ᛫ AJ swǣrmōd OE
swetch swec ᛫ a taste ᛫ a flavour ᛫ an odour, a scent, smell ᛫ an aroma ᛫ N swecc OE
swether ᛫ to retire ᛫ to withdraw ᛫ to abate ᛫ to subside ᛫ V sweþrian OE
swevel swefel ᛫ sulphur ᛫ sulfur ᛫ brimstone ᛫ N swefel[swefel] ME
swevelen swefelen ᛫ sulfurous ᛫ made of brimstone ᛫ AJ sweflene[sweflen] ME
sweven swefen ᛫ a vision ᛫ a dream ᛬ to dream ᛫ N sweven&swē̆venen NE&ME rhyme: seven
swevet swefet ᛫ sleep ᛫ N swevete[sweofot] ME
swey ᛫ a noise ᛫ a sound ᛬ to sound ᛫ to make noise ᛫ N᛬V swei&sweien[sweg/swegan] ME&ME or: sway
swike ᛫ deceit ᛫ treachery ᛫ betrayal ᛫ a betrayer ᛫ a cheater ᛬ to deceive ᛫ to betray ᛫ to cheat ᛫ to cease ᛫ to desist ᛫ N᛬V swike&swiken[swīcan] ME&ME
swikedom ᛫ treason ᛫ treachery ᛫ betrayal ᛫ N swikedom ME
swikel ᛫ treacherous ᛫ AJ swicol OE
swiker ᛫ a traitor ᛫ a deceiver ᛫ N swīca OE
swill ᛫ low quality food or drink ᛬ to wash with water ᛫ N᛬V ~[swilian] NE
swime ᛫ an unconscious state ᛫ a faint ᛫ N swīme ME
swimel ᛫ an anesthetic ᛫ N swīme+le ME+ME
swimmingly ᛫ splendidly ᛫ to happen well and without serious problems ᛫ AV ~ NE
swin ᛫ a melody ᛫ N swinn OE
swind ᛫ to vanish ᛫ to disappear ᛫ to waste away ᛫ to perish ᛫ V swinden ME rhyme: bind?
swine ᛫ a pig ᛫ pigs ᛫ N ~ NE
swineflesh swineflesc ᛫ pork ᛫ N ~ NE
swineherd ᛫ a person who tends swine ᛫ N ~ NE
swinely ᛫ porcine ᛫ AJ swīnlic OE
swinge ᛫ authority ᛫ influence ᛫ power ᛫ rule ᛫ sway ᛫ license ( as in artistic license ) ᛫ impetus ( of motion but also figuratively ) ᛫ impulse ᛫ N ~ NE
swingeing ᛫ drastic ᛫ severe ᛫ extreme ᛫ AJ ~ NE
swingle swingel ᛫ a scutch ( a flax beating tool ) ᛬ to beat with a swingle ᛫ N᛬V ~ NE
swinish swinisc ᛫ unpleasant ᛫ contemptible ᛫ pig-like ᛫ AJ ~ NE
swink ᛫ hard work ᛫ hard labour ᛫ toil ᛫ drudgery ᛬ to work hard ᛫ to labour hard ᛫ N᛬V ~ NE PST: swank ᛫ PTCP: swunk
swinker ᛫ a toiler ᛫ a labourer ᛫ N ~ NE
swinkful ᛫ toilsome ᛫ laborious ᛫ AJ swincfull OE
swinse ᛫ to make melody or music ᛫ V swinsian OE same suffix as in "cleanse"
swinsing ᛫ melody making ᛫ N swinsung OE
swinsingcraft ᛫ the art of making melodies or music ᛫ N swinsungcræft OE
swire ᛫ a neck ( of any kind ) ᛫ a vale ᛫ a valley ᛫ N swīre ME
switchback swicback ᛫ a roller coaster ᛫ N ~ NE short for: switchback railway?
swith ᛫ swift ᛫ rapid ᛫ strong ᛫ excessive ᛫ great ᛬ swiftly ᛫ rapidly ᛫ strongly ᛫ very ᛫ AJ᛬AV swith&swīþ NE&OE although from "swīþ" the vowel seems to have shortened
swither ᛫ right ( direction ) ᛫ AJ swither ME
swither ᛫ more ᛫ greater ᛫ superior ᛫ AV swīþor OE swith+er
swithly ᛫ great ᛫ magnificent ᛫ intense ᛫ AJ swīþlīc OE
Switsish Switsisc ᛫ Swiss ᛫ AJ(P) Switzer+ish NEx2
Switzer Switser ᛫ a Swiss person ᛫ N Switzer NE
swive swife ᛫ to fuck ᛫ to copulate ᛫ to copulate with ᛫ to mate ᛫ to mate with ᛫ V ~ NE kin: swivel
swivel swifel ᛫ a rotation ᛬ to rotate ᛫ N᛬V ~ NE
swizzle swisel ᛫ liquor ᛫ an alcoholic drink ᛫ N ~[switchel?] NE
swizzled swiseled ᛫ mixed ᛫ intoxicated ᛫ AJ ~ NE
swoom ᛫ to become dark ᛫ V swāmian OE
swoon ᛫ a swineherd ᛫ a swain ᛫ a peasant ᛫ a male servant ᛫ N swone[swān] ME
swoon ᛫ an instance of fainting ᛬ to faint ᛫ to be infatuated with something ᛫ N᛬V ~ NE
swordplay ᛫ fencing ᛫ N ~ NE
swot ᛫ vigorous study ᛬ to study vigorously ᛫ N᛬V ~ NE kin: "sweat"
swy ᛫ silence ᛬ to be silent ᛫ to become silent ᛫ N᛬V swiȝe&swige&swigian ME&OE&OE
sye ᛫ victory ᛫ N siȝe/sy[sige] ME found in placenames like "Kinsye"
sye ᛫ to drip ᛫ to strain ᛫ to sift ᛫ to purify ᛫ V sye&sīen NE&ME
sye ᛫ to descend ᛫ V sye&sien NE&ME
syefast ᛫ victorious ᛫ triumphant ᛫ AJ sigefæst OE
syekin ᛫ the Seraphim ᛫ N sigorcynn OE
syeless ᛫ without victory ᛫ defeated ᛫ AJ sigelēas OE
syely ᛫ victorious ᛫ AJ sigelīc OE
syereeth ᛫ triumph ᛫ N sigehrēþ OE
syereethy ᛫ triumphant ᛫ AJ sigehreþig OE
Sypress ᛫ Cyprus ᛫ N(P) Sypresse ME‹H
Tahoe Mere ᛫ Lake Tahoe ᛫ N(P) Tahoe+mere NE‹O+NE
tailbone ᛫ a coccyx ᛫ N ~ NE
takeover takeofer ᛫ a commandeering ᛫ a transfer of power ᛫ N ~ NE or: nimover (de-Norsed)
tale ᛫ a story ᛫ a number ᛫ a total ᛫ a tally ᛫ N ~ NE
talecraft ᛫ arithmetic ᛫ N tælcræft OE
talemark ᛫ a date ( in the meaning related to time ) ᛫ N tælmearc OE
talemete ᛫ a measure expressed by number ᛫ N tælmet OE
talesome talesum ᛫ numerous ᛫ AJ tælsum OE
taleteller ᛫ a storyteller ᛫ N ~ NE
talewise ᛫ talkative ᛫ tale-telling ᛫ gossipy ᛫ loquacious ᛫ garrulous ᛫ AJ ~ ENE
talking book ᛫ an audio book ᛫ N ~ NE
tallow ᛫ dye ᛫ hard fat or lard ᛬ to dye ᛫ N᛬V tallow&telg&telgian NE&OE&OE
talt ᛫ unstable ᛫ evanescent ᛫ transitory ᛫ AJ tealte[tealt] ME
talter ᛫ to shake ᛫ to totter ᛫ to stagger ᛫ to be unsteady ᛫ to be in an uncertain or a precarious condition ᛫ V tealtrian OE
tame ᛫ to subdue ᛫ to domesticate ᛫ to cultivate ᛬ subdued ᛫ domesticated ᛫ cultivated ᛫ tractable ᛫ V᛬AJ tame&tāme[OE tam] NE&ME
Tanganyika Mere ᛫ Lake Tanganyika ᛫ N(P) Tanganyika+mere NE‹O+NE
tap ᛫ a faucet ᛫ a spigot ᛫ N ~ NE
tap ᛫ to draw liquid from a container ᛫ to exploit a resource or market ᛫ V ~ NE
tape ᛫ a videocassete ᛫ a cassette ᛫ a video ᛫ N ~ NE
taper ᛫ a candle ᛫ a slender candle ᛫ a gradual narrowing or decline ᛫ N tapor/taper/tapur/teaper OE
taphouse taphuse ᛫ a bar ᛫ a place where alcoholic drinks are sold ᛫ N ~ NE
tapper ᛫ a barkeep ᛫ N ~ NE
taproom ᛫ a barroom ᛫ N ~ NE
tapster ᛫ a person who draws and serves alcoholic drinks at a bar ᛫ N ~ NE
tar ᛫ tar ᛫ resin ᛫ gum ᛫ N teoru OE
tare ᛫ a Vicia plant ( vetch plants ) ᛫ N ~ NE
tarn ᛫ a steep banked mountain lake or pool ᛫ N ~{tjörn} NE‹N?
tarrow ᛫ a small shield ᛫ N targe OE
tarry ᛫ to be late or tardy ᛫ to linger wait or abide in expectancy ᛫ V ~ NE
Tarse ᛫ Tharsia ( roughly Turkestan , Transoxiana ) ᛫ N Tarse ME‹I?
tarse ᛫ the penis ᛫ N ~[teors] NE
tart ᛫ pungent sour or acidic ᛫ or sharp of taste ᛫ AJ ~[tart][teart] NE
tartree ᛫ a Eucalyptus plant ᛫ N gum tree NE
tavel tafel ᛫ a gaming table ᛫ a boardgame ᛫ a die for gaming ? ᛫ N tæfl OE‹I kin: table (Latin); tafl (Icelandic)
taw ᛫ to prepare material ᛫ V taw&tawian NE&OE in Modern English this word only refers to tanning
teach teac ᛫ to educate ᛫ to indoctrinate ᛫ to instruct ᛫ to school ᛫ to train another ᛫ to tutor ᛫ V ~ NE
teaching teacing ᛫ a doctrine ᛫ that which is taught ᛫ N tǣcing OE
teal ᛫ dark cyan ᛫ cyan ᛫ N ~ NE some use this word as a synonym for cyan
team ᛫ a line ( often of animals ) ᛫ a line of descendants ᛫ offspring ᛫ a group who work towards the same goal ᛫ N team&tēam NE&OE
tearbone ᛫ a lacrimal bone ᛫ N tear+bone NEx2 calque: traanbeen; Tränenbein
tee ᛫ to extract ᛫ to tug ᛫ to convey ᛫ to train another ᛫ V tēn&atēon ME&OE
teel ᛫ mocking speech ᛫ ridiculing speech ᛬ to mock ᛫ to ridicule ᛫ N᛬V tēl/tēlen[tǣl/tǣlan] ME
teeler ᛫ a mocker ᛫ a ridiculer ᛫ N tǣlere OE
teelworthy ᛫ blasphemous ᛫ calumnious ᛫ reprehensible ᛫ AJ tǣlwirþe OE
teely ᛫ blasphemous ᛫ calumnious ᛫ reprehensible ᛫ AJ tǣllīc OE
teem ᛫ to be prolific ᛫ to abound ᛫ to bring forth offspring ᛫ V teem&tīman NE
teeming ᛫ abundantly filled ( especially with creatures ) ᛫ AJ ~ NE
teen ᛫ vexation ᛬ to vex ᛫ to irritate ᛫ N᛬V ~ NE
teenful ᛫ troublesome ᛫ harmful ᛫ painful ᛫ full of suffering ᛫ AJ ~ NE
teenle teenel ᛫ a wicker basket ᛫ N tēnel[tǣnel] ME
tell ᛫ to count ( as in to tally ) ᛫ to count ( as in to qualify ) ᛫ to recount ᛫ to pass information ᛫ V tell&tellen[tellan] NE&ME
teller ᛫ a counter (such as a bank teller ) ᛫ N ~ NE
temse ᛫ to sift ᛫ to strain ᛫ to sieve ᛫ V ~ NE
tend ᛫ to kindle ᛫ to ignite ᛫ to incite ᛫ to arouse ( lust anger etc ) ᛫ to inspire ᛫ V tē̆nden ME
teng ᛫ pressing upon ᛫ laying upon ᛫ oppressive ᛫ AJ tinge&getenge ME&OE
tenpenny ᛫ a dime [ᚹ] ᛬ ten cents ᛫ ten pence ᛫ N᛬AJ ~ NE
termen ᛫ a term ᛫ N termen OE‹I
tern ᛫ a Sternidae bird ᛫ N ~ NE
tevel tefel ᛫ to gamble ᛫ V tevelen&tæflan ME&OE
tew ᛫ equipment ᛫ gear ᛫ instruments ᛫ N tew{getawa} ME kin: taw?
th ᛫ -ity ( abstract nominal suffix ) ᛫ SUFFIX ~ NE becomes: -t after fricatives like /f/ ‹f› and /x/ ‹gh›?
thane ᛫ to serve ᛫ to minister ᛫ N᛬V thein&theinen ME&ME
thanedom ᛫ a barony ᛫ N ~ NE
thanen ᛫ a female thane ᛫ a baroness ᛫ N þīnen OE
thankful ᛫ grateful ᛫ AJ ~ NE
thankfulness ᛫ gratitude ᛫ N ~ NE
thankle thankel ᛫ mindful ᛫ thoughtful ᛫ considerate ᛫ AJ geþancol OE
thanksgive thanksgif ᛫ to give or dedicate in token of thanks ᛫ V ~ NE
thanksgiving thanksgifing ᛫ an expression of gratitude ᛫ N ~ NE
thar ᛫ to be necessary ᛫ to be required ᛫ to be obligatory ᛫ to be mandatory ᛫ V thurven/thar[þearfan] ME PST: thurt ᛫ see note for wider definition
tharf ᛫ unleavened ᛫ uncontaminated ᛫ AJ therf[þeorf] ME
tharf ᛫ a need ᛫ a requirement ᛫ a necessity ᛫ an obligation ᛬ needy ᛫ indigent ᛫ N᛬AJ tharf&tharf ME&ME
tharfy ᛫ required ᛫ mandatory ᛫ obligatory ᛫ necessary ᛫ AJ tharf+y ME+NE
tharm ᛫ an organ ( of a body) ᛫ an intestine ᛫ an entrail ᛫ a gut N tharm ME
thasledge ᛫ to agree ᛫ to accord ᛫ to fit ᛫ V þæslǣcan OE
thasly ᛫ suitable ᛫ appropriate ᛫ seemly ᛫ comely ᛫ elegant ᛫ harmonious ᛬ suitably ᛫ appropriately ᛫ elegantly ᛫ harmoniously ᛫ AJ᛬AV thaslī&þæslīc ME&OE
that ᛫ the letter eth ( Ð ð ) ᛫ N ðet ME
thatch thac ᛫ to cover ᛫ V thatch&þeccean NE&OE
thaught thaugt ᛫ a counsel ᛬ to take counsel ᛫ to consult ᛫ N þeaht&þeahtian OE&OE
thaughter thaugter ᛫ a counsellor ᛫ N þeahtere OE
thaughting thaugting ᛫ counsel ᛫ consultation ᛫ deliberation ᛫ agreement ᛫ concilium ᛫ consensus ᛫ N geþeahting OE
thave thafe ᛫ to consent ᛫ to assent to ᛫ put up with ᛫ to tolerate ᛫ to permit ᛫ V thaven ME
thaveless thafeless ᛫ ineffectual ᛫ feeble ᛫ AJ ~ NE
thaver thafer ᛫ a favourer ᛫ a supporter ᛫ a consenter ᛫ N geþafa OE
thavesome thafesum ᛫ consenting ᛫ tolerating ᛫ AJ geþafsum OE
thaving thafing ᛫ consent ᛫ toleration ᛫ permission ᛫ N þafung OE
the all ᛫ the universe ᛫ the cosmos ᛫ the macrocosm ᛫ N᛬ ~ NE
the anward ᛫ the present [ᚹ] ᛫ N andweard OE
the bends ᛫ decompression sickness ᛫ N ~ NE
the Black Sea ᛫ the sea known to the Romans as Pontus ᛫ N ~ NE
the British Sea Britisc ᛫ the English Channel ᛫ N Brittish se ME
the clap ᛫ Gonorrhea ᛫ N ~ NE
the Dernwrits ᛫ the Apocrypha ᛫ N(P) dirngewritu OE
the Dog Star ᛫ Sirius ᛫ N ~ NE
the East ᛫ the Orient ᛫ N ~ NE
the East Sea ᛫ the Baltic ᛫ N(P) ōstsæ[ēst mere] OE kin: Oostzee (Dutch)
the endtime ᛫ apocalypse ᛫ Armageddon ᛫ N ~ NE or: the endtimes
the Faroe Islands Ilands ᛫ the Faroe Islands ᛫ N(P) Faroe Islands NE
the Folkwandering Eld ᛫ the Migration Period ᛫ N folk+wander+ing+eld NEx4 calque: Völkerwanderung
the forthwitten ᛫ the past [ᚹ] ᛫ N forthwiten[forþgewiten] ME
the Great Dying ᛫ the Permian–Triassic extinction event ᛫ N(P) ~ NE
the Great Eastern Sea ᛫ the Pacific Ocean ᛫ N(P) great+eastern+sea NEx3 or: the Great Frithful Sea; the Great Frith Sea
the Great Indish Sea Indisc ᛫ the Indian Ocean ᛫ N(P) great+Ī̆ndish+sea NEx3
the Great Northern Sea ᛫ the Arctic Ocean ᛫ N(P) great+northern+sea NEx3
the Great Southern Sea Suthern ᛫ the Antarctic Ocean ᛫ N(P) great+southern+sea NEx3
the Great Western Sea ᛫ the Atlantic Ocean ᛫ N(P) great+western+sea NEx3 calque: Great Western Ocean ᛫ or: the Great Atlantish Sea
the Healend ᛫ a title of Jesus ( analyzable as " the healing one " ) ᛫ N(P) Hēlend[hǣlend] ME /hilɛnd/ or /hɛlɛnd/ or /hɛlnd/?
the Holy Ghost Goast ᛫ the Holy Spirit ᛫ N ~ NE
the Island of Man Iland ᛫ the Isle of Man ᛫ N(P) iland+of+man NEx3 or: Man
the Morningstar ᛫ planet Venus ᛫ N ~ NE
the net ᛫ the internet ᛫ N ~ NE
the Netherlands ᛫ the Netherlands ᛫ N(P) ~ NE
the Nornish Sea Nornisc ᛫ the Norwegian Sea ᛫ N(P) norenish+sea ME+NE calque: Norwegian Sea
the Orchard of Liking Orceard ᛫ the Garden of Eden ᛫ N(P) Orchard of Liking ME
the other way about the other abute ᛫ vice versa ᛫ N ~ NE
the Quidbook Cwidbook ᛫ the Book of Proverbs ( Míshlê Shlomoh ) ᛫ N cwidbōc OE
the Red Sea ᛫ the sea between Arabia and Africa ᛫ N ~ NE
the Shapend the Scapend ᛫ the Creator ᛫ N sceoppend OE
the Shipstar the Scipstar ᛫ Polaris ᛫ N(P) scipsteorra OE
the South Sea Suthe ᛫ the English Channel ᛫ N(P) sǒuth sē [suþsæ] OE
the sticks ᛫ a rural place ᛫ a countryside ᛫ N ~ NE
the Stony Barrows ᛫ the Rocky Mountains ᛫ N(P) ~ NE
the Tems ᛫ the Thames ᛫ N(P) Temese/Temze ME
the toward ᛫ future [ᚹ] ᛫ N toward&tōweard NE&OE
the web ᛫ the internet ᛫ the World Wide Web ᛫ N ~ NE
the Welsh Sea Welsc ᛫ the Celtic Sea ᛫ N(P) Welsh+sea NEx2 calque: Celtic Sea
the West ᛫ the Occident ᛫ N ~ NE
the White Sea Hwite ᛫ the sea between the Kola Peninsula and the rest of Russia ᛫ N ~ NE
the Yellow Sea ᛫ the sea between Korea and China ᛫ N ~ NE
thearl ᛫ very ᛫ very hard ᛫ keenly ᛫ harshly ᛫ severely ᛫ sorely ᛫ AV thearle&þearle ME&OE
theavethorn theafethorn ᛫ any of several types of prickly shrubs ᛫ a thornbush ᛫ a fruit or berry bearing thornbush ᛫ a gooseberry plant ᛫ a blackberry plants ᛫ N thevethorn ME
thechen thecen ᛫ a torch ᛫ N thechene{þæcele} ME
thee ᛫ you ( accusative case ) ᛫ N(PRO) ~[þē] NE
thee ᛫ to prosper ᛫ to thrive ᛫ V ~[þēon] NE
theed ᛫ to connect ᛫ to adhere ᛫ to associate ᛫ to join ᛫ to attach ᛫ V iþeoden&geþēodan/þēodan ME&OE
theed ᛫ a nation ᛫ a tribe ᛫ a clan ᛫ N thede/theid NE
theed ᛫ national- ᛫ public- ᛫ PREFIX þēod OE
theedbale ᛫ a national disaster ᛫ N þēodbealu OE
theeden ᛫ a leader of a people ᛫ a chieftain ᛫ N þēoden OE
theedenhold ᛫ faithful to a lord ᛫ AJ þēodenhold OE
theedfeend ᛫ a public enemy ᛫ N þēodfēond OE
theedheer ᛫ a national army ᛫ N þēodhere OE
theedhood ᛫ nationality ᛫ N ~ NEx2
theedish theedisc ᛫ national ᛫ AJ þeodisce[þēodisc] ME some use " Theedish " to mean " Germanic "
theedland ᛫ an inhabited region ᛫ N þēodland OE
theedledge ᛫ to nationalize ᛫ V thede+lǣcan NE+OE
theedlove theedluf ᛫ patriotism ᛫ N thede+love ME+NE
theedly ᛫ gentile ᛫ AJ þēodlīc OE
theedship theedscip ᛫ a people ᛫ a fellowship ᛫ a nationality ᛫ N þēodscipe OE
theedwit ᛫ a senator ᛫ N þēodwita OE
theefshoal theefscoal ᛫ a band of thieves ᛫ N þēofscolu OE
theenest ᛫ service ᛫ N þēnest OE
theet ᛫ a pipe ᛫ a tube ᛫ a channel for liquids ᛫ N thēote&þēote{wæterþēote} ME&OE
theet ᛫ to howl like a wolf ᛫ V thēoten&þēotan ME&OE
theft ᛫ thievery ᛫ N ~ NE
then ᛫ to extend ᛫ V thinnen&þennan ME&OE
thence thense ᛫ from that place ᛫ AV ~ NE
thenceforth thenseforth ᛫ from there on out ᛫ from then on ᛫ AV ~ NE
thengle thengel ᛫ a prince ᛫ N þengel OE kin: þengill (Norse)
ther ᛫ -trum ᛫ -tron ᛫ ( shows a noun is a tool or instrument ) ᛫ SUFFIX þor/dor OE survives in: lather; rudder
thereby ᛫ by this means ᛫ as a result of that ᛫ AV ~ NE
therewith ᛫ in addition ᛫ AV ~ NE
thern ᛫ a young woman ᛫ a girl ᛫ a female servant ᛫ a handmaid ᛫ N therne ME
thester ᛫ darkness ᛬ dark ᛫ without light or happiness ᛫ N᛬AJ thester OE
thew ᛫ a bondsman ᛫ a servant ᛫ a slave ᛬ to serve ᛫ N᛬V thew&theuien[þēow] NE&ME
thew ᛫ conduct ᛫ manners ᛫ a moral character ᛫ a virtue ᛫ a vice ᛫ muscle ᛬ to discipline ᛫ N᛬V thew&theuen&þēaw NE&ME&OE good thew = virtue, bad thew = vice
thewborn ᛫ born into servitude ᛫ AJ theuborne ME
thewdom ᛫ servitude ᛫ serfdom ᛫ slavery ᛫ a state of bondage ᛫ N theudom ME
thewen ᛫ a bondswoman ᛫ a female servant ᛫ a slave woman ᛫ N þēowen OE
thewet ᛫ slavery ᛫ servitude ᛫ bondage ᛫ N þeowet OE
thewfast ᛫ virtuous ᛫ moral ᛫ well mannered ᛫ AJ þēawfæst OE
thewfastness ᛫ adherence to moral or expected behaviour ᛫ etiquette ᛫ N þēawfæstness OE
thewish thewisc ᛫ servile ᛫ AJ thew+ish ME+NE
thewy ᛫ muscular ᛫ brawny ᛫ AJ ~ NE
thicket ᛫ a dense group of bushes or trees ᛫ N ~[thiccet] NE
thickness ᛫ one of the three dimensions of a solid object , front to back ᛫ a diameter ᛫ viscosity ᛫ N ~ NE
thie ᛫ to ingest ᛫ to drink ᛫ to consume ᛫ to beg for food ᛫ to beg ᛫ to plead ᛫ to implore ᛫ V thiggen[þicgan] ME
thiefdom theefdom ᛫ kleptocracy ᛫ N thief+dom NEx2
thieve theefe ᛫ to steal ᛫ V ~ NE
thighbone thigebone ᛫ a femur ᛫ N ~ NE
thild ᛫ patience ᛫ N þīld ME rhyme: wild
thildy ᛫ patient ᛫ AJ geþyldig OE
Thile ᛫ mythical land of Thule ᛫ N þȳle OE
thilk ᛫ that same ᛫ the very thing ᛫ N(PRO) ~ NE
thill ᛫ an orator ᛫ a spokesman ᛫ N þyle OE
thill ᛫ a plank ᛫ boarding ᛬ to plank ᛫ to lay boards ᛫ N þille&þilian OE&OE
thillcraft ᛫ elocution ᛫ rhetoric ᛫ N þylcræft OE
thilling ᛫ plank flooring ᛫ boarding ᛫ a deck of a ship ᛫ N þiling OE
thind ᛫ to swell ᛫ to swell with pride ᛫ V þindan OE
thine ᛫ yours ᛫ your ( when before a vowel sound ) ᛫ N(PRO) ~ NE
thing ᛫ to plea ᛫ to plead ᛫ to advocate ᛫ to intercede ᛫ to make terms ᛫ settle a legal issue ᛫ V thingen ME
thinger ᛫ an advocate ᛫ an intercessor ᛫ a pleader ᛫ N þingere{þingestre} OE
thingstead ᛫ an assembly place ᛫ a forum ᛫ N thingstead NE
thinker ᛫ an intellectual ᛫ N ~ NE
thir ᛫ dry ᛫ arid ᛫ AJ þyrre OE
thirl ᛫ a hole ᛬ to pierce ᛫ to penetrate ᛫ to drill ᛫ to bore ᛫ N᛬V ~ NE becomes: tril in compounds
thirst ᛫ a strong desire ( especially for drink ) ᛬ to desire ( especially drink ) ᛫ N᛬V ~ NE
thirsty ᛫ avid ᛫ parched ᛫ AJ ~ NE
thirth ᛫ power ᛫ vigour ᛫ rigour ᛫ N thirth[þrȳþ] ME
thither ᛫ to that place ᛫ AV ~ NE
thitherto ᛫ up to that time ᛫ until then ᛫ AV ~ NE
thixel ᛫ a pole ᛫ a beam ᛫ N þīxl OE
thode ᛫ a strong wind ᛫ a violent wind ᛫ a whirlwind ᛫ a gale ᛫ N ~{þoden} NE
thoft ᛫ a rowing bench ᛫ N ~[þoft] NE
thoft ᛫ an ally ᛫ an associate ᛫ a fellow ᛫ a comrade ᛫ N geþofta OE
thoft ᛫ to associate ᛫ to ally with ᛫ V geþoftian OE
thoftship thoftscip ᛫ a fellowship ᛫ an alliance [ᚹ] ᛫ N þoftscipe OE
thole ᛫ to endure ( to suffer through ) ᛫ V ~ NE
tholemood ᛫ patient ᛫ AJ þolemōd OE
tholesome tholesum ᛫ patient ᛫ AJ thole+some NEx2
thone ᛫ to moisten ᛬ moist ᛫ V᛬AJ þān&þānian OE&OE or: thoan
thong ᛫ a strip of leather or fabric ᛫ a g-string ᛫ N ~ NE
thorn ᛫ an annoyance ᛫ a discomfort ᛫ N ~ NE
thorn ᛫ the letter thorn ( Þ þ ) ᛫ N ~ NE
thorny ᛫ annoying ᛫ uncomfortable ᛫ problematic ᛫ AJ ~ NE
thorny anteater ᛫ an echidna ᛫ N spiny anteater NE
thorough thoroug ᛫ complete ᛫ detailed ᛫ more than adequate ᛫ AJ ~ NE
thoroughbred thorougbred ᛫ a purebred horse ᛫ a well-bred person ᛫ an athletic person ᛬ purebred ᛫ well-bred ᛫ N᛬AJ ~ NE
thoroughfare thorougfare ᛫ a route ᛫ a main road in a town ᛫ N ~ NE
thoroughgoing thorouggoing ᛫ complete ᛫ thorough ᛫ with great attention to detail ᛫ AJ ~ NE
thoroughlight thorougligt ᛫ a light that passes through ᛫ N ~ NE
thoroughlights thorougligts ᛫ windows on opposite sides of a room ᛫ N ~ NE
thoroughly thorougly ᛫ extensively ᛫ completely ᛫ AV ~ NE
thoroughsped thorougsped ᛫ fully accomplished ᛫ AJ ~ NE
thorp ᛫ a village ᛫ a hamlet ᛫ N ~ NE
thorpsman ᛫ a villager ᛫ N ~ NE
thost ᛫ dung ᛫ manure ᛫ excrement ᛫ faeces ᛫ poop ᛫ crap ᛫ shit ᛫ N ~ NE
thother ᛫ a sphere ᛫ a globe [ᚹ] ᛫ N þōþer OE rhyme: brother?
thou thue ᛫ you ( nominative ) ᛫ N(PRO) ~ NE
though thuge ᛫ clay ᛫ N þōhe OE rhyme: plough?
thoughtache thougtake ᛫ angst ᛫ existential dread ᛫ cognitive dissonance ᛫ N thoughtache NE
thoughtfand thougtfand ᛫ a thought experiment ᛫ N thought+fand NE+ME
thoughtful thougtful ᛫ considerate ᛫ AJ ~ NE
thoughtless thougtless ᛫ inconsiderate ᛫ AJ ~ NE
thousand thousand thusand ᛫ a million ᛫ N þusend þusend OE
thousandlegs thusandlegs ᛫ a millipede ᛫ N thousand-legs NE‹(E+N) or: thousandshanks
thove thofe ᛫ tufted ᛫ bushy ᛫ tufty ᛫ leafy ᛫ AJ thūfe&þūfe ME&OE rhyme: shove?
Thrace Thrase ᛫ Thrace ᛫ N(P) ~[Thrācia] NE‹O
thrake ᛫ power ᛫ force ᛫ N þracu{threken} OE
thrakefield thrakefeeld ᛫ a force field ᛫ N thrake+field NEx2
thrall ᛫ slave ᛫ N ~ NE‹N
thralldom ᛫ subjugation ᛫ slavery ᛫ bondage ᛫ N ~ NE‹(N+E)
thrave thrafe ᛫ to urge ᛫ to reprove ᛫ to rebuke ᛫ V þrafian OE
thrax ᛫ caries ( the rot of bone and teeth ) ᛫ N þreax OE
thray ᛫ to rebuke ᛫ to reproach ᛫ to chastise ᛫ V thraien[þrēagan] ME
threa ᛫ a punishment ᛫ punishment ᛫ an infliction ᛫ N þrēa{thrē?} OE
threadbare ᛫ shabby ᛫ frayed ᛫ unoriginal ᛫ bland ᛫ cliche ᛫ banal ᛫ trite ᛫ AJ ~ NE
threaden ᛫ textile ᛫ AJ ~ NE
thred ᛫ to deliberate ᛫ V þreodian OE
threding ᛫ deliberation ᛫ N þreodung OE
threeawn ᛫ an Aristida plant ᛫ N ~ NE
threedealed ᛫ having three parts ᛫ tripartite ᛫ AJ þridǣled OE
threefold ᛫ triple ᛫ having three parts ᛬ triply ᛫ AJ᛬AV ~ NE
threehead ᛫ the triceps ᛫ N þrihēafdede OE
threehirn ᛫ a triangle ᛫ N þrihyrne OE
threehirned ᛫ triangular ᛫ AJ þrihyrnede OE
threep ᛫ an altercation ᛫ a quarrel ᛫ an argument ᛫ contention ᛬ to quarrel ᛫ to argue ᛫ to contend ᛫ N᛬V þrēpe[þrēap]&þrēpen ME&ME
threesheet threesceet ᛫ triangular ᛫ three-cornered ᛫ AJ þriscīte{shēte} OE
threeside ᛫ a triangle ᛫ N ~ NE
threesided ᛫ triangular ᛫ AJ ~ NE
threewheeler threehweeler ᛫ any three-wheeled vehicle ᛫ a tricyle ᛫ a tuk-tuk ᛫ a rickshaw ᛫ an auto-rickshaw ᛫ N ~ NE
thresh thresc ᛫ to move violently ᛫ to thrash ᛫ V ~ NE
threshold threscold ᛫ the bottom of a doorway ᛫ a limit before something happens ᛫ N ~ NE
threst ᛫ to press ᛫ to press together ᛫ to apply downward pressure ᛫ to pressure [ᚹ] ᛫ V ithrē̆sten[geþrǽstan] ME
thriddendeal ᛫ a unit of liquid measure , often equivalent to one-third of a gallon ᛫ N thridden-dē̆l ME
thrift ᛫ prudence of money or resources ᛫ N ~ NE
thrifty ᛫ prudent with money or resources ᛫ AJ ~ NE
thril ᛫ a hole ᛫ an opening ᛫ an aperture ᛫ N ~ NE
thrilap ᛫ a trilobite ᛫ N thri+lap NEx2
thrileaf ᛫ a trefoil ᛫ N þrilēafe OE
thrill ᛫ a trembling from emotion ᛫ a cause of sudden excitement ᛬ to suddenly excite ᛫ N᛬V ~ NE
thrilly ᛫ exciting ᛫ producing a thrill ᛫ AJ ~ NE
Thrimilk ᛫ May ᛫ N(P) þrimilce OE or: thirmilk (by analogy with thirteen)
thriness ᛫ a trinity ᛫ the Holy Trinity ᛫ N thrinnes[þrinness] ME
thring ᛫ to press ᛫ to push ᛫ to crowd ᛫ V ~ NE PST: thrang ᛫ PTCP: thrung
thringing ᛫ urgent ᛫ pressing ᛫ pressure ᛫ AJ thring+ing ME+NE
thrinter ᛫ a three-year-old animal ᛫ something three years old [ᚹ] ᛫ N thrintǒur[þriwintre] ME equal to: three + winter
thrist ᛫ courageous ᛫ audacious ᛫ presumptuous ᛫ bold ᛫ rash ᛫ AJ thrīst[þrīst] ME rhyme: Christ
thristledge ᛫ to become presumptuous ᛫ to presume ᛫ V þrīstlǣcan OE
thrithe ᛫ forces ( as in armies ) ᛫ N thrith&þrȳþ ME&OE "the word seems to occur only in the plural"
thritheful ᛫ mighty ᛫ powerful ᛫ strong ᛫ AJ þrȳþfull OE
thritongued thritunged ᛫ trilingual ᛫ AJ thri+tongue+ed NEx3
thrive thrife ᛫ to flourish ᛫ to prosper ᛫ to grow ᛫ to be successful over a relatively long period ᛫ V ~ NE
throatball ᛫ an Adam's apple ᛫ N thrōtebolle ME
throatwort ᛫ a Campanula trachelium plant ᛫ N ~ NE
throe ᛫ a pang ᛫ a spasm ᛬ to suffer ᛫ to pain ᛫ to suffer martyrdom ᛫ N᛬V throe&þrowian NE&OE
throer ᛫ a sufferer ᛫ a martyr ᛫ N þrowere OE
throm ᛫ a company of men ᛫ a host of men ᛫ a troop of men ᛫ grandeur ᛫ splendor ᛫ glory ᛫ N throm/thrum[þrymm] ME or: thrum
thromfast ᛫ glorious ᛫ majestic ᛫ illustrious ᛫ mighty ᛫ AJ þrymfæst OE
thromfull ᛫ glorious ᛫ majestic ᛫ illustrious ᛫ mighty ᛫ AJ þrymfull OE
thromly ᛫ magnificent ᛫ splendid ᛫ glorious ᛬ magnificently ᛫ splendidly ᛫ gloriously ᛫ AJ᛬AV þrymlīc&þrumlīce OE
thromsettle thromsettel ᛫ a throne ᛫ N thrum-setle[þrym-setl] ME
throng ᛫ a crowd ᛫ N ~ NE
throngfear ᛫ agoraphobia ᛫ N throng+fear NEx2
throsomy ᛫ smoky ᛫ vaporous ᛫ AJ þrosmig OE
throssom ᛫ smoke ᛫ vapor ᛫ N þrosm OE
throstle throstel ᛫ a Turdus philomelos bird ᛫ N ~ NE
throttle throttel ᛫ a throat ᛫ a larynx ᛫ a throttle-valve ᛫ a throttle-control ᛬ to choke ᛫ to strangle [ᛏ] ᛫ N᛬V ~ NE
through thruge ᛫ a coffin ᛫ a sarcophagus ᛫ a sarcophagus slab ᛫ a mausoleum ᛫ N thrūgh[þrūh] ME rhyme: plough
throughbore thrugebore ᛫ to bore through ᛫ to perforate ᛫ to transfix ᛫ V thurghbōren ME
throughbraid thrugebraid ᛫ to transport ᛫ V þurhbregdan OE
throughfasten thrugefasten ᛫ to transfix ᛫ V þurhfæstnian OE
throughshine thrugescine ᛫ transparent ᛫ AJ throughshine NE
throughsmow thrugesmue ᛫ to creep through ᛫ to pour over ᛫ V þurhsmūgan OE
throughstand thrugestand ᛫ to persist ᛫ V þurhstandan OE
throughtee througtee ᛫ to carry through ᛫ to achieve ᛫ to accomplish ᛫ V þurhtēon OE
throw ᛫ an occasion ᛫ a circumstance ᛫ a relatively short period of time ᛫ an instant ᛫ a moment ᛫ N throu[þrāg/þrāh] ME
throwend ᛫ a scorpion ᛫ N þrowend OE
Throwend ᛫ one of the Tronds ( a Norse people-group ) ? ᛫ N(P) þrowende OE kin: Trondheim?
Throwend ᛫ Scorpio ᛫ PN þrowend OE
thrush thrusc ᛫ a Turdidae bird ᛫ N ~ NE
thrutch thruc ᛫ to push ᛫ to squeeze out ᛫ to pressure ᛫ to force ᛫ to press forward ᛫ to print [ᚹ] ᛫ V thricchen[þryccan/þrican] ME
thuften ᛫ a handmaiden ᛫ a female servant ᛫ N thuften[þyften] ME
Thunder ᛫ ( an English god equivalent to Thor and equated with Jupiter ) ᛫ the planet Jupiter [ᚹ] ᛫ N(P) þunor[þuner] OE kin: "thunder"
Thunderday ᛫ Thursday ᛫ N(P) þundurday/þunresdæi ME SEE NOTE
thunderfear ᛫ astraphobia ᛫ N thunder+fear NEx2
Thunderly ᛫ Jovian ᛫ AJ þunor+ly OE+NE
Thundernight Thundernigt ᛫ the night following Thursday's dusk ᛫ Thursnight ᛫ N(P) þunresniht OE
thung ᛫ any of several poisonous plants ᛫ N thung[þung] ME
thungen ᛫ grown ᛫ thriven ᛫ advanced ( in quality ) ᛫ AJ geþungen OE
thunwang ᛫ a temple ( anatomy ) ᛫ N thunwonge[þunwang] ME
thunwangbone ᛫ a temporal bone ᛫ N thunwang+bone ME+NE
Thuring ᛫ one of the Thuringii ᛫ N(P) Þyringum OE
Thuringland ᛫ Thuringia ᛫ N(P) Þyringum+land OE+NE
thurrock ᛫ a hold ( of a ship ) ᛫ a bilge ( of a ship ) ᛫ N thurrok[þurruc] ME
thurse ᛫ a kind of giant-like creature from Germanic mythology ᛫ a giant ᛫ a cyclops ᛫ an ogre ᛫ N thurs&þyrs ME&OE
thus ᛫ in the manner now being indicated ᛫ accordingly ᛫ consequently ᛫ AV thus&thus NE&ME
thwack ᛫ a sharp blow ᛬ to strike forcefully with a sharp blow ᛫ N᛬V ~ NE
thwares ᛫ across ᛫ thwart ᛫ athwart ᛫ transversely ᛫ P þweores OE
thwart ᛫ to prevent an accomplishment ᛬ across ᛫ V᛬AV&P ~[thwert] NE‹N see: thwares (for native alternative)
thwartsome thwartsum ᛫ adversative ᛫ AJ thwart+some NEx2 invented by William Barnes
thway ᛫ to wash ᛫ V þwēan OE
thweal ᛫ a towel ᛫ N þwǣle OE kin: towel; þwéan; Zwehle
thwean ᛫ to soften with moisture ᛫ V þwǣnan OE
thwear ᛫ to agree [ᚹ] ᛫ to make accordant ᛫ to become in accord ᛫ to make harmonious ᛬ agreeable ᛫ harmonious ᛫ compatible [ᚹ] ᛫ V᛬AJ geþwǣrian&þwǣre OE&OE
thwearhue thwearhew ᛫ a complementary colour ᛫ N þwǣre+hue OE+NE literally: harmonious-hue
thwearledge ᛫ to become in harmony with ᛫ to become compatible [ᚹ] ᛫ V ithwǣrlēchen ME
thwearness ᛫ agreement ᛫ harmony ᛫ peace ᛫ consonnance [ᚹ] ᛫ N geþwǽrnes OE
thwire ᛫ obstinate ᛫ perverse ᛫ cross ( as in crooked or bitter ) ᛫ AJ thwīre[þwīr]{þweorh} ME
thwoast ᛫ to murmur ᛫ V þwāstrian OE
thy ᛫ your ᛫ N(PRO) ~ NE
thyself ᛫ yourself ᛫ N(PRO) ~ NE
tid ᛫ tender ᛫ soft ᛫ nice ᛫ AJ tidbit NE
tidbit ᛫ a small piece of tasty food ᛫ a small and interesting item of information or gossip ᛫ N ~ NE
tidder ᛫ to treat with tenderness to fondle ᛬ frail ᛫ V᛬AJ tidder&tȳdre NE&OE
tidderness ᛫ frailty ᛫ N tīderness OE
tide ᛫ a time ᛫ a period ᛫ a tense ( grammatical term ) ᛬ to happen ᛫ to befall ᛫ to betide ᛫ N᛬V tide&tīd&&tīdan NE&NE&OE
tideghost tidegoast ᛫ a zeitgeist ᛫ an ethos of an age ᛫ N tide+ghost NEx2 calque: Zeitgeist
tidely ᛫ temporal ᛫ chronological ᛫ temporary ᛫ AJ tide+ly NEx2 calque: zeitlich
tider ᛫ to have offspring ᛫ to beget offspring ᛫ to multiply ᛫ V tidren ME kin: tūdor
tidewave tidewafe ᛫ a tsunami ᛫ N tide+wave NE+NE calque: tidal wave
tideword ᛫ a verb ᛫ N tide+word NEx2 calque: tiidwurd
tidewrit ᛫ a magazine ᛫ N tide+writ NEx2 calque: tijdschrift
tidewriter ᛫ a chronicler ᛫ an annalist ᛫ N tīdwrītere OE
tidings ᛫ news ᛫ N ~ NE
tidy ᛫ neat ᛫ timely ᛫ seasonable ᛫ opportune ᛫ orderly ᛫ ordered ᛫ AJ ~ NE
tield teeld ᛫ a tent ᛫ a canopy or an awning over a boat ᛬ to pitch a tent ᛫ to set a trap ᛫ to erect something ᛫ N᛬V tē̆ld&tē̆lden ME&ME
tigercat ᛫ any variegated wildcat ᛫ a serval ᛫ an ocelot ᛫ an oncilla ᛫ a margay ᛫ a quoll ᛫ N tiger cat NE‹(E‹I+E)
tight tigt ᛫ a practice ᛫ a way of conduct ᛫ N tight[tyht] ME kin: tee
tights tigts ᛫ pantyhose ᛫ N ~ NE
tile ᛫ a brick ᛫ a tile ᛫ N tigel OE‹I
till ᛫ to prepare and cultivate land for crops ᛫ V ~ NE
till ᛫ apt ᛫ suitable ᛫ adequate ᛫ appropriate ᛫ AJ til OE
till ᛫ a fixed point ᛫ station ᛫ N till OE
tillman ᛫ a husbandman ᛫ a farmer ᛫ N ~ NE
tillmoody ᛫ noble-minded ᛫ AJ tilmōdig OE
tilth ᛫ agriculture ᛫ cultivation ᛫ tillage ᛫ prepared surface soil ᛫ culture [ᚹ] ᛫ N tilth&tilth NE&ME
timber ᛫ wood for construction ᛬ to construct ᛫ N᛬V timber&timbran NE&OE
timeframe ᛫ a period of time ᛫ N ~ NE
timelore ᛫ chronology ᛫ N time+lore NEx2 invented by William Barnes
timely ᛫ at a favourable time ᛫ opportune ᛫ AJ ~ NE
timesare ᛫ a time machine ᛫ N time+searu NE+OE calque: time machine
timetoken ᛫ a time signature ᛫ N time+token NEx2 calque: Taktbezeichnung
timewise ᛫ temporal ᛫ chronological ᛫ AJ ~ NE
tind ᛫ to set on fire ᛫ to kindle ᛫ to ignite ᛫ V ~ NE Related to "tinder".
tinderbox ᛫ a potentially dangerous place or situation ᛫ a crisis ᛫ N ~ NE
tine ᛫ a point ᛫ a spike ᛫ N ~[tind] NE
tine ᛫ to enclose ᛫ V tine[tun] OE
tinglass ᛫ bismuth ( element ) ᛫ N ~ NE
tinmouth tinmuthe ᛫ a Pomoxys annularis fish ( a crappie ) ᛫ N ~ NE
tinstone ᛫ cassiterite ᛫ native tin dioxide ᛫ N ~ NE
tintrey ᛫ torment ᛫ torture ᛫ N tintreg OE point-agony (tind-treg)? extend-agony (tinnan+treg)?
tire ᛫ glory ᛫ N tīr[tīr] ME
tire ᛫ to feel or make weary ᛫ to lose interest in ᛫ to bore ᛫ V ~ NE
tiresome tiresum ᛫ boring ᛫ tedious ᛫ AJ ~ NE
tish tisc ᛫ a buzzard ᛫ N tysca OE or: tisk?
tit ᛫ a teat ᛫ N ~ NE teat is Frankish
titch tic ᛫ a young goat ᛫ N tiche ME
tithe ᛫ a tenth ᛬ to give a tithe of something ᛫ to decimate ᛫ N᛬V ~ NE
tithing ᛫ an administrative region below hundreds ᛫ N ~ NE
Titicaca Mere ᛫ Lake Titicaca ᛫ N(P) Titicaca+mere NE‹O+NE
titling ᛫ an Anthus pratensis plant ᛫ N ~ NE
titmouse titmuse ᛫ a Paridae bird ᛫ N ~ NE
tiver tifer ᛫ cinnabar ᛫ the orange red hue of cinnabar [ᚹ] ᛬ to paint ( with cinnabar ? ) ᛫ N᛬V teafur[tēafor]&atiefran ME
tiver tifer ᛫ a sacrifice ᛫ an offering ᛫ a victim ᛫ N tiber[tifer] OE
tivering tifering ᛫ painting ᛫ N tīfrung OE
to boot ᛫ in addition ᛫ as well ᛫ AV ~ NE
to wit ᛫ that is to say ᛫ namely ᛫ specifically ᛫ AV ~ NE originally: that is to wit
toadstool ᛫ mushroom ᛫ N ~ NE
toady ᛫ a sycophant ᛫ a charlatan's assistant ᛬ to engage in sycophancy ᛫ N᛬V ~ NE or: toadeater (original)
toaker ᛫ one's husband's brother ᛫ N tācor OE
Toba Mere ᛫ Lake Toba ᛫ N(P) Toba+mere NE‹O+NE
toburst ᛫ to rupture ᛫ V toborstennisse ME
toburstenness ᛫ a rupture ᛫ N toborstennisse ME
tocome tocum ᛫ an arrival ᛫ a coming ᛫ the future ᛫ N ~ NE
todeal ᛫ to divide ᛫ to distribute ᛫ to part ᛫ to separate ᛫ N᛬V tōdǣlan OE
todealedness ᛫ a division ᛫ a distinction ᛫ a separation ᛫ N tōdǣledness OE
todo ᛫ a commotion ᛫ a fuss ᛫ N todo NE
todrive ᛫ to drive in different directions ᛫ to drive away ᛫ V tōdrīfan OE
toebone ᛫ a phalanx of a toe ( anatomy ) ᛫ N ~ NE
tofall ᛫ an incident ᛫ a befalling ᛫ N ~ NE
tofall ᛫ a coincidence ᛫ N to+fall NE+NE calque: toeval; Zufall
tofare ᛫ to go in different directions ᛫ to go off separately ᛫ to part ways ᛫ V tōfaran OE
tofloat ᛫ to float in different directions ᛫ to be dispersed by water ᛫ V tōflēotan OE
togang ᛫ access ᛫ admission ᛫ N to+gang NEx2 calque: tagang
token ᛫ sign ᛫ badge ᛫ marking ᛫ mark ᛫ symbol ᛫ N ~ NE
tokenbearer ᛫ a signifier ᛫ a standard bearer ᛫ N tācnberend OE
tokening ᛫ a representation ᛫ an indication of something's true condition ᛫ evidence ᛫ gesturing ᛫ a memorial ᛫ a memento ᛫ N tōkning ME
toknow ᛫ to discern ᛫ to distinguish ᛫ to know the difference between ᛫ V tọ̄̆knouen&tōcnāwan ME&OE
tolimb ᛫ to dismember ᛫ to remove a limb ᛫ V tọ̄̆limen ME
tolithe ᛫ to dismember ᛫ V tolithen [tōliþian] ME
toll ᛫ tax ᛫ assessment ᛫ fee ᛫ N toln ME
toller ᛫ a toll-taker ᛫ tax-gatherer ᛫ N tollere OE
toname ᛫ a surname ᛫ a nickname ᛫ epithet ᛫ N toname ME
tone ᛫ a twig ᛫ a twig or piece of wood used in augury divination or casting lots ᛫ N tān OE survives in: mistletoe
tonglings ᛫ forceps ᛫ N tong+ling+s NEx3 invented by William Barnes
tongue tung ᛫ a lingua ᛫ a language ᛫ an odontophore ᛫ a proboscis ᛫ N ~ NE
tonguebone tungbone ᛫ a hyoid bone ᛫ N ~ NE
tonguefall tungfall ᛫ an accent ( in speech ) ᛫ N tongue+fall NEx2 calque: tongval
tonguely tungly ᛫ lingual ᛬ lingually ᛫ AJ᛬AV ~ NE
tool ᛫ an instrument ᛫ N ~ NE
tooler ᛫ a mechanic ᛫ a technician ᛫ N tool+er NEx2
toolfall ᛫ the instrumental case ᛫ N tool+fyll NE+OE
toom ᛫ empty ᛫ AJ ~[tōm] NE
toot ᛫ to pry ᛫ to spy ᛫ to peep ᛫ to peek ᛫ to peer ᛫ V tōten[tōtian] ME
tooth ᛫ to indent ᛫ to serrate ᛫ V ~ NE
toothed ᛫ dentate ᛫ indented ᛫ jagged ᛫ serrated ᛫ cogged ᛫ AJ ~ NE
toothleech toothleec ᛫ a dentist ᛫ N tooth+leech NEx2
toothless ᛫ ineffectual ᛫ lacking in means to enforce something ᛫ AJ ~ NE
toothly ᛫ dental ᛫ dentally ᛫ AJ᛬AV ~ NE
toothsome toothsum ᛫ delicious ᛫ scrumptious ᛫ AJ ~ NE
topside ᛫ the upper outer surface of the ship above the waterline ᛬ above decks such as on the bridge ᛫ N᛬AJ ~ NE
topsyturviness topsyturfiness ᛫ chaos ᛫ disorder ᛫ N topsyturviness NE
topsyturvy topsyturfy ᛫ backwards ᛫ upside-down ᛫ chaotic ᛬ backwards ᛫ upside-down ᛫ chaotically ᛫ AJ᛬AV topsyturvy NE
torght torgt ᛫ to make clear ᛬ bright ᛫ splendid ᛫ beautiful ᛫ clear ᛬ beautifully ᛫ clearly ᛫ splendidly ᛫ V᛬AJ᛬AV torhte&torht&torhtian ME&OE&OE
torghtly torgtly ᛫ splendid ᛬ splendidly ᛫ AJ᛬AV torhtlīc&torhtlīce OE
torghtness torgtness ᛫ glory ᛫ splendour ᛫ N torhtness OE
torn ᛫ anger ᛫ wrath ᛫ trouble ᛬ bitter ᛫ N᛬AJ torn OE
tornquid torncwid ᛫ an utterance that causes grief ᛫ bitter grievous or distressing words ᛫ N torncwide OE
torve torfe ᛫ to throw ᛫ to pelt ᛫ V torven[torfian] ME
toshrithe toscrithe ᛫ to split apart ᛫ V tọ̄̆shrīthen[tōscrīðan] ME
touder tuder ᛫ offspring ᛫ progeny ᛫ a foetus ᛫ a fetus ᛫ a race ᛫ a breed ᛫ product ᛫ N tūder&tūdor ME&OE
tout tute ᛫ to promote ᛫ to publicize ᛫ to advertize ᛫ V ~ NE
toward ᛫ future ᛫ approaching ᛫ promising ᛫ docile ᛫ obedient ᛫ cooperative ᛬ towards ᛫ AJ᛬P toward&tōweard NE&OE
toward tide ᛫ the future tense ᛬ of the future tense ᛫ N᛬AJ toward tīd OE
towardness ᛫ the future ᛫ N tōweardness OE
toyear ᛫ this year ᛫ N&AV to-year NE
toyen ᛫ in defence against ᛫ in moral opposition to ᛫ P toyēn ME
tread ᛫ to walk upon ᛫ to walk along ᛫ to trot ᛫ V ~ NE PST: trod ᛫ PTCP: trodden; treaded
treadle treadel ᛫ a pedal ᛫ a foot lever ᛫ N ~ NE
treehoney treehunny ᛫ syrup ᛫ treacle ᛫ N ~ NE poorly attested
treely ᛫ arboreal ᛫ AJ ~ NE
treen ᛫ small domestic wooden objects ( especially antiques ) ᛬ made of tree ᛫ wooden ᛫ N᛬AJ ~ NE
treewright treewrigt ᛫ a carpenter ᛫ N trēowwyrhta OE
trend ᛫ a general direction of a change or a development ᛫ a fashion ᛬ to bend or to change in a specific direction ᛫ N᛬V ~ NE
trendle trendel ᛫ an orb ᛫ a sphere ᛫ N trendel[trendel] ME
trendsetter ᛫ A fashionista ᛫ N ~ NE
trendy ᛫ fashionable ( often in the short term only ) ᛫ AJ ~ NE
trey ᛫ affliction ᛫ suffering ᛫ pain ᛫ vexation ᛫ grievance ᛬ to afflict ᛫ to vex ᛫ to annoy ᛫ to irritate ᛫ to bother ᛫ N treien[trega/tregian] ME
trim ᛫ to remove excess ᛫ to shorten something's length ᛬ neat ᛫ in shape ᛫ V᛬AJ ~[trimmen][trymman] NE
trimmer ᛫ a political pragmatist ᛫ a political opportunist ᛫ a political moderate ᛫ N ~ NE
trind ᛫ a ball ?᛫ N trinda OE
trod ᛫ a track ᛫ a foot print ᛫ a trace ᛫ N trod ME
troth ᛫ faith ᛫ a religion ᛫ a creed ᛫ a doctrine ᛫ loyalty ᛫ fidelity ᛫ allegiance ᛫ adherence to one's oaths ᛫ N troth&treuth NE&ME
troth ᛫ ( denotes allegiance ) ᛫ SUFFIX troth&treuth NE&ME
trothful ᛫ faithful ᛫ loyal ᛫ AJ ~ NE
trothless ᛫ unfaithful ᛫ disloyal ᛫ impious ᛫ undevout ᛫ AJ ~ NE
trothplight trothpligt ᛫ a betrothal ᛬ to betroth ᛬ betrothed ᛬ engaged ᛫ N ~ NE
trough troug ᛫ a duct ᛫ a minimum ( mathematics ) ᛫ N ~ NE rhyme: scoff
trouth truthe ᛫ a trumpeter ᛫ N trūþ OE
trow ᛫ to trust ᛫ to believe in ᛫ to have faith in ᛫ V [trēowan] NE rhyme: grow
trowfast ᛫ loyal ᛫ faithful ᛫ AJ trēowfæst OE
trowless ᛫ faithless ᛫ infidel ᛫ AJ trēowlēas OE
truce trewse ᛫ a pledge ᛫ a treaty ᛫ an armistice ᛬ to pledge ᛫ N᛬V truce&getrȳwþ NE&OE
truck ᛫ to fail ( at something ) ᛫ to fail ( a duty ) ᛫ to be insufficient ᛫ to be deficient ᛫ V truken&trucian ME&OE
true aloe trew ᛫ an Aloe vera plant ᛫ N true aloe NE
trum ᛫ firm ᛫ safeguarded ᛫ AJ trum&trum ME&OE kin: trim
trum ᛫ a troop of soldiers ᛫ an army ᛫ forces ( as in armies ) ᛫ a company ᛫ a military array ᛫ N trume&truma ME&OE kin: sheltron
trundle trundel ᛫ to move or cause to move slowly and heavily typically in a noisy or uneven way ᛫ V ~ NE
truse trewse ᛫ to swear to the truth of ᛫ to guarantee [ᚹ] ᛫ V treousen[trēowsian/trȳwsian] ME
trustworthy ᛫ reliable ᛫ dependable ᛫ AJ ~ NE
trusty ᛫ reliable ᛫ AJ ~ NE
truthful trewthful ᛫ honest ᛫ sincere ᛫ AJ ~ NE
truthfulness trewthfulness ᛫ honesty ᛫ sincerity ᛫ N ~ NE
Tuesday Tewsday ᛫ Tuesday ᛫ N(P) ~{tisday/tisdæi/tyseday} NE or: Tyesday
Tuesnight Tewsnigt ᛫ the night following Tuesday's dusk ᛫ N(P) ~[tīwesniht] NE
tugwain ᛫ a train ᛫ N tug+wain NE+ME semi-calque of Zug (German)
tumb ᛫ to dance ᛫ to jump ᛫ to dance and jump about ᛫ V tumben[tumbian] ME kin: "tumble"
tun ᛫ a large cask ᛫ a fermenting vat ᛫ 2240 pounds ( by extension an indefinite large quantity ) ᛫ N ~ NE not the same as "tonne"
tunereeve tunereefe ᛫ a praetor ᛫ a bailiff ᛫ N tūngerēfa OE
tungle tungel ᛫ a planet ᛫ a moon ᛫ N tungol ME meaning has been narrowed
tunglecraft tungelcraft ᛫ planetology ᛫ N tungolcræfte ME meaning has been modernised
tungler tungeller ᛫ an astronomer ᛫ N tunglere OE
tunsingwort ᛫ a Veratrum album plant ( white hellebore ) N tunsingwurt ME
turd ᛫ a piece of solid faeces ᛫ N ~ NE
turdle turdel ᛫ a pellet of faeces ( like that of a sheep ) ᛫ N tirdel[tyrdlu] ME
turf ᛫ territory ᛫ an area of influence ᛫ the top layer of Earth with grass ᛫ sod ᛫ N ~ NE
turfen ᛫ made of turf ᛫ covered with turf ᛫ AJ ~ NE
Turkana Mere ᛫ Lake Turkana ᛫ N(P) Turkana+mere NE‹O+NE
tusk ᛫ a tenon ᛫ N ~ NE or: tush (from a Middle English alternative)
twain ᛫ two ᛬ to split into two ᛫ N᛬V ~ NE
twaincloud twainclude ᛫ cumulostratus ᛫ N twain cloud NE
tweak ᛫ modification ᛬ to modify ᛫ N᛬V ~ NE
tweam ᛫ to divide ᛫ to separate ᛫ to cause dissent among ᛫ to estrange ᛫ V twēmen/tweamen&twǣman ME&OE
tweaming ᛫ a division ᛫ a separation ᛫ a distinction ᛫ N twǣming OE
twee ᛫ doubt ᛫ ambiguity ᛫ uncertainty ᛬ to doubt ᛫ N᛬V twēo&twēogan{twēon} OE
tweely ᛫ doubtful ᛫ AJ twēolic OE
tweenbrain ᛫ the diencephalon ᛫ N ~ NE
tweeworthy ᛫ questionable ᛫ doubtful ᛫ dubious ᛫ N twēo+worthy OE+NE
Twelve Tokens Twelfe ᛫ the Zodiac ᛫ N twelf tacna OE
twi ᛫ duo- ᛫ bi- ᛫ do- ᛫ double- ᛫ PREFIX ~ NE
twibill ᛫ an axe , halberd , or mattock which is double bladed ᛫ N ~ NE equivalent to twi-bill
twichore twicore ᛫ a double duty ᛬ double duty ᛫ N᛬AJ twi+chore NEx2
twiddle twiddel ᛫ a tilde ᛫ N ~ NE name used in mathematics ᛫ or: squiggle
twifoldly ᛫ double ᛫ dual ᛫ AJ twīfoldlī ME
twig ᛫ a branch ( especially a small one ) ᛫ N twig&twig NE&OE
twiganger ᛫ Doppelgänger ᛫ N twi+gang+er NEx3 calque: Doppelgänger
twihorned ᛫ bicornous ᛫ AJ twi+horned NEx2 invented by William Barnes
twill ᛫ a fabric with a twill weave ᛬ to weave such a pattern ᛫ N᛬V ~ NE
twin ᛫ a double ᛬ double ᛫ dual ᛫ N᛬AJ ~ NE
twinay ᛫ double negative ᛫ N twi+nay NEx2
twine ᛫ a string of two or more strands twisted together ᛫ a twist ᛫ a convolution ᛬ to twist ᛫ N᛬V ~ NE
twinge ᛫ a sharp pain ᛫ a pang ᛬ to pinch ᛫ to cause a sharp pain ᛫ N᛬V ~ NE
twinword ᛫ a doublet word ᛫ N twin+word NEx2
twissel ᛫ a double fruit or a pair of like things growing on a tree ᛫ a junction ᛫ a road or river fork ᛬ double ᛫ twofold ᛫ N᛬AJ twissel&twisla[twis] NE&OE
twist ᛫ to writhe ᛫ to contort ᛫ to twine ᛫ to coil ᛫ to turn ᛫ to sprain ᛫ V ~ NE
twister ᛫ a tornado ᛫ N ~ NE
twiteethed ᛫ bidental ᛫ AJ twi+teethed NEx2
twitongued twitunged ᛫ bilingual ᛫ AJ ~ NE
twiway ᛫ a place where two roads meet ᛫ N twiweg OE
twiwield twiweeld ᛫ dyarchy / diarchy ᛫ N twi+wield NE
twodeal ᛫ a two-piece swimsuit ( a bikini ) ᛫ N two-piece NE‹(E+I)
twofold ᛫ double ᛫ AJ ~ NE
twofooted ᛫ bipedal ᛫ AJ ~ NE
twoness ᛫ duality ᛫ N ~ NE
twosided ᛫ bilateral ᛫ AJ two+sided NEx2
twosome twosum ᛫ a couple ᛫ a pair ᛫ a duo ᛫ N ~ NE
twoth ᛫ second ( a second thing ) ᛬ second ( second place in a sequence ) ᛫ N᛬AJ ~ NE this word has an analogy with Dutch's "tweede"
twowheeler twohweeler ᛫ a bicycle ᛫ N ~ NE
tye ᛫ a box of small size ᛫ N ~ NE
tye ᛫ a piece of enclosed land ᛫ a pasture ᛫ a common ᛫ N tye&tye[tīg] NE&ME kin: zīh (OHG)?; teigur (Icelandic)?
tye ᛫ a pull ᛫ a tug ᛫ N tyge OE
Tye ᛫ an English god equivalent to Norse Tyr ᛫ the planet Mars ᛫ N(P) tī{tig/tiig?} OE kin: Tuesday
Tyeling ᛫ a Martian ᛫ an inhabitant of Mars ᛫ N tī+ling{earthling} OE+NE analogy: Earthling ᛫ or: Tyeman (analogy: Earthman)
Tyely ᛫ Martian ᛫ AJ tī+ly OE+NE
Ukraine Ucraine ᛫ Ukraine ᛫ N ~ NE‹O or: Ocraine ᛫ IPA: /ʊkɹeɪn/ or /ukɹeɪn/ (see note)
umb ᛫ around ( both locational and temporal ) ᛫ concerning ᛫ regarding ᛫ after ( temporal ) ᛫ P umbe ME
umb ᛫ circum- ᛫ PREFIX umb[ymb] ME
umbecast ᛫ to travel around ᛫ to explore ᛫ to cast about ᛫ to ponder ᛫ V umbecasten ME
umbeight umbeigt ᛫ a collection ᛫ a combination ᛫ a collation ᛫ N ymbeaht OE
umbethink ᛫ to remind oneself ᛫ to consider [ᛏ] ᛫ to remember ᛫ V ~ NE umb-be-think
umbfang ᛫ to circumscribe ᛫ to encompass ᛫ to surround ᛫ V unymbfangen/umbfōn OE
umbfare ᛫ a circuit ᛫ a going around ᛫ N ymbfær OE
umbflow ᛫ a circulation of fluid ᛫ N umb+flow NEx2
umbgang ᛫ a circling ᛫ a circuit ᛫ a circumference ᛫ N ymbgang OE
umbgo ᛫ to encompass ᛫ to surround ᛫ V umbegon ME
umbhang ᛫ to hang round with clothing or ornament ᛫ to drape ᛫ to deck ᛫ V ymbhōn OE
umbhow ᛫ solicitude ᛫ anxiety ᛬ solicitous ᛫ anxious ᛫ N᛬AJ ymbhoga OE
umblithe ᛫ to circumnavigate ᛫ V ymblīþan OE
umbloater ᛫ a spectator ᛫ an observer ᛫ N ymbwlātend OE
umbloud umblude ᛫ an umlaut ᛫ N umb+loud ME+NE calque: Umlaut
umbset ᛫ to siege ᛫ to blockade ᛬ set around ᛫ AJ&P ymbset&ymbgesett OE&OE
umbsnithe ᛫ to circumcise ᛫ V ymbsnīþan OE
umbspeak ᛫ to discuss ᛫ V ymbsprecan OE
umbspeech umbspeec ᛫ discussion ᛫ N umbsprǣc OE
umbstandness ᛫ circumstances ᛫ N ymbstandenness OE
umbtrim ᛫ to fortify ᛫ to protect ᛫ to safeguard ᛫ V ymbtrymian OE
umbtrimming ᛫ fortification ᛫ N ymbtrymming OE
umbwend ᛫ to transform ᛫ to convert ᛫ N ymbwendan OE
umbwharft umbhwarft ᛫ a circle ᛫ an orbit ᛫ N ymbhwyrft OE
umbwharve umbhwarfe ᛫ to revolve around ᛫ to orbit around ᛫ V ymbhweorfan OE
unache unake ᛫ to relieve from pain ᛫ soothe ᛫ V ~ NE
unakin ᛫ unrelated ᛫ dissimilar ᛫ AJ ~ NE
unalike ᛫ different ᛫ AJ ~ NE
unalikeness ᛫ difference ᛫ N ~ NE
unanswering ᛫ unresponsive ᛫ AJ ~ NE
unanyetty ᛫ nonsensical ᛫ AJ un+andȝet+y NE+ME+NE
unathelness ᛫ ignobility ᛫ N unæþelness OE
unbelief unbeleef ᛫ disbelief ᛫ an absence of religious belief ᛫ N ~ NE
unbeliever unbeleefer ᛫ a nonbeliever ᛫ a heretic ᛫ a heathen ᛫ N unbeliever NE
unbidden ᛫ uninvited ᛫ AJ ~ NE
unbiseny ᛫ irregular ᛫ unruly ᛫ AJ un+bīsen+y NE+ME+NE
unblithe ᛫ melancholic ᛫ AJ unblithe ME
unbodied ᛫ incorporeal ᛫ formless ᛫ AJ ~ NE
unbodily ᛫ incorporeal ᛫ AJ ~ NE
unbootly ᛫ irremediable ᛫ without remedy ᛫ AJ unbotelich ME
unbraid ᛫ to disentangle ᛫ V ~ NE
unbuild ᛫ to deconstruct ᛫ V ~ NE
unburden ᛫ to exonerate ᛫ V ~ NE
uncanny ᛫ strange in an unsettling way ᛫ AJ ~ NE
unchurch uncurc ᛫ to excommunicate ᛫ V ~ NE‹(E+H)
unclothe ᛫ to undress ᛫ V ~ NE
uncouth uncooth ᛫ clumsy ᛫ awkward ᛫ crude ᛫ rude ᛫ unrefined ᛫ unfamiliar ᛫ AJ ~ NE
uncouthness uncoothness ᛫ unfamiliarity ᛫ crudeness ᛫ impoliteness ᛫ N ~ NE
undear ᛫ cheap ᛫ disesteemed ᛫ AJ ~ NE
undeathshildiness undeathscildiness ᛫ immortality ᛫ N undethshildiȝnesse ME
undeed ᛫ an ill deed ᛫ an evil action ᛫ a crime ᛫ a misdeed ᛫ N undǣd OE
under ᛫ sub- ᛫ PREFIX ~ NE
underbear ᛫ to support ᛫ V ~ NE
underborough underboroug ᛫ a suburb ᛫ N underburh OE
underborougher underborouger ᛫ an inhabitant of a suburb ᛫ N underburhware OE
underbow ᛫ to submit ᛫ V underbugan OE
undercome undercum ᛫ to be affected by ᛫ to undergo ᛫ to submit ᛫ to come through ᛫ to come under ᛫ V ~ NE
undercut ᛫ to offer goods or services at a lower price than a competitor ᛫ to undermine ᛫ V ~ NE
underdelve underdelfe ᛫ to undermine ᛫ V underdelven[underdelfan] ME
underfang ᛫ to receive ᛫ to accept ᛫ to assume ( a position or office ) ᛫ V underfongen ME
undergo ᛫ to experience ᛫ V ~ NE PST: underwent; underyede ᛫ PTCP: undergone
underground undergrund ᛫ subterranean ᛬ beneath the ground's surface ᛫ in secrecy ᛫ AJ᛬AV ~ NE
underhanded ᛫ clandestine ᛫ AJ ~ NE
underking ᛫ a viceroy ᛫ a petty king ᛫ a tribal ruler ᛫ N underking ME
underlet ᛫ to sublet ᛫ V ~ NE
underlie ᛫ to be the basis foundation or cause of something ᛫ V ~ NE
underling ᛫ a subordinate ᛫ N ~ NE
underly ᛫ inferior ᛬ at a lower level ᛫ insufficiently ᛫ AJ᛬AV ~ NE
underlying ᛫ implicit ᛫ AJ ~ NE
undermakeup ᛫ primer ( makeup ) ᛫ N ~ NE
undermeaning ᛫ a connotation ᛫ N ~ NE
undern ᛫ 9 AM ᛫ the time between 9 AM and 10 AM ᛫ tierce ᛫ N ~ NE
undernim ᛫ to rebuke ᛫ to reprove ᛫ to censure ᛫ to find fault with ᛫ to criticize ᛫ V undernimen ME PST: undernum; undernimmed ᛫ PTCP: undernum
undernye ᛫ to go under ᛫ to succumb to ᛫ to under go something bad ᛫ V underhnīgan OE
underpin ᛫ to give support, strength, or a basic structure to something ᛫ V ~ NE
underred ᛫ infrared light ᛬ infrared ᛫ N᛬AJ under+red NEx2
underroom ᛫ a basement or a cellar ( if it's comprised of only one room otherwise use "underrooms" ) ᛫ N under+room NEx2
undersaregun ᛫ a submachine gun ᛫ N under+searu+gun NE+OE+NE‹N calque: submachine gun
underscore underskore ᛫ to point up ᛫ to emphasize ᛫ to reinforce a point ᛫ V ~ NE‹(E+N)
underseek ᛫ to investigate ᛫ V undersēchen ME
underseeking ᛫ investigation ᛫ N ~ NE
understand ᛫ to comprehend ᛫ N ~ NE
undertaker ᛫ a funeral director ᛫ N ~ NE‹(E+N)
undertaking ᛫ a project ᛫ N ~ NE
undertheed ᛫ to subject ᛫ to subjugate ᛫ V underthẹ̄den[underþeodan] ME
undertilth ᛫ a subculture ᛫ N under+tilth NEx2
undertongue undertung ᛫ a sublingua ᛫ N undertunge OE
underwater ᛫ subaqueous ᛫ AJ ~ NE
underway ᛫ in progress ᛫ AV ~ NE
underwend ᛫ to subvert ᛫ V underwendan OE glossary word
underwood ᛫ understorey ᛫ boskage ᛫ N ~ NE aka: undergrowth
underwrite ᛫ to subscribe ᛫ V underwrītan OE
underyet ᛫ to notice ᛫ to realize ᛫ to make an observation ᛫ to discover ᛫ V underyēten ME PST: underyat ᛫ PTCP: underyetten
underyoke ᛫ to subjugate ᛫ V ~ NE
undo ᛫ to unfasten ᛫ to cancel ᛫ to reverse ᛫ to destroy to cause the downfall of ᛫ V ~ NE
undought undugt ᛫ cowardice ᛫ N ~ NE
undoughty undugty ᛫ uncourageous ᛫ unvaliant ᛫ cowardly ᛫ AJ undoughti ME
undouth unduthe ᛫ vice ᛫ N un+douth NE+ME
undrunken ᛫ sober ᛫ AJ undrunken ME
undying ᛫ immortal ᛫ AJ ~ NE
unearth ᛫ to find in the ground by digging ᛫ to discover something hidden through investigation ᛫ V ~ NE
uneath ᛫ uneasy ᛫ difficult ᛫ hard ᛬ uneasily ᛫ AJ᛬AV ~ NE
unendly ᛫ infinite ᛫ endless ᛬ infinitely ᛫ unendingly ᛫ AJ᛬AV ~ NE
uneven unefen ᛫ unequal ᛫ unequally balanced ᛫ not level or smooth ᛫ AJ ~ NE
unevenhood unefenhood ᛫ inequality ᛫ N un+even+hood NEx3 calque: ongelijkheid
unfair ᛫ unjust ᛫ inequitable ᛫ unsporting ᛫ unattractive ᛫ ugly ᛫ AJ unfair&unfair NE&ME
unfairness ᛫ injustice ᛫ inequity ᛫ unattractiveness ᛫ ugliness ᛫ N ~ NE
unfetter ᛫ to release from restraint or inhibition ᛫ V ~ NE
unfettered ᛫ unrestrained ᛫ laissez-faire ᛫ AJ ~ NE "unfettered capitalism"
unfledged ᛫ inexperienced ᛫ novice ᛫ not yet mature ᛫ AJ ~ NE
unfold ᛫ to develop ᛫ to come undone ᛫ to become revealed ᛫ V ~ NE
unfolk ᛫ to depopulate ᛫ N ~ NE coined by William Barnes
unfriend unfreend ᛫ to defriend ᛫ V ~ NE
unfrith ᛫ unpeace ᛫ strife ᛫ discord ᛫ dissension ᛫ N unfrith ME
unfrost ᛫ to defrost ᛫ V un+frost NE
ungainly ᛫ clumsy ᛫ unwieldy ᛫ AJ ~ NE
Ungerland ᛫ Hungaria ᛫ Hungary ᛫ N(P) Ungerland OE the H in Hungary came from a mistake
ungodly ᛫ impious ᛫ sinful ᛫ immoral ᛫ AJ ~ NE
ungraith ᛫ unprepared ᛫ unready ᛫ AJ ungreith ME‹N
ungraithly ᛫ unpreparedly ᛫ unreadily ᛫ AV ungreithlī ME‹N
unhallow ᛫ to make profane ᛫ to desecrate ᛫ V ~ NE
unhealth ᛫ infirmity ᛫ N ~ NE
unhealthful ᛫ insalubrious ᛫ AJ ~ NE
unhearsome unhearsum ᛫ disobedient ᛫ AJ unhersum ME
unhearsomeness unhearsumness ᛫ disobedience ᛫ N unhersumnesse ME
unheed ᛫ to ignore ᛫ V ~ NE
unheel ᛫ to uncover ᛫ to reveal ᛫ to expose ᛫ V ~{hēlen} NE
unhinge ᛫ to derange ᛫ to make mentally unbalanced ᛫ to bereave of stability ᛫ to throw into disorder ᛫ V ~ NE
unhinged ᛫ mentally unbalanced ᛫ deranged ᛫ AJ ~ NE
unk ᛫ us two ( accusative ) ᛫ N(PRO) unc ME
unkempt ᛫ having an untidy or dishevelled appearance ᛫ AJ ~ NE
unker ᛫ my and your ᛫ N(PRO) unker ME
unkers ᛫ mine and yours ᛫ N(PRO) unker+s OE+NE
unkinly ᛫ unsuitable ᛫ improper ᛫ AJ uncynlīc OE
unknowledge ᛫ ignorance ᛫ N ~ NE
unkselves unkselfes ᛫ we two's selves ᛫ N(PRO) unke seoluen ME
unlaw ᛫ a crime ᛫ lawlessness ᛫ a fine for the breaking of a law ᛫ N ~ NE‹(E+N)
unlawful ᛫ illegal ᛫ AJ ~ NE‹(E+N+E)
unlib ᛫ poison ( especially when used in witchcraft and sorcery ) ᛫ N unlybba OE
unlibwright unlibwrigt ᛫ a maker of poisons ( especially a witch or sorcerer ) ᛫ N unlybwyrhta OE
unlike ᛫ different ᛬ different from ᛫ in contrast to ᛫ uncharacteristic of someone ᛫ AJ᛬P ~ NE
unlikeness ᛫ a difference ᛫ N ~ NE
unlikeworthy ᛫ unlikable ᛫ unworthy of like ᛫ AJ unlīcwirþe OE
unlittiness ᛫ ugliness ᛫ disfigurement ᛫ N unwlitigness OE
unlitting ᛫ disfiguring ᛫ N unwlitigung OE
unlitty ᛫ to make or become ugly ᛫ to disfigure ᛬ ugly ᛫ V᛬AJ unwlitig&unwlitigian OE
unluck ᛫ bad fortune ᛫ misfortune ᛫ N ~ NE
unmake ᛫ to disassemble ᛫ to destroy ᛫ V ~ NE
unmeet ᛫ improper ᛫ unsuitable ᛫ AJ ~ NE
unmennish unmennisc ᛫ inhuman ᛫ inhumane ᛫ AJ un+mennish NE+ME
unmerry ᛫ unpleasant ᛫ unfair ᛫ AJ unmyrige OE
unmight unmigt ᛫ weakness ᛫ lack of strength ᛫ feebleness ᛫ N ~ NE
unmighten unmigten ᛫ to disempower ᛫ to disable ᛫ V un+might+en NEx3
unmightly unmigtly ᛫ impossible ᛫ AJ unmeahtelīc OE
unmighty unmigty ᛫ weak ᛫ feeble ᛫ powerless ᛫ AJ ~ NE
unmilse ᛫ sternness ᛫ wrath ᛫ N unmilts OE
unmilsing ᛫ want of consideration ᛫ impiety towards God ᛫ pitilessness towards men ᛫ N unmiltsung OE
unmilsingly ᛫ unpardonable ᛫ AJ unmiltsigendlīc OE
unmingle unmingel ᛫ to separate ᛫ V ~ NE
unmirth ᛫ sadness ᛫ misery ᛫ N unmyrhþ OE
unmood ᛫ despondency ᛫ dejection ᛫ N unmōd OE
unmoody ᛫ fainthearted ᛫ humble ᛫ AJ unmōdig OE
unn ᛫ to grant ᛫ to allow ᛫ to permit ᛫ V unnan OE look up "the three-letter rule"
unnithing ᛫ an honest person ᛫ one accepted by their community ᛫ N unnīþing OE
unoften ᛫ infrequently ᛫ seldom ᛫ AV ~ NE
unorn ᛫ simple ᛫ plain ᛫ unexcessive ᛫ modest ᛫ humble ᛫ unelaborate ᛫ AJ unorne ME
unready ᛫ unprepared ᛫ AJ ~ NE
unrearded ᛫ voiceless ( spoken without vibration of the vocal chords ) ᛫ AJ un+rērd+ed NE+ME+NE
unrede ᛫ bad advice ᛫ N ~ NE
unride ᛫ unrestrained ᛫ uncontrolled ᛫ excessive ᛫ inordinately great ᛫ unmitigated ᛫ immoderate ᛫ AJ unrīde[ungerȳde] ME
unrightful unrigtful ᛫ illegitimate ᛫ AJ ~ NE
unrightfully unrigtfully ᛫ illegitimately ᛫ AV ~ NE
unrightly unrigtly ᛫ incorrectly ᛫ AV ~ NE
unroadness ᛫ non-rhoticity ᛫ N road+less+ness NEx3
unrode ᛫ unreasonable ᛫ unwise ᛫ irrational ᛫ AJ ungerād OE
unroot ᛫ sad ᛫ sorrowful ᛫ distressed ᛫ displeased ᛫ AJ unrọ̄t&unrōt ME&OE kin: rōt
unrown unrune ᛫ to decrypt ᛫ to unencrypt ᛫ V un+rown NE+ME
unrowned unruned ᛫ decrypted ᛫ unencrypted ᛫ N un+rown+ed NE+ME+NE
unseely ᛫ unhappy ᛫ miserable ᛫ unfortunate ᛫ unlucky ᛫ wretched ᛫ AJ unsely ME
unseemly ᛫ inappropriate ᛫ indecent ᛫ AD ~ NE
unseendly ᛫ invisible ᛫ AJ un+see+end+ly NEx2+ME+NE
unseenly ᛫ invisible ᛫ AJ unsēnelī ME
unsefful ᛫ senseless ᛫ AJ unseffull OE
unset ᛫ to depose ᛫ to displace ᛫ V unsettan OE
unsettling ᛫ disquieting ᛫ AJ ~ NE
unsheer unsceer ᛫ impure ᛫ AJ un + sheer NEx2
unshod unscod ᛫ bare-footed ᛫ AJ ~ NE
unsidey ᛫ neutral ᛫ AJ un+side+y NEx3 calque: ûnsidich
unsightly unsigtly ᛫ ugly ᛫ AJ ~ NE
unsooth ᛫ untruth ᛫ falsehood ᛫ N unsōþ OE
unstaffwise ᛫ illiterate ᛫ AJ unstæfwīs OE
unstill ᛫ to disturb ᛫ to disquiet ᛫ V unstillen ME
unsunderendly ᛫ inseparable ᛫ indivisible ᛫ AJ unasundrodlic OE
unsung ᛫ something which has not been lauded or appreciated ᛫ not sung about ᛫ AJ ~ NE
unsuttle unsuttel ᛫ vague ᛫ unclear ᛫ AJ un+sutel NE+ME
unsuttleness unsuttelness ᛫ ambiguity ᛫ vagueness ᛫ unclearness ᛫ N un+sutel+ness NE+ME+NE
unsweven unswefen ᛫ a bad vision ᛫ a bad dream ᛫ a nightmare ᛫ N unswefen OE
unsyefast ᛫ unvictorious ᛫ untriumphant ᛫ not successful ᛫ AJ unsigefæst OE
untellendly ᛫ indescribable ᛫ AJ untellendlīce ME
unthank ᛫ ingratitude ᛫ harm ᛫ injury misfortune ᛫ thanklessness ᛫ N ~ NE
unthatch unthac ᛫ to uncover ᛫ V unþeccan OE
unthrift ᛫ wastefulness ᛫ extravagance ᛫ a spendthrift ᛫ a prodigal ᛫ N ~ NE
unthrifty ᛫ prodigal ᛫ wasteful ᛫ ( of plants or livestock ) not strong or healthy ᛫ AJ ~ NE
unthrutchen unthrucen ᛫ to depressurise ᛫ V un+thrutch+en NEx3
unthwear ᛫ to disagree ᛬ discordant ᛫ not in agreement ᛫ not in harmony ᛫ dissonant [ᚹ] ᛫ V᛬AJ ungeþwǽr OE
unthwearness ᛫ discord ᛫ disagreement ᛫ disharmony ᛫ dissonance [ᚹ] ᛫ N ungeþwǽrness OE
untime ᛫ an inappropriate or an improper time for something ᛫ N untime ME
untine ᛫ to free ᛫ to unbind ᛫ to unenclose ᛫ V untynan OE
untold ᛫ not narrated ᛫ not recounted ᛫ too great to be recounted or numbered ᛫ AJ ~ NE
untoward ᛫ unruly ᛫ unlucky ᛫ adverse ᛫ unpropitious ᛫ improper ᛫ indecorous ᛫ unmanageable ᛫ froward ᛫ AJ ~ NE
untrum ᛫ unfirm ᛫ sick ᛫ sickly ᛫ infirm ᛫ ill ᛫ AJ untrum ME
untruth untrewth ᛫ falsehood ᛫ N ~ NE
untruthful untrewthful ᛫ dishonest ᛫ insincere ᛫ AJ ~ NE
untruthfulness untrewthfulness ᛫ dishonesty ᛫ insincerity ᛫ N ~ NE
untwee ᛫ certainty ᛫ no doubt ᛫ N untwēo OE
unwaxen ᛫ ungrown ᛫ prepubescent [ᚹ] ᛫ AJ unweaxen OE
unwealthiness ᛫ poverty ᛫ N ~ NE
unwealthy ᛫ poor ᛫ AJ ~ NE
unweapon ᛫ to disarm ᛫ V ~ NE
unweather ᛫ bad weather ᛫ a storm ᛫ a tempest ᛫ N unweder OE
unwed ᛫ unmarried ᛫ AJ ~ NE
unwemmed ᛫ untainted ᛫ pure ᛫ AJ ~ NE
unwieldy unweeldy ᛫ difficult to handle because of its size shape or weight ᛫ too big or disorganized to manage well ᛫ AJ ~ NE
unwight unwigt ᛫ an evil spirit ᛫ a monster ᛫ N unwight{uvættr} ME
unwin ᛫ an unfriend ᛫ a foe ᛫ an enemy ᛫ an adversary ᛫ N unwin ME
unwind ᛫ to relax ᛫ V ~ NE
unwinsome unwinsum ᛫ unpleasant ᛫ disagreeable ᛫ AJ unwynsum OE
unwisdom ᛫ folly ᛫ lack of wisdom ᛫ N ~ NE
unwise ᛫ foolish ᛫ insensible ᛫ imprudent ᛫ AJ ~ NE
unwist ᛫ unknown ᛫ unrecognized ᛫ AJ ~ NE
unwit ᛫ to derange ᛫ V ~ NE
unwitting ᛫ unaware ᛫ unintentional ᛫ AJ ~ NE
unwold ᛫ to deforest ᛫ V un+wold NEx2
unwolding ᛫ deforestation ᛫ N un+wold+ing NEx3
unwont ᛫ not used to ᛫ unaccustomed ᛫ AJ ~ NE
unworship unworscip ᛫ irreverence ᛬ to dishonour ᛫ N᛬V ~ NE
unworthy ᛫ unsuitable ᛫ undeserving ᛫ AJ ~ NE
unwry ᛫ to uncover ᛫ expose ᛫ take off ᛫ untie ᛫ behold ᛫ perceive ᛫ V unwrīen ME
unyielding unyeelding ᛫ constant ᛫ ceaseless ᛫ stubborn ᛫ AJ ~ NE
unyoke ᛫ to remove a yoke ᛫ to free from oppression ᛫ V ~ NE
unyore ᛫ unprepared ᛬ recently ᛫ soon ᛫ AJ᛬AV ungēara OE
upbeat ᛫ an unaccented beat in a musical measure ᛬ lively and positive ᛫ sanguine ( as in optimistic ) ᛫ N᛬AJ ~ NE
upbraid ᛫ the act of reproaching ᛫ contumely ᛬ to severely criticize ᛫ to treat with contempt ᛫ N᛬V ~ NE
upbrook ᛫ to deplete ᛫ to use up ᛫ V up+brook NEx2
upend ᛫ to tip over ᛫ to ruin ᛫ to invalidate ᛫ to overthrow ᛫ to throw out ᛫ V ~ NE
upgang ᛫ a climb ᛫ an ascent ᛫ a way up ᛫ N ~ NE
upheaving upheafing ᛫ a bouleversement ᛫ a cataclysm ᛫ a paroxysm ᛫ a tumult ᛫ a turmoil ᛫ an upheaval ᛫ N ~{upheaval} NE
uphold ᛫ to support ᛫ to maintain ᛫ to confirm ᛫ V ~ NE
upkeep ᛫ maintenance ᛬ to maintain ᛫ N᛬V ~ NE
upland ᛫ a rural area ᛫ the country ᛬ rural ᛫ rustic ᛫ country ᛫ pastoral ᛫ bucolic ᛫ N᛬AJ ~{uplō̆ndish} NE last attested: 1522 (noun); 1670 (adjective)
uplift ᛫ to give someone encouragement ᛫ to lift one's spirits ᛫ V ~ NE
uplink ᛫ a transmission or link to an airborne terminal like a satellite ᛬ to transmit by means of an uplink ᛫ N᛬V ~ NE
upnimming ᛫ an undertaking ᛫ an enterprise ᛫ a project ᛫ N upniminge ME "take" is from Norse
upper chavelbone cafelbone ᛫ a maxilla ᛫ N upper+chafel+bone NE+ME+NE calque: bovenkaakbeen
upper noseshell nosescell ᛫ a superior nasal concha ᛫ N upper+nose+shell NEx3 calque: oderste neusschelp
upperhand ᛫ advantage or control ᛫ N ~ NE
upright uprigt ᛫ vertical ᛫ honourable ᛫ moral ᛫ AJ ~ NE
uprising ᛫ insurrection ᛫ N ~ NE
uproot ᛫ to extirpate ᛫ V ~ NE
upshot upscot ᛫ the final or eventual outcome or conclusion of a discussion action or series of events ᛫ AJ ~ NE
upspring ᛫ origin ᛬ to originate ᛫ N᛬V ~ NE PST: upsprung/upsprang ᛫ PTCP: upsprung
upstand ᛫ a roof section that turns up against something ᛬ to stand up ᛫ arise ᛫ N᛬V ~ NE
upstander ᛫ one who stands up for something ᛫ N ~ NE
upstanding ᛫ reputable ᛫ standing up ᛫ AJ ~ NE
upstir ᛫ a commotion ᛫ a disturbance ᛫ N ~ NE
uptake ᛫ absorption or occupation of a limited resource ᛫ a ventilation pipe ᛬ to take up ᛫ to expend or to occupy a limited resource ᛫ N᛬V ~ NE
upwind ᛫ to wind upwards ᛫ to wind up ( a device ) ᛫ V ~ NE
utmost ᛫ ultimate ᛫ the most extreme ᛫ farthest ᛫ AJ ~ NE
utter ᛫ to state ᛫ to say ᛫ to display goods ᛫ to put goods up for sale ᛫ to release ( for sale ) ᛫ V utter&outren NE&ME
uttering ᛫ statement ᛫ N ~ NE
utterless ᛫ ineffable ᛫ AJ ~ NE
utterly ᛫ completely ᛫ absolutely ᛫ AV ~ NE
vat fat ᛫ a vessel ᛫ a jug ᛫ a tub ᛫ a cask ᛫ a barrel ᛫ N ~[fā̆t][fæt] NE
vattle fattel ᛫ a container or a receptacle ( especially for liquids or food ) ᛫ a large container ( vats , ships , etc ) ᛫ N fētles ME
vixen fixen ᛫ a female fox ᛫ N ~ NE remnant of the original feminine ending
wad ᛫ shallow water ᛫ a ford ᛫ N wæd OE or: wade (from ME wā̆de)?
wade ᛫ to walk ( generally through liquid ) ᛫ V ~ NE
wagtail ᛫ a Motacillidae bird ᛫ N ~ NE or: wagstart
wail ᛫ to lament ᛫ to deplore ᛫ to grieve bitterly ᛫ V ~ NE
wain ᛫ wagon ᛫ cart ᛫ car ᛫ automobile ᛫ vehicle ᛬ to transport by vehicle ᛫ N᛬V ~ NE "wagon" is Dutch
wainer ᛫ a driver of a vehicle ᛫ N wægnere OE
wainreeve wainreefe ᛫ one who has charge of vehicles ᛫ N wægngerēfa OE
wainshed wainsced ᛫ a garage ᛫ N wain+shed NEx2
wainway ᛫ a road for vehicles ᛫ N wægnweg OE
wainwright wainwrigt ᛫ a builder of vehicles ᛫ N ~ NE
waistbour waistbor ᛫ a fauld ᛫ N waist+beorg{healsbeorg} NE+OE
waker ᛫ awake ᛫ spiritually awake ᛫ active ᛫ attentive ᛫ AJ wāker[wacor] ME
wal ᛫ the slain ᛫ casualties ( dead ones ) ᛫ slaughter ᛫ carnage ᛫ N wal[wæl] ME
walbase ᛫ vermillion ᛫ N wealhbasu OE literally Celtic/Italic purple
wald ᛫ in case ᛫ in case that ᛫ C wald&weald ME&OE
Wale ᛫ a Celt ᛫ N(P) wāle&wealh ME&OE shows up as wal- and -wall as an affix
wale ᛫ a choice ᛫ an option ᛫ an election [ᚹ] ᛫ a vote [ᚹ] ᛬ to choose ᛫ to opt ᛫ to elect [ᚹ] ᛫ to vote [ᚹ] ᛫ N᛬V wale&walen ME‹N&ME‹N
wale ᛫ a ridge ᛫ a swollen mark left on flesh by a blow ᛫ N ~[walu/wala] NE
Walekin ᛫ the Celtic people ᛫ N(P) wealhcyn OE
walhawk ᛫ gyrfalcon ᛫ Falco rusticolus ᛫ N wealhheafoc OE
walkirry ᛫ a valkyrie ? ᛫ a witch ᛫ a sorceress ᛫ a female demon ᛫ a female deity ᛫ N walkirie[wælcyrge] ME literally slain-chooser ᛫ rhyme: wall-slurry? shall-slurry?
wallime ᛫ mortar ( a mixture of lime or cement sand and water used for bonding building blocks ) ᛫ N wealllīm OE
wallow ᛫ to roll about in mud or water ᛫ to indulge ᛫ to overindulge ( especially in self-pity or grief ) ᛫ V ~[walwian] NE
wallowfowl wallowfule ᛫ a dodo ᛫ N wallow+fowl NEx2 calque: walgvogel
walm ᛫ to spout ᛫ to boil up ᛫ to gush forth ᛫ V ~ NE
walmore ᛫ a carrot ᛫ a parsnip ᛫ an Apiaceae plant [ᚹ] ᛫ N walmore ME
walnut ᛫ a hardwood Juglans tree of the genus ᛫ the nut of the Juglan tree ᛫ N ~ NE
walreef ᛫ loot taken from the slain ᛫ N wælrēaf OE or: walreef; walreif (Scottish)
walrest ᛫ a resting place for the slain ᛫ N wælrest OE
walstod ᛫ an interpreter ᛫ N wealhstod OE of note: weallstaðel
walt ᛫ to turn over ᛫ to invert ᛫ to topple ᛫ to consider ( as in to think over ) ᛬ unstable ᛫ V᛬AJ walt[wealt] NE
wamble wambel ᛫ a reeling or staggering gait or movement ᛬ a wambling ( especially of the stomach ) ᛬ to feel nausea ᛫ N᛬V ~ NE
wan ᛫ an abundance ᛫ an excess ᛫ an alternative ᛫ an option ᛫ N wōne/wan/wane ME‹N
wan ᛫ pale ᛫ sickly-looking ᛫ dim ᛫ faint ᛫ bland ᛫ uninteresting ᛫ AJ ~ NE
wan ᛫ ( denotes absence / absense ) ᛫ PREFIX ~ NE found in: wanton
wandbone ᛫ a radius ( bone ) ᛫ N ~ NE‹(N+E) or: spokebone ("wand" is Norse)
wandering ᛫ itinerant ᛫ AJ ~ NE
wanderword ᛫ a loanword that has spread to many languages ᛫ N ~ NE
wane ᛫ a lack ᛫ a shortage ᛫ a decrease ᛫ a diminution ᛫ an absence ᛬ to diminish ᛫ to fade ᛬ insufficient ᛫ imperfect ᛫ N᛬V᛬AJ wane&wāne[wana] NE+ME
wang ᛫ a cheek ᛫ N ~ NE
wanger ᛫ a pillow ᛫ N wonger/wanger ME
wangle wangel ᛫ to get or achieve through deceitful or manipulative means ᛫ to falsify ᛫ V ~ NE‹(E+N)
wangtooth ᛫ a molar ᛫ N ~ NE
wanhope ᛫ despair ᛫ N ~ NE
wanion ᛫ the waning of the moon ᛫ a curse ᛫ vengeance ( especially in the saying "with a wanion" ) ᛫ N ~ NE from the present participle "waniand"
wankle wankel ᛫ weak ᛫ unsteady ᛫ untrustworthy ᛫ unstable ᛫ mutable ᛫ inconstant ᛫ fickle ᛫ irresolute ᛫ wobbly ᛫ insecure ᛫ AJ wankel[wancol] ME
wanrest ᛫ restlessness ᛫ a pendulum ᛫ N ~ NE
wanshaft wanscaft ᛫ misfortune ᛫ N wansceaft OE
wansilly ᛫ melancholic ᛫ AJ wansǣlig OE
wanspeed ᛫ ill fortune ᛫ N wanspēde ME
wanthriven wanthrifen ᛫ stunted ᛫ decayed ᛫ in a state of decline ᛫ emaciated ᛫ weakly ᛫ AJ ~ NE
wanton ᛫ uneducated ᛫ unrestrained ᛫ AJ ~ NE kin: team; tow
wanwit ᛫ an idiot ᛫ a fool ᛫ N ~ NE
ward ᛫ a district ᛫ a section of a hospital ᛫ N ~ NE
ward ᛫ guard ᛫ guardian ᛬ to defend ᛫ to protect ᛫ N᛬V ~ NE "warden" is from Frankish
ward off ᛫ to repel ᛫ to avoid being hit by something ᛫ to keep at bay ᛫ to protect against ᛫ V ~ NE
wardman ᛫ a guard ᛫ watchman ᛫ a gaoler ᛫ a jailer ᛫ N wardman ME
wardsettle wardsettel ᛫ a guard post ᛫ N wardsetle ME
ware ᛫ alga ᛫ seaweed ᛫ N wor/ware[wār] ME
ware ᛫ to guard oneself ᛫ to be on one's guard ᛫ to give heed ᛫ to beware of ᛫ to avoid ᛫ to shun ᛬ aware ᛫ conscious ᛫ wary ᛫ vigilant ᛫ V᛬AJ ~ NE
ware ᛫ a commodity ᛫ N ~ NE
waregoose ᛫ the Branta bernicla bird ( a brant ) ᛫ N ~ NE
warehouse warehuse ᛫ a place for storing large numbers of products ᛬ to store ( as in a warehouse ) ᛫ to institute people ᛫ N᛬V ~ NE
waren ᛫ inhabitants ( plural only ) ᛫ N gewaran OE becomes: -er as a suffix
waresawl ᛫ cautious of speech ᛫ AJ wærsagol{soþsawel} OE
wark ᛫ pain ᛫ suffering ᛬ to suffer ᛫ to pain ᛫ to hurt ᛫ N᛬V wark[wærc/wærcan] ME
warkand ᛫ painful ᛫ AJ ~ NE
warkleech warkleec ᛫ an anesthesiologist / an anaesthesiologist ᛫ an anesthetist / an anaesthetist ᛫ N wark+leech ME+NE
warlock ᛫ a sorcerer or a magician ( especially an evil one ) ᛫ N ~[warlou][wǣrloga] NE doublet: warlow
warlow ᛫ a traitor ᛫ an oath-breaker ᛫ warlou[wǣrloga] ME literally: oath-liar ᛫ doublet: warlock
warn ᛫ to inform ᛫ to notify ᛫ to notify of danger or risk ᛫ V warn&warnen NE&OE kin: aware ᛫ this word was broader in Middle English
warp ᛫ to bend ᛫ to twist ᛫ to distort ᛫ V ~ NE
warple warpel ᛫ a varvel ᛫ N wyrpel OE
warry ᛫ a monster ᛫ a criminal ᛫ a felon ᛫ N wari[wearg] ME or: warough; warrow ᛫ "warg" reintroduced by Tolkien
warry ᛫ to complain about ᛫ to speak profanely ᛫ to swear ᛫ to curse ᛫ to curse someone ᛫ to rail against ᛫ to trashtalk ᛫ V warien ME
warryen ᛫ a monstress ᛫ a criminaless ᛫ a feloness ᛫ N grundwyrgen OE
warrylore ᛫ criminology ᛫ N wari+lore ME+NE
warryness ᛫ evil ᛫ villainy ᛫ N weargness OE
warryqueath warrycweath ᛫ to curse ᛫ N weargcweþan OE
warryqueddle warrycweddel ᛫ foul-mouthed ᛫ prone to cursing ᛫ slanderous ᛫ AJ weargcwedol OE
warth ᛫ a shore ᛫ a ford ᛫ N warth[waroþ] ME kin: ware (alga)
warthfarth ᛫ a shore wave ᛫ N waroþfaroþ OE
wary ᛫ to fulminate ᛫ to rant ᛫ to speak profanely ᛫ to curse ᛫ to invoke divine wrath on someone ᛫ V wā̆rien ME
wary ᛫ cautious ᛫ guarded ᛫ careful ᛫ AJ ~ NE
washhouse wascuse ᛫ a building used for laundry ᛫ N ~ NE
washland wascland ᛫ land that is periodically flooded ᛫ N ~ NE
washroom wascroom ᛫ a laundry room ᛫ N ~ NE
wassail ᛫ a salutation of good health ᛫ a toast ᛬ toast! ᛫ cheers! ᛫ health to you! ᛫ N᛬I wassail ME‹N
wassom ᛫ growth ᛫ increase ᛫ produce ( edible plants ) ᛫ vegetables ᛫ fruit ( including figuratively ) ᛫ N wastme&wæstm ME&OE
watcher wacer ᛫ an observer ᛫ N ~ NE
watchful wacful ᛫ vigilant ᛫ observant ᛫ AJ ~ NE
watchfulness wacfulness ᛫ insomnia ᛫ inability to sleep ᛫ N ~ NE
watchman wacman ᛫ a guard ᛫ N ~ NE
watchword wacword ᛫ a motto ᛫ a password ᛫ N ~ NE
water dropwort ᛫ an Oenanthe plant ᛫ N ~ NE
water elm ᛫ a Planera aquatica plant ( a planertree ) ᛫ N ~ NE
waterask ᛫ a newt ᛫ N ~ NE
waterbear ᛫ a tardigrade ᛫ N water bear NE
waterbuck ᛫ an African antelope ( Kobus ellipsiprymnus ) ᛫ N ~ NE
waterflask ᛫ a water flask ᛫ a water bottle ᛫ a pitcher ᛫ N wæterflaxan OE‹I? or: waterflax
waterfowl waterfule ᛫ an Anseriformes bird ᛫ N ~ NE
waterhen ᛫ a Rallidae bird ᛫ N ~ NE
waterhog ᛫ a capybara ᛫ N water hog NE
waterhorse ᛫ a hippopotamus ᛫ N ~ NE
waterleat ᛫ an aqueduct ᛫ N wætergelǣt OE
waterleech waterleec ᛫ any Hirudinea animal ᛫ N wā̆terlẹ̄che ME
waterlode ᛫ a channel for water ᛫ an aqueduct ᛫ N wā̆ter-lōde ME
waterly ᛫ aquatic ᛫ AJ ~ NE
watermole ᛫ a desmon ᛫ a platypus ᛫ N water mole NE
waterouzel wateroosel ᛫ Cinclus cinclus ᛫ Cinclus mexicanus ᛫ N waterouzel NE
waterpipe ᛫ a water organ ᛫ a hydraulus ᛫ N waterpipe ME
waterscooter ᛫ a jet ski ᛫ a personal watercraft ᛫ N water scooter NE‹(E+N)
watershed watersced ᛫ a water basin ᛫ a turning point ᛫ N ~ NE
watertight watertigt ᛫ having no obvious flaws or weaknesses ᛫ impervious to valid criticism ᛫ AJ ~ NE
wattle wattel ᛫ an Acacia plant ᛫ N ~ NE from Australian English
wave wafe ᛫ a fluctuation ᛫ a spectacle ᛬ to fluctuate ᛫ to wonder at ᛫ N᛬V wave&wafian NE&OE
waverly waferly ᛫ theatrical ᛫ AJ wæferlīc OE
waverness waferness ᛫ a public exhibition ᛫ N wæferness OE
waving wafing ᛫ amazement ᛫ spectacle ᛫ N wafung OE
wavingstow wafingstow ᛫ a place for spectacles ᛫ a theatre ᛫ N wafungstōw OE
waw ᛫ to stir ᛫ to move ᛫ to sway ᛫ V wawen[wagian] ME rhyme: law
wax ᛫ to increase ᛫ V ~ NE
waxleaf ᛫ wax paper ᛫ N wax+leaf NEx2
way ᛫ a style of doing something ᛫ a method ᛫ N ~ NE
waybroad ᛫ a Plantago major plant ᛫ N ~[wegbrade] NE or: waybread; whiteman's foot; ripple grass; Englishman's foot
wayfare ᛫ traveling ᛫ a journey ᛬ to travel to journey ᛫ N᛬V ~ NE
wayfarer ᛫ a traveller ᛫ N ~ NE
wayfaring ᛫ traveling ᛫ itinerant ᛫ peregrine ᛫ AJ ~ NE
wayfinder ᛫ a navigator ᛫ N ~ NE
waylay ᛫ to ambush ᛫ V ~ NE
wayleat ᛫ a junction ᛫ N weilete ME
wayless ᛫ directionless ᛫ AJ ~ NE
wayward ᛫ difficult to control or predict because of wilful or perverse behaviour ᛫ uncontrollable ᛫ ungovernable ᛫ AJ ~ NE
weal ᛫ wealth ᛫ riches ᛫ possessions ᛫ prosperity ᛫ good fortune ᛫ welfare ᛫ N weal&wēle NE&ME kin: wealth
wealsman ᛫ a statesman ᛫ N ~ NE
wealthlore ᛫ economics ( the field of study ) ᛫ N wealth+lore NEx2
wealthy ᛫ affluent ᛫ AJ ~ NE
wean ᛫ to train ᛫ to practice ᛫ to accustom ᛫ to train to lose a dependency ( especially milk or drugs ) ᛫ V wean&wenian NE&OE
weapon ᛫ an arm ᛬ to arm ᛫ N᛬V ~[wǣpnian] NE
weaponbearer ᛫ one who is armed ᛫ N wǣpenberend OE
weaponed ᛫ armed ᛫ AJ ~ NE
weaponedhood ᛫ manhood ᛫ N wǣpnedhād OE
weaponedkind ᛫ the male sex ᛫ N wǣpnedcyn OE
weaponhalt ᛫ an armistice ᛫ N weapon+halt NEx2
weaponhouse weaponhuse ᛫ an armoury ᛫ N wǣpenhūs OE
weaponing ᛫ arms ᛫ N wǣpnung OE
weaponless ᛫ unarmed ᛫ AJ ~ NE
weaponthrake ᛫ force of arms ᛫ N wǣpenþracu OE
weaponwifester ᛫ a hermaphrodite ᛫ an intersex person ᛫ N wæpenwīfestre OE
weaponwrixle weaponwrixel ᛫ an armed conflict ᛫ N wǣpengewrixl OE
wear ᛫ a covenant ᛫ a compact ᛫ an agreement ᛫ a pledge ᛫ a pact [ᚹ] ᛫ an alliance [ᚹ] ᛫ N wǣr OE
wearisome wearisum ᛫ tedious ᛫ tiresome ᛫ AJ ~ NE
weary ᛫ tired ᛫ fatigued ᛫ AJ ~ NE
weasand ᛫ the oesophagus ᛫ the gullet ᛫ N ~[wesand] NE
weast ᛫ to lay waste to ᛫ to ravage ᛫ to devastate ᛫ to waste away ᛬ desolate ᛫ deserted ᛫ uninhabited ᛫ barren ᛫ V᛬AJ wēsten&wēste ME&ME
weasten ᛫ a wasteland ᛫ a desert ᛫ N wẹ̄sten ME rhyme: best inn
weastenlox ᛫ a caracal ᛫ a desert lynx ᛫ Persian lynx ᛫ N wēsten+lox ME+OE Caracals are also known as "desert lynx" and "Persian lynx".
weastensettler weastensetteler ᛫ a hermit ᛫ N wēstensetla ME&OE
weathe ᛫ to hunt ᛫ to chase ? ᛫ V wǣþan OE kin: wāþ
weatherglass ᛫ a barometer ᛫ N ~ NE
weathershell weatherscell ᛫ a troposphere ᛫ N weather+shell NEx2
weaveloom weafeloom ᛫ a loom ᛫ N weave+loom NEx2 this word is to let "loom" to go back to its broader meaning
webber ᛫ a weaver ᛫ N ~ NE
webleaf ᛫ a webpage ᛫ N web+leaf NEx2
webstead ᛫ a website ᛫ N web+stead NEx2
webthew ᛫ a web server ᛫ N web+thew NE
webwright webwrigt ᛫ a fuller ᛫ N webwyrhta OE
wed ᛫ a security ( something given to secure the fulfilment of an obligation ) ᛫ a contract ᛫ a pledge ᛬ to pledge ᛫ to marry ᛫ N᛬V wed&weddian NE&OE
wedbreach wedbreac ᛫ adultery ᛫ N ~ NE
wedbreaker ᛫ an adulterer ᛫ N ~ NE
wedded ᛫ married ᛫ pledged ᛫ AJ ~ NE
wedgebone ᛫ a sphenoid bone ᛫ N ~ NE
wedgewriting ᛫ cuneiform ᛫ N wedge-writing NE
wedlock ᛫ marriage ᛫ matrimony ᛫ N ~ NE
wedlockly ᛫ matrimonial ᛫ AJ wedlock+ly NEx2
wedlow ᛫ a pledge breaker ᛫ N wedlowe[wedloga] ME or: wedlock (in keeping with warlock)
Wednesday ᛫ Wednesday ᛫ N(P) ~{Wodenesday} NE or: Woodnesday
Wednesnight Wednesnigt ᛫ the night following Wednesday's dusk ᛫ N(P) ~[wōdnesniht] NE
wedset ᛫ mortgage ᛬ to mortgage ᛫ N᛬V wedsetten ME found in Scotland as "wadset"
wee ᛫ diminutive ᛫ minute ᛫ AJ ~ NE
weed ᛫ a garment ᛫ a vestment ᛫ clothing ᛫ dress ᛫ N ~ NE
weed ᛫ an ague ᛫ a sudden fever ᛫ N ~[wedenonfa] NE
weed ᛫ to act crazy ᛫ to rage ᛫ V wēdan OE kin: wood; Wednesday
weedle weedel ᛫ penury ᛫ indigence ᛫ extreme poverty ᛫ N wǣdl OE
Weedmonth ᛫ August ᛫ N(P) wēodmōnaþ OE
weedtree ᛫ a sassafras tree ᛫ N weed+tree NE+NE calque: ague tree
weem ᛫ to allure ᛫ to attract ᛫ to entice ᛫ to seduce ᛫ V gewēman&wēman OE&OE kin: wōma
ween ᛫ to suppose ᛫ to be of the opinion ᛫ to opine ᛫ to expect ᛫ to anticipate ᛫ V wēnen ME
weening ᛫ a supposition ᛫ an opinion ᛫ an expectation ᛫ an anticipation ᛫ N wēning ME
weep ᛫ to cry ᛫ to shed tears ᛫ to exude liquid ᛫ V ~ NE
weer ᛫ to guard ᛫ to defend ᛫ to defend an ideological position ᛫ V wēren[werian] ME
weered ᛫ confederated or allied by treaty ᛫ confederated ᛫ allied ᛫ AJ gewǣred OE
weeved weefed ᛫ an altar ᛫ N weved[weofod] ME
weeze weese ᛫ to ooze ᛫ to steep in a liquid ᛫ to macerate ᛫ to saturate ᛫ V wēsen ME kin: ooze
weft ᛫ the crosswise threads on a loom ᛫ the yarn used for the weft ᛫ a hair extension ᛫ N ~ NE
weigh weig ᛫ to assess the nature or importance of ᛫ to compare importance ᛫ to have weight ᛫ V ~ NE
Weighs Weigs ᛫ Libra ᛫ PN weighes ME
weight weigt ᛫ importance ᛫ N ~ NE
weighty weigty ᛫ important ᛫ AJ ~{HG wichtig} NE
weir ᛫ a dam of a low and regulatory nature ᛫ N ~ NE
weiriness ᛫ fatigue ᛫ lassitude ᛫ reluctance to experience more of something ᛫ N ~ NE
welfare ᛫ the health happiness and fortunes of a person or group ᛫ N ~ NE
welkin ᛫ a cloud ᛫ clouds ᛫ sky ᛫ N welkin&wolcne NE&ME
well ᛫ to rise to the surface ᛫ to bubble forth ᛫ to gush up ᛫ to gush forth ᛫ to flow ᛫ to brim up ᛫ V ~ NE
wellaway ᛫ alas! ( expresses sadness or regret ) ᛫ I wellaway[weg-lā-weg] NE
weller ᛫ lips ᛫ labium ᛫ N weler ME
wellheeled ᛫ affluent ᛫ AJ wellheeled NE
wellhung ᛫ dry aged ( of meat ) ᛫ AJ ~ NE
wellnigh wellnige ᛫ almost ᛫ nearly ᛫ AV ~ NE
wellread ᛫ erudite ( from reading books ) ᛫ AJ ~ NE
Welsh Welsc ᛫ Celtic language ᛬ Celtic ᛫ N(P)᛬AJ(P) welsh+welisc ME+OE see: Norwelsh
welt ᛫ to topple ᛫ to fall over ᛫ to fall in defeat ᛫ to overturn ᛫ to overset ᛫ to throw over ᛫ V welten ME
welter ᛫ a general confusion ᛬ to roll around ᛫ wallow ᛫ luxuriate ᛫ rise and fall ᛫ tumble over ᛫ N᛬V welter&welter NE&ME
wem ᛫ a stain ᛫ a bruise ᛫ a blemish ᛫ a fault ᛫ a defect ᛫ an impurity ᛬ to disfigure ᛫ to blemish ᛫ to vitiate ᛫ N᛬V wem&wemman ME&OE
wemdeed ᛫ a trespass ᛫ a crime ᛫ N wammdǣd OE
wemful ᛫ flagitious ᛫ guilty ᛫ AJ wammful OE
wemlust ᛫ a foul pleasure ᛫ an allurement ᛫ seduction ᛫ N wammlust OE
wemmy ᛫ stained ᛫ bruised ᛫ faulty ᛫ defective ᛫ impure ᛫ AJ wem+y ME+NE
wemquid wemcwid ᛫ slander ᛫ blasphemy ᛫ N wammcwide OE
wen ᛫ a boil or a growth on the skin ᛫ a sebaceous cyst ᛫ a cyst ᛫ an overcrowded city ᛫ N ~[wen] NE
wench wenc ᛫ an unlikeable or disreputable woman ᛫ a girl ᛫ a young woman ᛫ N ~ NE often has a negative connotation today
wenchel wencel ᛫ a girl ᛫ a young woman ᛫ N wenchel ME "wench" comes from this word
wend ᛫ a turn ᛫ a change ᛫ a transformation ᛬ to turn ᛫ to change ᛫ to alter ᛫ to go ᛫ to travel ᛫ to traverse ᛫ to translate ᛫ N᛬V wend&wenden&wend ME&ME&OE PST: wended; went ᛫ consider using "wend into" for "translate to"
wendendliness ᛫ mutability ᛫ changeableness ᛫ N āwendedlicnes OE
wendendly ᛫ capable of movement ᛫ capable of change ᛫ versatile ᛫ AJ awendedlic OE
Wendland ᛫ the country of the Wends ᛫ N(P) Weonodland OE
Wendle Wendel ᛫ a Vandal ᛫ N(P) Wendel Sea NE
Wendle Sea Wendel ᛫ Mediterranean Sea ᛫ N(P) ~ NE
wepman ᛫ an adult human male ᛫ N wepman[wǣpmann] ME short for "weapon man" ᛫ opposite of wifeman (woman)
were ᛫ an adult human male ᛫ a male ᛫ a husband ( a male spouse ) ᛫ N were&wer NE&OE rhyme: where
wered ᛫ a multitude of men ᛫ a band assembled for military purposes ᛫ a legion ᛫ a troop ᛫ N wēred[weorod] ME
werehatred ᛫ misandry ᛫ N were+hatred NEx2 calque: misandry
werely ᛫ male ᛫ masculine ᛫ masculine ( grammatical term ) ᛫ AJ werlic OE
wern ᛫ a refusal ᛬ to refuse ᛫ N᛬V wernen&wirn ME&OE
Wern ᛫ one of the Varini or Varinnae ᛫ N(P) Wernum OE
werve werfe ᛫ a beast of burden ᛫ a riding animal ᛫ N werve[weorf] ME
wesend ᛫ a bison ᛫ N wesend OE
Wesleyish Wesleyisc ᛫ of or pertaining to Methodism ᛫ AJ(P) NE calque: Wesleyan
westen ᛫ from the west ᛫ AV westan OE
Western ᛫ Occidental ᛫ AJ ~ NE
Westerner ᛫ an Occidental ᛫ N ~ NE
wether ᛫ a male sheep ᛬ Aries ᛫ N᛬N(P) wether[weþer] ME
wetherflesh wetherflesc ᛫ the flesh of a sheep or ram mutton ᛫ N wetheres flesh ME
wetland ᛫ a stretch of habitually wet land ( including swamps marshes fens bogs and mires ) ᛫ N ~ NE
wettener ᛫ moisturizer ᛫ N wet+en+er NEx3
wey ᛫ to move ᛫ to move something ᛫ to convey ᛫ V weien/aweien/awecgan ME kin: weigh; bewegen
whalebird hwalebird ᛫ a prion bird ᛫ a petrel bird ᛫ N ~ NE
whalebone hwalebone ᛫ baleen ᛫ N ~ NE or: whalehorn (only attested once)
whalelore hwalelore ᛫ cetology ᛫ N ~ NE
whaleshot hwalescot ᛫ spermaceti ᛫ whale oil ᛫ N ~ NE
whall hwall ᛫ procax ᛫ impudent ᛫ insolent ᛫ AJ hweall OE
wharft hwarft ᛫ a circuit ᛫ a circle ᛫ a revolution ᛫ an orbit ᛫ a conversion ᛫ a turning ᛫ N hwearft OE
wharftle hwarftel ᛫ propaganda ᛫ N hwearft+le OE+ME literally: turning-instrument/means
wharftspit hwarftspit ᛫ a rotisserie ᛫ N wharft+spit ME+NE inspired by Drehspieß
wharve hwarfe ᛫ to turn ᛫ to rotate ᛫ to convert ᛫ V wharven ME
wharvebone hwarfebone ᛫ a vertebra ᛫ a bodily joint ᛫ N hweorfban OE
wharveful hwarfeful ᛫ fickle ᛫ AJ hwurful OE
wharvely hwarfely ᛫ changeable ᛫ turnable ᛫ mutable ᛫ AJ hwurflīc OE
wharver hwarfer ᛫ a changer ( especially a currency changer ) ᛫ a joint ᛫ a whorl ᛫ N hwerfere&hweorfa OE
wharver hwarfer ᛫ -trope ᛫ SUFFIX hweorfa OE
whas hwas ᛫ sharp ᛫ keen ᛫ AJ hwæs OE DUBIOUS ᛫ kin: hvass (N)
what hwat ᛫ ( commands or requests others to pay attention ) ᛫ I what ME
what hwat ᛫ eager ᛫ AJ what&hwæt ME&OE
whate hwate ᛫ fortune ᛫ fortune as a causal force ᛫ divination ᛫ an augury ᛫ an omen ᛫ N whāte&hwatu ME&OE
whater hwater ᛫ an augur ᛫ diviner ᛫ N hwata OE
whather hwather ᛫ to roar ? ᛫ to foam ? ᛫ V hwaþerian OE I don't trust Bosworth's definition
whating hwating ᛫ divination ᛫ N hwatung OE
wheedle hweedel ᛫ to cajole ᛫ to coax ᛫ V ~ NE
wheel hweel ᛫ a pustule ᛬ to pustulate ᛫ to fester ᛫ to suppurate ᛫ V whēle[hwelian] ME
wheen hween ᛫ a considerable amount or number ᛫ N ~[hwēne] NE
whelk hwelk ᛫ a Buccinidae animal ( sea snail ) ᛫ N ~{welk}{weoloc} NE
whelk hwelk ᛫ a pimple ᛫ N ~[hwylca] NE
whelkred hwelkred ᛫ the colour of the dye made from Buccinidae snails ᛫ scarlet ᛫ purple ᛬ scarlet ᛫ purple ᛫ N᛬AJ welkenrēd&weolocrēad ME&OE or: whelkenred
whelm hwelm ᛫ to cover ᛫ to submerge ᛫ to engulf ᛫ V ~ NE
whelp hwelp ᛫ a young offspring of a canid ᛫ a puppy ᛫ an insolent youth ᛬ ( of animals ) to give birth ᛫ N᛬V ~ NE
whelpling hwelpling ᛫ a little whelp ᛫ N ~ NE
whelve hwelfe ᛫ to invert ᛫ to turn upside down ᛫ V whelven ME
whem hwem ᛫ a corner ᛫ an angle ᛬ to angle ᛫ to slope ᛫ to incline ᛫ N hwem&hwemman OE
whence hwense ᛫ from where ᛫ AV ~ NE
wher hwer ᛫ a cooking vessel ᛫ a cauldron ᛫ a kettle ᛫ a pot ᛫ N hwer[hwer] ME
wherefore hwerefore ᛫ for what reason ᛬ as a result of which ᛫ AV᛬C ~ NE
whereof hwereof ᛫ of what ᛫ of which ᛫ AV ~ NE
wherewithal hwerewithal ᛫ the ability standing or resources to do something ᛫ N ~ NE
wherwhet hwerhwet ᛫ a cucumber ᛫ N werwette[hwerhwette] ME
whet hwet ᛫ to stimulate ᛫ to sharpen ᛫ to excite ᛫ V ~ NE
whichness hwicness ᛫ a quality ᛫ N hwilcness&gehwilcness OE
whig hwig ᛫ a liberal ( in the classical sense ) ᛫ N ~ NE
while hwile ᛫ a period of time ᛬ to pass time in leisure ᛬ at the same time ᛫ whereas though ᛫ N᛬V᛬C ~ NE
whilen hwilen ᛫ brief